• Title, Summary, Keyword: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells

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Tea Flavonoids Induced Differentiation of Peripheral Blood-derived Mononuclear Cells into Peripheral Blood-derived Endothelial Progenitor Cells and Suppressed Intracellular Reactive Oxygen Species Level of Peripheral Blood-derived Endothelial Progenitor Cells

  • Widowati, Wahyu;Wijaya, Laura;Laksmitawati, Dian Ratih;Widyanto, Rahma Micho;Erawijantari, Pande Putu;Fauziah, Nurul;Bachtiar, Indra;Sandra, Ferry
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.87-92
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    • 2016
  • Endothelial dysfunction in atherosclerosis is associated with increasing oxidative stress that could be reversed by antioxidant. Therefore epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), epicatechin gallate (ECG), epigallocatechin (EGC) and catechin (C) of tea flavonoids were investigated for their roles in regenerating endothelial cell. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PB-MNCs) were isolated, plated and cultured in medium with/without treatment of EGCG, ECG, EGC and C. Results showed that among all EGCG, ECG, EGC and C concentrations tested, $12.5{\mu}mol/L$ was not cytotoxic for peripheral blood-derived endothelial progenitor cells (PB-EPCs). Treatment of EGCG, ECG, EGC or C increased the percentages of CD34, CD133, VEGFR-2 expressions and suppressed hydrogen peroxide-induced percentages of reactive oxygen species (ROS) level in PB-EPCs. Taken together, our current results showed that EGCG, ECG, EGC or C of tea flavonoids could induce differentiation of PB-MNCs into PB-EPCs as well as protect PB-EPCs from oxidative damage by suppresing the intracellular ROS levels.

Zinc Increases Chemotactic Activity of Porcine Peripheral Blood Polymorphonuclear Cells

  • Seo, Dong-Hee;Kang, Byeong-Teck;Kang, Ji-Houn;Yang, Mhan-Pyo
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.35 no.5
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    • pp.195-199
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    • 2018
  • Zinc is necessary for normal functions in the immune system. The objective of the study is to examine the effect of zinc on the chemotactic activity of porcine peripheral blood polymorphonuclear cells (PMNs). A modified Boyden chamber was used to determine the directional migration distance of PMNs. Various concentrations of zinc showed no chemotactic activity to PMNs. However, culture supernatant from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) treated with zinc remarkably increased the chemotactic activity of PMNs when compared with culture supernatant from PBMCs treated without zinc. Culture supernatant from PBMCs treated without zinc also increased the migration distance of PMNs relative to vehicle control (medium alone). Increasing effect in chemotactic activity of PMNs by culture supernatant from PBMCs treated with zinc was inhibited by treatment of porcine anti-interleukin (IL)-8 polyclonal antibody (pAb). This effect was not affected by heat treatment ($4-85^{\circ}C$). This corresponded with heat stable physical characteristics of IL-8. These results suggest that zinc can upregulate the chemotaxis of PMNs, which is primary mediated by IL-8 chemotactic factor released from PBMCs treated with zinc.

Effects of Allicin on Cytokine Production Genes of Human Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells (마늘의 Allicin이 사람 단핵세포의 사이토카인 생산 유전자의 발현에 미치는 영향)

  • 박란숙
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.191-196
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    • 2002
  • The effect of allicin, the major component of garlic (Allium sativum), on the gene expression profiles of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from healthy donors was analyzed. DNA microarray which can detect expression signal of 862 genes revealed that allicin induced the expression of cytokine, chemokine, and immune-related genes in peripheral blood mononuclear cells. In contrast, allicin repressed the expression of adaptive immune-related genes, which are expressed in T helper 1 Iymphocytes. Simultaneous inhibitory and stimulatory effects of allicin were found on inflammatory cells. It is likely that allicin down-regulated the expression of specific genes that were previously up-regulated in resting cells, suggesting a new mechanism by which they exert positive and negative effect. Considering the broad and renewed interest in allicin, the profiles we describe here will be useful in designing more specific and efficient treatment strategies.

Zinc Enhances Neutrophil Extracellular Trap Formation of Porcine Peripheral Blood Polymorphonuclear Cells through Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha from Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells

  • Heo, Ju-Haeng;Kim, Hakhyun;Kang, Byeong-Teck;Yang, Mhan-Pyo
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.37 no.5
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    • pp.249-254
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    • 2020
  • Neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) formation is an immune response for the invasion of microbes. The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of zinc on NET formation of porcine peripheral blood polymorphonuclear cells (PMNs). The NET formation of PMNs was measured by fluorescence microplate reader. The production of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α in the culture supernatants from zinc-treated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Zinc itself did not have no effect on NET formation. However, the NET formation of PMNs was increased by culture supernatants from PBMCs treated with zinc. Also, the NET formation of PMNs was increased by recombinant porcine (rp) TNF-α. The production of TNF-α in PBMCs culture supernatants was shown to increase upon zinc treatments. These NET formations of PMNs increased by either culture supernatant from PBMCs treated with zinc or rpTNF-α were inhibited by treatment of anti-rpTNF-α polyclonal antibody (pAb). These results suggested that zinc has an immunostimulating effect on the NET formation of PMNs, which is mediated by TNF-α released from zinc-treated PBMCs. Therefore, zinc may play an important role for NET formation in the defense of porcine inflammatory diseases.

Comparative proteomic analysis of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from atopic dermatitis patients and healthy donors

  • Kim, Won-Kon;Cho, Hyun-Ju;Ryu, Su-In;Hwang, Hyang-Ran;Kim, Do-Hyung;Ryu, Hye-Young;Chung, Jin-Woong;Kim, Tae-Yoon;Park, Byoung-Chul;Bae, Kwang-Hee;Ko, Yong;Lee, Sang-Chul
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.41 no.8
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    • pp.597-603
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    • 2008
  • Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that induces changes in various inflammatory skin cells. The prevalence of AD is as high as 18% in some regions of the world, and is steadily rising. However, the pathophysiology of AD is poorly understood. To identify the proteins involved in AD pathogenesis, a comparative proteomic analysis of protein expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells isolated from AD patients and healthy donors was conducted. Significant changes were observed in the expressions of fourteen proteins, including the vinculin, PITPNB, and Filamin A proteins. Among the proteins, $\alpha$-SNAP and FLNA decreased significantly, and PITPNB increased significantly in AD patients compared with control subjects; these findings were further confirmed by real-time PCR and Western blot analysis. The comparative proteome data may provide a valuable clue to further understand AD pathogenesis, and several differentially regulated proteins may be used as biomarkers for diagnosis and as target proteins for the development of novel drugs.

Presence of Foxp3-expressing CD19(+)CD5(+) B Cells in Human Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells: Human CD19(+)CD5(+)Foxp3(+) Regulatory B Cell (Breg)

  • Noh, Joon-Yong;Choi, Wahn-Soo;Noh, Geun-Woong;Lee, Jae-Ho
    • IMMUNE NETWORK
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.247-249
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    • 2010
  • Foxp3 is a transcript factor for regulatory T cell development. Interestingly, Foxp3-expressing cells were identified in B cells, especially in CD19(+)CD5(+) B cells, while those were not examined in CD19(+)CD5(-) B cells. Foxp3-expressing CD5(+) B cells in this study were identified in human PBMCs and were found to consist of $8.5{\pm}3.5%$ of CD19(+)CD5(+) B cells. CD19(+)CD5(+)Foxp3(+) B cells showed spontaneous apoptosis. Rare CD19(+)CD5(+) Foxp3(+) regulatory B cell (Breg) population was unveiled in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells and suggested as possible regulatory B cells (Breg) as regulatory T cells (Treg). The immunologic and the clinical relevant of Breg needs to be further investigated.

Morphologic Evidence of Anti-Tumor Specificity of T Cells Activated by Denritic Cells Derived from Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells of Thyroid Cancer Patients

  • Lee, Dae-Heui
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.243-247
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    • 2012
  • Recent studies suggest that immunization with autologous dendritic cells (DCs) results in protective immunity and rejection of established tumors in various human malignancies. The purpose of this study is to determine whether DCs are generated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNs) by using cytokines such as F1t-3 ligand (FL), granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF), IL-4, and TNF-${\alpha}$, and whether cytotoxic T cells activated against the thyroid cancer tissues by the DCs. Peripheral blood was obtained from 2 patients with thyroid cancer. DCs were established from PBMNs by culturing in the presence of FL, GM-CSF, IL-4, and TNF-${\alpha}$ for 14 days. At day 14, the differentiated DCs was analyzed morphologically. The immunophenotypic features of DCs such as CDla, CD83, and CD86 were analyzed by immunofluorelescence microscopy. At day 18, DCs and T cells were incubated with thyroid cancer tissues or normal thyroid tissues for additional 4 days, respectively. DCs generated from the PBMNs showed the typical morphology of DCs. Activated cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) were observed also. DCs and the CTLs were attached to the cancer tissues on scanning electron microscope. The DCs activated the CTLs, which able to specifically attack the thyroid cancer. This study provides morphologic evidence that the coculture of T cells/cancer tissues activated the T cells and differentiated CTLs. The CTLs tightly adhered to cancer tissues and lysed cancer tissues vigorously. Therefore DCs could be used as potential vaccines in the immunotherapy.

Ju vitro Effect of Cortisol on the Proliferation of Canine Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells (Jn vitro에서 cortisol이 개 말초혈액 단핵구세포의 증식에 미치는 영향)

  • 나기정;양만표
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.230-234
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    • 1997
  • In vitro effect of cortisol on the proliferation of canine peripheral blood mononuclear cells (MNC) was examined. The MNC was isolated from peripheral blood by a gradient centrifugation with Picoll-Hypaque. The cell proliferation assayed using a noneradioactive 5-Bromo-2'-deoxy-uridine (BrdU) kit. The MNC proliferated well in response to either phrtobeRagg$]$utinin-p (PHA-P) or culture supernatant from MNC stimulated with PHA-p. However, these proliferative responses of MNC were not affected by addition of coitisol of 1 to 1,OOfl ng/ml. The addition of cortisol in MNC culture with either PHA-P or corture supernatBnt from MNC stimulated with PHA-P far 4 days wag not also influenced on the viabilities of cultured MNC. In conclusions it was able to assay the cell proliferation with BrdU instead of radioactive isotope e.g. tritiated thymidine (3H-TdR). These results suggested that cortisol does not at least influence on MNC proliferation in vitro.

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EFFECTS OF HEAT-KILLED AND SONIC EXTRACTS OF MICROORGANISM ON CULTURED CELLS (세균액 및 세균단백질 추출물이 배양 세포에 미치는 영향)

  • Yu, Young-Dae;Im, Mi-Kyung
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.606-618
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    • 2000
  • Dental pulp infection is most commonly caused by extensive dental caries, and some bacterial species invade root canals; bacterial components and products are thought to be associated with the pathogenesis of periapical periodontitis. A principle driving force behind pulpal disease response appears to lie in the host immune system's to bacteria and their products. We examined the production of interleukin $1{\beta}$ (IL-$1{\beta}$) and tumor necrosis factor ${\alpha}$(TNF-${\alpha}$) from human peripheral mononuclear cells, lymphocytes and monocytes stimulated by heat-killed Acitnobacillus actinomycetemcomitans (ATCC 29523), Porphyromonas gingivalis (ATCC 33277) and Prevotella intermedia (ATCC 25611), and also by their sonicated bacterial extracts (SBE), respectively. The effects of three strains of heat-killed bacteria and their SBEs on the morphology of cultured blood cell lines HL-60 (KCLB 10240) and J774A.1 (KCLB 40067) were observed under the inverted microscope. Ultrastructural changes of J774A.1 exposed to heat-killed P. intermedia and its SBE were investigated using transmission electron microscopy. Production of IL-$1{\beta}$ was reduced in human peripheral mononuclear cells after stimulation by sonic bacterial extracts of A. actinomycetemcomitans, P. gingivalis, and P. intermedia. Heat-killed and sonic extract of P. gingivalis inhibited the production of TNF-${\alpha}$ in peripheral mononuclear cells. Production of TNF-${\alpha}$ was inhibited in peripheral monocytes after stimulation by sonic extracts of A. actinomycetemcomitans, P. gingivalis, and P. intermedia. HL-60 and J 774A.1 cells showed granular degeneration after treatment with heat-killed and sonic extracts of A. actinomycetemcomitans, P. gingivalis, and P. intermedia Chromatin margination and shrinkage were observed in 774A.1 treated with heat-killed P. intermedia. Cell wall structure and organelles were destroyed and vacuoles were formed in cytoplasm in J774A.1 treated with P. intermedia sonic extract. These results suggest that A actinomycetemcomitans, P gingivalis and P intermedia may have an important role in the formation and progression of pulpal diseases via both modulation of production of IL-$1{\beta}$ and TNF-${\alpha}$ from blood mononuclear cells and cytopathic effects.

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Detection of Phagocytosis-Promoting Factor of Culture Supernatant from Feline Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells Cultured with Egg White Derivatives (계난백유래물질로 배양한 고양이 말초혈액 단핵구세포 배양상층액중의 탐식촉진인자 검출)

  • 양만표;김기홍
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.31-36
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    • 1999
  • The aim of this study is to determine the phagocytosis-promoting factor(s) for feline peripheral blood polymorphonuclear cells (PMN) by culture supernatant from mono-nuclear cells (MNC) treated with egg white derivatives (EWD). The phagocytic activity of PMN was analyzed by a flow cytometry system. The EWD did not show direct effect on the phagocytic response of PMN. The phagocytic activity of PMN was enhanced by culture supernatant from MNC but not PMN treated with EWD. Therefore, it was suggested that the enhanced phagocytic activity of feline PMN could be mediated by humoral factor(s) released from MNC treated with EWD. Thus, the phagocytosis-promoting factor(s) in supernatant fraction from MNC culture treated with EWD were isolated by reverse phase high pressure liquid chromatography. The resulting supernatant fraction on 29.02 minutes of retention time showed high phagocytic activity of PMN. The molecular weight of this supernatant fraction was 16 to 18 kDa when analyzed by capillary electrophoresis. The isoelectric point was pH 5.76 when assessed by ion-exchange chromatography. These results suggest that EWD stimulates feline MNC to elaborate a phagocytosis-promoting factor, 16 to 18 kDa of molecular weight, which could be an important mediator for the enhancement of phagocytic activity of feline peripheral blood phagocytes. Further study will be needed to elucidate this phagocytic factor.

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