• Title/Summary/Keyword: Periodontal disease

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Periodontal Disease and Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) in Pregnant Women (임신여성의 치주질환과 건강 관련 삶의 질)

  • Park, Hae-jin;Lee, Haejung;Cho, Soohyun
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.191-201
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify relationships of periodontal disease and health related quality of life (HRQoL) in pregnant women. Methods: The participants in this study were 129 pregnant women. Data were collected using questionnaires of characteristics of the participants and subjective perception of periodontal disease and a dentist's assessment of periodontal disease. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, correlation, and hierarchical multiple regression. Results: The physical QoL showed significant negative correlation with subjective perception of periodontal disease (r=-.21, p=.013). Mental QoL had significant negative correlations with subjective perception of periodontal disease (r=-.32, p<.001) and objective periodontal disease (r=-.34, p<.001). Hierarchical multiple regression analyses revealed that pregnant women who had a history of abortion and had higher subjective perception of periodontal disease tended to report lower levels of physical QoL. Pregnant women whose age are between 30-34 years and higher subjective perception and objective periodontal disease tended to report lower mental QoL. Conclusion: To improve HRQoL of pregnant women, nurses should pay attention on the status of periodontal disease. Careful assessment of oral healthy behaviors and proper intervention for oral health of pregnant women are needed to enhance HRQoL of pregnant women.

Relevance of Periodontal Disease According to Presence of Cognitive Stress, Sleeping Hours, and Subjective Oral-Health Status of Adults (스트레스, 수면시간 및 주관적 구강건강 상태가 치주질환에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Ye-Hwang;Lee, Jung-Hwa
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.169-178
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    • 2017
  • Objectives : In this study, we investigated the correlation of mental-and oral-health status with periodontal disease. Ultimately, we sought to make a positive contribution to the promotion of periodontal health and the prevention of periodontal disease. Methods : This study was analyzed using the data of KNHANES 2013-2015. The participants of this study were between 20 and 64 years old. The final selection was 1,512 adults. Results : Participants with a sleeping time of less than 6 hours and those who recognized stress showed higher periodontal disease. Number of decaying teeth, oral-health status, toothaches, and chewing problems were associated significantly with periodontal disease. To investigate the effects of general characteristics and mental and oral-health status on periodontal disease, a logistic regression analysis was conducted. Sex, age, education level, smoking status, oral-health status, and chewing problems were variables that affected periodontal disease. Conclusions : This study showed that mental-and oral-health status is closely related to periodontal disease. Therefore, it is expected that this will be used as basic data to effectively improve periodontal disease in adults.

The relationship of obesity and periodontal disease by age (연령에 따른 비만과 치주질환과의 관련성)

  • Lee, Youn-Kyoung;Park, Jeong-Ran
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.1015-1021
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    • 2013
  • Objectives : The purpose of the study is to find the association between obesity and periodontal disease by age in adults. Methods : The subjects were 5,728 adults in the first year of the Fifth National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2010. The questionnaire included oral examinations, periodontal disease, and body mass index screenings. Chi-square test was performed to confirm the periodontal disease. Results : The impact of obesity and waist circumference on body mass index (BMI) showed high risk of periodontal diseases. The risk of periodontal disease according to BMI by age was closely related to obesity ranged form 35 to 59 yeard old. The increased waist circumference and those who were in 35 to 59 and over 60 years old had a significant association with the periodontal disease risk. Conclusions : Obesity and periodontal disease are closely related factors. Those aged from 35 to 59 are the high risk groups of potential obesity and periodontal disease. It is very important to control well-balanced nutrition and physical activity that can prevent the progression of periodontal disease.

Health behavior and nutritional status according to the presence or absence of periodontal disease (치주질환 유무에 따른 건강행태와 영양상태)

  • Lee, Chun-Sun;Lee, Sun-Mi;Kim, Chang-Hee
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.611-620
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    • 2021
  • Objectives: This study investigated health behavior and nutritional status according to the presence or absence of periodontal disease using data from the Sixth National Health Nutrition Survey. Methods: Data from the 2013-2015 National Health Nutrition Survey were analyzed by frequency analysis, chi-square test, and Pearson's correlation analysis using SPSS 21.0. Results: Periodontal disease was more frequent in the group of patients who perceived that their subjective health status was "very bad" or were underweight according to the BMI classification. In men, periodontal disease occurred more frequently in those who were taking calcium (p<0.05), and periodontal disease occurred more frequently in the age group of 20-39, regardless of sex (p<0.05). In women, periodontal disease was less frequent in the group taking vitamin A. In both men and women, the presence of periodontal disease correlated with high fasting blood sugar and glycated hemoglobin levels. Conclusions: A customized program should be developed for each patient to identify factors that affect the relationship among periodontal disease, nutrient intake, and blood parameters. Such information will help improve the oral health of the population.

Blood Chemistry in Periodontal Disease (치주질환시의 혈생화학적연구)

  • Han, K.H.
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.59-62
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    • 1969
  • The causes of periodontal disease have been descried as malocclusion, trauma from occlusion, local irritants and poor oral hygien. The systemic factor has also been considered as a etiologic factor of periodontal disease. On the other aspect systemic condition could be affected by periodontal disease. For the study of relationships between periodontal disease and systemic condition, twenty patients with periodontal disease and twenty persons with no periodontal involvement were evaluated for inorganic elements and organic materials in the blood. The results of the blood analysis of the two groups were as follows. : Phosphorus and alkline-phoshatase in the group with periodontal disease showed slightly increased phenomenon compared to the control group, and on the other hand calcium and calcium-phosphorus ratio decreased phenomenon. But there is no any significant alteration in the content of each element between the two groups.

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Association between Diabetes and Chewing Problems and Periodontal Disease in Korean Adults (한국 성인의 당뇨병 및 씹기 문제와 치주질환의 관련성)

  • Hwang, Hong-Gu;Lee, Jong-Hwa
    • Journal of Technologic Dentistry
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    • v.41 no.4
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    • pp.327-335
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between periodontal disease, diabetes and chewing problems in Korean adults over the age of 19 using the 6th National Health Nutrition Survey. Methods: Data from the 6th National Health and Nutrition Survey (Ministry of Health & Welfare, 2013; 2014; 2015) were used. In this study, 17,101 adults aged 19 and older were included in the study to determine the relationship between diabetes and chewing problems in Korean adults. Results: Diabetes and chewing problems have been associated with periodontal disease. Diabetes was 0.719 times lower(p<0.001) in periodontal disease than in the case of diabetes. Chewing problem was 1.360 times(p<0.001) periodontal disease prevalence compared to 'not at all uncomfortable'. It was found that the prevalence of periodontal disease was 2.139 times(p<0.001) compared to 'not at all uncomfortable'. It was found that the prevalence of periodontal disease was 2.296 times higher(p<0.001) compared to 'not at all uncomfortable'. It was found that the prevalence of periodontal disease was 2.119 times higher(p<0.001) compared to 'not at all uncomfortable'. Conclusion: Diabetes and chewing problems were found to be related to periodontal disease, and as reported in previous studies, diabetes and chewing problems related to oral disease need to be prevented and treated with regular checkups. In addition, based on the research results, it can be used as basic data for the health business plan that can maintain and manage health.

Relationship between maternal periodontal disease and Apgar score of newborns

  • Shirmohammadi, Adileh;Abdollahifard, Sedigeh;Chitsazi, Mohammad-Taghi;Behlooli, Sepideh
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.42 no.6
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    • pp.212-216
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between maternal periodontal disease and the health status of newborns using Apgar scores. Methods: One hundred pregnant women with periodontal disease were included in the case series and 100 pregnant women without periodontal disease were placed in the control group, respectively. The periodontal parameters of bleeding on probing (BOP), clinical attachment loss (CAL), probing depth (PD), birth weight, and Apgar scores were recorded in both groups. T-tests and Pearson's correlation coefficient were used to determine the birth weight odds ratio to analyze the relationship between the periodontal parameters of BOP, CAL, and PD on the one hand and an Apgar score of less than 7. An unpaired Student's t-test was used to analyze differences in means between the case and control groups using SPSS ver. 13. Results: The means of the ages, periodontal pocket depths, attachment loss, areas with BOP, Apgar score in the first 5 minutes and infant birth weight exhibited statistically significant differences between the case and control groups. The ratio of an Apgar score of <7 to periodontal disease was 3.14; the ratio of low birth weight risk in mothers with periodontal disease to that in mothers without periodontal disease was 2.74. Pearson's correlation coefficient revealed a significant correlation between the infant birth weight and BOP, CAL, and PD of the mother. In addition, there was a significant correlation between the Apgar score and BOP, CAL, and PD and also between the Apgar score and infant birth weight. Conclusions: The results of this study showed a significant relationship between periodontal disease and infant birth weight; in addition, there was a significant relationship between the periodontal indexes of BOP, CAL, and PD on the one hand and the Apgar score on the other.

Effects related to periodontal disease in menopausal women : The 7th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (7th KNHANES, 2016-2018) (폐경기 여성의 치주질환에 관련된 요인 : 제7기(2016-2018년) 국민건강영양조사 자료를 이용하여)

  • Lee, Mi-Ra
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.855-864
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    • 2020
  • Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of periodontal disease in menopausal women. Methods: We used data from the 7th (2016-2018) Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The subjects of the study were 2,643 women aged 40 to 59 years who participated in the periodontal examination and answered a menses questionnaire. The data were analyzed using complex samples multivariate logistic regression to investigate the effects related to periodontal disease in menopausal women. Results: After adjusting for general characteristics, oral health behaviors, and health status, those aged 50-59 years had odds ratio (OR) for periodontal disease of 2.52 compared to those aged 40-49 years. Compared to those who brushed 3 or more times a day, those with less than 3 brushings a day had OR of 1.48. Those who smoked had a 3.00 higher risk of periodontal disease than those who were non-smokers. Further, those with glycosuria had a 2.26 higher risk of periodontal disease than those without glycosuria. Conclusions: In order to promote the oral health of menopausal women, it is suggested that comprehensive and systematic oral health education should be implemented considering various variables.

Chronic suppuraive osteomyelitis of the mandible caused by periodontal disease;a case report (치주질환으로 인해 유발된 하악의 만성 화농성 골수염의 치험 일례)

  • Lim, Yo-Han;Pyo, Sung-Woon;Han, Eun-Young
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.745-752
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    • 2002
  • Osteomyelitis is an exhaustive disease whose main feature is an inflammation of inner part of bone, bone marrow. In oral and maxillofacial area, we have maxillary and mandibular osteomyelitis and the latter is dominant because of its impaired blood supply. The main cause of osteomyelitis is a bacterial infection and the ways of infections are by periapical odontogenic infection, fracture, post-operative complication, and periodontal disease. The predominant etiologic factor is periapical odontogenic infection mostly caused by advanced dental caries. It is generally believed that periodontal disease could be a cause of osteomyelitis. But periodontal disease is usually confined to the alveolar bone area and not extends to the underlying bone marrow. Accordingly periodontal infection per se rarely cause produce oseomyelitis. Even though osteomyeltis could be occurred by periodontal disease, its virulence of infection is milder than periapical odontogenic infection. So it usually provokes sclerosing or hyperplastic osteomyelitis rather than suppurative type. We had a case of suppurative osteomyelitis caused by periodontal disease and treated it with periodontal and oral and maxillofacial surgical method.

Relationship between subjective sleep quality and periodontal disease-related symptom in the Korean adolescent population (한국 청소년의 주관적 수면의 질과 치주질환관련 구강증상경험과의 연관성)

  • Do, Kyung-Yi;Lee, Eun-Sun
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.575-583
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    • 2021
  • Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between sleep quality and periodontal disease-related symptoms among Korean adolescents. Methods: This cross-sectional study was based on the 16th Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-Based Survey (2020). A complex sample logistic regression was performed to identify the relationship between sleep quality and periodontal disease-related symptoms after adjusting for all covariates. Results: In model II, to estimate the adjusted odds ratio (AOR) for all covariates, students who answered "not at all sufficient", indicating sleep quality, were at higher risk of experiencing periodontal disease-related symptoms than those who answered "completely sufficient" (AOR=1.58). As a result of subgroup analysis, for estimating the AOR adjusted for all covariates in boys, students who answered "not at all sufficient", indicating sleep quality, were at a higher risk of experiencing periodontal disease-related symptoms than those who answered "completely sufficient" (AOR=1.68). In girls, students who answered "not at all sufficient", indicating sleep quality, were at a higher risk of experiencing periodontal disease-related symptoms than those who answered "completely sufficient" (AOR=1.43). Conclusions: It is necessary to formulate health policies that can promote optimal sleeping habits and oral health behaviors among Korean adolescents.