• Title, Summary, Keyword: Perception

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Effects of Preschoolers' Visual Perception on Reading Words in Hangul : Application of the Test of Visual Perception for Reading (유아의 시지각 발달과 읽기 : 수.방향.형태항상성 지각이 한글 단어 읽기에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Na-Ya
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.161-177
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    • 2009
  • In this study of the relationship between preschoolers' visual perception and reading Hangul words, the 287 participants showed significant developmental change in visual perception between three to five years of age. The researcher developed the computer-based screening Test of Visual Perception for Reading (TVPR). Factor analysis confirmed three factors of TVPR : perception of number, direction, and form constancy. These factors correlated highly with four factors of motor-reduced visual perception of the Korean Developmental Test of Visual Perception (Moon et al. 2003). All factors of TVPR explained reading real words and pseudo words; direction and form constancy perception predicted reading low frequency letters. These findings confirm that preschoolers' skills in visual perception contribute to the reading of words in Hangul.

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A Study on the Constructive Layers of Body Perception in Contemporary Architecture Space - Focused on the HdM, Sejima, R. Koolhaas's Works - (현대건축공간에 나타나는 신체지각의 구축 층위 연구 - HdM, Sejima, R. Koolhaas의 건축 작품을 중심으로 -)

  • Oh, Sang-Eu
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.12-21
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    • 2017
  • This study is on the constructive ways of body perception applied to architecture space. This research also has a purpose of extending the range of possibility of body perception's application. Research on the phenomenological method applied to architecture space was mainly focused on sensation, which made limited awareness on the range of body perception. The scope of body perception includes not only sensation, but also perception, cognition, and human behavior. Therefore this study explicate how operant features of body perception works together. Operant features of body perception are perception as cognition, synesthesia, and Interaction with others. Herzog & de Meuron, Sejima, and R. Koolhaas's works are reviewed to verify these features of body perception.

An Exploratory Study on the Main Factors Affecting Health Perception of the Patients Following Cardiac Valve Replacement Surgery (판막치환수술후 환자들의 건강인지도에 영향을 미치는 제요인에 관한 연구)

  • 김금순;전동희
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.52-58
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    • 1985
  • This study was attempted to investigate the main factors affecting health perception of the patients following cardiac valve replacement surgery. Data were collected from Sept. 1 to Oct. 31, 1984 through administration of questionnaire developed for this study by the researcher. The subject was 95 patients who received follow up care following cardiac valve replacemert surgery at S.N.U.H. The data were analyzed by T-test, oneway ANOVA, pearson correlation and multiple regression according to dependent variables. The results were as follows. \circled1 Average self-health perception of those patients. were 4.62, (maximum; 7 minimum; 1) and they showed on affirmative response for their health condition, \circled2 There was significant difference in health perception according to sex difference. Men had higher health perception than women. (t=2,83, p=0.006) \circled3 There was significant difference in health perception according to occupation. Those who had occupation showed higher health perception those who had no occupation. (t=3.25, p=0.002) \circled4 The longer post-operative period elapsed, the higher health perception was, and there was significant difference in health perception (f=0.2958, p=0.002). \circled5 The higher age was, the lower health perception was, and there was a significant difference in health perception. (${\gamma}$= -0.2485, p=0.008) \circled6 The fewer subjective psychosomatic symptoms were, the higher health perception was, and there was a significant difference in health perception. (f = -0.4988, p=0.0000) \circled7 The more active daily activities were, the higher health perception was, and there was a significant difference in health perception. (${\gamma}$=0.6359 p=0.0000) \circled8 The main factors predicting health perception .are like these. \circled1 Daily activities (42.7%), highest variable. \circled2 Psychosomatic symptoms (7.29%) \circled3 Elapsed period after cardiac valve replacement surgery (1.89%) \circled4 Existence of occupation (1.87%) \circled5 Sex (1.78%) \circled6 Age (0.8%).

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Pattern of the University Students' Perception for Unexpected Results and Effect of Problem-Solving Experiments for Change of Perception

  • Lim, Hee-Young;Kang, Seong-Joo
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.366-374
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was grouping students' perception types on the unexpected results in experiments, and looking into how the problem-solving experiment affected the change of these perception types. In order to answer this, interview data were analyzed in terms of perception types, and through analysis of questionnaires carried out at the beginning and the end of the semester, the change of perception types was researched. As a result, perception types of students divided into 'the difference between theory and practice,' 'inexperience of experiment skill,' and 'No reading between lines in manual.' After performing the problem-solving experiment for one semester, the perception of 'the difference between theory and practice' declined, and the desire for 'reading between lines' increased, so the problem-solving experiment influenced on the change of perception positively.

A Study on the Expression Methods of Space Perception by the Scene in the Exhibition Space (전시공간에서의 장면에 의한 공간지각 표현방법에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Han-Na;Seo, Ji-Eun
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.293-301
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to find the space perception by the scene and to analyze the characteristics in the exhibition space. The data for the analysis was collected through a questionnaire survey method. The questionnaire is composed of a scene selection on the panoramic photographs of the exhibition space. 'The 4 Rivers Cultural Center - The ARK' was selected as the subject of this survey. The results of the study are presented as follows : First, the space perception perceived imaged scenes rather than the specific elements of space. Second, the space perception was revealed through the 'Form', 'Materials', 'Light', 'Lighting', 'Furniture' and 'Media' of notable elements. Also that was perceived by forming 'Line', 'Surface' and 'Volume'. Particularly, the perception of 'Surface' was higher than 'Line' and 'Volume'. 'Surface' was perceived mostly through the 'Color'. The perception of 'Line' was positive to 'Boundary' or 'Continuous placement of the light'. In addition, the perception of 'Volume' was positive to 'The curve of the form', 'Transparent material', 'Three-dimensional elements'. Finally, The type of space perception was chosen as 'Extension', 'Center', 'Deep', 'Boundary' and 'Formative'. In this way, the results of this study will set a foundation for developing design methods to induce the space perception by the scene in the exhibition space.

A Study on the Perception on Child Abuse, Effectiveness of Reporting, and Barriers to Reporting among Nurses (간호사의 아동학대 인식, 신고 효과성 인식 및 신고 장애 인식 조사)

  • Hong, Sun Young;Park, Mi Hyang
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.236-246
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the Nurses' perception of child abuse, effectiveness of reporting, and barriers to reporting. Method: We surveyed 155 nurses at a University Hospital by using convenience sampling. The perception of child abuse, effectiveness of reporting, and barriers to reporting were measured using structured questionnaires. Data analysis was performed using SPSS WIN 21.0 program. Results: In nurses' perception of child abuse, the perception of physical abuse was higher than that of others - such as neglect, sexual abuse, and emotional abuse. Among nurses, the perception of child abuse was different according to age, material status, children, nurse career, education level, religion, experience of education, and perception of mandated reporter. The results showed a significant correlation between the perception on child abuse and perception on the effectiveness of reporting, as well as between perception on the effectiveness of reporting and perception on barriers to reporting. Conclusion: Based on the findings of this study, it is suggested to develop education programs and guidelines to help nurses to make appropriate decisions for the proper professional intervention when a child abuse case is suspected.

Maternal Perception of the Newborn and Confidence and Gratification of Mothering Role (어머니의 신생아 지각, 역할 수행에 대한 자신감 및 만족감)

  • 구현영;문영임
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.920-930
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate maternal perception of the newborn, confidence and gratification of mothering role, and contribute to maternal nursing and neonatal nursing. The questionnaire, maternal perception of the newborn(Ⅰ) was completed by 47 mothers at three hospitals in the Kyoung-In area during the first to third day after birth. The questionnaire, maternal perception of the newborn(Ⅱ), confidence and gratification of mothering role were completed at fourth to sixth week after birth. The data were analyzed by a SPSS program. The results were as follows ; 1) The means of perception of the newborn(Ⅰ) and (Ⅱ) were 2.28±4.81 and 3.83±4.84. The means of confidence and gratification of mothering role were 40.38±5.51 and 39.30±6.70. 2) Half of the mothers(48.9%) rated their newborn as better than average newborn at first to third day after birth, and 74.5% of mothers did at fourth to sixth week after birth. 3) The score of maternal perception of the newborn (Ⅰ) was significantly correlated with the score of confidence and gratification of mothering role. The score of maternal perception of the newborn(Ⅱ) was correlated with the score of confidence and gratification of mothering role. The score of confidence and gratification of mothering role was related. 4) Maternal gratification of mothering role was significantly different by maternal perception of the newborn(Ⅰ), and maternal confidence was different by maternal perception of the newborn (Ⅱ). 5) Mothers who had religions and who wanted the pregnancy had higher perception of the newborn(Ⅰ) than those who did not. Mothers whose newborns were boys had higher perception of the newborn(Ⅱ) than those whose newborns were girls. Mothers who wanted the pregnancy had higher confidence of mothering role than those who did not. Mothers who planed cow's milk had lower gratification of mothering role than those who did not. The above findings indicate that mothers who have a different level of perception of the newborn, confidence and gratification of mothering role. Therefore, it is important that maternal perception of the newborn, confidence and gratification of mothering role were precisely evaluated, and nursing intervention for improving perception of the newborn should be provided for mothers.

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The Effects of Value Perception for Natural Cosmetics by LOHAS Class on Their Purchasing Intention (로하스 계층별 천연 화장품에 대한 가치 지각이 구매 의도에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Kang-Yi;Kim, Soon-Sim
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.111-122
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    • 2012
  • This study analyzed the differences in value perception and purchasing intention for natural cosmetics by LOHAS class and investigated what influences people's value perception for natural cosmetics had on their purchasing intention. Total 450 questionnaires were distributed to adults of over 20s to 50s for the period from Dec. 1, 2011 to Dec. 14 and 410 questionnaires were used as analysis data. As for collected data, the statistical package SPSS 18.0 Version was used for factor analysis, frequency analysis, reliability test, one-way ANOVA, Chi-Square test, Scheffe-test, correlations analysis and multiple regression analysis. LOHAS class was divided into three groups (higher, middle and lower) based on LOHAS index. Through factor analysis, the value perception for natural cosmetics were divided into three factors (social value, emotional and functional value perception). The results of this study were obtained as below. First, in case of the value perception for natural cosmetics by LOHAS class, it was demonstrated that the higher LOHAS classes they were, the higher value perception for natural cosmetics (social, emotional and functional value perception) they had. Second, in case of the effects of the value perception for natural cosmetics by LOHAS class on their purchasing intention (intention to use and recommendation of usage), it was found that their value perception influenced their purchasing intention. Social value perception and functional value perception, especially social value perception largely affected the purchasing intention of all LOHAS classes, while emotional value perception didn't affected the purchasing intention.

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Middle school students’perception about Home Economics Education and its related variable (가정과 교육에 대한 남녀 중학생의 인식과 관련변수)

  • 류상희;유안진
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.31-43
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    • 1993
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate middle school students’perception about Home Economics Education in order to provide the basic materials to improve Home Economics curriculum. For this purpose reviewing literatures and empirical research were conducted. the subjects were 661(fourteen-year-ole(8th graders) enrolled in middle school in Seoul and Gyeongsang-nam-do. Statistical methods adopted for data analysis were frequencies, mean standard deviation, ONEWAY ANOVA, Chi-square. Major findings were as follows: 1. The middle school students’perception about Home Economics Education differed with sex of subjects. That is, girl students’perception was higher than boy students’perception. 2. The middle school students’perception about Home Economics subject varied across parents’education level. 3. There was no significant difference in the middle school students’perception about Home Economics Education according to existence of mother’s Job. 4. There was a significant difference in the middle school students’perception about Home Economics Education according to region. That is the perception about the contents of eating life role was high in rural and the daily life as a consumer and resources application was high in Seoul. 5.The middle school students’perception about Home Economics Education varied across subject distinction. That is the perception of boy students who chose Industrial Arts$.$Home Economics subject was high.

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Gender Differences in the Effects of Weight, Weight Perception, and Weight Satisfaction on Depression in Adolescents

  • Ra, Jin Suk;Kim, Hye Sun;Ryu, Jeong Lim
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.359-365
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study aims to investigate gender differences in the association between depressive symptoms and weight, weight perception, and body satisfaction among Korean adolescents. Methods: A secondary data analysis was performed on data from 33,374 adolescents who participated in the 2015 Adolescent Health Behavior Online Survey. They were classified as underweight, normal weight, or overweight/obese; weight perception was classified into perception of being underweight, normal weight, or overweight/obese; and weight satisfaction into desire to gain weight, satisfied, and desire to lose weight. Results: Among boys, perception of being underweight (adjusted odds ratio [AOR]: 1.20, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.07~1.35) and desire to gain weight (AOR: 1.45, 95% CI: 1.30~1.62) were associated with depression. Among girls, perception of being overweight or obese (AOR: 1.18, 95% CI: 1.07~1.29) and a desire to lose weight (AOR: 1.30, 95% CI: 1.18~1.42) were associated with depression. Conclusion: Gender differences were observed in the association between weight perception and depression in adolescents. The perception of being underweight among boys and the perception of being overweight/overweight among girls were associated with depression. Thus, gender-specific intervention programs to correct weight perception and weight satisfaction are needed in order to relieve depressive symptoms in adolescents.