• Title, Summary, Keyword: Perceived Value

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An Empirical Study on Perceived Value and Continuous Intention to Use of Smart Phone, and the Moderating Effect of Personal Innovativeness (스마트폰의 지각된 가치와 지속적 사용의도, 그리고 개인 혁신성의 조절효과)

  • Han, Joonhyoung;Kang, Sungbae;Moon, Taesoo
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.53-84
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    • 2013
  • With rapid development of ICT (Information and Communications Technology), new services by the convergence of mobile network and application technology began to appear. Today, smart phone with new ICT convergence network capabilities is exceedingly popular and very useful as a new tool for the development of business opportunities. Previous studies based on Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) suggested critical factors, which should be considered for acquiring new customers and maintaining existing users in smart phone market. However, they had a limitation to focus on technology acceptance, not value based approach. Prior studies on customer's adoption of electronic utilities like smart phone product showed that the antecedents such as the perceived benefit and the perceived sacrifice could explain the causality between what is perceived and what is acquired over diverse contexts. So, this research conceptualizes perceived value as a trade-off between perceived benefit and perceived sacrifice, and we need to research the perceived value to grasp user's continuous intention to use of smart phone. The purpose of this study is to investigate the structured relationship between benefit (quality, usefulness, playfulness) and sacrifice (technicality, cost, security risk) of smart phone users, perceived value, and continuous intention to use. In addition, this study intends to analyze the differences between two subgroups of smart phone users by the degree of personal innovativeness. Personal innovativeness could help us to understand the moderating effect between how perceptions are formed and continuous intention to use smart phone. This study conducted survey through e-mail, direct mail, and interview with smart phone users. Empirical analysis based on 330 respondents was conducted in order to test the hypotheses. First, the result of hypotheses testing showed that perceived usefulness among three factors of perceived benefit has the highest positive impact on perceived value, and then followed by perceived playfulness and perceived quality. Second, the result of hypotheses testing showed that perceived cost among three factors of perceived sacrifice has significantly negative impact on perceived value, however, technicality and security risk have no significant impact on perceived value. Also, the result of hypotheses testing showed that perceived value has significant direct impact on continuous intention to use of smart phone. In this regard, marketing managers of smart phone company should pay more attention to improve task efficiency and performance of smart phone, including rate systems of smart phone. Additionally, to test the moderating effect of personal innovativeness, this research conducted multi-group analysis by the degree of personal innovativeness of smart phone users. In a group with high level of innovativeness, perceived usefulness has the highest positive influence on perceived value than other factors. Instead, the analysis for a group with low level of innovativeness showed that perceived playfulness was the highest positive factor to influence perceived value than others. This result of the group with high level of innovativeness explains that innovators and early adopters are able to cope with higher level of cost and risk, and they expect to develop more positive intentions toward higher performance through the use of an innovation. Also, hedonic behavior in the case of the group with low level of innovativeness aims to provide self-fulfilling value to the users, in contrast to utilitarian perspective, which aims to provide instrumental value to the users. However, with regard to perceived sacrifice, both groups in general showed negative impact on perceived value. Also, the group with high level of innovativeness had less overall negative impact on perceived value compared to the group with low level of innovativeness across all factors. In both group with high level of innovativeness and with low level of innovativeness, perceived cost has the highest negative influence on perceived value than other factors. Instead, the analysis for a group with high level of innovativeness showed that perceived technicality was the positive factor to influence perceived value than others. However, the analysis for a group with low level of innovativeness showed that perceived security risk was the second high negative factor to influence perceived value than others. Unlike previous studies, this study focuses on influencing factors on continuous intention to use of smart phone, rather than considering initial purchase and adoption of smart phone. First, perceived value, which was used to identify user's adoption behavior, has a mediating effect among perceived benefit, perceived sacrifice, and continuous intention to use smart phone. Second, perceived usefulness has the highest positive influence on perceived value, while perceived cost has significant negative influence on perceived value. Third, perceived value, like prior studies, has high level of positive influence on continuous intention to use smart phone. Fourth, in multi-group analysis by the degree of personal innovativeness of smart phone users, perceived usefulness, in a group with high level of innovativeness, has the highest positive influence on perceived value than other factors. Instead, perceived playfulness, in a group with low level of innovativeness, has the highest positive factor to influence perceived value than others. This result shows that early adopters intend to adopt smart phone as a tool to make their job useful, instead market followers intend to adopt smart phone as a tool to make their time enjoyable. In terms of marketing strategy for smart phone company, marketing managers should pay more attention to identify their customers' lifetime value by the phase of smart phone adoption, as well as to understand their behavior intention to accept the risk and uncertainty positively. The academic contribution of this study primarily is to employ the VAM (Value-based Adoption Model) as a conceptual foundation, compared to TAM (Technology Acceptance Model) used widely by previous studies. VAM is useful for understanding continuous intention to use smart phone in comparison with TAM as a new IT utility by individual adoption. Perceived value dominantly influences continuous intention to use smart phone. The results of this study justify our research model adoption on each antecedent of perceived value as a benefit and a sacrifice component. While TAM could be widely used in user acceptance of new technology, it has a limitation to explain the new IT adoption like smart phone, because of customer behavior intention to choose the value of the object. In terms of theoretical approach, this study provides theoretical contribution to the development, design, and marketing of smart phone. The practical contribution of this study is to suggest useful decision alternatives concerned to marketing strategy formulation for acquiring and retaining long-term customers related to smart phone business. Since potential customers are interested in both benefit and sacrifice when evaluating the value of smart phone, marketing managers in smart phone company has to put more effort into creating customer's value of low sacrifice and high benefit so that customers will continuously have higher adoption on smart phone. Especially, this study shows that innovators and early adopters with high level of innovativeness have higher adoption than market followers with low level of innovativeness, in terms of perceived usefulness and perceived cost. To formulate marketing strategy for smart phone diffusion, marketing managers have to pay more attention to identify not only their customers' benefit and sacrifice components but also their customers' lifetime value to adopt smart phone.

Measuring the Effects of Menu Price and Image on Perceived Sacrifice and Value of Tourist Restaurant in Jeonnam Tourist Area (전남지역 관광지 식당의 메뉴가격과 이미지가 지각된 희생과 가치에 미치는 영향 평가)

  • Kang, Jong-Heon;Ko, Beom-Seok
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.742-747
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to measure the effects of menu price and image on perceived sacrifice and value of tourist restaurant, the mediating effects of perceived sacrifice on the relationships between menu price and value, and between image and value. A total of 273 questionnaires were completed. ANCOVA was used to measure the mediating effects of perceived sacrifice on the relationships among menu price, image, and value. When the menu price and perceived sacrifice were regressed on the value, the menu price and perceived sacrifice were statistically significant. Moreover, when the image and perceived sacrifice were regressed on the value, the image and perceived sacrifice had a statistically significant effects on value. The results demonstrated that perceived sacrifice played a mediating role in the relationship between menu price and value.

The Effect of Price and Brand on the Perceived quality, Value and Purchase of Clothing (가격과 상표가 의복의 지각된 품질, 가치, 구매의도에 미치는 영향)

  • 이희승;임숙자
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.498-509
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    • 2000
  • This study is designed to find out the effects of price on the consumers'perceived quality, value and purchase willingness of clothing in order to get the basic information that is needed in helping clothing manufacturer's strategy for merchandising promotion on price. This study was conducted by means of a questionnaire survey of university students in seoul. SAS program was used for analysis. The conclusions of this study as follow: first, with respect to the price level of clothing, consumers evaluate the perceived quality of high-price case higher than that of low-price case, and evaluate the perceived value and purchase willingness of low-price case higher than those of high-price case. Second, with respect to the brand name level of clothing, consumers evaluate the perceived quality, perceived value and purchase willingness of well-known brand case higher than those of unknown brand can. Third, the interaction between price and brand dosen't appear. Thus from this result we can know that price and brand have the same amount of effect in both single-quo case and multi-que case. Forth, with respect to the price and brand name level of clothing, there exist significant differences in perceived quality, perceived value, and brand name level. Fifth, in the study of the relationship between perceived quality and purchase willingness and the relationship between the perceived value and purchase willingness, perceived value has more effect on purchase willingness than perceived quality.

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A Study on Factors Affecting Intention to Continuous Use of O2O Service : Focused on Cinema Ticketing Systems (O2O서비스의 지속이용의도에 영향을 미치는 요인에 관한 연구 : 영화관 티켓 발권서비스를 중심으로)

  • Park, Soeun;Lee, Seonghye;Ji, Deabum;Choi, Jeongil
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.197-212
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    • 2017
  • This study aims to investigate factors affecting the intention of continuous use of O2O service by referring new media adoption theory and value-based acceptance model for movie ticketing services. For this study, a questionnaire survey was conducted for users of tickets ticketing service of the cinema online (including mobile) within the last 6 months. A total of 500 copies was collected and 404 copies were analyzed excluding 96 copies because of errors. As a result of the analysis, the ease of use and service ubiquity has a positive effect on perceived functional value and perceived emotional value, and usability has a positive effect on perceived functional value. Compatibility and trialability has a positive effect on both perceived functional value and emotional value. Previous experience has a positive effect on both perceived functional value and perceived emotional value, and inertia has negative effect on perceived functional value. Finally, the perceived emotional value has a positive effect on the intention to continuous use, but perceived functional value appeared to have no significant effect. This study shows a theoretical implication for new technology-based services such O2O. It was suggested to establish a practical marketing strategy and help to activate the O2O service field.

Measuring the Service Quality, Perceived Value and Satisfaction in Namhaean Area Restaurants (남해안 지역 음식점들의 서비스 품질, 지각된 가치와 만족도의 평가)

  • Kang, Jong-Heon;Go, Beom-Seok
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.417-424
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to measure the effects that service quality, perceived value and satisfaction have on loyalty in Namhaean area restaurants. A total of 273 questionnaires were completed. The structural equation model was used as an analysis method to measure the causal effects of service quality, perceived value, satisfaction and loyalty. The results demonstrated that the structural analysis result for the data was an excellent model fit. The effect of service quality on value, the effect of perceived sacrifice on value, the effect of service quality on satisfaction, the effect of value on satisfaction, and the effect of satisfaction on loyalty were statistically significant. Moreover service quality had an indirect effect on satisfaction through perceived value, and service quality also had an indirect effect on loyalty through perceived value and satisfaction. Perceived value had an indirect effect on loyalty, and an effect through satisfaction. Perceived sacrifice had an indirect effect on satisfaction through perceived value, and it also had an indirect effect on loyalty, and an effect through satisfaction. Further study is still required, and should be aimed at identifying the causal mechanisms of constructs, such that restaurant managers might be better prepared to offer value and satisfaction to their customers.

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A Study On The Effects Network Externalities and Experiential Value Perceived from MIMService on Continuous Intention (MIM서비스에서 지각된 네트워크외부성과 경험가치가 지속적 사용의도에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Li, Long;Gim, Gwang-Yong
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.51-67
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    • 2013
  • Mobile Instant Messenser (MIM) Market With the market is enlarging and attracting more and more companies. With the market expanding and number of users increasing, the competition in this area will be fierce. In order to gain competitive advantage, it is important to develop a strategy to maximize user value and to grasp the continuous usage intention of users. However, there are currently not enough researches done in this field. Therefore, this paper to study the effects of network externalities and perceived experiential value on perceived usefulness, user satisfaction, and continuous usage intention. The research results showed that the perceived experiential value and vertical compatibility significantly affected user satisfaction, but the perceived network size did not. The perceived network size and vertical compatibility did not affect the perceived usefulness. Also, the economic value, which is a sub-factor of the perceived experiential value, did not affect the perceived usefulness, but the functional value and hedonic value did significantly. The perceived network size significantly affected continuance usage intention, but the perceived network compatibility did not.

Examination of Consumer Purchase Intention for Foreign Infant Foods in China (중국에서 외국산 유아식품의 구매의도에 관한 연구)

  • Wu, Shi-Yuan;Yoon, Ki-Chang
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.49-60
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    • 2017
  • Purpose - The aims of this study are follows. We investigated to find out how country image and brand image affect the consumer perceived value, consumer attitude, and purchase intention of foreign infant foods in China. Especially, we focused on investigate for the moderating role of consumer knowledge between national image, brand image and consumer perceived value of foreign infant foods in China. Research design, data, and methodology - This study analyzed the effect of national image and brand image on purchase intention through consumer perceived value and consumer attitude. This study collected data for empirical analysis of Chinese consumers who have been purchase experience infant foods in China. 256 copies of questionnaire data were used for substantial analysis. Before testing the hypothesis, factor analysis was conducted to test the construct validity of measurement items. Hypotheses about effects between variables were verified using structural equation modeling analysis and hierarchical regression analysis. Results - First, the country image had a positive effect on consumer perceived value of foreign infant foods. Second, the brand image had a positive effect on consumer perceived value of foreign infant foods. Third, the consumer perceived value had a positive effect on consumer attitude. Fourth, the consumer attitude had a positive effect on purchase intention. Fifth, the consumer knowledge was moderating roles between brand image and consumer perceived value of foreign infant foods. However, the consumer knowledge did not effect of moderating between country image and perceived value of consumers. Conclusions - First, the impact of country image and brand image on consumer perceived value of foreign infant foods in China can be seen as a universal psychology of consumers who trust pure foreign products such as high quality, technology, etc. Second, consumer perceived value of foreign infant foods has a positive effect on consumer attitude, and this attitude is leading to purchase intention. Third, the consumer knowledge between brand image and perceived value acts as a moderating variable. It means that the consumer's knowledge can shape the perception of the brand image more strongly.

A Study on the Effects of Perceived Value on Customer Satisfaction, and Repurchase Intention among Traditional Markets Users in KOREA (지각된 가치가 고객만족과 재구매 의도에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구 : 전통시장 이용 고객을 중심으로)

  • Cho, Joon-Sang
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.11 no.10
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    • pp.93-105
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    • 2013
  • Purpose - This empirical analysis determines the structured causal relations between perceived value, customer satisfaction, and repurchase intention among users of traditional markets. The results of this analysis would help merchants and market operators indevisingan appropriate strategy to successfully manage traditional markets. Research design, data, methodology - The perceived value model of traditional markets includes functional value (price), functional value (quality), emotional value, and social value. In this study, the perceived value of traditional markets is considered as an independent variable, while customer satisfaction and repurchase intention are shown as the dependent variables, where customer satisfaction is also considered as the mediating variable. The study aims to ascertain the extent of influence of the perceived value of traditional markets on customer satisfaction and repurchase intention. We use regression analysis to verify the effects. The measurement items were already deemed as reliable and valid in the previous study, but for this purpose, we made some modifications. We distributed questionnaires to 300 consumers on a national scale, and finally used 241 consumer responses among these as a sample. We analyzed the data using the SPSS 21.0 statistical program. Results - We obtained the following results. First, the order of perceived value dimensions of traditional markets that positively impact customer satisfaction is functional value (price), social value, emotional value, and functional value (quality). Second, the perceived value sometimes directly affects repurchase intention; its effect is typically strong with customer satisfaction as a parameter. The order of perceived value dimensions that positively impact repurchase intention is social value, functional value (price), emotional value, and functional value (quality). Third, the perceived value significantly influences repurchase intention, with customer satisfaction as the mediating variable. Conclusions - We should recognize the importance of perceived value in retail distribution markets, such as traditional markets. Moreover, we need to develop strategies to improve the perceived value. The practical implications of the study are as follows. First, with regards to functional value (quality; price) dimensions, we should have an appropriate assortment of high quality products that are reasonably priced. In addition, customers are satisfied with the friendly service, discounts, and other benefits provided by the merchants. Second, in terms of emotional value dimension, we need to develop differentiated events that provide fun and emotional experience to the customers. Third, in the context of social values dimension, we should strive to positively influence society to enhance social image through activities such as social services and contribution to community development. On the basis of these results, we present the implications, limitations, and future directions for the research. One of the policy implications of the study is that merchants of traditional markets must actively select customers and develop customer value. However, this study is limited in the fact that the population used for data collection is not fully representative, as the survey only covered some specific areas. Moreover, future studies could also benefit with additional research using moderating variables.

Measuring the Effects of Service Quality, Perceived Sacrifice, Food Price and Image on Value (서비스 품질, 지각된 희생, 식당 가격과 이미지가 가치에 미치는 영향 평가)

  • Kang, Jong-Heon;Ko, Beom-Seok
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.57-66
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of service quality, perceived sacrifice, food price and image on value. A total of 273 questionnaires were completed. MANOVA, ANOVA, and ANCOVA were used to measure the main effects and mediating effects of service quality and perceived sacrifice on the relationships among price, image, and value. The main effects of price on service quality, perceived sacrifice, and value were statistically significant. The main effects of image on service quality and value were statistically significant. As expected, when price, service quality, and perceived sacrifice regressed on the value, they were statistically significant. Moreover, when image, service quality, and perceived sacrifice regressed on the value, they had statistically significant effects on value. The results demonstrated that service quality played a mediating role in the relationship between price and value.

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Effects of Perceived Value of International Airport Visitors on their Satisfaction, Revisit and Recommendation Intention

  • Kim, Seung-Lee
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.21 no.7
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    • pp.67-75
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    • 2016
  • This study aims to examine how international airport visitors perceived value effects on their satisfaction, revisit and recommendation intention. To archive the research goal 288 questionnaires were collected from Incheon international airport and was analyzed a frequency analysis, reliability analysis, exploratory factor analysis and correlation coefficient analysis from SPSS 21, a hypothesis through out confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling from AMOS 7.0. As a result of the analyses, it was found that the models was appropriate in proving the hypotheses on interrelationships among perceived value, satisfaction and revisit & recommendation intention. First, perceived value is factorized as acquisition value, emotion value, monetary value and social value. Second, all factor of perceived value turned out to have affirmative effects on international airport visitors' satisfaction. Third, international airport visitors satisfaction turned out to have affirmative effects on revisit and recommendation intention. Overall, finding of this study enhance the theoretical progress on the experiential concept in international airport and offer important implication for international airport industry.