• Title, Summary, Keyword: Perceived Social Support

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The relation between perceived stress among unemployed younger adults and their level of social support: South Korea and the UK compared (청년실업자의 스트레스와 사회적 지지와의 관계: 한국과 영국 비교 연구)

  • Kim, Seonghee
    • 한국가족관계학회지
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.25-47
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: This research aimed to compare perceived stress among unemployed younger adults in South Korea and the UK, particularly the relation between perceived stress levels of unemployed younger adults and their perception of their level of social support including family support and community support. Method: In order to achieve a research purpose, this study undertook a quantitative analysis of 306 unemployed younger adults in portal sites of job recruiting centers in the UK and South Korea from the period of June to July 2014. Results: The analysis found that unemployed younger adults in the UK perceived higher levels of social support, family support among social support, and community support among social support than that of South Korea. Secondly, in the UK perceived levels of social support and community support among female unemployed younger adults outweighed that of male ones. Thirdly, in the dimension of perceived stress, unemployed younger adults in two countries reported opposite results via social class.

Examining the Relationships Between Instagram Use, Perceived Social Support, and Psychological Well-Being

  • Hwnag, Ha Sung
    • Journal of Internet Computing and Services
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.115-122
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    • 2018
  • This study examined the relationship between SNS use and individual psychological well-being on Instagram. In particular, this study sorted three types of perceived social support-informational, companionship, and self-esteem-to investigate how they influenced individual life satisfaction and loneliness. Results from a survey of 174 college students showed that: (1) frequency of Instagram use was a significant predictor of all three types of perceived social support; (2) status updates had positive effects on perceived self-esteem support, while posting photos was a significant predictor of perceived companionship support; (3) browsing others' profiles was a significant negative predictor of perceived self-esteem support and finally (4) perceived companionship social support had a positive effect on life satisfaction, whereas self-esteem social support had a negative effect on loneliness. These findings imply that Instagram users obtain specific types of social support depending on which activities they engage in and that different types of social support have different effects on well-being.

The Effects of elderly's Perceived Health and Social Support on Social Capital Formation (노인의 주관적 건강과 사회적 지지가 사회적 자본 형성에 미치는 영향)

  • Back, Jeong Man;Jeon, Sang Nam
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2020
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to identify factors(perceived health and social support) affecting social capital formation of the elderly. Methods: Samples consisted of 184 people aged over 65 years old in one county of Kyungsangbukdo. Data were analyzed with t-test, ANOVA and regression analysis. Results: First, social support(both emotional support and instrumental support) were significantly different by economic status. Secondly, regression analysis showed that perceived health affected a positive influence on social capital in Model1, which analyzed only perceived health. However, Model2, which analyzed perceived health and social support(emotional support, instrumental support) at the same time, showed that only instrumental support affected social capital formation. Conclusions: It was suggested to develop customized health promotion and job creation are required for social capital formation of the elderly.

Perceived Social Support and Parent-child Relationship ,Coping in Late Adolescents (후기 청소년의 부모-자녀 관계, 사회적 지지 및 대처)

  • Lee Eun Young;Tak Young Ran
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.358-367
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    • 1999
  • The Purpose of this study was to identify of parent-child relationship, Perceived social support and coping of female in late adolescents and its relationships. The underlying assumption is that Parent-child relationship based on internal working cognition affects on perceived social support and coping. The sample was consisted of 277 female students of college. The instruments used in this study were Parental bonding instrument (PBI)(Parker, Tupling & Brown. 1979), Personal resources questionnaire : PRQ-part II (Weinert ' Brant, 1987), and Way of coping (Folkman & Lazarus, 1985). The data was analyzed using frequencies, correlation coefficient, ANOVA. and t-test. As a result. perceived social support correlated positively with Parental care and negatively with parental overprotection. Perceived social support showed positive relationship with coping. Perceived social support differed according to parent-child relationship type. The group of 'affectionate constraint' high care and high overprotection. reported high perceived social support, but 'affectionless control'(low care and high overprotection) reported low perceived social support. The group of high perceived social support showed higher parental care and higher coping than low one. The group of high coping showed higher parental care, lower parental overprotection and higher perceived social support than low one. Findings from this study linking retrospective accounts of early parental relationships to current working models concerning the nature of supportive relationships are consistent with attachment theory that individual who, as children, experienced relationships with their parents that were independent-encourage. affectionate, and not overprotective developed working models of others as available to provide social support. This study confirmed that perceived social support significantly related to coping in dealing with stress.

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A Study of the Social Support Perceived by Children -Physically Handicapped and Non-physically Handicapped- (아동이 인지하는 사회적 지지에 관한 연구 - 정상아와 지체부자유아를 대상으로 -)

  • 심미경
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.79-87
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    • 1987
  • Study was to identify the structural and functional characteristics of social support system to better provide social support to physically handicapped children. The research design was a comparative descriptive study and the data were obtained by use of interview and questionnaire. The result of this were as follows: 1. The physically handicapped children perceived that they had a fewer number of social support providers than the non-handicapped children. (t= -4.62, p<.001) 2. The physically handicapped children Perceived a lower level of social support than the non-handicapped children. (t= -3.93, p<.001) In the cases of 3 types of social support (social integration, attachment / intimacy, assistance/guidance), the handicapped children perceived a lower level of social support. 3. It was found that physically handicapped children and nonhandicapped children perceived degree of social support differently (x$^2$=72.08, p<.001). and also the two groups perceived in all types of social support differently. 4. The results of this study showed that parents, school mates, school teachers, brothers and sisters were significant providers of social support and between the two groups the supportive source ranked consistently. (rs=.83, p<.01) 5. The relationship between sociability and the support level was a positive correlation (r=.28, p<.01), the relationship between sociability and the size of the support network showed a positive correlation. (r=.47, p<.01) And with the increase in the number of friends. the number of support providers increased. (F= 4.46, p<.05).

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Preschool Children's Social Competency and Perceived Social Support (아동이 지각한 사회적 지지와 사회적 능력)

  • Youn, Jeong Jin;Chung, Ock Boon
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.311-331
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    • 1997
  • This study investigated the relationship between preschool children's social competence and perceived social support. The subjects were 85 children enrolled in 10 kindergartens and nurseries located in Seoul. Social support was assessed by children themselves with a social support dialogue Cask, "My Family and Friends," developed by Reid, Lamdegman, and Jaccard (1989). This task consists of 12 dialogues based on Vygotskian principles. Social competency was assessed by teachers with a slightly modified version of Song's Iowa Social Competency Scale (ISCS). The data were analyzed by frequencies percentiles, mean, one-way ANOVAs, and Pearson's correlations. Results showed that (1) Children perceived parents to be the best multi-purpose social providers: mothers for emotional support and fathers for instrumental support. (2) Children with unemployed mothers perceived higher maternal emotional, informational, and instrumental support than children with employed mothers. (3) Middle-class children perceived higher friendship support than upper-or lower-class children. (4) Friendship support was the one variable most significantly related to children's social competence.

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Relationships between Perceived Stress, Mental Health, and Social Support in Community Residents (일 도시지역 주민의 스트레스 지각, 정신건강 및 사회적 지지)

  • Kim, Pan-Hee;Kim, Hee-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.197-210
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: The study investigated the relationships among perceived stress, mental health, and social support in community residents. Method: A self-reporting questionnaire was completed by 302 community residents aged 19-64-years-of-age from October 7 to November 30, 2008. Assessment tools were an The established perceived stress scale, standardized mental health scale, and established social support scale. The data was analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Scheffe's test, and Pearson's correlation coefficient using the SPSS WIN 12.0 program. Result: Significantly negative correlations were evident between perceived stress and social support, and between social support and mental health. But, there was a significantly positive correlation between perceived stress and mental health. Conclusion: It is necessary to develop a strategy to decrease perceived stress, improve mental health, and increase social support for community residents.

Social Support and The Percieved Life Satisfaction of Middel-aged Wives. (중년기 부인의 사회적 지원과 생활만족도에 관한연구)

  • 김명자
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.151-166
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    • 1996
  • This study examined the effects of social support on the perceived life satisfaction of middle-aged wives. To better understand the effects of social support on the perceived life satisfaction of middle-aged wives this study considered the following four different types of social support: emotional material informational and companionshp support. In addition each type of social support from the following five sources-the family of origin network the family of husband network friends neighbors and social organization-were examined separately in relation to the perceived life satisfaction of middle-aged wives. The data for his study were collected in the winter of 1995 from 417 housewives in Pusam wholse youngest child has graduated from elementary schools. Analyses of these data proved that (1) contrary to the classical "middle-age cristis" theory the average level of the perceived life satisfaction of middle-aged wives is relatively high; (2) there is a strong positive correla ion between the global level of social support and the overall life satisfaction of middle-aged wives; (3) the family of origin network is the most important provider of social support to middle-aged wives; and (4) the effects of social support on the perceived life satisfaction of middle-aged wives differ across types and sources of support. Findings showed that emotional informational and companionship support from the family of origin network have significantly positive effects on the perceived life satisfaction of middle-aged wives. On he other hand the material support from the family of origin network proved to have little effect.le effect.

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Family Stress, Perceived Social Support, and Coping of Mothers Who have a Child Newly Diagnosed with Congenital Heart Disease (선천성 심장병환아 어머니가 인지하는 가족 스트레스, 사회적 지지, 대처)

  • Tak Young-Ran
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.451-460
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    • 2001
  • Congenital heart disease is now estimated to be the most prevalent chronic illness in children. The overall purpose of study is to enhance our understanding of mother's perception of family stress, perceived social support, and coping who has a child newly diagnosed with congenital heart disease. In this investigation, the relationship between family stress, perceived social support, and coping within the context of a acute, non life- threatening chronic illness in the situation of newly diagnosed as Rolland's typology of chronic illness. The study employed data from a subset of a large longitudinal study, children's chronic illness: parents and family adaptation conducted by M. McCubbin (5 R29 NR02563) which was funded by the NIH. The subject for this study were 92 mothers who have a child under age 12 who was newly diagnosed with congenital heart disease within the last 3-4 months. Results form correlational and regression analysis revealed that perceived social support operated as a resiliency factor between family stress and coping of mothers. Child and family characteristics appeared to be important predictors of perceived social support and mother's coping. Therefore, the findings provide an incremental contribution to the explanation of effects for perceived social support and may challenge resiliency model in previous literature. Further, these findings suggest that perceived social support and coping are both influencing in the resiliency of relatively high risk groups of families who has a child with congenital heart disease.

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A Study on the Relation Between the Perceived Social Support and Self-Care Agency of High School Students (일 고등학교 학생이 지각한 사회적 지지와 자가간호역량과의 관계 연구)

  • Choi, In-Ryoung;Lee, Gwang-Sook
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.237-248
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    • 2001
  • This study was designed to identify the relation between the Perceived Social Support and the Self-care Agency of high school students in a rural area. The subjects for this study were 250 students living in Chonnam province: among first grade, second grade and third grade students were 98, 89 and 63 respectively. The data were collected during the period from April 2 to 4, 2001. The instruments used in this study were the Generally Perceived Social Support Scale developed by Park, J. W.(1985) and Self-Care Agency Questionnarie developed by Deneys(1981). The data were analyzed by descriptive statistic, t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson's correlation using the SAS PC+ Program. The results were as follows: 1. The mean score of the Perceived Social Support was 3.19. 2. The mean score of the Self-care Agency was 2.65. 3. There was a significant differences in school year(F=3.11, p=.046), educational level of the father(F=3.41, p=.035) that of the mother(F=4.07, p=.019), and economic status(F=8.99, p=.000), school performance(F=16.37, p=.000) from Perceived Social Support between general characteristics. 4. There was a significant differences in economic status(F=4.55, p=.004), school performance(F=6.72, p=.002) from self care agency between general characteristics. 5. The relation between the score of the Perceived Social Support and Self-care Agency was significant(r=.49, p=.0001). The relation between the score of the direct Perceived Social Support and Self-care Agency was significant(r=.50, p=.0001) and the relation between the score of the indirect Perceived Social Support and Self-care Agency was also significant(r=.40, p=.0001). In conclusion, it was found that higher score of the Social Support was a higher level of the Self-care Agency, especially the direct Perceived Social Support. The score of the Social Support and Self-care Agency was significantly differentiated according to economic status and school performance.

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