• Title, Summary, Keyword: Penares

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NMR Spectral Analysis of Steroids Isolated from the Sponge Penares incrustans (핵자기공명분광기를 이용한 해면동물 Penares incrustans에서 분리된 스테로이드 화합물의 분석)

  • 서영완
    • Journal of Aquaculture
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.139-143
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    • 2002
  • Saringosterols have been isolated from the sponge Penares incrustans. The structure of these compounds have been determined by extensive 2-D NMR experiments such as $ ^1 H$ COSY, HMQC, and HMBC and by comparison with published data. Assignment for carbons of saringosterols for the first time has been done.

A New Species of the Genus Penares (Demospongiae: Astrophorida: Ancorinidae) from Korea

  • Jeon, Yong-Jin;Sim, Chung-Ja
    • Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.141-144
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    • 2009
  • A new marine sponge in the family Ancorinidae, Penares hongdoensis n. sp. was collected from Hongdo Island, Korea by SCUBA diving in 2004. P. hongdoensis n. sp. is closely related to P. cortius de Laubenfels, 1930 in their spicules. However, they differ in kind and size of spicules and growth form. The dichotriaene rhabds of new species are larger than that of P. cortius. And the new species has oxyaster, but P. cortius has oxyspheraster. Although the growth forms of both species are irregular massive, this new species shows conspicuous long projection toward upper part.

Marine Sponges in South Korea (I) (南韓의 海産 海綿動物의 分類 (I))

  • Kim, Hoon-Soo;Park, Boon-Jo;Sim, Chong-Ja
    • The Korean Journal of Zoology
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.37-47
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    • 1968
  • During the period from July 1956 to July 1967, authors collected marine sponges from the East sea, the Korea Strait and the Yellow sea. The results of the identification turned out to be 17 species, 14 genera and 10 families. The species are as follows: Family Haliclonidae: 1. Haliclona permollis; Family Callyspongiidae: 2. Callyspongia elegans, 3. C. ramosa, 4. Ceraochalina differentiata; Family halichondriidae: 5. Halichondria japonica, 6. H. okadai, 7. H. oshoro, 8. H. panicea; Family Suberitidae: 9. Suberites ficus; Family Myxillidae: 10. Myxilla setoensis, 11. Lissodendoryx isodictyalis; Family Ophlitaspondiidae: 12. Ophlitaspongia noto, 13. Mycale plumosa; Family Ancorinidae: 14. Penares incrustans; Family Tethyidae: 15. Tethya japonica; Family Grantiidae: 16. Leucandra tuba; Family Heteropiidae: 17. Vosmaeropsis japonica.

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Sponge-Specific Unknown Bacterial Groups Detected in Marine Sponges Collected from Korea Through Barcoded Pyrosequencing

  • Jeong, Jong-Bin;Kim, Kyoung-Ho;Park, Jin-Sook
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2015
  • The bacterial diversity of 10 marine sponges belonging to the species Cliona celata, an unidentified Cliona species, Haliclona cinerea, Halichondria okadai, Hymeniacidon sinapium, Lissodendoryx isodictyalis, Penares incrustans, Spirastrella abata, and Spirastrella panis collected from Jeju Island and Chuja Island was investigated using amplicon pyrosequencing of the 16S rRNA genes. The microbial diversity of these sponges has as of yet rarely or never been investigated. All sponges, except Cliona celata, Lissodendoryx isodictyalis, and Penares incrustans, showed simple bacterial diversity, in which one or two bacterial OTUs occupied more than 50% of the pyrosequencing reads and their OTU rank abundance curves saturated quickly. Most of the predominant OTUs belonged to Alpha-, Beta-, or Gammaproteobacteria. Some of the OTUs from the sponges with low diversity were distantly (88%~89%) or moderately (93%~97%) related to known sequences in the GenBank nucleotide database. Phylogenetic analysis showed that many of the representative sequences of the OTUs were related to the sequences originating from sponges and corals, and formed sponge-specific or -related clades. The marine sponges investigated herein harbored unexplored bacterial diversity, and further studies should be done to understand the microbes present in sponges.