• Title, Summary, Keyword: Peer Relationship

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A Study on the Mediating Effect of Teacher-Child Relationship between Teacher's Empathy Ability and Child's Peer Competence (교사의 공감능력과 유아의 또래 유능성간의 관계에서 교사-유아관계의 매개효과 연구)

  • Cha, Hye-jung;Song, Seung-Min
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.1-20
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    • 2017
  • Objective: This study examined the relationships among teachers' empathy ability, children's peer competence and teacher-child relationships. Methods: 180 teachers and 360 children from 3 to 5 years old were included in the study. The research variables were measured by teachers' self-report through questionnaires. The collected data were analyzed by t-test, one-way ANOVA, and three-step mediated regression analysis. Results: First, teachers' empathy ability and teacher-child relationship showed significant differences according to teacher variables (age, marital status, parental status). And children's peer competence was significantly different according to gender. Second, intimacy which was a subfactor of teacher-child relationships showed a perfect mediating role in the association between teachers' empathy ability and peer competence. Conclusion/Implications: These results suggest the importance of teacher-child's intimate relationships since it affects the child's peer competence significantly. In this study, it was found that, in order to help foster the teacher's empathic ability and teacher-child relationships which have positive effects on the child's desirable peer formation, continuous teacher education and diverse studies are needed.

The Effect of Parent and Peer Attachment of Elementary School Children on the Quality of Friendship (초등학생의 부모애착과 친구애착에 따른 친구관계의 질)

  • Jang, Jeong-Back;Yoon, Mi-Hyun
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.685-695
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    • 2008
  • This study was to find out the effect of child-parent and child-peer attachment levels on the quality of the child's friendship. Participants were 355 fifth and sixth graders of three elementary schools in Jeolabukdo. The questionnaire used for this study were Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment(IPPA) and Quality of Friendship Scale. The t-test and the regression-analysis were used for this study. According to the result, when the father attachment was higher and safer, the child's friendship was functioning more positively. However, there wasn't any meaningful relationship between the security of mother attachment and the quality of the child's friendship. When peer attachment level was higher and safer, the quality of the child's friendship was significantly higher. On the other hand, there was meaningful relationship between the security of parent attachment and peer attachment. On relationships among parent attachment, peer attachment, and the quality of the child's friendship, effects of secure father attachment and secure peer attachment were functioning meaningfully on the quality of the child's friendship. Secure peer attachment was the most effective factor functioning positively on the quality of the child's friendship among those three factors, child-parent attachment, peer attachment, and the quality of the child's friendship.

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Longitudinal Study of Child-Teacher Relationship and Peer Interactions Based on Latent Profile Analysis (유아-교사 관계의 잠재프로파일 집단이 유아의 또래 상호작용에 미치는 영향에 관한 종단 연구)

  • Yi, Ye Jin;Shin, Yoolim
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.54 no.3
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    • pp.321-332
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    • 2016
  • This study clarified the maintenance of relationship between children and teachers based on longitudinal data and explored the latent classes. It clarified the latent classes connection with the children's peer play interaction. The subjects of this study were 194 children (aged 3) who attended 11 different kindergartens and daycare centers. We collected data three times (once every 6 months) until they reached age 4. The results of this study were: first, closeness, conflict, and dependence of child-teacher relationship that showed a continuous short-term connection. Second, we classified the child-teacher relationship into three groups according to longitudinal data. Those groups were, 'low level maintenance group' which had the lowest conflict and dependence compared to the highest closeness with teacher, 'middle level maintenance group' which had the teacher relationship in the middle level of the sub element area, and 'high level maintenance group' which showed high conflict and dependence compared to low closeness with the teacher. Third, the group which maintains a longitudinal high conflict.dependence showed more interruption and disruption behavior than the group which maintained a low conflict and dependence. In conclusion, the child-teacher relationship seemed to be the steady characteristic because it showed the early formation of a stable relationship. It was possible to predict the child's peer interaction through an early child-teacher relationship. Teachers need to be educated by the kindergarten and daily care center because the early formation of a child-teacher relationship can be the foundation of child's later peer and teacher relationships.

The Relationship Among Peer Relation Disposition, Relationship Maintenance effort and School Adjustment of Gifted students and Non-Gifted students (영재아동과 일반아동의 또래관계성향 및 관계유지노력과 학교생활적응 간의 관계)

  • Chun, Yu-Ri;Han, Ki-Soon
    • Journal of Gifted/Talented Education
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.875-892
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship among peer relation disposition, relationship maintenance effort and school adjustment of gifted students and non-gifted students. And then the final purpose of the study is to give suggestions to help improving gifted students' peer relationship and their school adjustment. For the study, 175 gifted students and 179 non-gifted students in grades 4 and 6 of 5 elementary schools in urban areas were assessed on their peer relation disposition, relationship maintenance effort and school adjustment. The results are summarized as follows. First, gifted students were significantly higher than that of the non-gifted students as a whole. Second, in the correlation among peer relation disposition, relationship maintenance effort and school adjustment, peer relation disposition and relationship maintenance effort showed a significantly positive correlation with all the subvariables of school adjustment. Third, Sympathy-Acceptance disposition was the most influential factor for gifted students, and Independence-Responsibility disposition was the most influential factor for non-gifted students. Finally, the cluster analysis results based on the peer relation type of the gifted and the non-gifted suggested four meaningful clusters. And the four clusters showed significantly differences with all the subvariables of school adjustment. Implications of the study were discussed in depth related to the gifted education practices.

The Moderating Effect of Teacher-Child Relationship on the Relation between Child's Shyness and Peer Victimization (남녀 유아의 수줍음과 또래괴롭힘 피해 간 관계에 대한 교사-유아 관계의 중재효과)

  • Kwon, Yeon Hee
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.25-45
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    • 2014
  • This study examined the moderating role of teacher-child relationship on the relation between children's shyness and peer victimization. Participants were 200 children(97 boys, 103 girls; recruited from classes with 5-6 year olds) and their kindergarten teachers. The teachers completed rating scales to measure the children's peer victimization, shyness and teacher-child relationship. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-tests, correlations, and hierarchical multiple regressions. Boys and girls were analyzed separately. Results showed that children's shyness had a positive relation to their peer victimization. Teacher-child relationship significantly related to children's peer victimization. Hierarchical regression analysis indicated that the interaction of boys' shyness and teacher-child closeness predicted boys' peer victimization. Boys' shyness, whose teachers demonstrated the lowest level of teacher-child closeness, was significantly associated with their peer victimization. Boys' shyness had a significant relation to their peer victimization, especially for the highest level of teacher-child conflictual relationship. Results are discussed in terms of the role of teachers to shy boys' peer victimization.

The Relationship between Children's Social Competence and Perceived Peer Relations (아동이 지각한 또래관계와 사회적 능력과의 관계)

  • Lim, Chung ha;Chung, Ock boon
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.163-175
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    • 1997
  • This study examined sex and grade difference in perceived peer relations and the relationship between children's social competence and perceived peer relations. The subjects were 365 children and their mothers. Instruments were the Children's Social Competence Questionnaire (Lee, 1993) and the modified version the of Social Network of Relationships Inventory (Han, 1996). Data were analysed by F-test, Pearson's correlations, and multiple regression analysis. Perceived peer relations differed by sex and grade in some sub-domains. The social support, intimacy, and companionship of perceived peer relations were positively associated with social competence. The social support of perceived peer relations was the most influential factor affecting children's social competence.

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The Effects of Parenting Behavior and Peer Relationships on Adolescent Self-Concept Development (부모의 양육행동과 또래관계가 청소년 자아개념에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Sa-Rah;Oh, Yun-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.46 no.9
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    • pp.113-123
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate how parenting and peer relationships influence the development of adolescent self-concept by using Structural Equation Modeling(SEM). The subjects were 198 first graders (94 male and 104 female) from four high schools within the Seoul area. Descriptive and comparative statistical analysis was conducted with SPSS (Version10.0), while AMOS (Version 4.0) was used to assess structural equation modelling of parenting, peer relationship and the self-concept. Results showed that, in terms of correlation, more positive parenting behaviors induced more positive self-concept. In addition, better peer relationships demonstrated more positive self-concept. Regression analysis showed that peer relationships explained the variance in adolescents' self-concept more effectively than parenting behavior. This was confirmed by the SEM.

The Relationship of Parent′s Marital Conflict Perceived by School-aged Children, Children′s Aggression, and Peer Harassment (아동이 지각한 부부갈등, 아동의 공격성과 또래 괴롭힘 가해 및 피해와의 관계)

  • 정은희;이미숙
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.115-126
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among parents' marital conflict perceived by school-aged children, children's aggression, and peer harassment six hundred thirty seven 5th and 6th graders (306 girls and 331 boys) participated in this study. Each participant completed a children's perception of parental conflict scale, a children's aggression scale, and a peer harassment scale. Major findings of this study are as follows: 1) In terms of physical harassment, boys were bullied and victimized more than girls. 2) Children's aggression was positively related to the physical and relational peer harassment. Parents' marital conflict was positively related to children's aggression. There was a statistically significant relationship between parents marital conflict and physical and relational peer harassment. 3) Parents' marital conflict and children's aggression influenced physical and relational harassment for both boys and girls.

The Mediating and Moderating Effects of Teacher Preference on the Relationship between Behavior Problems and Peer Victimization (아동의 문제행동과 또래괴롭힘 피해 관계에 대한 교사 선호도의 매개 및 중재효과)

  • Shin, Yoo-Lim
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.115-122
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    • 2009
  • This study investigated the mediating and moderating effects of teacher preference on the relationship between behavior problems and peer victimization. The subjects were 520 children in the fifth and sixth grades. Children completed peer nominations that assessed peer victimization. Teachers rated children's internalizing, externalizing problems and teacher preference. The full mediating effect of teacher preference was found in externalizing problems and the partial mediating effect was found in internalizing problems. Moreover, the moderating effect of teacher preference was found only in internalizing problems, which suggests that high teacher preference protects internalizing problems from peer victimization.

Moderating Effects of Prosocial Behavior on Association between ADHD and Peer Rejection, Friendship of Preschoolers (유아의 주의력결핍, 과잉행동성향과 또래거부 및 친구관계의 관련성에서 친사회성의 중재효과)

  • Shin, Yoolim
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.55 no.4
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    • pp.433-440
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of the research was to examine the moderating effects of children's prosocial behavior on a potential relationship of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and peer rejection as well as friendship. Participants consisted of 252, 3 year old including 136 boys and 116 girls. They were recruited from day care centers and preschools in Gyeonggi province and Incheon city. Prosocial behavior and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder syndrome were assessed based on teacher ratings. A peer nomination inventory was used to assess peer rejection and friendship. Children were asked to nominate three peers that they liked and considered friends as well as three peers that they did not like and did not consider friends. Findings suggested that prosocial behavior moderated the relation between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and peer rejection as well as friendship. ADHD was related to peer rejection and fewer friends for children with lower levels of prosocial behavior. However, the association of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and peer rejection was not significant for children who had higher levels of prosocial behavior. Moreover, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder did not influence to friendship for children who had the higher levels of prosocial behavior. The results indicate that increasing prosocial behavior may improve peer relationship functioning of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.