• Title, Summary, Keyword: Peer Relationship

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A Comparison of Effects of Toddler's Temperament and Teacher-Toddler Relationship on Peer Interaction: Focusing on Gender Differences (영아의 기질, 영아-교사관계가 또래상호작용에 미치는 영향: 성별에 따른 차이를 중심으로)

  • Yoo, Jooyun;Yi, Soon-Hyung
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.93-110
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of toddler's temperament and toddler-teacher relationship on their peer interaction, focusing on gender differences. A total of 221 toddlers(122 boys and 99 girls) attending 16 child care centers in South Korea participated in this study. Each toddler was observed during a free-play period in the classroom over 4 sessions of 5 minutes, so a total of 20 minutes was measured. Two observers scored recorded observation scenes with two peer interaction criteria, including interaction initiation and interaction participation level. The main results of this study are as follows: First, there was a signigicant gender difference in peer interaction and toddler's temperament and toddler-teacher relationship. Second, the factor of toddler-teacher relationship significantly predicted the boys' peer interaction, while for the girls, the significant predictor was intentional control of temperamental factors. Further, implications for different approaches according to the gender difference of the affecting factor on toddlers' peer interaction have been discussed.

The Effects of Peer-Praise Activity Program on Peer-Relationship and Class Cohesiveness for Elementary School Students (또래 칭찬활동 프로그램이 초등학생의 교우관계와 학급응집성에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Hyun-Jeong;Kim, Kwang-Soo
    • The Korean Journal of Elementary Counseling
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.95-110
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this research is to investigate how the Peer-Praise Activity program influence the Elementary School Students' Peer-Relationship and Class Cohesiveness. 2 Classes from the 5th grade of J elementary school in Seoul were selected as experimental group and control group. After the Peer-Praise Activity program was applied to experimental group, a post-test was given to verify the effects of the program. After one month, follow up-test was conducted to check the effect of durability on program. The program was applied to experimental group to check the inadequency and problem. Contrastively, control group had no application of the program. The results of this study are as follows : Compared to control group, experimental group that participated in the Peer-Praise Activity program showed significant improvement(p<.05) in Peer-Relationship and Class Cohesiveness. To supplement the results of quantitative analysis, opinion documents and qualitative analysis were executed. It shows that children had help of having confident school life by improving friendship and having a sense of unity and community spirit. In follow up-test result, it is known that the effect of Peer-Praise Activity Program is continued in Peer-Relationship and Class Cohesiveness and its all sub-factors except Communal life with friends which is one of the sub-factor in Peer-Relationship. The results above prove that Peer-Praise Activity Program has a positive effect on the Peer-Relationship and Class Cohesiveness for elementary school students. But it is needed to study long-term conducted program to improve durability effect. And curriculums and subjects which is able to connected with program should be studied continually.

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Effect of Parental-adolescent Communication on Academic Stress and Peer Relationship Perceived by High School Students (부모자녀 의사소통이 고등학생의 학업스트레스와 교우관계에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Yu Jeong;Lee, Eun Mi
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.326-333
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of parent-adolescent communication on academic stress and peer relationship perceived by high school students. Method: A total of 154 students were recruited from a high school in C city. Data were collected by means of self-reported questionnaires from September 1 to 18, 2015 and analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients, and multiple regression analysis with SPSS 20.0. Results: Positive correlations were found between father-adolescent communication and peer relationship(r=.35, p<.001), and between mother-adolescent communication and peer relationship(r=.22, p=.006). Negative correlations were found between father-adolescent communication and academic stress (r=-.23, p=.004), and between mother-adolescent communication and academic stress(r=-.17, p=.039). Conclusion: These results suggest that identifying the effects of father-adolescent communication and parent-adolescent communication programs on academic stress and peer relationship is required.

Effects of Parental Attachment on Peer Relationships and Mediating Effects of Elementary School Students' Self-Control Ability (부모와의 애착과 자기조절능력이 초등학교 아동의 또래관계에 미치는 영향: 자기조절능력의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Choil, Yun Si;Park, Ung Im
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.275-286
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    • 2015
  • This study investigates the effects of elementary school students' parental attachment and self-control on their peer relationships and the mediating effect of their self-control ability on the relationship between their parental attachment and peer relationships. A total of 490 fifth- and sixth-graders in Andong City were surveyed. Data were collected using a questionnaire for their parental attachment, self-control ability, and peer relationships and analyzed using the t-test, Pearson's correlation analysis, the hierarchical regression analysis, and the Sobel test. The results indicate significant differences in parental attachment, self-control ability, and peer relationships according to gender. Parental attachment was significantly correlated with emotional control ability and behavioral control ability, and there were significant correlations between parental attachment and peer relationships and between self-control ability and peer relationships. Parental attachment had a significant direct effect on peer relationships, and self-control ability mediated the relationship between parental attachment and peer relationships.

The Reciprocal Relationship between Caregiver Relations and Peer Relations of Children in Out-of-home Care: Longitudinal Study Using Autoregressive Cross-lagged Modeling (가정외보호 아동의 양육자 관계와 교우관계의 상호 영향: 자기회귀교차지연모형을 활용한 종단연구)

  • Kim, Dami;Kang, Hyunah
    • Journal of Child Welfare and Development
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.109-135
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the longitudinal causal relationship between caregiver relations and peer relations of children in out-of-home care. We analyzed the three years(2011-2013) of longitudinal data from the Panel Study on Korean Children in Out-of-Home Care. The autoregressive cross-lagged model (ARCL) was used to measure the longitudinal causal relationship between caregiver relations and peer relations. As a result, first, caregiver relations and peer relations showed stability over time. In other words, the results of the measurement at three time points showed that the caregiver relations and peer relations at the previous time had a significant effect on the caregiver relations and peer relations at the later time point. Second, the previous caregiver relations had a significant effect on the subsequent peer relations over time. Third, the previous peer relations had a significant effect on the subsequent caregiver relations over time. This study confirmed the interrelationships of caregiver relations and peer relations of children in care by examining the longitudinal data using the longitudinal analysis method.

The Effect of Self-Growth Program on the Self-Concept and Peer-Relationship of Elementary School Student (자기성장 프로그램이 초등학생의 자아개념과 또래관계에 미치는 효과)

  • Gim, Tae-Hui
    • The Korean Journal of Elementary Counseling
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.215-236
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    • 2005
  • The Purpose of this study is that self-growth program searches effect self-concept and peer-relationship with elementary school student, and advance following assumption to achieve this purpose and achieved study. First, self-concept point of experiment group students who execute self-growth program will be improved is meaning than self-concept point of control group students. Second, peer-relationship point of experiment group students who execute self-growth program will be improved is meaning than peer-relationship point of control group students. Third, effect that self-growth program gets to self-concept may be meaning difference according to sex. Fourth, difference that impact that self-growth program gets in peer- relationship is meaning according to sex may join. Chose fifth-year student 2 class 68 people (experiment group n=34, control group n=34) in I primary school locating to Jeonrabuk-do Iksan-si to verify above construction for study target. Disposal about experiment group executed over 10th for 60-80 minute 2 times in a week because investigator uses reconstructing self-growth program with virtue research paper such as learning program for own growth of Lee-Hyeong-Deuk (1998). In order to verify the effect after experiment, 1 collected materials for estimation by providing the subject children with questionaires about self-concept and peer-relationship before and after the experiment, and then analyzed the average differences in number of marks between the experiment group and the control group before and after the experiment through and by using One-Way ANOVA, and SPSS 11.0 program. The following is the result what I obtained from the above study. First, there was significant difference is between average difference before and after of experiment group and control group which execute self-growth program in self-concept elevation ($F_{(1,66)} =28.734$, p <.001). From the sub-variable, there was significant difference in academic self ($F_{(1,66)}=6.423$, p<.05), Social Self ($F_{(1,66)}=48.331$, p<.001), Physical Self ($F_{(1,66)}=11.074$, p <.01), sentimental self ($F_{(1,66)}=9.402$, p <.01) Second, there was significant difference is average difference before and after of experiment group and control group which execute self-growth program in peer-relationship promotion ($F_{(1,66)}=24.109$, p <.001). From the sub-variable there W3S Significant difference in trust ($F_{(1,66)}=14.507$, p<.001), respect ($F_{(1,66)}=15.271$, p <.001). Third, there was expose that significant difference does not exist in average self-concept before and after by sex of experiment group which executes self-growth program, and was not shown significant difference in sub-vairable. Fourth, there was expose that significant difference of whole peer- relationship and in respect of sub-variable in average peer-relationship before-after by sex of experiment group which execute self-growth program, but significant difference did not appear in trust. Could get conclusion that self-growth program is effect in elementary school student self-concept elevation and peer-relationship promotion according to these study finding, and confirmed possibility that self-growth program may contribute to change emotional special quality of children positively in education spot.

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Structural Analysis of Factors Related to Preschool Children's Peer Competence (유아의 또래 유능성에 영향을 미치는 개인 내적.외적 요인에 대한 구조 분석)

  • Lee, Jee-Hee;Moon, Hyuk-Jun
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.17-32
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    • 2010
  • In this study, I examined the direct or indirect paths among the intra-personal factors as well as extra-personal factors affecting on children's peer competence. Subjects were 514 5-year-old children, their mothers, teachers. The teachers rated each children using Peer Competence Scale (Park, 2001) and completed emotion regulation and Student-Teacher Relationship Scale. The mothers responded to a questionnaire, including Parental Involvement Checklist (Cohen, 1989), parenting behaviors, and Children's Temperament. The data were used for path analysis with Amos 6.0 program. Results of this study were : (1) Children's temperament have an influence on children's peer competence through children's emotion regulation via mothers' parenting behaviors. (2) Children's temperament have an influence on children's peer competence through teacher-child relationship. (3) Mothers' parenting behaviors have an influence on children's peer Competence through mothers' management strategies of peer relations.

The Relationship among Parents' Humor Style, Children's Emotionality, and Peer Competence (부모의 유머스타일과 아동의 정서성 및 또래유능성의 관계)

  • Hwang, Hae Shin;Oh, Yeon Kyeung
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.52 no.2
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    • pp.199-211
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of the present study investigated the types of humor styles of preschool children, as well as the relationship between parents' humor styles, their children's emotionality, and peer competence. For this purpose, the data on parents' humor styles and their children's emotionality and peer competence were collected from 203 children 3-5 years of age who were enrolled in 3 educational institutions for young children in the Seoul area, and from their parents. Basic statistical calculations including averages, standard deviations, and variances of the collected data were calculated for the analysis of the humor style of the fathers and mothers, and Pearson correlation analysis was conducted to examine the relationship between the parents' humor styles and children's emotionality and peer competence. The results are as follows: it turned out that both fathers and mothers use social humor most frequently, and fathers use more humor in general than mothers. In addition, the analysis of the relationship between parents' humor styles and children's emotionality and peer competence showed that children's emotionality has to do with their mothers' humor styles, whereas children's peer competence has more to do with their fathers' humor styles. Finally this study found that parents' humor style has an impact on the development of children and provides a new perspective on positive parenting attitudes.

The Effects of a Solution Focused Group Counseling Program on the Peer Relation and School Life Adaption of Elementary school children (해결중심적 집단상담 프로그램이 초등학교 아동의 교우관계 및 학교생활 적응에 미치는 효과)

  • Hong, Sung-Mi
    • The Korean Journal of Elementary Counseling
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.67-90
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of solution focused group counseling program on peer relationship and school life adaption of elementary school children. The subjects in this study were the 4th graders at S Elementary School in Ansan, Gyeonggi-do. 20 students were selected through the preliminary test of peer relationship and school life adaption, that is to say, each 10 students of experimental group and control group. A solution focused group counseling program was provided by researcher to the experimental group in six sessions once or twice a week, 60 minutes each. but control group was not conducted for any program. In verifying of the program effects in this study, KOREAN SPSS/WIN(version 12.0) is used for statistical analysis. The major findings of this study are as follows: First, solution focused group counseling program has a positive effect on all parts of sub-factors of peer relationship except to union life between friends. Second, solution focused group counseling program has a effect on the school life adaption of elementary and its all parts of sub-factors except to school rules. As noted above, it is proved that solution focused group counseling program has a positive effect to improve parts of sub-factors of peer relationship and school life adaption. Accordingly, it is necessary to feel satisfaction and Qualitative improvement in peer relationship and help school life adaptation of elementary school children through solution focused group counseling program.

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Parent-Child Communication, Peer-Relationship and Internet Addiction in Children (부모자녀간의 의사소통 및 또래관계와 아동의 인터넷 중독경향)

  • Kim, Youn Hwa;Chong, Young Sook
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.43 no.10
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    • pp.103-114
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    • 2005
  • This study analyzed the effect of parent-child communication and peer relationship on children's internet addiction. The subjects were 642 elementary school students living in Daejeon city. Cronbach's $\alpha$, t-test, ANOVA, and Duncan's test were employed in analyzing the data by using SPSS 10.0. The findings of this study were as follows First, the boys were more addicted to internet use than the girls, as were the children of less educated parents. The children of parents with professional careers were less addicted to the internet. The children who perceived their school achievements as low were more addicted to the internet. Second, the children who spent more time daily, longer time at once and more frequently per weekly internet use were more addicted. Third, internet addiction was influenced tv parent-child communication and peer relationship. Boys who had more problem communications with their parents less open communication with their mother and a lower level of peer support were more addicted to the internet. The problem of communication with their mother and conflict in their peer relationship had more influence on the internet addiction of girls.