• Title, Summary, Keyword: Pedestrian Behavior

Search Result 82, Processing Time 0.038 seconds

Experiments on Local Behavior of GFRP Composite Deck for Pedestrian Bridges (보도교용 복합소재 바닥판의 국부거동시험)

  • Na, Doo-Hoon;Hong, Kee-Jeung;Lee, Sung-Woo
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.84-89
    • /
    • 2008
  • Glass fiber reinforced composite decks have high-strength, light-weight and high durability. The composite decks having vertical snap-fit connections are designed for pedestrian bridges and their structural behavior are studied. Especially in this paper, local behavior of the developed composite deck for pedestrian bridge is verified by both analysis and experiment.

  • PDF

Study on the Behavior and Damage of Pedestrian at Car Body Impact (차체 충돌에 있어서의 보행자의 거동 및 손상에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, Jae-Ung;Han, Moon-Sik
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers
    • /
    • v.20 no.2
    • /
    • pp.157-161
    • /
    • 2011
  • The study for traffic safety improvement is so necessary to minimize the wound of pedestrian at car impact as to prevent pedestrian from this accident. This study aims at analyzing the behavior affected by impact on which car body hits pedestrian. Load and damage of pedestrian are also investigated. This model is the small car body as frame structure. The pedestrian is modeled with dummy by CATIA as Korean standard body style. The ear impacts the side of pedestrian with the speed from 30 to 90km/h. Behavior and damage of pedestrian at impact are analyzed by ANSYS. In case of 30km/h, The maximum pressure of dummy becomes the maximum value of 100MPa after the elapsed time of 0.1second and then seems to remain at 105MPa constantly. In case of 60km/h, its pressure becomes the maximum value of 110MPa at the elapsed time of 0.05second and decreases at 90MPa until the elapsed time of 0.1second. This value fluctuates after the elapsed time of 0.1second. In case of 90km/h, its maximum pressure becomes the maximum value of 155MPa at the elapsed time of 0.07second and fluctuates after the elapsed time of 0.07second until O.3second. This value seems to remain at 100MPa constantly after 0.3second until 0.5second. But this pressure increases suddenly just after 0.5second. Maximum deformations of dummy increase linearly according to elapsed time at hitting velocities of 30, 60 and 90km/h.

A Mobile Agent-based Computing Environment for Pedestrian Tracking Simulation

  • Xie, Rong;Shibasaki, Ryosuke
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.354-356
    • /
    • 2003
  • The study of pedestrian behavior covers wide topics, including way finding, choice and decision make, as well as spatial cognition and environmental perception. To address the problem, simulation is now put forward as suitable technique and method for analyzing human spatial behavior. In the paper we present a development architecture for simulating tracking pedestrian in a distributed environment. We introduce and explore the potential of using mobile agent-enabled distributed implementation model as a tool for development and implementation of the simulation. Three kinds of mobile agents are designed for implementation of managing and querying data of pedestrian. Finally, simulation result of JR 10,000 passengers’ movement is developed and implemented as a case study.

  • PDF

Social Pedestrian Group Detection Based on Spatiotemporal-oriented Energy for Crowd Video Understanding

  • Huang, Shaonian;Huang, Dongjun;Khuhroa, Mansoor Ahmed
    • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems (TIIS)
    • /
    • v.12 no.8
    • /
    • pp.3769-3789
    • /
    • 2018
  • Social pedestrian groups are the basic elements that constitute a crowd; therefore, detection of such groups is scientifically important for modeling social behavior, as well as practically useful for crowd video understanding. A social group refers to a cluster of members who tend to keep similar motion state for a sustained period of time. One of the main challenges of social group detection arises from the complex dynamic variations of crowd patterns. Therefore, most works model dynamic groups to analysis the crowd behavior, ignoring the existence of stationary groups in crowd scene. However, in this paper, we propose a novel unified framework for detecting social pedestrian groups in crowd videos, including dynamic and stationary pedestrian groups, based on spatiotemporal-oriented energy measurements. Dynamic pedestrian groups are hierarchically clustered based on energy flow similarities and trajectory motion correlations between the atomic groups extracted from principal spatiotemporal-oriented energies. Furthermore, the probability distribution of static spatiotemporal-oriented energies is modeled to detect stationary pedestrian groups. Extensive experiments on challenging datasets demonstrate that our method can achieve superior results for social pedestrian group detection and crowd video classification.

Analysis on Pedestrian Behavior Focused on Waiting Time and Trial Frequency for Crossing in the Unsignalized Intersection (비신호 교차로에서 횡단 기다림 시간 및 시도횟수에 관한 보행행태 연구)

  • Jang, Tae Youn;Oh, Do-Hyoung
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
    • /
    • v.35 no.2
    • /
    • pp.427-436
    • /
    • 2015
  • This study analyzes the factors effecting on pedestrian crossing behavior in the unsignalized intersection. Pedestrian crossing behavior is the results of mental stress defined as a combination of environment perception, avoiding accidents, halting collision, and instant crossing decision. It is necessary to make walkable intersection in cities through relieving this stress influenced by personality, traffic condition, and roadway environment. The purpose of study is empirically to examine the crossing behavior such as crossing satisfaction, crossing trial frequency and waiting time based on various factors effecting on crossing intersection by video and questionnaire survey. The $x^2$-test is applied to analyze the characteristics of crossing trial frequency according to each factor. Also, the hazard rate model is established to find the factors effecting on waiting time for crossing. Finally, the direct and indirect effects on the pedestrian crossing satisfaction are presented as the results of LISREL.

A Study on the Environmental Factors affecting Child Loss through Correlation Analysis between Child Loss and Pedestrian Density in Large-scale Parks - Focused on Busan Citizens Park and Dream Forest - (대규모 공원에서의 미아발생과 보행밀도와의 상관분석을 통한 미아발생 환경요인 도출 - 부산시민공원과 북서울 꿈의 숲을 중심으로 -)

  • Choi, Soyoung;Choi, Jaepil
    • Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea Planning & Design
    • /
    • v.36 no.5
    • /
    • pp.59-70
    • /
    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to derive the environmental factors affecting child loss through correlation analysis between child loss and pedestrian density. The status of lost children was identified through the lost child records and interviews in large parks. In addition, the behavior survey was conducted by photographing the entire outdoor of each park, and visitors was marked on the behavioral maps. Also, the pedestrian density was analyzed by GIS as 100㎡ and 1㎡ grid. As a result, child loss was related to the pedestrian density rather than the number of visitors or the area. Especially, 'Dynamic pedestrian density' and 'Ratio of pedestrian in high density to area' was related to child loss. In other words, the more dynamic behaviors such as play and movement appear, and the more the local area of high density, the higher the probability of child loss. In addition, environmental factors that induce such high density include bottlenecks, overlap of circulation due to multi-functionality of space, concentration of rides, and concentration of guardians due to visual obstacles.

HOG based Pedestrian Detection and Behavior Pattern Recognition for Traffic Signal Control (교통신호제어를 위한 HOG 기반 보행자 검출 및 행동패턴 인식)

  • Yang, Sung-Min;Jo, Kang-Hyun
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
    • /
    • v.19 no.11
    • /
    • pp.1017-1021
    • /
    • 2013
  • The traffic signal has been widely used in the transport system with a fixed time interval currently. This kind of setting time was determined based on experience for vehicles to generate a waiting time while allowing pedestrians crossing the street. However, this strict setting causes inefficient problems in terms of economic and safety crossing. In this research, we propose a monitoring algorithm to detect, track and check pedestrian crossing the crosswalk by the patterns of behavior. This monitoring system ensures the safety for pedestrian and keeps the traffic flow in efficient. In this algorithm, pedestrians are detected by using HOG feature which is robust to illumination changes in outdoor environment. According to a complex computation, the parallel process with the GPU as well as CPU is adopted for real-time processing. Therefore, pedestrians are tracked by the relationship of hue channel in image sequence according to the predefined pedestrian zone. Finally, the system checks the pedestrians' crossing on the crosswalk by its HOG based behavior patterns. In experiments, the parallel processing by both GPU and CPU was performed so that the result reaches 16 FPS (Frame Per Second). The accuracy of detection and tracking was 93.7% and 91.2%, respectively.

An Analysis of Influencing Factors to Pedestrian Quality of Service by Utilizing Analytic Hierarchy Process (계층분석법(AHP)을 이용한 보행자 서비스 질 영향인자 분석)

  • Kim, Tae-Ho;Jin, Jang-Won;Bae, Gi-Mok
    • International Journal of Highway Engineering
    • /
    • v.10 no.3
    • /
    • pp.69-77
    • /
    • 2008
  • This article proposes new method for estimating pedestrian quality of service(QOS) that is useful to changing pedestrian environment by examining pedestrian quality of service as well as developing new method that integrate qualitative variables into the estimating indicators for the pedestrian movement right. Based on survey questionnaire addressed to experts group, the obtained data for the indicators were analyzed through Analytic Hierarchy Process(AHP). The results show that pedestrian traffic flow(quantitative figure: 52%), sidewalk geometric(quantitative figure: 16%), sidewalk usage behavior(qualitative figure: 11%) in commercial and business zone pointed out the importance of quantitative indicators such as pedestrian traffic flow, and sidewalk geometric. In addition, the results also show that pedestrian traffic flow(quantitative figure: 30%), sidewalk geometric(quantitative figure : 22%), sidewalk usage behavior(qualitative figure: 20%) indicate the significance of qualitative indicators such as pedestrian's sidewalk usage.

  • PDF

The Improved Velocity-based Models for Pedestrian Dynamics

  • Yang, Xiao;Qin, Zheng;Wan, Binhua;Zhang, Renwei;Wang, Huihui
    • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems (TIIS)
    • /
    • v.11 no.9
    • /
    • pp.4379-4397
    • /
    • 2017
  • Three different improvements of the Velocity-based model were proposed in a minimal velocity-based pedestrian model. The improvements of the models are based on the different agent forms. The different representations of the agent lead to different results, in this paper, we simulated the pedestrian movements in some typical scenes by using different agent forms, and the agent forms included the circles with different radiuses, the ellipse and the multi-circle stand for one pedestrian. We have proposed a novel model of pedestrian dynamics to optimize the simulation. Our model specifies the pedestrian behavior using a dynamic ellipse, which is parameterized by their velocity and can improve the simulaton accuracy. We found a representation of the pedestrian much closer to the reality. The phenomena of the self-organization can be observable in the improved models.

Measuring Technologies of Traffic Conflict Risk between Vehicles and Pedestrians (차량-보행자간의 상충위험도 측정 기술 연구)

  • Jang, Jeong-Ah;Lee, Hyeon-Soo
    • The Journal of the Korea institute of electronic communication sciences
    • /
    • v.12 no.2
    • /
    • pp.255-260
    • /
    • 2017
  • In Korea, traffic accidents between pedestrians and vehicles in 2015 account for 38.8% of all accidents. This study proposes a system design that can measure the risk of conflict between a vehicle and a pedestrian. Firstly the systemdetect and estimate the position, speed, and directional data of the vehicle and the pedestrian. And then it estimate the conflict point between a vehicle and a pedestrian. The risk of conflict is quantified by estimating the pedestrian safety margin (PSM), which is the time difference between the arrival of the pedestrian at the crossing point to the point of conflict and the vehicle approaching the point. In this system each data is acquired through an external monitoring based evaluation module and an individual wearing module. In the future, such a system can be used for decision making such as the design of road hazard improvement facilities and the designation of the elderly protection area.