• Title, Summary, Keyword: Pd/SPK catalyst

Search Result 2, Processing Time 0.034 seconds

Preparation of Carbon Nanotubes and Carbon Nanowires from Methane Pyrolysis over Pd/SPK Catalyst (Pd/SPK 촉매상에서 메탄의 열분해 반응으로부터 탄소 나노튜브 및 탄소 나노선의 제조)

  • Seo, Ho Joon;Kwon, Oh Yun
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
    • /
    • v.18 no.1
    • /
    • pp.94-97
    • /
    • 2007
  • Carbon nanotubes and nanowires were prepared by methane pyrolysis over Pd(5)/SPK catalyst by changing oxygen molar ratio in a fixed bed flow reactor under atmospheric condition and also analyzed by SEM and TEM. When the $CH_4/O_2$ molar ratio was 1, carbons were not almost deposited on the catalyst bed support, but when it was 2, carbons were deposited as much as plugging reactor. TEM and SEM images for the deposited carbons showed a number of single-walled carbon nanotubes and carbon nanowires. The growth mechanism of carbon nanotubes produced on the catalyst surface was the tip growth mode. It should be played an important role in carbon nanotubes and nanowires produced on the catalyst bed support to formate the carbon growth velocity vectors and nuclei of ring structure of carbon nanowires. SPK carrier was $N_2$ isotherm of IV type with mesopores, and excellent in the thermal stability.

Partial Oxidation of Methane to $H_2$ Over Pd/Ti-SPK and Pd/Zr-SPK Catalysts and Characterization (Pd/Ti-SPK과 Pd/Zr-SPK 촉매상에서 수소 생산을 위한 메탄의 부분산화반응과 촉매의 특성화)

  • Seo, Ho-Joon;Kang, Ung-Il
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
    • /
    • v.21 no.6
    • /
    • pp.648-652
    • /
    • 2010
  • Catalytic activities of the partial oxidation of methane (POM) to hydrogen were investigated over Pd(5)/Ti-SPK and Pd(5)/Zr-SPK in a fixed bed flow reactor (FBFR) under atmosphere, and the catalysts were characterized by BET, XPS, XRD. The BET surface areas, pore volume and pore width of Horvath-Kawaze, micro pore area and volume of t-plot of Pd(5)/Ti-SPK and Pd(5)/Zr-SPK were $284m^2/g$, $0.233cm^3/g$, 3.9 nm, $30m^2/g$, $0.015cm^3/g$ and $396m^2/g$, $0.324cm^3/g$, 3.7nm, $119m^2/g$, $0.055cm^3/g$, repectively. The nitrogen adsorption isotherms were type IV with hysteresis. XPS showed that Si 2p and O 1s core electronlevels of Ti-SPK and Zr-SPK substituted Ti and Zr shifted to slightly lower binding energies than SPK. The oxidation states of Pd on the surface of catalysts were $Pd^0$ and $Pd^{+2}$. XRD patterns showed that crystal structures of fresh catalyst changed amorphous into crystal phase after reaction. The conversion and selectivity of POM to hydrogen over Pd(5)/Ti-SPK and Pd(5)/Zr-SPK were 77, 84% and 78, 72%, respectively, at 973 K, $CH_4/O_2$ = 2, GHSV = $8.4{\times}10^4mL/g_{cat}{\cdot}h$ and were kept constant even after 3 days in stream. These results confirm superior activity, thermal stability, and physicochemical properties of catalyst in POM to hydrogen.