• Title, Summary, Keyword: Paving

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Effect of Thermal Segregation Reduction in Asphalt Paving with MTV (MTV를 적용한 아스팔트 포설에서 열분리 저감 효과)

  • Kweon, Gichul
    • International Journal of Highway Engineering
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2018
  • PURPOSES : The objective of this study is to evaluate of the effect of thermal segregation reduction in asphalt paving using material transfer vehicles (MTVs). METHODS : Asphalt paving using MTVs was carried out, and the paved surface temperature was measured using an infrared camera. The amount of thermal segregation was estimated from temperature variations. RESULTS : The transportation of hot mix asphalt (HMA) using dump trucks caused temperature segregation that persisted in the paving surface if an MTV was not used. The average temperature variation was 8.58% in paved surfaces where an MTV was not used. However, the temperature variation was 3.10%, 2.86%, and 4.53% for the base layer, inter-layer, and surface layer, respectively, when an MTV was used. CONCLUSIONS : The use of an MTV in asphalt paving reduces thermal segregation approximately 2.3 times in an asphalt mat via a remixing process and also allows for a smoother work process because the paver never needs to stop to receive HMA. However, MTV equipment without pre-heating devices requires careful temperature control during the warm up process at the MTV during construction in the winter.

Asphalt Fumes and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons(PAHs) Exposure Assessment among Asphalt Road Paving Workers (아스팔트 도로포장 작업자의 아스팔트 흄 및 다환방향족탄화수소 노출수준 평가)

  • Park, Hyunhee;Hwang, Eunsong;Kim, Sungho
    • Journal of Korean Society of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.257-266
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: The objective of this study was to evaluate asphalt fumes and PAHs exposure among asphalt road paving workers. Methods: Task-based personal air samplings(n=41) were carried out in 3 asphalt road paving construction sites using PTFE (polytetrafluorethylene) filters for asphalt fume and XAD-2 with glass fiber filters for PAHs. The concentration of fumes and PAHs were showed by four different job(paver finisher operator, paving laborer(raker), macadam roller operator and tire roller operator). Results: The geometric mean(GM) concentration of asphalt fumes as benzene soluble aerosol was highest at paving laborers($42.32{\mu}g/m^3$), followed by in order, paver finisher operators($41.57{\mu}g/m^3$), macadam roller operators($31.9{\mu}g/m^3$), and tire roller operators($30.31{\mu}g/m^3$). The GM of total PAHs concentration was highest at paver finisher operators($37.5{\mu}g/m^3$), followed by in order, paving laborers($20.13{\mu}g/m^3$), tire roller operators($8.66{\mu}g/m^3$), and macadam roller operators($6.23{\mu}g/m^3$). The results of the evaluation of 16 compounds of PAHs showed that the concentrations of naphthalene, achenaphthylene, achenaphthene, pyrene, fluorene and benz (a) anthracene was higher than those of other PAHs compounds and as the carcinogenic substances, benzo(a)pyrene, and debenz(a,h) anthracene were detected. The benzo(a)pyrene equivalent concentration(BaPeq) was $2.81{\mu}g/m^3$ at paver finisher operators, $2.07{\mu}g/m^3$ at paving laborers, $0.41{\mu}g/m^3$ at tire roller operators and $0.22{\mu}g/m^3$ at macadam roller operators. Asphalt road paving workers have higher benzo(a)pyrene equivalent(BaPeq) values even though at lower total PAHs concentration than workers in steel pipe coating and tar industry. Conclusions: Asphalt road paving workers were found to have risk of carcinogen exposure due to higher Benzo(a)pyrene equivalent concentration(BaPeq) than other PAHs exposure occupations. This study confirmed the carcinogenic hazards among asphalt paving workers.

Automatic Quadrilateral Mesh Generation Using Updated Paving Technique in Various Two Dimensional Objects (다양한 2차원 영역에서의 향상된 Paving법을 이용한 자동 사각 요소 생성)

  • Yang, Hyun-Ik;Kim, Myung-Han
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.27 no.10
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    • pp.1762-1771
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    • 2003
  • In part of mechanical design analysis, quadrilateral mesh is usually used because it provides less approximate errors than triangular mesh. Over the decades, Paving method has been considered as the most robust method among existing automatic quadrilateral element mesh generation methods. However, it also has some problems such as unpredictable node projection and relatively large element generation. In this study, the aforementioned problems are corrected by updating the Paving method. In so doing, a part of node projection process is modified by classifying nodes based on the interior angles. The closure check process is also modified by adding more nodes while generating elements. The result shows well shaped element distribution in the final mesh without any aforementioned problems.

Development of Mesh Generator for 2D Hydraulic Analysis(Ⅴ) (2차원 수리해석을 위한 범용 Mesh Generator의 개발(Ⅴ))

  • Kim, Eu-Gene;Lee, Seung-Hyun;Oh, Chung-Whan;Kim, Hong-Sik
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.815-821
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    • 2009
  • 하천의 2차원 흐름 및 하상변동, 오염확산 해석을 위한 유체의 수치해석법에는 유한요소법, 유한차분법, 유한차분법의 변형인 유한체적법, 경계적분법 등이 있으며, 국내의 경우 비구조적 요소망(unstructured mesh)을 이용하여 복잡한 형상을 표현하기가 상대적으로 용이한 유한요소법이 널리 사용되고 있다. 하천을 유한 요소화 하는 전처리 과정은 전체 해석 과정을 자동화 하는데 있어 필수적인 요소이며, 주로 삼각 요소망 또는 사각 요소망을 이용하여 해석을 수행하게 된다. 삼각 요소망의 경우 상대적으로 자동화하기 쉬운 반면 사각 요소망의 생성은 절점 생성 자체가 삼각 요소망 보다 더 많은 기하학적 제한 요소를 가지고 있기 때문에 상대적으로 완성도 높은 알고리즘을 구현하기가 어렵다 할 수 있다. 이에 따라 본 연구에서는 2차원 상에서 사각 요소망(quadrilateral elements)을 생성할 수 있는 Paving method를 중심으로 한 요소망 생성 알고리즘에 대해 고찰하고, 국내 최초의 범용 수치해석 모형인 RAMS(River Analysis and Modeling System)에 적용하였다. Paving method는 1990년에 Blacker and Stephenson에 의해 제안되었으며, Sandia National Laboratories에 의해 완성되었다. Paving Method는 advancing front style의 요소망을 생성하게 되고, 바깥쪽에서 안쪽으로 element layer를 생성하면서 채워나간다. 본 연구에서는 기존의 요소망 생성 프로세스에서 element 삽입 전의 검증 기능을 강화한 새로운 버전의 paving method를 적용하엿다.

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Ambulatory Aid Device for the Visually Handicapped Person Using Image Recognition (화상인식을 이용한 시각장애인용 보행보조장치)

  • Park Sang-Jun;Shin Dong-Won
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.568-572
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    • 2006
  • This paper presents the device of recognizing image of the studded paving blocks, transmitting, the information by vibration to a visually handicapped person. Usually the blind uses the walking stick to recognize the studded paving block. This research uses a PCA (Principal Component Analysis) based image processing approach for recognizing the paving blocks. We classify the studded paving blocks into 5 classes, that is, vertical line block, right-declined line block, left-declined line block, dotted block and flat block. The 8 images for each of 5 classes are captured for each block by 112*120 pixels, then the eigenvectors are obtained in magnitude order of eigenvectors by using principal component analysis. The principal components for images can be calculated using projection of transformation matrix composed of eigenvectors. The classification has been executed using Euclidean's distance, so the block having minimum distance with a image is chosen as matched one. The result of classification is transmitted to the blind by electric vibration signals with different magnitudes and frequencies.

Characteristic of Elastic Paving Materials in Bicycle Road using Polyurethane (폴리우레탄을 이용한 자전거도로의 탄성포장재 특성)

  • Lee, Young-Sei
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Industry Convergence
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.7-14
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    • 2014
  • In this study, characteristic of elastic paving materials in bicycle road using polyurethane were studied experimentally. As a results, following their good result was obtained. Bicycle road packaging materials are flexural strength g test, ratio of mass change after freezing and thawing, repulsion elasticity test, water Permeation coefficient test and slip resistance test results showed good performance.

An Experimental Study on the Basic Properties of Elastic Paving Materials (탄성포장재의 기초물성에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Ko, Hune-Bum;Ko, Man-Young
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.7
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    • pp.5021-5028
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    • 2015
  • Previous studies have considered the permeability and construction method of paving materials, thus focusing on more practical issues rather than basic research of their properties. The present study investigated the possibility of using an elastic paving material having lesser thickness in the resurfacing of existing concrete or asphalt paved areas while satisfying the necessary conditions of resilience and water permeability. An alternative to complete reconstruction would reduce the amount of resource wastage and environmental pollution, as well as the cost of projects. This study investigated five variants of thickness (10, 13, 15, 20, 25mm) and three mixing ratios of binder to rubber chips (20, 22.5, 25%) to ascertain the ideal basic properties of each. The obtained test data revealed that a minimum thickness(10~25mm) of the elastic paving materials can be determined from a qualitative point of view, and alternatives should be provided to improve the durability of the paving material on account of the temperature sensitivity.

An Experimental Study on Infiltration Characteristics of Facilities for Reducing Runoff Considering Surface Materials According to Housing Lot Developments (택지개발에 따른 표면재료를 고려한 우수유출저감시설의 침투 특성에 관한 실험 연구)

  • Im, Janghyuk;Song, Jaiwoo;Park, Sungsik;Park, Hosang
    • Journal of the Korean GEO-environmental Society
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    • v.8 no.5
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    • pp.47-55
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    • 2007
  • The increment of impermeable land area due to widespread land development caused the adverse impact on urban disaster prevention because it could decrease the peak rate of runoff as well as increase the runoff and peak flow during rainy period. To date, little research has been conducted on the infiltration characteristics and quantitative analysis because of their highly dependence on construction method, paving material, surface permeability, and field condition. Hence, this study was performed to investigate the infiltration characteristics of runoff-reducing facilities according to the type of paving material, which were examined using experimental apparatus with varying paving material and rainfall intensity, and thus to provide fundamental research data for runoff-reducing infiltration facilities. In this study, the infiltration characteristics were examined under the rainfall intensity of 20, 30, 50, 80, 100, 200 mm/hr for a variety type of paving materials such as concrete, asphalt, sand, grassland, and permeable paving material. The infiltration rate for permeable paving material was observed to be more than 93% under the condition of less than 200 mm/hr of rainfall intensity. For the compacted earth and grassland, the ultimate infiltration rate was estimated to be about 13% to 67%. The permeable paving material was concluded to be the most appropriate one for the runoff-reducing infiltration facilities because it has more favorable advantages than others in the light of infiltration volume, disaster prevention, and river training.

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A Case Study on the Application of Echelon Paving Method Using a 12m-Wide Screed Finisher on Flexible Airfield Pavements (광폭 Echelon 공법의 연성 활주로 포장 적용에 관한 사례 연구)

  • Jeon, Kook-Il;Choi, Heung-Sup;Bin, Cheol-Ho
    • 한국방재학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.353-356
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    • 2007
  • Asphalt pavements of the airport in service were monitored to construct new runway and taxiway and longitudinal cracks were found on the pavements. The sources of the longitudinal cracks were the low density which was caused by the longitudinal cold joint with asphalt Pavement constructions and the excessive loads of aircraft. Therefore, the echelon paving method using a 12m-wide screed finisher was used to eliminate longitudinal cracks. When the echelon paving is used, construction of the longitudinal joint is changed so that the compaction of the unconfined edge of the first lane is delayed until the second lane is placed. In conclusion, the use of this construction method results in the density of the longitudinal joint being equal to that of the adjacent mat.

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Production of concrete paving blocks using electroplating waste - Evaluation of concrete properties and solidification/stabilization of waste

  • Sgorlon, Juliana Guerra;Tavares, Celia Regina Granhen;Franco, Janaina de Melo
    • Advances in environmental research
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.337-353
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    • 2014
  • The determination of the effectiveness of the immobilization of blasting dust (waste generated in galvanic activities) in cement matrix, as well of mechanical, physical and microstructural properties of concrete paving blocks produced with partial replacement of cement was the objective of this work. The results showed that blasting dust has high percentage of silica in the composition and very fine particle size, characteristics that qualify it for replacement of cement in manufacturing concrete blocks. The replacement of Portland cement by up to 5% residues did not cause a significant loss in compressive strength nor increase in water absorption of the blocks. Chemical tests indicated that there is no problem of leaching or solubilization of contaminants to the environment during the useful life of the concrete blocks, since the solidification/stabilization process led to the immobilization of waste in the cement mass. Therefore, the use of blasting dust in the manufacture of concrete paving blocks is promising, thus being not only an alternative for proper disposal of such waste as well as a possibility of saving raw materials used in the construction industry.