• Title, Summary, Keyword: Particle lumping phenomenon

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Studies on Analysis of Particle Lumping and Improvement of Driving Characteristics in Charged Particle Type Display (대전입자형 디스플레이에 있어서 입자뭉침의 분석 및 구동특성 개선에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Cho
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.24 no.11
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    • pp.915-919
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    • 2011
  • We analyzed various forces affective to the charged particles in closed space, to explain the image degradation and lifetime-shortening phenomena because of particle lumping which is one of the serious problems in reflective displays. It is possible to predict the quantity of q/m which is the most important parameter in determining the optical and electrical characteristics, by calculating the image force and kinetic energy. For stable driving, the quantity of q/m must be in the defined range but it changes during the fabrication process, so we added the filtering process to solve this problem and obtained the well-defined nonlinear driving voltage coinciding with the threshold voltage. And we obtained the fully-driving property which prevents the particle lumping and decides the image quality and lifetime of panel from the optical characteristics and occupation surface of moving particles.

Analysis of Driving Characteristics by Putting Voltage of Charged Particle Type Display Device (대전입자형 디스플레이 소자의 충전전압에 따른 구동특성 분석)

  • Kim, Jin-Sun;Kim, Young-Cho
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.48-52
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    • 2012
  • The charged particle type display device is a kind of the reflectivity type display and shows an image by absorption and reflection of external light source. The charged particle is important factor for driving of the display and quantity of charge per mass of the charged particle determines the driving voltage, contrast ratio, response time, etc. But it is easy for the charged particles to be damaged in the putting process of the display and the damages cause lumping phenomenon of the charged particles. Because the lumping phenomenon makes high driving voltage, low quality of optical properties, short life time, etc, so the charged particles must be filled by stable putting methods. In this paper, we filled the charged particles into the panels by electric fields to improve the electrical and optical characteristics of the display. Also, we analyzed the driving characteristics of the charged particles according to the applied putting voltages.

Analysis of Driving Characteristics and Memory Effect by Occupation Area Evaluation Method of Charged Particle Type Display Device (대전입자형 디스플레이 소자의 점유면적 평가방법에 의한 구동특성 및 메모리 효과 분석)

  • Kim, Jin-Sun;Kim, Young-Cho
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.24 no.8
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    • pp.669-673
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    • 2011
  • The charged particle type display is a kind of the reflectivity type display and shows an image by absorption and reflection of external light source, which has keep an image without additional electric power because of bistability. In this paper, we made a device whose cell gap is $56\;{\mu}m$ and also analyzed driving and memory characteristics by applied driving voltages. As a result, we found that the driving voltage and memory effect depend on q/m(charge to mass ratio) of charged particle. In this case of breakdown voltage, the devices showed degradation of reflectivity and memory effect due to irregular movement of overcharged particles. In addition, contrast ratio of the device varies with memory effect. Thus, we consider that device needs uniform q/m for improvement of electric and optical properties and memory effect.