• Title, Summary, Keyword: Participation

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Analysis on the Local Residents' Consciousness of Participation and the Direction of Policies (지역주민의 참여의식분석과 정책방향)

  • Ko, Seung-Hee
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.15 no.12
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    • pp.177-184
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    • 2015
  • This study aimed not only to analyze local residents' awareness of local government, basic functions related to local government main agent's participation, and residents' consciousness/will of participation, but also to seek for the policy direction for the residents' participation. In the results of the analysis, the positive responses to the awareness of local government, residents participation system, and the collection of opinions were low. The residents' participation can reduce the conflict of policies and increase the outcomes while it can also increase the residents' happiness through their interest in the region and personal participation in politics. In order to continuously and stably develop the local self-governing system in Korea, it is required to put efforts into reviewing and improving various issues like the change in the awareness of residents' participation and efficient management of the system.

The Interaction Effect between Fathers' Parenting and Play Participation on Emotional Regulation of Preschoolers (아버지의 양육행동과 유아의 정서조절의 관계에서 놀이참여의 상호작용 효과)

  • Jeon, Sook Hee;Lee, Hee Sun
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.115-136
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the main and interaction effects of fathers' parenting and their play participation on emotional regulation of preschoolers. The participants of this study consisted of 269 preschoolers (M: 61.4 months, SD: 15.3) located in Seoul and Gyeong-gi province. The results of regression analysis revealed that; 1) Father's parenting (such as rational instruction, friendly attitude) positively predicted child's emotion regulations. 2) The interaction effects of fathers' parenting (such as parenting participation, reaction, rational instruction, friendly attitude) with their constructive play participation predicted children's emotion regulations. Namely, fathers with higher constructive play participation showed higher emotion regulations of preschoolers under father's parenting participation, reaction, rational instruction and friendly attitude. 3) The interaction effects between fathers' functional play participation and father's parenting participation predicted children's emotion regulations. Findings indicate that fathers play a role in improving children's emotion regulation by parenting. Moreover, its effects appeared more apparently when fathers participated with constructive and functional play methods. In conclusion, it is suggested that fathering and the level of play involvement may be key variables for developing young children's emotion regulation.

The Effects of Father Marital Satisfaction on Young Child Emotion Regulation: Mediating Effects of Father Parenting Participation (아버지의 결혼만족도가 유아의 정서조절능력에 미치는 영향: 아버지의 양육참여도의 매개효과)

  • Yoon, Mi Sun;Kim, Misuk
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.111-122
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    • 2016
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between father marital satisfaction and parenting participation and young child emotion regulation to determine the mediating effects of father marital satisfaction and parenting participation on young child emotion regulation. Methods: This study was conducted with 249 3-, 4-, and 5-year-olds and their fathers at nurseries in Seoul and Gyeonggi. The collected data were analyzed via frequency, average, standard deviation, Pearson's correlation analysis, Baron and Kenny's hierarchical regression analysis, and the Sobel test. Results: First, father marital satisfaction, parenting participation and young child emotion regulation, including the sub-factors of each variable, were all significantly correlated. Second, father parenting participation was found to have a full-mediating effect emotion regulation of the young child. Meanwhile, father parenting participation was found to have a full mediating effect others-regulation of the young child. In addition, father parenting participation was found to have a partial mediating effect on young child self-regulation. Conclusion: These results suggests the need to provide more practical family programs and realistic governmental support to promote father parenting participation.

Gender Differences in the Mediating Effects of Social Participation on the Association between Widowhood and Depressive Symptoms: Widowhood, Social Participation, and Depressive Symptoms (배우자 사별과 우울감과의 관계에 있어 사회참여의 매개효과: 성차를 중심으로)

  • Min, Joohong;Choi, Heejeong
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.67-82
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    • 2015
  • The study examined whether informal and formal social participations may mediate the association between widowhood and depressive symptoms, and whether gender may moderate the mediated associations. The data consisted of men and women 65+ who participated in the $3^{rd}$ wave of the Koran Longitudinal Study of Aging (KLoSA ; N = 4,146). Findings suggest that first, widowed older adults experienced significantly higer levels of depressive symptoms compared to their married counterparts. At the same time, the widowed individuals also reported more frequent contacts with family, friends, and neighbors (informal social participation), which contributed to narrowing the depression gap between widowed and married. Second, gender moderated the mediated association such that the mediating effect of informal social participation was significant only for older widowed women. Further, no mediating effect was found of formal social participation (participation in social, leisure, religious groups) for widowed and married regardless of gender. Previous studies indicated that social participation may be an important mediating factor that attenuates the effect of widowhood on depressive symptoms. Building on existing research, the present study highlighted theoretical rationales for potential gender differences in the way social participation may mediate the widowhood-depression linkage and evaluated statistically whether gender may moderate the mediated association.

The Role of Servicescape Considering the Customer's Participation and Customer Experience : Focusing on Theme Park Service (서비스의 고객 참여와 고객 경험을 반영한 서비스스케이프의 역할 : 테마파크서비스를 중심으로)

  • Ahn, Yeon S.
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2020
  • In this study, the structure model including the role of servicescape focusing on service participation and customer experience in theme park service is demonstrated empirically. The servicescape construct of theme park service includes three factors such as ambient atmosphere, functionality and layout, and sign, symbols etc. Customer service participation includes suggestion, passion and citizenship. And the emotional and convenience factors are included to customer experience. As an analysis result of examining the 241 respondents of university students, some implications were described. Customer satisfaction is greatly influenced by customer's participation in theme park service, and customer's participation has a significant effect on improving customer satisfaction by inducing customer experiences. It is desirable to consider servicescape priority in order of signs and symbols, ambient atmosphere, functionality and layout factor. The customer's participation in service is a passion for participation, citizenship, and suggesting for problems or improvements. Therefore, participants in planning and designing servicescape in the future, including IT services, should be creative in the direction of inducing various participations of customers and creating positive experiences for customers. In order to apply these findings to the composition of servicescape, the participation of various experts is required. Also, the expertise and competences of various fields must be gathered for each issues, and a more creative and scientific approach is required.

Mediating Role of Psychological Ownership between Customer Participation and Loyalty in the Third Place

  • Joo, Jaehun
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.5-12
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    • 2018
  • Purpose - The third place plays an important role in complex society. The more customers participate in the third place, the higher they have loyalty. It is necessary to identify the mediator between customer participation and loyalty. Thus, the purpose of the study is to analyze the relationship between customer participation and loyalty and a mediating role of psychological ownership. Research design, data, and methodology - A structural equation model representing the relationships between customer participation, psychological ownership, and customer loyalty was proposed and four hypotheses were tested using data collected from visitors of Starbucks as the third place. Results - Three hypotheses regarding relationships between customer participation, psychological ownership, and customer loyalty were supported at the significance level of 0.001. The hypothesis regarding a mediating role of psychological ownership between customer participation and customer loyalty was supported by Sobel test. Conclusions - Customer participation positively affects psychological ownership and customer loyalty. Psychological ownership positively affects customer loyalty. Psychological ownership plays a mediating role in the relationship between customer ownership and loyalty. This study contributes to finding the missing link between customer participation and customer loyalty. The research model can be applied to various retail services. Some implications for academics and practitioners were suggested.

The Effect of Field-Based Participation Design on Agricultural Direct Sales Facilities: Process Change of Awareness on Participant (농특산물 직거래판매시설에 관한 현장중심의 참여디자인 효과: 참여자의 의식변화를 중심으로)

  • Seo, Aeeun;Hong, Jungpyo;Ha, Eunyoung;Chae, Hyesung
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.165-176
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    • 2018
  • A demand for user's participation in the designing process, which is called the participation design, is increasing with social change. Practically, however, there is lack of researches on the improvement of the problem in actual design development and participation design effect. In order to understand the field-based participation design effect in view of user's change of awareness on participation design, this study carried out a survey on the change of awareness through a design workshop in which all stakeholders have participated on the subject of agricultural direct sales facilities as a part of participation design programs. Many references were reviewed first to understand the participation design principles and their current research trend. Next, the questionnaire was developed using an effectiveness verification model for an effective analysis. A design workshop as one of the participation design programs was organized and applied for the field response. In order to analyze the effect, the survey on participants' change of awareness was carried out before and after the program. The survey questionnaires were about motivation, knowledge, recognition, function, and participation and asked the design study graduates. The participation design effect was supplemented by additional open questions. As a consequence, the participants in the participation design program showed the noticeable effect in knowledge and function about the agricultural direct sales facilities. It was found that they were also highly satisfied with the participation design result and they recognized an importance of collaboration. This study also showed that a sufficient time schedule considering agricultural village life should be given for a smooth operation of the program and also a working environment is necessary for designing work.

A Study on Influence of Adolescents' Participation Type/Degree in Recreational Activities on Emotional Empathy (청소년의 레크리에이션 활동 참여유형과 참여정도가 정서적 공감에 미치는 영향)

  • Han, Sang-Jun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.8
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    • pp.321-329
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    • 2018
  • The aim of this study is to examine the effects on emotional empathy given by type and degree of adolescent participation in recreational activities, and investigate the associated causal relationships. The following conclusions were obtained: First, analyzing the differences in emotional empathy based on demographic characteristics, the results statistically indicated emotional contagion is a subfactor of emotional empathy. Second, analyzing the differences based on participation type, the results statistically indicated emotional contagion is more influential than positive sharing and emotional intervention, which are sub-factors of emotional empathy. Third, analyzing the differences based on participation degree, the variables influencing participation frequency, participation time, and participation period were positive sharing and emotional contagion, rather than emotional intervention. Fourth, analyzing the causal relationship between participation degree and emotional empathy, the results revealed that participation degree affects positive sharing and emotional contagion, which are sub-factors of emotional empathy.

A Qualitative Study of Social Participation among Female Baby Boomers (여성 베이비부머의 사회참여활동에 관한 질적 연구)

  • Hong, Sung-Hee
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.89-111
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the phenomenon of social participation among female baby boomers. The key research questions were asked in what kind of activities do female baby boomers engage as social participation? The in-depth interview was used with 11 female baby boomers who were born between 1955 to 1963. The interview text were analyzed by the qualitative study method. The findings are as follows. First, the most common type of social participation was having hobbies and leisure activities, and the other were participating in religious activities, learning activities, volunteer activities and on-line club activities. Second, social participation gave them meanings such as joy, satisfaction, and experiences of seeing the new world as well as opportunities to make up low sense of self-esteem formed in their young age. Third, they were considering it was time to change their social participation. The cases who were actively engaging in social participation considered old age as 'the process of reducing social participation'. Some other cases considered to 'share hobbies with spouse', and to 'achieve new goals and dreams'. The results showed that female baby boomers started their social participation in their middle ages when they became free from their children's education. The level of the involvement in social participation was reduced in their old age. Surprisingly, some interviewees planned to accomplish their dreams and goals that they haven't achieved yet. These differences among the cases could be attributed to the individual characteristics such as personality, birth order, economic and educational background, and to the social relationship.

A Study on Leisure Life in Accordance with Gender (성별에 따른 여가생활에 관한 연구)

  • Kim Young-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.83-98
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study is to provide basic information necessary for improving the satisfaction and quality of leisure life and thereon propose better leisure life programs in accordance with gender. For the purpose, this researcher made a questionnaire survey of 560 persons between July and December 2003 to know the trend and satisfaction of their leisure life in accordance with their gender. Results of the study can be summarized as below; First. the extent to which the surveyed persons participated in leisure life was highest in terms of other leisure activities, followed by self-development. viewing activities, sports activities and journey in order. The satisfaction of leisure life participation by those surveyed persons was scored 3 or over in average, meaning 'generally satisfied'. The time of leisure life participation was most spent in other leisure activities and self-development. Expenses of the participation were highest in terms of other leisure activities. followed by self-development and viewing activities in order. Second, differences in sub-areas of leisure life were analyzed in accordance with gender to show that the degree and time of participation in viewing activities and self-development, expenses of sports activity participation and the degree of participation in journey and others were significantly different between the opposite sexes which were surveyed here. Men were higher in the degree, time and expenses of the participation than women. Third. effects of gender on the satisfaction of leisure life as a whole were determined here to show that men were higher in such satisfaction when they were more satisfactorily participating in sport activities while in case of women, when they were spending more time in sport activities. Women showed a higher satisfaction of leisure life as a whole when they were more frequently and satisfactorily participating in other leisure activities. Based on these results, the researcher proposed effective leisure life programs in accordance with gender.

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