• Title, Summary, Keyword: Participation

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Differences in Life Satisfaction by Leisure Participation Types of the Elderly (노인의 여가참여유형에 따른 생활만족도의)

  • Kim, Oi-Sook
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.23-42
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to explore a typology of leisure participation, investigate determinants of leisure participation types, and analyze differences in life satisfaction by the types of leisure participation of the elderly. The data source for this research was the 2014 Time Use Survey conducted by the Korea National Statistical office (KNSO). The statistical methods for the analysis were mean, standard deviation, ANOVA, Duncan test, cluster analysis, and logistic regression analysis. Leisure participation were classified into five types based on five categories; social activities, religious activities, media, sports, time-spending activity. The five types were named "general", "insufficient", "religious oriented", "media oriented", and sports oriented" type. Gender, health condition were identified as important determinants for the types. Life satisfaction was different according to leisure participation type of the elderly. Religious oriented type showed the highest score of life satisfaction and media oriented type showed the lowest.

Factors Influencing Participation in National Health Screening Program among Korean Older Adults by Cognitive Function Level

  • Han, Song Yi;Ko, Young
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.508-517
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify the participation rate of the National Health Screening Program (NHSP) and its influencing factors by cognitive function level in Korean older adults. Methods: This study was a secondary analysis using data from the survey of the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging in 2016. The data were analyzed using ��2 test and multiple logistic regression. Results: The participation rates of the NHSP in the mild cognitive impairment group (79.6%) and the suspected dementia group (58.0%) were lower than the normal cognitive function group (88.1%). The factors influencing NHSP varied by cognitive function level. Especially, in the suspected dementia group, higher participation rates of the NHSP were associated with living in rural areas, enrollment in private health insurance, no depressive symptoms, participation in social activities, and no living with children. Depression and participation in social activities influenced participation in NHSP in all groups. Conclusion: This study suggests that interventions differentiated by cognitive function level are important for increasing the participation in the health screening.

A Survey of Medical Students' Social Participation and Direction in Medical Education (사회참여에 관한 의과대학생의 인식 조사와 의학교육의 방향)

  • Lee, Song I;Chang, Dong-ho;Park, So Youn;Yoon, Tai Young;Kwon, Oh Young
    • Korean Medical Education Review
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.103-111
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    • 2018
  • In the ever-changing medical environment, the social participation of medical doctors is becoming more necessary. Currently, there is not enough participation or action by doctors within our society due to reasons such as a lack of educational curriculum in this area. This study aimed to investigate medical students' opinions and attitudes about social participation and action. A total of 438 medical students were surveyed about their attitudes toward doctors' relations with the public, social participation, social action, and medical education for social participation or action. Regarding doctors' relations with the public, participants responded that the government (73.5%) and the media (82.0%) were causing social distrust of doctors, and more than 70% of the respondents answered that doctors were passive when it comes to social participation. When asked about social participation and social action, 76.7% of the students surveyed had experienced social participation, and 28.3% had experienced taking social action. A total of 73.4% of the students answered that medical education needs to be changed, and it is necessary to introduce subjects such as sociology and law to improve social participation and action. The results are significant in that they show medical students' thoughts on social participation and social action as doctors in the Fourth Industrial Revolution. We believe that a change of medical curriculum to promote active and collaborative social participation by doctors is necessary.

An Impact Analysis of Rural Residents' competence in Expansion of Participation of Rural Development Projects (농촌주민의 역량이 농촌개발의 참여확대에 미치는 영향분석)

  • Koh, Jin Young;Kim, Jee Yong;Yang, Min ho;Kim, Myung Il;Kim, Ki Sung
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.60 no.1
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    • pp.37-45
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    • 2018
  • This study is aims to voluntary participation in rural development projects, voluntary participation by analyzing the individual competence factors, how the what and how much influence affect the continued involvement and participation as a concept of strengthening community capacity the plan for it to present. The results of survey, through factor analysis and reliability analysis for extracting the components of individual competence areas and life satisfaction, self acting capacity, was extracted with recognized competence, was the factor analysis and reliability analysis for ongoing involvement and participation. Personal competence was a multiple regression analysis, the participation of three elements as independent variables as dependent variables to evaluate the impact of continuing involvement, and the resulting Regional and life satisfaction (${\beta}=0.301$) have the greatest impact It showed. In addition, regional analysis and life satisfaction (${\beta}=0.247$) on the impact of enlargement on the individual capabilities showed the highest participation. The elements of local life satisfaction and personal competencies exerts the greatest influence on the continued involvement and participation in the study was obtained. It based on the results in rural development for the voluntary participation and participation of the population should be considered with a plan to enhance the regional and life satisfaction, "the software business, which is carried out in rural areas developed for them by local residents the measures to increase life satisfaction will be provided.

A Study on the Factors Affecting Product Innovation of Manufacturing Companies: With a Focus on the Relationship between Participation of Suppliers, Customer and Business Performance (제조기업의 제품혁신 영향요인에 관한 연구: 공급자 참여, 고객참여 및 경영성과를 중심으로)

  • Na, Sang-Gyun;Cho, Gyu-Yeon
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.177-189
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    • 2014
  • The objective of the present study is to analyze the relationship of suppliers and customer participation in product development process and effects of such participation on product innovation since it is getting more and more weight in manufacturing companies. It is also aimed in this study to explore if business performance of manufacturing companies might be affected by the suppliers participation as well as product innovation that is realizable by such participation. From the analysis, following conclusions could be drawn: First, suppliers participation in manufacturing companies turned out to have influence upon product innovation (standardized coefficient=0.193, C.R=3.510), implying that nothing is more important than the role of suppliers who have intention to realize innovation through participation in manufacturing companies. Second, the analysis showed that customer participation exercised impact upon product innovation of manufacturing companies (standardized coefficient=0.686, C.R=6.433), suggesting that the more customer participate in product development process of manufacturing companies, the more manufacturing companies could sharpen their competitiveness. Third, it was made known from the analysis that the product innovation thanks to suppliers and customer participation in manufacturing companies could have influence upon their business performance (standardized coefficient=0.762, C.R=7.666), signifying that the product innovation of manufacturing companies might depend on the participation of suppliers and manufacturers and, in turn, could affect their own business performance.

A Study on the Participation's Status and Promotion Plan of Senior Social Activity Support Project (노인 사회활동 지원사업의 참여 실태 및 활성화 방안 연구)

  • Hyun, Ta-kyung;Kim, Hyung-mo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.7
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    • pp.264-278
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    • 2016
  • This study aims to examine the participation status and working conditions of seniors that participate in senior social activity support project, and analyze the influential relationship with subjective participation satisfaction based on participant attributes. In terms of the participation status, participating seniors became aware of the project through facilities and about 70% participated in the public interest type; the primary goal was for a short-term financial preservation. As an analysis result on participation effectiveness, longer participation period and time affected the participation seniors' working conditions and self-esteem negatively, implying that a flexible and effective operation of participation period is necessary. Also, while seniors with financial stability were more positively affected on their subjective satisfaction, other significant variables had negative effects. This study holds a significance in providing political implications as the basic data to improve and vitalize future senior social activity support project through the analysis of effectiveness, such as working conditions, self-esteem and subjective satisfaction based on participant attributes, including participant characteristics, participation status and participation degree.

An investigation of factors influencing the participation of stroke survivors in social and leisure activities

  • Ahn, Si-Nae;Hwang, Sujin
    • Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.67-71
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    • 2018
  • Objective: Participation restrictions are serious problems that stroke survivors experience while reintegrating into family, work, community, and social situations after participating in rehabilitation programs. The purpose of this study was to explore the factors affecting participation in activities of daily living (ADL), as well as social and leisure activities of individuals with hemiparetic stroke. Design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: The study involved 96 participants who were diagnosed with a first stroke 6 months before the study (58 men, 38 women; $60.3{\pm}14.3years$). The Berg Balance Scale, Modified Barthel Index, Manual Function test, and Activity Card Sort were used to assess static and dynamic balance function, upper limb function, level of independence, and their level of participation within the community. A regression analysis was used to identify the influence of factors affecting participation in ADL, social and recreational activities. Results: The Activity Card Sort scores were significantly affected by the Manual Function test and Modified Barthel Index scores (p<0.05). Participation in leisure activities was affected by the level of independence. Participation in social activities was affected by the balance function and level of independence of the participants. Conclusions: The results of this study have shown that participation restrictions are affected by upper limb function, balance function, and the level of independence in individuals with hemiparetic stroke.

Effect of Local Community to the Participation of Local Festival in Cheonan (천안시민의 지역사회 애착도가 지역축제 참여에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Won-Seb;Choi, Sang-Su
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.449-459
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    • 2011
  • This study was to explore the effect of local community on participation of local festival. In order to carry out the empirical study, 320 survey questionnaires were collected in Cheonan. AMOS 4.0 and SPSS Win 12.0 statistics packages were utilized for analysis of SEM. The study results were as follows: first, analysis on the relationship between identity and participation of local festival(interest of festival participation, extent of local festival, intention of local festival) Showed that identity effected every factor of participation of local festival, second, dependence effected interest of festival participation and intention of local festival, third, social friendship can't effected every factor of participation of local festival.

Civic Participation and Self-rated Health: A Cross-national Multi-level Analysis Using the World Value Survey

  • Kim, Saerom;Kim, Chang-Yup;You, Myung Soon
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.48 no.1
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    • pp.18-27
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: Civic participation, that which directly influences important decisions in our personal lives, is considered necessary for developing a society. We hypothesized that civic participation might be related to self-rated health status. Methods: We constructed a multi-level analysis using data from the World Value Survey (44 countries, n=50 859). Results: People who participated in voting and voluntary social activities tended to report better subjective health than those who did not vote or participate in social activities, after controlling for socio-demographic factors at the individual level. A negative association with unconventional political activity and subjective health was found, but this effect disappeared in a subset analysis of only the 18 Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries. Moreover, social participation and unconventional political participation had a statistically significant contextual association with subjective health status, but this relationship was not consistent throughout the analysis. In the analysis of the 44 countries, social participation was of borderline significance, while in the subset analysis of the OECD countries unconventional political participation was a stronger contextual determinant of subjective health. The democratic index was a significant factor in determining self-rated health in both analyses, while public health expenditure was a significant factor in analysis of 18 countries. Conclusions: Our investigation suggests that civic participation, including unconventional political activity at the contextual level, might be a significant determinant of health status of a country.

Methodology for Measuring the Quality of Experience of E-Participation Systems (전자참여시스템의 체감품질 측정방법론)

  • Byun, Dae-Ho
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.21-28
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    • 2012
  • E-participation is the term referring to the use of information and communication technologies to political participation by enabling citizens to connect with one another. Because e-participation systems are already constructed and operated, continuous usage is regarded as a major concern for successful e-participation. E-participation systems should guarantee ease of use, user satisfaction, and high quality. In addition, measuring the quality of e-participation systems will provide a useful strategy. This paper suggests a methodology for measuring quality of experience of the e-participation system and computing the quality score. We apply two concepts of usability measurement method and quality of experience that are most suitable. We provide the target of measurement,, the construct of quality of experience, the method of experiment and analysis of data, and the scoring method of quality of experience.