• Title, Summary, Keyword: Participation

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The Effect of Participation and Attitude in the Process of System Development on the Implementation of Information System (시스템 개발시 사용자 참여와 태도가 시스템의 실행 성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jun-Seok;Lee, Hae-Seung
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.247-263
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    • 1994
  • This paper reports the results of a field study investigating the effect of user participation and attitude on the success of information system implementation during the system development process. The theoretical framework for this research is based on the organizational change theory, in which the attitude affects the effects of user's participation. User participation and attitude were defined as independent variables and the performance of system implementation as dependent variable. User participation was defined as a direct participation by end users in the process of the new information system development. This was measured by user's participation/non-participation. User attitude refers to user's opinions or feelings before a new system is developed. This was measured by user's favor toward a system. The performance of system implementation was measured by the surrogate variable, the degree of individual satisfaction on developed system. To achieve the objective of this research, a field research method utilizing questionnaires were employed. They were distributed to 221 users present during and/or after system development. Among 185 questionnaires returned, 175 questionnaires were used for analysis. The major findings can be summarized as follows: First, there was no significant effect of user participation on user satisfaction. Second, there was a significant effect of user attitude on user satisfaction. Third, there was no significant interaction effect of user participation and attitude on user satisfaction. It is worth to note that the user's participation did not have any significant effect on the user's satisfaction. It seems the reason for the above result is due to user's involuntary participation. In fact, the user does not have much leverage in the process of system development, which may result in poor performance of user participation. Since user attitude is an important factor in the success of system implementation, however, a method to overcome unfavorable attitude of user should proceed all others.

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ICT Development and Customer Participation in Fashion Industry (ICT 발전과 패션산업에서의 고객 참여)

  • Kim, Yun Jeong;Rha, Jong-Youn;Lee, Yuri
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.907-918
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    • 2015
  • With the pervasiveness of digital environment and expansion of new media, ICT (Information and Communication Technology) leads the role of consumer to change from a passive customer into an active co-producer. As customer participation in the fashion industry increases, this study attempts to explore the cases of customer participation as a co-producer in fashion industry through analyzing business models of companies, including Threadless, Blank label, Cut on Your Bias, Acustom Apparel, Thinkgivers. The results show that customer participation is mainly facilitated through design participation in fashion industry, with different level of participation and IT as well as different contribution target. Compared to the past, consumer’s preference is reflected through participation before the stage of production. Results indicate three main characteristics of customer participation in fashion industry. First, value co-creations using customer experiences and understanding customer needs are important. Second, active online communication among customers are critical. Third, it is important to ensure customer’s own item. From a customer perspective, participation enables them to purchase their own distinctive product and offers exciting experience and satisfaction over the production processes, and compensation can be used to increase customer participation. On the other hand, companies using customer participation can take advantage of cost reduction in product development, inventory, and marketing. Customer participation, as a win-win strategy for business and consumer, is expected to expand further in the future with the development of ICT.

A Study on Participation in Clinical Decision Making by Home Healthcare Nurses (가정전문간호사의 임상적 의사결정 참여도에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Se-Young
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.40 no.6
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    • pp.892-902
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: This study was done to identify participation by home healthcare nurses in clinical decision making and factors influencing clinical decision making. Methods: A descriptive survey was used to collect data from 68 home healthcare nurses in 22 hospital-based home healthcare services in Korea. To investigate participation, the researcher developed 3 scenarios through interviews with 5 home healthcare nurses. A self-report questionnaire composed of tools for characteristics, factors of clinical decision making, and participation was used. Results: Participation was relatively high, but significantly lower in the design phase (F=3.51, p=.032). Competency in clinical decision making (r=.45, p<.001), perception of the decision maker role (r=.47, p<.001), and perception of the utility of clinical practice guidelines (r=.25, p=.043) were significantly correlated with participation. Competency in clinical decision making (Odds ratio [OR]=41.79, p=.007) and perception of the decision maker role (OR=15.09, p=.007) were significant factors predicting participation in clinical decision making by home healthcare nurses. Conclusion: In order to encourage participation in clinical decision making, education programs should be provided to home healthcare nurses. Official clinical practice guidelines should be used to support home healthcare nurses’ participation in clinical decision making in cases where they can identify and solve the patient health problems.

Media Use and Political Participation in China: Taking Three National Large-N Surveys as Examples

  • Miao, Hongna
    • Asian Journal for Public Opinion Research
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.1-22
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    • 2019
  • In the age of continuous media change and the coexistence of multiple forms of media, the relationship between the public's media use and political participation is an urgent area of study. This paper makes use of large national sample surveys from 2002, 2011, and 2015, summarizes the change of the public's media use by descriptive statistics analysis, and finds that while the Internet has become an important communication channel, the use of Internet for political information and political participation is still overestimated. Compared to the weak impact of different media channels for political information on political participation, the frequency of media exposure and Internet use play a significant role in political participation. Because of the negative effect of the frequency of Internet use on political participation, the democratization function of the Internet needs to be treated with caution. This paper describes media use and its roles in contemporary China, analyzes the impact of media use on political participation, and extends the cross-cultural application of the theory of political communication.

A Study on the Family Life Participation of the Secondary Students and Related Variables -Focusing on Comparisons of Male and Female- (중.고등학생의 가정생활 참여도 및 관련변인에 관한 연구 -남.여학생 비교를 중심으로-)

  • 최동숙
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.15-28
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the family life participation and to analysis its related variables focusing on comparisons of male and female in the secondary students. The questonaire included school environmental variables, family environmental variables, the preference degree of Home Economics, sex role attitudes and the family life participation. The participants were 600 middle and high school students but the final data used on this study were 559. For the statistical analysis of this study, fequency, mean, Cronbach’s ${\alpha}$ coefficient, one way ANOVA, t-test and multiple regression were calculated. The results of this study were summarized as follows;1) The degree of family life participation was a little higher than middle level. While the highest participation degree was family activities participation, the participation degree of household work, communication and decision-making, leisure activities were low. 2) The variables that influence on the family life participation were the level of living and preference degree of Home Economics for both male and female.

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The Maintenance of An Evaluation Accreditation Indicator According to Teachers' Participation in Decision Making (인증시설 보육교사의 의사결정참여도에 따른 평가인증지표의 유지도)

  • Bu, Su-An;Lee, So-Eun
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.163-177
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the maintenance of an evaluation accreditation indicator according to child care center teachers' participation in decision making. The subjects of this study were 139 teachers from 12 accredited national, public, private, and corporate child care centers in Seoul and North Gyeongsang Province. The TIP-2 (Teacher Involvement and Participation Scale V.2) and Accreditation Indicator for Child Care Centers were used to measure teachers' participation in decision making and accreditation indicator maintenance. Frequency, mean, standard deviation, one-way ANOVA and scheffe test were used for data analyses. The results revealed that the teachers who rated middle and high level in terms of their participation in decision-making showed higher levels of maintenance of the evaluation accreditation indicator than those with low levels of participation. This finding suggests that teachers' participation in decision making is an important factor for maintaining the quality of child care centers.

Participation of Mothers in the Internet Community: Relationship to Their Perceptions of Social Support and Parenting Efficacy (유아기 자녀를 둔 어머니의 육아관련 인터넷 커뮤니티 참여현황과 사회적 지지 및 양육 효능감과의 관계)

  • Kim, Mihye;Kim, Heejin
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.1-17
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    • 2007
  • This study examined the current status of mothers' participation in the internet community and the relation of participation to maternal perceptions of social support and parenting efficacy. Participants were 386 mothers with young children. Half of them participated in internet communities, and the other half did not. Results showed that mothers' participation in internet communities is currently increasing in terms of quality and quantity of participation. The perceived level of social support and parenting efficacy were higher for participating mothers than for non-participating mothers. Among participating mothers, those with a higher level of participation had a higher level of perceived social support and of parenting efficacy than mothers with a lower level of participation.

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A Study on Middle School Teachers' Participation Level in Decision-Making Process at School (중학교 교사의 학교 의사결정 참여 수준 분석)

  • Won, Hyo-Heon;Oh, Doo-Koung
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.293-304
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze middle school teachers' perception of their participation in decision-making processes at their schools. 507 middle school teachers in the Pusan metropolitan area were involved in this study through a questionnaire to examine the actual state of participation of teachers in decision-making processes. The results of the above mentioned analyses are as follows: First, the degree of actual participation in the decision-making process for each field in terms of school management is lower than that of expected participation in general. Second, the variable which influences the actual participation the most is seen in the jurisdiction of the related fields. However, as an exception, expertise is the most influential variable on actual participation in terms of teaching activities.

Applying the Job Demands-Resources model to safety participation and the moderating effect of safety self-efficacy (안전참여 활동에 대한 직무요구-자원 모형의 적용 및 안전 자기효능감의 조절효과)

  • Ahn, Kwan Young
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.109-117
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    • 2014
  • This paper reviewed the relationship between job demands/resources and safety participation, and the moderating effect of safety self-efficacy. Based on the responses from 247 employees, the results of multiple regression analysis appeared as follow; 1) job demands factors(role conflict, role ambiguity and role overload) effect negatively on safety participation. 2) job resources factors(autonomy and social support) effect positively on safety participation. 3) safety self-efficacy moderates positively 3 relationships-between role conflict and safety participation, between role ambiguity and safety participation, between social support and safety participation.