• Title, Summary, Keyword: Participation

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Factors Influencing Union Members' Participation in the Korean Health Cooperatives (의료생활협동조합 조합원의 참여에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Kim, Kwang-Myo;Park, Eunyoung;Lee, Kun-Sei;You, Myoungsoon;Kim, Chang-Yup
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.330-341
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    • 2014
  • Background: The purpose of this study is to investigate the factors that affect the participation of union members who involved in the Korean health cooperatives. Methods: Questionnaires were collected from 1,041 respondents who voluntarily participated in seven health cooperatives. In order to verify the hypothesis, collected data were analyzed using binomial logistic regression. Results: Longer tenure, higher collective motive, organizational age were associated with types of participation. In operative participation, marital status, higher reward motive, better accessibility to the cooperatives influenced concern about the high-level participation. Organizational age were associated with the high-level participation in management participation. Longer tenure, interaction with staff, management participation were involved in additional investment. Conclusion: This is the first study to statistically prove that the influencing factors on the participation in the health cooperatives. Based on these findings, the provision of differentiated strategies should be useful for increase of participation.

Analysis of the Social Relationship of Apartment Community Residents' Participation - Focused on Residents in Seoul City - (아파트 공동체 주민참여의 사회관계 분석 - 서울특별시 거주자를 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Hae-Sook;Jeong, Bok-Hwan;Lee, Jae-Seoung
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.75-84
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to identify a direction for increase of resident participation by analyzing the social relations of resident participation. In the research method, the method of statistical analysis was added to the legal institutional method. As a result, the following findings were obtained: First, it is very important that the resident representative meeting at the center of the participation of the resident organization should take the role in and responsibility for the promotion of participation. Second, it is necessary to have smooth communication with voluntary groups such as women's association or club forming the coordinating group. Third, Among other things, it is judged that residents should have an active will to participate and practice in order to promote their participation in the apartment community. The above results imply that participation should be promoted by enabling residents to perform four functions of resident participation. Accordingly, the promotion of participation based on the function of participation is very necessary and important.

Leisure Time of Unmarried Workers and Influencing Factors (미혼취업자의 여가시간 및 영향요인 연구)

  • Ahn, Soo-Mi;Lee, Ki-Young
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.109-132
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    • 2012
  • This study explores how unmarried workers use their leisure time according to the 2009 Korean Time Use Survey. The purposes of this study are: 1) to investigate leisure time as it relates to leisure participation rates and leisure participation time and 2) to analyze the effect of socio-demographic variables on leisure time and leisure participation by unmarried workers. The following is a summary of the major findings. First, leisure participation differed with variations in leisure activities. Unmarried workers participated in media contact, human relations activities, and hobby activities more than other activities. Participation in learning activities was higher on weekdays than on Sunday. Men participated in sports and outdoor activities more than women on Sundays. The participation rate of media contact was the highest, while the participation rate of volunteer activities was the lowest. Second, influencing factors on leisure time included gender, age, monthly income, and gender role attitudes when work time was controlled. For example, unmarried workers with egalitarian attitudes spent less leisure time. Third, gender was the strongest determinant of leisure participation. The probability of women's leisure participation was higher than men except in regards to sports and outdoor activities, and hobby activities.

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A Study of the Effects of Motive, Expectation and Satisfaction upon the Participation Level or the Students of the Advanced Course for Bachelor of Dental Technology (치기공학과 전공심화과정 학습자의 참여 동기, 교육기관 기대 및 교육만족도가 학습참여에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang, Wol
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Dental Technology
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    • v.41 no.2
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    • pp.113-122
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This study analyzed the difference in participation motive, expectation for educational institution and educational satisfaction depending on participation level of students of advanced course for bachelor of dental technology. Methods: 81 students of advanced course for bachelor of dental technology from four university were selected by convenience sampling method. To analyzed influence of participation level depending on participation motive, expectation for educational institution and educational satisfaction, regression analysis was carried out. Results: The participation level of the students was found to be influenced by the educational satisfaction, participation motive and expectation for educational institution. Conclusion: Based on the results, it is important to understand the participation motive of the students and to offer satisfaction environment and administrative support for enhancing the expectation for education for educational institution.

The Leisure Participation and Leisure Satisfaction of Single Working People (미혼 직장인의 여가활동참여와 여가만족 - 부산시를 중심으로 -)

  • 이정숙
    • Korean Journal of Rural Living Science
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.33-42
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study was to empirically verify the influence of variables on leisure participation and leisure satisfaction of single working people and the relative contribution of individual leisure participation and family leisure participation. The subject of this study were 176 single working people in Pusan and interviewed with a questionnaire. The data were analyzed by SPSS/PC+ program for the frequency, mean, standard deviation, Cronbach'$\alpha$, factor analysis and regression. The major results of this study were as follows : 1. The score of family leisure participation were higher than individual leisure participation. The Level of leisure satisfaction was relatively high. 2. Variables that affect the leisure participation were job, degree of information using and perception level of the adequacy of household income. 3. Variables that affect leisure satisfaction were perception level of the adequacy of household income and individual leisure participation.

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Predictors of Community Participation Among Individuals With First Stroke: A Thailand Study

  • Suttiwong, Jatuporn;Vongsirinavarat, Mantana;Hiengkaew, Vimonwan
    • Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
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    • v.42 no.5
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    • pp.660-669
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    • 2018
  • Objective To describe perceived participation among persons with first stroke and to identify the predictors based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) concept of participation after stroke. Methods A total of 121 participants completed 4 questionnaires: the Impact on Participation and Autonomy (IPA), Personal Resource Questionnaire (PRQ2000), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and personal history. They were evaluated for their balance, motor function, functional and walking ability. Results The majority of participants perceived participation restriction in family role as poor to very poor. The best predictors of participation included social support, walking and balance, functional ability, number of secondary health problems and affected side, account for 66.6% of the variances in participation. Conclusion The study highlights the importance of social support, walking and balance performance, functional ability in daily living, and number of secondary health problems after stroke. These factors that facilitate participation after stroke should be addressed by health personnel during rehabilitation.

Effect of Patient-centered Communication of Doctor on Patient Participation : Focusing on Moderating Effect of Trust (의사의 환자중심 커뮤니케이션이 환자참여에 미치는 영향 : 신뢰의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Jong-Hak;Kim, Chan-Jung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.278-286
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    • 2013
  • The main purpose of this study is to examine the effect of patient-centered communication of doctor(facilitating factor, inhibition factor) on patient participation(behavioral participation, emotional participation, informational participation). Concretely, it is confirmed where there are effects of patient-centered communication of doctor to patient participation and whether there are moderating effects of trust between patient-centered communication of doctor and patient participation. In domestic general hospital, 301 samples were for this analysis collected and tested by factor analysis and moderating regression analysis. As a result of this study is as followings. First, it is confirmed that communication facilitating factor have influences on patient participation positively and communication inhibition factor have no influences on patient participation. Second, there are moderating effects of trust between facilitating factor and emotional participation, between facilitating factor and informational participation. Especially, in higher level group of trust, it is confirmed that facilitating factor more influence on emotional participation and informational participation. On the basis of these study results, I suggested theoretical and practical implication for the patient-centered communication and successful medical service.

Experiences of School Participation and the Need for School-Participation Leave for Employed Parents (취업 부모의 학교참여 경험 및 학교참여휴가제에 대한 요구)

  • Lee, Hyunah;Chin, Meejung
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.50 no.6
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    • pp.119-130
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    • 2012
  • This study attempted to investigate school participation experiences and the need for a school-participation leave for employed parents. A school participation leave is a paid or unpaid leave that guarantees workers to take time-off for school participation regarding children's educational purposes. We reviewed cases of school participation in other countries. There are similar types of educational leave in Russia, Greece, Italia, Sweden, Swaziland, and South Africa. We collected survey data from 1,194 employed parents (794 fathers and 400 mothers) whose children attend kindergarten, elementary, middle, or high-school. This study compares school participation experiences and needs by parent gender. The results showed that 62 % of the fathers and 80 % of the mothers participated in any type of school meetings and events at least once in the previous year. Fathers attended school events such as art festivals and mothers attended PTA meetings, school events, and parent-teacher conferences. The most frequently mentioned reason for non-participation among parents was related to work. A total of 87.7% of the parents agreed that a school-participation leave should be introduced. The results of the logistic regression showed that mothers compared to fathers, college graduates compared to post-secondary graduates, those whose children attended preschool or elementary school compared to high school, and those who had longer working hours were more likely to agree on the introduction of school participation leave. In conclusion, a policy intervention such as school-participation leave should be considered to provide employed parents time to be involved in their children's education and participate in school activities.

A study on the factors affecting the follow-up participation in birth cohorts

  • Park, Bohyun;Choi, Eun Jeung;Ha, Eunhee;Choi, Jong Hyuk;Kim, Yangho;Hong, Yun-Chul;Ha, Mina;Park, Hyesook
    • Environmental health and toxicology
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    • v.31
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    • pp.23.1-23.6
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    • 2016
  • Objectives A stable follow-up participation rate is a very important factor for validity in a cohort study. This study analyzed the factors that affect the participation rate at one hospital-based birth cohort in South Korean. Methods The participants were recruited from the Mothers' and Children's Environmental Health study between 2006 and 2010. The analysis targeted 1751 mothers who participated in a birth cohort. We conducted analyses of general characteristics during pregnancy and those of infants at birth that affect the participation rate of the 6-month follow-up survey. Results The participation rate for the 6-month follow-up survey was 60.4%. The participation rate in the follow-up of the subsequent period decreased within a 5% to 10% range compared to the number of subjects. The participation rate of premature infants was 16.9% lower than that of a full-term infant (52.6% vs. 69.5%). Analysis showed a 16.7% difference between the participation rate of low-birthweight infants in follow-ups (53.7%) and the participation rate of infants with normal weight (70.4%). The participation rate of mothers who were employed during pregnancy was significantly lower for the 6-month follow-up compared to the participation rate of mothers who were unemployed during pregnancy. Conclusions In this study, factors such as premature birth, low-birthweight, and the employment status of the mother during pregnancy affected the participation rate of the follow-up survey for the birth cohort at six months. A specific strategy is needed to encourage survey participation for the high risk groups in the follow-ups.

A Study on the Activation Plan for the Participation in Citizen Participation Education by Types of Lifelong Education Participation : Focusing on Chungcheongnam-do (평생교육 참여유형별 시민참여교육 참여 활성화 방안에 관한 연구: 충청남도를 중심으로)

  • Jeong, Jae-Hun;Lim, Se-Young;Kang, Hyun-Jung
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.331-340
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    • 2018
  • This study used data from '2016 Chungnam Citizens' Lifelong Education Needs Survey'. This analyzed the basic situation of Citizen Participation Education. It also typifies the interest and participation intention of lifelong education by region, and compared the interest and participation intention of Citizen Participation Education. Through this, we intend to provide concrete basic data for activating the Citizen Participation Education in Chungnam. We analyzed data of 4,108 people in 2016 lifelong education needs survey. This was named enjoy learning type, bias earning type, and elderly learning type. Second, the enjoy learning type group is a group that enjoys participating throughout lifelong education area. bias earning type group is a group that perceives that lifelong education is limited to vocational ability education, culture art education, and liberal arts education. These are groups that are interested and participating only in three areas. The elderly learning type group is a group that shows typical characteristics of the elderly learners and is a group that is concentrated on participation in culture arts education. Third, enjoy learning type group is the second most experienced participant. They are the group with the highest participation interest and participation intention. bias earning type group is the group with the highest participation experience. They are also the second highest group of participating interests and willingness to participate. elderly learning type group is the group with lowest participation experience, participation interest, and participation intention. Finally, we suggest the ways to revitalize Citizen Participation Education in lifelong education.