• Title, Summary, Keyword: Participation

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The Relationships among of Sport Enjoyment, Participation Satisfaction, and Participation Adherence Intention of Water Leisure Sports Participants in Busan (부산지역 해양레저스포츠 참여자의 스포츠즐거움, 참여만족 및 참여지속의사와의 관계)

  • CHOI, Deok-Hwan;KWON, Jae-Yoon
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.1459-1469
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationships among sport enjoyment, participation satisfaction, and participation adherence intention of water leisure sports participants in Busan. The study conducted a research survey through purposive sampling method after selecting 3 water leisure sports center in Busan. 360 questionnaires distributed and 352 were selected as final valid sample by removing 8 questionnaires that have insufficient answers. Hypothesis test on collected data was conducted by using SPSS 20.0 and AMOS 19.0 programs. The results were as followings. First, sport enjoyment had a significant effect on participation satisfaction. Second, sport enjoyment had effect on participation adherence intention. Third, participation satisfaction had effect on participation adherence intention. Fourth, sport enjoyment had directly positive effect on participation adherence intention. In addition, it had effect on participation adherence intention as the partial mediation of the participation satisfaction.

Community Participation for Health Promotion: Definitions and Applications (지역사회건강증진을 위한 참여: 이해와 적용)

  • Yoo, Seung-Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.57-66
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    • 2012
  • Objectives: This paper describes the concept, principles, and strategies and directions for community participation in health promotion. Methods: Descriptions of and discussions on community participation in this paper are based on the results of selected peer-reviewed research articles, white papers, and practice manuals which address the issues of community participation and community empowerment, and principles and strategies for practice in community health promotion. Results: In ladder-of-community-participation models, the level of participation ranges from non-participation to the stages where communities have partnerships, delegated power, and control. Enhancement of participation is presented as a continuum of informing - consulting - involving - collaborating - empowering. For community participation to reach its fullest potential, the types and levels of participation desired should be clearly decided at the beginning. Along with community readiness for participation, public health system should also be in place readily to process community participation for health promotion with appropriate procedures, guidelines, methods, resources, and stakeholders' commitment and support. Conclusions: For the promotion of participation in community health, readiness for participation of both community and public health system should be prepared.

The Effects of Surfing Participants' Participation Motivation on Flow Experience and Continuous Participation Intention (서핑참여자의 참여동기가 몰입경험 및 지속적 참여의도에 미치는 영향)

  • KWON, Jae-Yoon;Nam, Sang-Back;PARK, Sang-Kyu;KANG, Hee-Yeob
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.492-502
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to verify the influences of surfing participants' participation motivation on flow experience and continuous participation intention. The study conducted a research survey through purposive sampling method after selecting 2 surfing center in Ganwon-do. 280 questionnaires distributed and 269 were selected as final valid sample by removing 11 questionnaires that have insufficient answers. Then data were analyzed through exploratory factor analysis, reliability analysis, correlation analysis, and multiple regression analysis using SPSS Window ver. 20.0. The results were as followings. First, participation motivation factors have positive effect on flow experience. Second, participation motivation factors have an influence on continuous participation intention. Third, flow experience have an influence on continuous participation intention. Fourth, leisure flow have an influence on continuous participation intention.

Study on the Workers' Participation in Industries (일부(一部) 사업장(事業場)의 산업보건(産業保健) 사업(事業)에 있어서의 근로자(勤勞者) 참여(參與)에 관한 조사(調査) 연구(硏究))

  • Choi, Jae-Wook;Moon, Ok-Ryun
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.339-355
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    • 1991
  • The concept of workers' participation in occupational health was introduced to Korea recently in relation to primary health care in occupational health. But there is confusion and debate about workers' participation concept. The purpose of this study was to review the concepts of workers' participation and to conduct evaluation the workers' participation status in occupational health and safety, 394 workers and 54 employers (5.6%) in north area of Kyunggi-Do, were selected and interviewed with a questionnaire by a trained interviewer from August to September 1990. In general, the concept of workers' participation is based on industrial domocratisation and Declaration of Human Rights which had been powerful ideologies in labor movement. Contrary to workers' participation, community participation is rooted in the Health Rights. So, it is necessary to consider concept of workers' participation to improve participation. The results of survey were as follows. 1. Most of companies (71.75) carried out occupational health education to workers in study area. 2. The Occupational Safety and Health Committee (OSHC) were set up in 24.1% among the study companies, and 72.7% of workers among respondents thought that OSHC was helpful to workers health. 3. The workers signed his name to personal health report in 43.1% and the rate of participation in occupational environment examination was 54.9%. 4. The workers prefer the OSHC (39.3%), owner (35.1%) and union (25.8%) as a occupation health organisation, but owners prefer OSHC (54.5%), manager (43.2%) and union (2.3%). 5. Among the factors of the general characteristics, the existence of labor union was a major determinant of workers' attitude and level of workers' participation. As we have seen, most levels of workers' participation are low in occupational health. The variable of existence of labor union among the factors was a ma determinant of workers attitude and level of workers' participation. Therefore, in order to promote workers health, it is necessary to ponder long deeply on occupational health care system under the viewpoint of workers' participation.

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The study about social worker's the political participation state and an influenced factor (사회복지사 정치참여 실태 및 영향요인에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Gyo-Yeon
    • 한국사회복지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.651-673
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    • 2005
  • Political participation consciousness of social worker is changed and politics participation activity is putting forth with a bud. Currently, the systematic and scientific approach in study of social worker's the political participation is short. This study analyzes the present situation of political participation action and will present political participation action contents and direction in the future. This study may give practical meaning to the social welfare practice and educational scope about what we must do to become a political influence the group. The object of this study is 1229 people in choosing social welfare politics participation investigation committee data. A participation of Korean social worker appeared that a meeting or a demonstration is high when comparing the United States. Also, electioneers, and, government bureaucrat contact, financial contributions is a half experience. The strong variable in explaining social worker's the political participation was a politics efficacy, politics interest. Political efficacy and politics interest, a joining and a political behavior proposal of an association is a influenced factor. Through this result The Civic Volunteer Model is a theory to able to explain social worker's the political participation. Approach growing the political efficacy and politics interest is very important in activating politics participation. Role of a social welfare association or a group was important in order to induce politics participation and concentrate.

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Path Analysis of Adolescent Participation in Household Work (남녀청소년의 가사노동 참여에 영향을 미치는 변인들의 경로분석)

  • Min, Eun-Hye;Kim, Soon-Mi
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.46 no.6
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    • pp.33-48
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to examine consciousness of household work and participation in adolescents. Partitioned by gender, the personal characteristics, Sociodemographic variables, and parents' household work variables of each respondent was analyzed. The results are summarized as follows. Firstly, adolescents demonstrated positive consciousness on the value, and participation in, of household work. However, participation rates in household work was lower than consciousness. Secondly, male adolescent participation in household work varied according to communication satisfaction with family, father's participation in household work, father's consciousness on equality of both sexes, amount of household work delegated, and amount of household work delegated to each sex. However, female adolescent participation in household work varied according to mothers' employment status, father's participation in household work, amount of household work delegated, and amount of household work delegated to each sex. Finally, father's participation in household work directly, and indirectly, affected male adolescent participation. However, in female adolescents, parents' compliment was the most meaningful variable directly and indirectly related to participation in household work.

A Study on the Effects of User Participation on Stickiness and Continued Use on Internet Community (인터넷 커뮤니티에서 사용자 참여가 밀착도와 지속적 이용의도에 미치는 영향)

  • Ko, Mi-Hyun;Kwon, Sun-Dong
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.41-72
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study is the investigation of the effects of user participation, network effect, social influence, and usefulness on stickiness and continued use on Internet communities. In this research, stickiness refers to repeat visit and visit duration to an Internet community. Continued use means the willingness to continue to use an Internet community in the future. Internet community-based companies can earn money through selling the digital contents such as game, music, and avatar, advertizing on internet site, or offering an affiliate marketing. For such money making, stickiness and continued use of Internet users is much more important than the number of Internet users. We tried to answer following three questions. Fist, what is the effects of user participation on stickiness and continued use on Internet communities? Second, by what is user participation formed? Third, are network effect, social influence, and usefulness that was significant at prior research about technology acceptance model(TAM) still significant on internet communities? In this study, user participation, network effect, social influence, and usefulness are independent variables, stickiness is mediating variable, and continued use is dependent variable. Among independent variables, we are focused on user participation. User participation means that Internet user participates in the development of Internet community site (called mini-hompy or blog in Korea). User participation was studied from 1970 to 1997 at the research area of information system. But since 1997 when Internet started to spread to the public, user participation has hardly been studied. Given the importance of user participation at the success of Internet-based companies, it is very meaningful to study the research topic of user participation. To test the proposed model, we used a data set generated from the survey. The survey instrument was designed on the basis of a comprehensive literature review and interviews of experts, and was refined through several rounds of pretests, revisions, and pilot tests. The respondents of survey were the undergraduates and the graduate students who mainly used Internet communities. Data analysis was conducted using 217 respondents(response rate, 97.7 percent). We used structural equation modeling(SEM) implemented in partial least square(PLS). We chose PLS for two reason. First, our model has formative constructs. PLS uses components-based algorithm and can estimated formative constructs. Second, PLS is more appropriate when the research model is in an early stage of development. A review of the literature suggests that empirical tests of user participation is still sparse. The test of model was executed in the order of three research questions. First user participation had the direct effects on stickiness(${\beta}$=0.150, p<0.01) and continued use (${\beta}$=0.119, p<0.05). And user participation, as a partial mediation model, had a indirect effect on continued use mediated through stickiness (${\beta}$=0.007, p<0.05). Second, optional participation and prosuming participation significantly formed user participation. Optional participation, with a path magnitude as high as 0.986 (p<0.001), is a key determinant for the strength of user participation. Third, Network effect (${\beta}$=0.236, p<0.001). social influence (${\beta}$=0.135, p<0.05), and usefulness (${\beta}$=0.343, p<0.001) had directly significant impacts on stickiness. But network effect and social influence, as a full mediation model, had both indirectly significant impacts on continued use mediated through stickiness (${\beta}$=0.11, p<0.001, and ${\beta}$=0.063, p<0.05, respectively). Compared with this result, usefulness, as a partial mediation model, had a direct impact on continued use and a indirect impact on continued use mediated through stickiness. This study has three contributions. First this is the first empirical study showing that user participation is the significant driver of continued use. The researchers of information system have hardly studies user participation since late 1990s. And the researchers of marketing have studied a few lately. Second, this study enhanced the understanding of user participation. Up to recently, user participation has been studied from the bipolar viewpoint of participation v.s non-participation. Also, even the study on participation has been studied from the point of limited optional participation. But, this study proved the existence of prosuming participation to design and produce products or services, besides optional participation. And this study empirically proved that optional participation and prosuming participation were the key determinant for user participation. Third, our study compliments traditional studies of TAM. According prior literature about of TAM, the constructs of network effect, social influence, and usefulness had effects on the technology adoption. This study proved that these constructs still are significant on Internet communities.

Analysis on E-Participation Research Trend in Korea (전자참여 연구동향 분석)

  • Chung, Soyoon;Yu, Pyeong Jun
    • Informatization Policy
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.3-23
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this research is to analyze research trend of e-participation in Korea which is highly recognized today. Sixty research papers on e-participation published from 2001 to 2013 are analyzed for this research. Main ideas and contents of each paper are reviewed and research subjects and methods of overall papers are analyzed. Mostly, actual state and promotion of e-participation is studied through the analysis of local government web sites, and other specific subjects on e-participation are also studied. Currently, research on e-participation is rather shrinking, and therefore, it is necessary to suggest valid ways to promote e-participation through research on influencing factors to e-participation and e-participation in central government.

A Study on Relationship between Learning participation and Learning Outcomes in Programming Courses

  • Kim, Ji Sim;Kim, Kyoung Ah;Ahn, You Jung;Oh, Suk;Jin, Myung Sook
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.113-121
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of the study is to identify the influence of learning participation on learning outcomes in programming courses. Based on the literature review, learning participation is composed of three sub components: participation in preview, class, and review. Learning outcomes are categorized by academic achievement, learning satisfaction, and learning motivation. A survey was conducted with 267 students enrolled in programming courses from three IT departments at Myongji College. Findings revealed that participation in review and participation in class predicted all sub components of learning outcomes. Participation in review was found to have a greater effect on learners' achievement and participation in class was found to have a greater impact on learning satisfaction and motivation. However, the results showed that participation in class was not an influential factor for learning outcomes. Implications for enhancing learning participation and suggestions for future research are also discussed.

An Analysis of the Participation Characteristics of Beauty Talented Volunteers (미용재능기부자의 참여활동속성에 대한 분석)

  • Yoon, Jin-Suk;Lee, Jae-Ha
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.8 no.10
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    • pp.311-321
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    • 2017
  • In recent years, awareness of talent donation has been increasing as a way to lead a happy life with others. The purpose of this study is to investigate participation characteristics such as participation difficulties, participation period, service target, participation field, participation style, participation motive of beauty talented volunteers. This survey responded to 701 beauty talent volunteers. Participation difficulties included lack of skills and capability, lack of social awareness, and lack of spare time. Participation characteristics varied according to gender, age, education, occupation, monthly income, etc. Based on the results of these researches, the suggestions for activation for donating beauty talents were presented.