• Title, Summary, Keyword: Parenting Style

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The Relationships between Parenting Knowledge and Parenting Style of Mothers with Infants: The Mediating Effect of Parenting Efficacy (영아기 자녀를 둔 어머니의 양육지식과 양육행동 간의 관계 연구 : 양육효능감의 매개효과 분석)

  • Lee, Joo-Yeon
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.47 no.5
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    • pp.35-48
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    • 2009
  • Parenting knowledge is regarded as an important variable influencing parenting style. This study investigated the parenting knowledge of mothers with infants and analyzed how this knowledge influenced their parenting style. The mothers’ parenting efficacy was included in the analysis as a mediator between parenting knowledge and parenting style. Three hundred and seventy-five mothers with infants completed questionnaires regarding parenting knowledge, parenting efficacy, and parenting style. The results showed that the mothers reported different scores in subcategories of parenting knowledge, in which the highest scores were in knowledge about rearing behavior and the lowest were in the developmental process. Second, there were differences in parenting knowledge scores according to the age, employment status, and educational level of subjects. Third, subjects with the more accurate parenting knowledge reported more positive parenting efficacy and parenting style. Lastly, parenting efficacy completely mediated between parenting knowledge and parenting style.

The Effect of Parenting Styles on Private Educational Expenditure and Academic Performance of Children: Focusing on Mediation Effect of Private Educational Expenditure (부모의 양육유형이 사교육비지출과 자녀의 학업성적에 미치는 영향: 사교육비지출의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Seonglim
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.56 no.5
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    • pp.461-472
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    • 2018
  • Using a sample of third grade middle school students from the forth wave of Children and Youth Panel Survey in 2012, the mediation effects of private educational expenditure between parenting styles and children's academic performance were investigated by applying factor, cluster, tobit, and two stage regression analysis. The major results were as follows. First, four types of parenting style were identified. The most frequent parenting style was ambivalent parenting (tiger parenting) which was followed by authoritative parenting. Second, compared to permissive parenting style, ambivalent, authoritative, and authoritarian parenting styles were significantly associated with more private educational expenditures. Third, more private educational expenditures were significantly associated with higher academic performance of children. I found both a full mediation effect of private educational expenditure for ambivalent and authoritarian parenting styles, and a partial mediation effect for authoritative parents. Authoritative parenting style has a negative moderating effect on the relationship between household income and private educational expenditure, along with a positive direct effect on the academic performance of children. The results suggested that an authoritative parenting style was related with higher academic performance of children with less private educational expenditures compared to other parenting styles. The results also implied that the public policies to enhance authoritative parenting style among parents would be effective to reduce household's private educational expenditures.

Effects of Maternal Sociodemographic Characteristics and Parenting Stress on a Child's Self-Concept: Parenting Style as a Mediating Factor (어머니의 인구사회학적 특성과 양육스트레스가 자녀의 자아개념에 미치는 영향 : 양육 태도의 매개적 역할을 고려하여)

  • Chung, Soo-Jin;Choi, Jeong-Yoon
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.120-127
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    • 2008
  • Objectives : The aim of this study was to examine the effects of maternal sociodemographic characteristics, especially education and employment, and parenting stress on the child's self-concept. Attention was also paid to the mediating impact of parenting style on the relationship between the maternal variables and a child's self-concept. Methods : A questionnaire and three scales were completed by fifth graders and their mothers, and 270 sets of paired data were analyzed. Results : The results showed that mothers with higher education experienced less child-related parenting stress, were perceived to be more achievement-oriented and rational by their children, and also had children with more positive self-concept. The relationship between maternal education and child's self-concept was mediated by the rationality dimension of parenting style. Maternal employment was not related to parenting stress, parenting style and most aspects of the child's self-concept. Lastly, child-related parenting stress had a negative effect on the child's self-concept, and this effect was mediated by the warmth and rationality dimensions of parenting style. Conclusion : Parenting style had a mediating effect on the relationships between the child's self-concept and maternal education and child-related parenting stress.

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The Effects of Mothers' Psychological Control and Affectionate-Rational Parenting on Children's Attributional Style (아동이 지각한 어머니의 심리적 통제와 애정·합리적 양육태도가 아동의 귀인양식에 미치는 영향)

  • Han, Ah-Reum;Han, Sae-Young
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.1-19
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    • 2017
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among perceived mothers'psychological control, affectionate-rational parenting and children's attributional style. The main and interaction effects of psychological control, affectionate-rational parenting on children's attributional style were also explored. Methods: The participants of this study were 253 children from elementary schools located in Seoul and Incheon. Data were analyzed through Pearson's correlation, and hierarchical regression using SPSS 22.0. Results: The major findings of this study were as follows. First, children's attributional style for negative events was positively associated with psychological control but negatively associated with affectionate-rational parenting. Moreover, attributional style for positive events was positively associated with only affectionate-rational parenting. Second, affectionate-rational parenting significantly influenced children's attributional style for both negative events and positive events. Finally, significant interaction effects of psychological control and affectionate-rational parenting on children's attributional style for negative events were observed. Conclusion/Implications: This study revealed that mothers' psychological control and affectionate-rational parenting are important factors in explaining children's attributional style. Such results could be used as an effective resource in developing parent education programs or intervention programs for attributional style.

Effect of father's parenting involvement and parenting style on child's sociality: Comparative study for Korea-China (아버지의 양육참여 및 양육방식이 유아의 사회성에 미치는 영향 : 한국-중국 비교연구)

  • Han, Ji Hyeon;Yee, Young Hwan;Kim, Jung Hee
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.603-615
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study, targeting Korean and Chinese fathers(459) having 3-5 year-old children, was to verify whether fathers' parenting involvement, parenting style and sociality of children are different with nationality. Furthermore, it was examined the effect of fathers' parenting involvement and style depending on development of children's sociality. In case of the fathers' parenting involvement, Korean fathers showed higher value compared to Chinese fathers. Chinese children had higher sociality than Korean children. Fathers' parenting involvement and style had positive relationship with children's sociality in Korean fathers and children. Such trend was similar to Chinese fathers and children. Finally, it was found that the fathers' parenting involvement and style played a pivotal role in children's sociality. Especially, higher 'Development Support' among sub-factors of parenting involvement and 'warmth' of parenting style led to higher sociality in children.

Differences in Parenting Stress, Parenting Attitudes, and Parents' Mental Health According to Parental Adult Attachment Style

  • Kim, Do Hoon;Kang, Na Ri;Kwack, Young Sook
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.17-25
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: We aimed to compare the differences in parenting stress, parenting attitudes, and parents' mental health between different adult attachment styles. Methods: Forty-four parents who completed a parental education program were enrolled in our study. They completed the Korean version of the Experience of Close Relationship Revised, Korean-Parenting Stress Index-Short Form, Maternal Behavior Research Instrument, and Symptom Checklist-90-Revised. Results: The avoidant attachment score positively correlated with parenting stress. The anxious attachment score showed a positive relationship with parenting stress, hostile parenting attitude, and psychopathology, but a negative association with an affectionate parenting attitude. The secure attachment group exhibited a more autonomous, affectionate parenting style and a less hostile parenting attitude and less parenting stress than the insecure attachment group. Dismissing-avoidant attachment parents reported significantly higher parenting stress scores than secure attachment parents. Preoccupied and fearful-avoidant attachment parents displayed a more hostile parenting style than secure attachment parents. Dismissing-avoidant and preoccupied parents reported a less affectionate parenting attitude than secure attachment parents. Conclusion: There were differences in parenting stress, parenting attitudes, and parents' mental health depending on the adult attachment style. More specific education and interventions based on parental attachment type are necessary for parents.

The Study of Relationships between Mother's Parenting Style and Internal-External Control, Psychological Well-being and Depression in Ear]y Childhood (유아기 자녀를 둔 어머니의 역할행동과 내외통제성, 심리적 안녕감 및 우울과의 관계)

  • Lee, Jong-Shin;Moon, Hyuk-Jun
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.127-138
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    • 2011
  • This study analyzed the internal-external controls, psychological well-being and depression of mothers as factors that affect mothers's parenting style of young children. The participants were 228 mothers of preschoolers. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, Pearson's productive correlation, and stepwise multiple regression analysis. Results showed that positive mothers parenting style had positive relationships with internal control and psychological well-being. On the other hand, positive mother's parenting style had negative relationships with external control and depression. In addition, negative mother's parenting style had positive relationships with external control and depression. On the other hand, negative mother's parenting style had no relationship with psychological well-being and internal control. Psycholobrical well-being had the strongest effect on positive mother's parenting style and external control had the strongest effect on negative mother's parenting.

Influence of Perceived Parenting Style on the Sense of Community of Middle-Class Children: The Moderating Effects of Life Satisfaction (중산층 자녀가 지각한 부모 양육방식이 공동체의식에 미치는 영향: 자녀의 삶의 만족도의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Yu, Nan Sook
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.53 no.3
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    • pp.319-329
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    • 2015
  • This study investigated the influence of perceived parenting style on the sense of community of middle-class adolescents and if adolescent' life satisfaction has a mediating effect on the relationship between perceived parenting style and sense of community. The study population consisted of a nationally representative sample of elementary and middle school students who completed the Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey of the National Youth Policy Institute in 2010. Among the 4,729 participants of the data, 2,876 were eligible for research focused on the middle class. Descriptive statistics included frequency, average, and standard deviation; in addition, reliability and stepwise regression results were reported using SPSS statistics. The results were as follows. First, the sense of community was 2.86 out of 4-point Likert scale. Monitoring (3.28) was the highest among the perceived parenting styles followed by affection (3.17), reasoning (3.01), over-expectation (2.57), over-interference, and inconsistency (2.40). Second, among subcategories of perceived parenting style, affection, reasoning, monitoring, and over-expectation had a statistically significant influence on sense of community. A higher perceived parenting style had a higher sense of community of middle-class children. Third, the life satisfaction of children had a statistically significant moderating effect on relationship between perceived parenting style and sense of community; therefore, the influence of perceived parenting style on sense of community could change according to life satisfaction.

The Effects of Mothers'and Children's Emotional Instability on Children's Attributional Style: Perceived Mediating Effect of Affectionate-Rational Parenting (어머니와 아동의 정서적 불안정성이 아동의 귀인양식에 미치는 영향: 아동이 지각한 어머니의 애정·합리적 양육행동의 매개효과)

  • Han, Ah-Reum;Han, Sae-Young
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.21-41
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    • 2017
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the direct and indirect effects of mothers' and children's emotional instability and maternal affectionate-rational parenting on children's attributional style. Methods: The participants of this study were 253 4th, 5th and 6th grade elementary school students and their mothers in Seoul and Incheon. Data were analyzed by path analysis using AMOS 21.0. Results: The results were as follows: First, children's attributional style for negative and positive events was significantly related to children's emotional instability and maternal affectionate-rational parenting. Also, mothers' and children's emotional instability was significantly associated with affectionate-rational parenting. Second, mothers' emotional instability had indirect effects on children's attributional style for negative and positive events through maternal affectionate-rational parenting. Finally, children's emotional instability had not only significant effects on children's attributional style for positive achievement events, but also indirect effects on children's attributional style for negative and positive events through maternal affectionate-rational parenting. Conclusion/Implications: The results of this study suggest that both environmental and individual factors, including mothers'and children's emotional instability and maternal affectionate-rational parenting, need to be considered to explain children's attributional style. Also, these findings have implications for developing intervention programs for children's attributional style and parental education.

The Mediating Effects of Ego-Resilience on Achievement-Oriented Parenting Style, School Adjustment and Academic Achievement as Perceived by Children (아동이 지각한 부모의 성취지향적 양육태도가 자아탄력성을 매개로 학교생활적응과 학업성취도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Chung-IL;Lee, Kang-Yi
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.53 no.5
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    • pp.503-517
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    • 2015
  • This study examined the relationships among children's perspectives on achievement-oriented parenting style, ego-resilience, school adjustment, and academic achievement. In order to analyze the associations, the study conducted a secondary analysis of the data found in the Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey (KCYPS) 2010-2011, which was a non-randomized controlled study designed with a longitudinal follow-up. We analyzed 1,212 students who were in the fourth and fifth grade at elementary school with Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The results were as follows. First, higher achievement-oriented parenting style was associated with higher ego-resilience that contributed to higher academic achievement and higher school adjustment. Second, higher achievement-oriented parenting style was directly related to lower academic achievement and lower school adjustment. The findings support that children's ego-resilience is an important factor to improve school adjustment and academic achievement. In addition, the achievement-oriented parenting style is not helpful for their children's school outcomes (such as academic achievement and adjustment) even though parenting style improved their children's ego-resilience. Ego-resilience that is developed by achievement-oriented parenting style is likely to enhance children's school adjustment and academic achievement. The study presents policy and practice implications, limitations and areas for further research.