• Title, Summary, Keyword: Papillary thyroid carcinoma

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Simultaneous Occurrence of Medullary and Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma with Lymph Node Metastasis: A Case Report (림프절 전이를 동반한 갑상선에 동시 발생한 수질암과 유두상 암종 1례)

  • Joo, Young-Hoon;Yun, Chang-Hyun;Sun, Dong-Il;Kim, Min-Sik
    • Korean Journal of Bronchoesophagology
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.31-34
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    • 2006
  • Simultaneous occurrence of medullary and papillary thyroid carcinomas in the same gland is very rare. In fact. there are only 18 cases of simultaneous occurrence of medullary and papillary thyroid carcinomas in the literature. We report a case of simultaneous medullary and papillary carcinoma of thyroid gland. A 67-year-old woman was diagnosed with medullary carcinoma of right lobe of thyroid gland and papillary carcinoma of left lobe of thyroid gland by fine needle aspiration cytology. Total thyroidectomy, anterior neck dissection, bilateral modified radical neck dissection and tracheotomy was undertaken. The tumor metastasized to regional lymph node and extrathyroidal muscle invasion of left papillary carcinoma was also revealed by pathological report. This report describes a case of thyroid carcinoma that demonstrated both medullary carcinoma and papillary components in the thyroid with lymph node metastasis.

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Association of P53, VEGF and E-Cadherin Expression in Thyroid Papillary Carcinoma (갑상선 유두상암종에서 p53, VEGF 그리고 E-Cadherin 발현양성에 대한 면역조직화학적 연구)

  • Cho Hyun-Jin;Seo Chae-Hong;Park Jin-Sil
    • Korean Journal of Head & Neck Oncology
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.23-29
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    • 2002
  • Mutation of the P53 tumor suppressor gene playa major role in the development of many carcinomas, namely in the colon, breast and bladder, whereas the role played by such mutations in thyroid carcinogenesis remains controversial. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) induces proliferation of endothelial cells, stimulates angiogenesis, and increases vascular permeability. Increased VEGF expression has been associated with poor clinical outcomes in many malignancies E-cadherin, a calcium-dependent transmembrane glycoprotein, is an adhesion molecule Expression of p53, VEGF and E-cadherin was assessed immunohistochemically in 19 tall columnar variant of papillary carcinoma, 24 common papillary carcinoma and 7 follicular carcinoma. The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression of P53,VEGF and E-cadherin as a potential maker for the prognosis of thyroid carcinomas. The results are as follows: 1) There were no significance in any clinical parameters examined among tall columnar variant of papillary carcinoma, common papillary carcinoma and follicular carcinoma. 2) The expression of P53 demonstrated low in tall columnar variant of papillary carcinoma, common papillary carcinoma and follicular carcinoma, but a significantly high in regional lymph node metastasis. 3) The expression of VEGF demonstrated a significantly high in regional lymph node metastasis than those without metastasis in papillary thyroid carcinoma. 4) The expression of E-cadherin demonstrated less often among papillary carcinomas with lymph node metastasis than in those without metastasis in papillary thyroid carcinoma. In conclusion, it is suggested that VEGF and E-cadherin will be useful for the diagnosis of thyroid carcinoma and serves as a biological marker for thyroid carcinoma lymph node metastasis.

Occult Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma Presenting as a Metastatic Pleural Effusion (전이성 흉수로 발현된 잠재성 유두상 갑상선암)

  • Lee, Kye-Young;Myong, Na-Hye;Kim, Keun-Yeol
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.42 no.4
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    • pp.594-599
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    • 1995
  • Although papillary carcinoma of the thyroid generally follows an indolent course characterized by slow growth and the absence of distant metastases, several available reports suggest that metastasis to bone and/or lung parenchyma may occur infrequently. But pleural metastases are known to be very rare, so there have been only two case reports about the pleural metastases of papillary thyroid carcinoma in the literatures. Even the case of occult papillary thyroid carcinoma presenting as a metastatic pleural effusion has been never been reported. Recently we experienced a case with the chief complaint of dyspnea due to massive pleural effusion, the cytologic examination of which revealed the papillary carcinoma with psamomma bodies. The examination of the thyroid revealed no definite primary tumor. The total thyroidectomy was done with the plan of post-operative radioactive iodine treatment and the pathologic result confirmed the occult papillary microcarcinoma as expected. With the present case report, the extension of the clinical spectrum. of metastatic papillary carcinoma of the thyroid is expected.

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Oxyphilic Papillary Carcinoma of the Thyroid in Fine Needle Aspiration (갑상선의 호산성 유두상 암종의 세침흡인 세포학적 소견)

  • Kim, Young-Min;Gong, Gyung-Yub;Kim, On-Ja
    • The Korean Journal of Cytopathology
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.52-56
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    • 1997
  • Oxyphilic (Hurthle) cells have abundant eosinophilic granular cytoplasms and occur in both benign and malignant neoplasms of the thyroid gland. Most published studies described mainly oxyphilic tumors of follicular type, and reports on oxyphilic papillary thyroid carcinomas are rare. The oxyphilic variant of papillary carcinoma differs from the classic papillary carcinoma in its more aggressive biological behavior. We report a case of oxyphilic papillary carcinoma exhibiting exclusively oxyphilic cells in a follicular pattern without papillary structures. The pattern of papillary carcinoma was confirmed by fine needle aspiration material and lymph nodal metastasis, both of which revealed typicaled papillary structures with characteristic nuclear features, psammoma bodies, and oxyphilic cytoplasm.

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Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology of Mixed Squamous Cell Carcinoma and Papillary Carcinoma in Thyroid - A case report - (갑상선에 혼재한 유두상암종과 편평세포암종의 세포학적 소견 - 1 증례 보고 -)

  • Son, Hyun-I;Suh, Kang-Suek
    • The Korean Journal of Cytopathology
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.127-133
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    • 1991
  • Mixed squamous cell carcinoma and papillary carcinoma in the thyroid gland is a very rare malignant tumor characterized by rapidly progressive clinical course and radioresistance. A 63-year-old woman had mixed squamous cell carcinoma and papillary carcinoma in the thyroid gland diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology (FNA), and the diagnosis was confirmed by histological examination. She had complained of a fixed, egg-sized mass of the anterior neck with hoarseness for 1 year. The findings of FNA consisted of sheets and clusters of polygonal epithelial cells with hyperchromatic, pleomorphic nuclei and eosinophilic, abundant, laminated cytoplasm. These findings were consistent with squamous cell carcinoma. Also, fool of papillary carcinoma were noted, and the cells exhibited nuclear groovings and intranuclear cytoplasmic inclusions. Total thyroidectomy specimen showed a diffusely infiltrating tumor in the left thyroid which was composed of mixed papillary carcinoma and well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma. In junction between two components, squamous metaplasia of papillary carcinoma was noted.

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Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology of Columnar Cell Variant of Papillary Carcinoma of the Thyroid - A Case Report - (갑상선의 원주세포형 유두상 암종의 세침흡인 세포학적 소견 - 1예 보고 -)

  • Jung, Ji-Han;Kang, Chang-Suk;Shim, Sang-In;Kim, Byung-Kee;Lee, Kyo-Young
    • The Korean Journal of Cytopathology
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.179-184
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    • 1999
  • The columnar cell variant of papillary carcinoma is a rare tumor of the thyroid, associated with aggressive behavior, early metastasis, and a rapidly fatal course. We present the fine needle aspiration cytologic(FNAC) findings of columnar ceil variant of papillary carcinoma with cytohistologic correlation. In the smears, the tumor fragments showed mainly papillary pattern and a few scattered individual cells were present around the papillary fragments. The tumor cells were columnar or cuboidal and exhibited pseudostratification of the nuclei. The nuclei were oval to elongated with finely stippled chromatin and inconspicous nucleoli. Neither nuclear grooves nor intracytoplasmic inclusion was found. The FNAC diagnosis was consistent with papillary carcinoma. Total thyroidectomy was done and the histologic finding of the mass showed a predominantly papillary and focal solid proliferation of columar cells with marked nuclear pseudostratification. The unique histopathologic features and highly aggressive nature of columnar ceil variant of papillary carcinoma require that this variant should be differeniated from common papillary carcinoma of the thyroid.

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Warthin-Like Tumor of Thyroid Gland : A Case Report (갑상선의 Warthin 모양 종양 1예)

  • Kwon Ki-Hwan;Yoon Jong-Ho;Hong Soon-Won;Koo Ja-Seung;Chung Woung-Youn;Park Cheong-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Head & Neck Oncology
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.33-36
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    • 2004
  • Papillary carcinoma of thyroid is the most common thyroid carcinoma carrying better prognosis than the other thyroid carcinoma. Among the variants in the papillary thyroid carcinoma, the tall cell variant and diffuse sclerosing variants have more aggressive behavior than the classic papillary carcinoma. Recently, a new variant of papillary carcinoma has been reported which was named warthin-like tumor of the thyroid because of its close histologic resemblance to a tumor encountered in the salivary gland, carrying favorable prognosis. Since then, in English literature, a few cases have been reported, but in Korea have not been reported yet. We report a case of warthin-like tumor of the thyroid. A 38 year-old woman who had neck mass, was administered for thyroid surgery due to suspicious thyroid cytology. Right total thyroidectomy and left subtotal thyroidectomy with central compartment node dissection was performed. Histologic diagnosis was made as a Warthin-like tumor of the thyroid.

Superior Vena Cava Syndrome Caused by Tumor Thrombus from Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma (갑상선 유두암의 암성 혈전으로 인한 상공 정맥 증후군 1예)

  • Yun, Ji-Sup;Lee, Jan-Dee;Lim, Chi-Young;Nam, Kee-Hyun;Chung, Woong-Youn;Park, Cheong-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Head & Neck Oncology
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.188-191
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    • 2006
  • Papillary thyroid carcinoma is rarely associated with macroscopic vascular invasion or tumor thrombosis. Especially, superior vena cava syndrome(SVCS) resulted from tumor thrombosis of papillary thyroid carcinoma is extremely rare. We present herein a case of SVCS caused by tumor thrombosis from papillary thyroid carcinoma which was successfully solved by intravascular placement of self-expandable stent in 74-year-old woman.

Sonographic Findings of Thyroid Papillary Carcinoma (갑상선 유두암의 초음파 소견)

  • Lee, Jae-Kyo
    • Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.224-230
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    • 2004
  • Background: To determine the various sonographic findings in a papillary carcinoma of the thyroid. Materials and Methods: 48 patients with a proven papillary carcinoma of the thyroid were involved. The sonographic features analyzed were the size, shape, content, margin, internal echo, and calcification pattern. Results: Common sonographic features of a papillary carcinoma include the hypoechoic texture (94%), an ill defined margin (81%), a solid nodule (100%), irregular shape (48%), and microcalcifications (35%), or no calcifications (42%). The uncommon features included a hyperechoic or mixed echo texture, cystic elements, a well defined margin, and a coarse or peripheral calcifications. Conclusion: Ill-defined hypoechoic solid nodule with microcalcification is a characteristic ultrasonographic finding of a thyroid papillary carcinoma.

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Thyroid Carcinoma Presenting as an Anterior Mediastinal Mass (종격동 종괴로 발현된 잠재성 갑상선암)

  • Hyung Woo-Jin;Chung Woung-Yoon;Park Cheong-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Head & Neck Oncology
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.69-73
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    • 1997
  • We have experienced a case of occult papillary thyroid carcinoma presenting as an anterior mediastinal mass in a 40-year-old man. The CT scan revealed a huge mass behind the manubrium of the sternum but the ultrasound examination failed to detect any lesion and developmental defect in the thyroid. Excision of the mediastinal mass and total thyroidectomy were carried out. Histologically, the mediastinal mass turned out to be papillary carcinoma without any portion of the normal thyroid tissue or normal lymph node tissue and the thyroid gland showed a tiny papillary carcinoma with the diameter of 0.3cm. Although a mediastinal mass as the sole presentation of the thyroid carcinoma is very rare, we suggest that a mediastinal mass should be added to the list of possible metastatic thyroid carcinoma.

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