• Title, Summary, Keyword: Panel study on the Korean adopted children

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Factors Affecting the School Achievement of Domestic Adopted Children in Korea (국내 입양아동의 학업성취수준과 영향 요인)

  • Ahn, Jae-Jin;Choi, Woon-Sun;Byun, Mi-Hee;Kwon, Ji-Sung
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.69 no.3
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    • pp.141-164
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to understand the school achievement of domestic adopted children in Korea and its related factors. Although the developmental outcomes of domestic adopted children were the focus of research interests, their school achievement has never been fully addressed in Korea. The subsample (9-17 years old) of 5th wave data of was used for the analysis. The results showed that the school achievement level of domestic adopted children was not significantly different from their non-adopted peers during elementary school years except the mathematics, but changed drastically after they entered the middle school, showing significantly lower level from their non-adopted peers. Factors related with the overall school achievement were the level of school, maternal education, age at adoption, child's self-esteem and school adjustment. For specific subject, however, significant factors were found to be somewhat different. Based on the results of the study, the practical guidelines to improve the school achievement of adopted children were suggested. Also, suggestions for the following studies were made.

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The Influence of Children's Elementary School Entrance on Working Conditions of Employed Mothers (자녀의 초등학교 입학이 취업모의 근로조건에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jaehee;Kim, Keun Jin
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.12
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    • pp.647-659
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of children's elementary school entrance to working conditions of employed mothers. The data from 4th to 8th wave of Panel Study on Korean Children (PSKC) were used for analysis. Specifically, we examined changes in wages, working hours and regular employment of employed mothers after their children entered elementary schools. We adopted Heck selection model for unbalanced panel data after controlling sample selection bias, and compare results of analysis for unbalanced and balanced panel data. The results showed that children's elementary school entrance reduces employed mothers' wage, working hours and regular employment. These results indicate that mother tend to leave regular job and could not entry into decent job when their children are in elementary school.

Effect of tuberculosis treatment on leptin levels, weight gain, and percentage body fat in Indonesian children

  • Mexitalia, Maria;Dewi, Yesi Oktavia;Pramono, Adriyan;Anam, Mohammad Syarofil
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • v.60 no.4
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    • pp.118-123
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: Tuberculosis (TB) remains a problem in the community. TB patients usually experience malnutrition, which is characterized by both decreased body weight (BW) and body fat percentage (BFP). Leptin, an important regulator of BW, also plays an important role in cellular immunity, which is integral to defense against Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. We analyzed the effect of an anti-TB treatment regimen on the leptin level, BW, and BFP of children with TB. Methods: The design of this study was a group interrupted time series. The subjects were children with probable TB according to clinical criteria based on an Indonesian scoring system adopted from the Consensus of Expert Panel. BW; BFP; energy intake; fat and protein intake; and leptin levels before, 2 months after (intensive phase), and 6 months after (continuation phase) anti-TB treatment, were measured. About 40 children, aged 5-14 years, participated in this study. Results: The BW, BFP and leptin level increased from before treatment to after completion of the intensive phase and still showed an increased during the continuation phase: BW 18.65 kg, 19.75 kg, and 20.85 kg; BFP 18.3%, 19.5%, and 20.2%; and leptin level 1.9 mg/dL, 3.07 mg/dL, and 3.4 mg/dL, respectively (P<0.01). Conclusion: Leptin level, BW, and BFP increased throughout the course of anti-TB treatment, compared with pretreatment values. Further research is needed to compare the results with data for healthy children.

A Structural Equation Model on Korean Adolescents' Multi-cultural Acceptance (청소년의 다문화 수용성 구조 모형 구축)

  • Lee, Ha-na
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.302-310
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    • 2018
  • This study was conducted to develop a unified structural model that defines relationships among factors that affect Multi Cultural Acceptance (MCA) for adolescents. This study was performed using the dataset from the 2016 Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey (KCPS). We analyzed the survey result from the dataset at the 0.05 significance level using the SPSS and AMOS version 22 programs. Specifically, we investigated several demographic characteristics of the survey participants by a descriptive analysis method that adopted the maximum likelihood estimate method to verify the fitness of the hypothetical model and the hypotheses therein. In addition, we applied the ${\chi}^2$-test, GFI, AGFI, CFI, IFI, and RMSEA to show the fitness level of our structural model. The results showed that our proposed structural model demonstrated a fine fitness level. We found that key factors that affect MCA for adolescents were ego-resilience, peer relationships, and sense of community. Overall, the results of our study indicate that combinational intervention is needed to help adolescents lift their ego-resilience, as well as to develop peer relationships and a sense of community.

The Mediating Effect of Self-Esteem in the Relation between Parental Abuse, Neglect and School Life Adjustment in Adolescent (부모의 학대, 방임과 청소년의 학교생활적응간의 관계에서 자아존중감의 매개효과)

  • Lee, Yoon A;Choi, Jin Ah
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.53 no.3
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    • pp.331-339
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    • 2015
  • This study investigates the effects of parental abuse and neglect on school life adjustment mediated by self-esteem in adolescents. Participants consisted of 2,259 middle school students from the Korean Children and Youth Panel Study 2012. Secondary questionnaire data on parental abuse and neglect, self-esteem, and school life adjustment are used for this study. Data were analyzed using descriptive analysis, Cronbach's a, Pearson's correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis. Baron and Kenny's method determined the mediation effect. SPSS ver 18.0 was adopted. The results were as follows. First, parental abuse and neglect were negatively correlated with the adolescent school life adjustment; however self-esteem was positively correlated with adolescent school life adjustment. Second, the results of the regression analysis revealed that adolescent school life adjustment was influenced both directly and indirectly; parental abuse had a direct effect on adolescents' school life adjustment and also had an indirect effect on mediated by self-esteem. Parental neglect had a direct effect on adolescent school life adjustment and had an indirect effect on adolescent school life adjustment mediated by self-esteem. The results indicated that self-esteem plays a crucial variable in the relationship of parental abuse and the school life adjustment. Also, self-esteem plays a crucial variable in the relationship between parental neglect and school life adjustment.

A Prediction Model of Factors related to Career Maturity in Korean High School Students (의사결정나무 분석을 이용한 고등학생의 진로 성숙도 관련 요인 분석)

  • Seo, Jiyeong;Kim, Minju
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.95-102
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify factors associated with career maturity among Korean high school students. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional design was adopted using secondary data from the 2012 Korean Welfare Panel Study (KoWePS). The participants were 496 high school students who completed the supplemental survey for children, which included items on career maturity, self-esteem, study stress, teacher attachment, relationship with parents, peer attachment, depression and anxiety. Descriptive statistics, the chi-square-test, the t-test, and a decision tree were used for data analysis. Results: The decision tree identified five final nodes predicting career maturity after forcing self-esteem as the first variable. The highest predicted rate of high career maturity was associated with high self-esteem, experience of career counseling, and high teacher attachment. The lowest predicted rate of high career maturity was associated with low self-esteem and low attachment to friends. Conclusion: Factors influencing career maturity were varied by levels of self-esteem in Korean high school students. Thus, it is necessary to develop different approaches to enhance career maturity according to levels of self-esteem.

Career Identity of High School Students: Exploring Differences by Negative Emotions of Consumer Typology (고등학생의 진로 정체감에 영향을 미치는 요인: 부정적 정서에 따른 소비자 유형화 분석)

  • Kim, Hyo-Jung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.476-489
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    • 2018
  • This study examined the factors affecting the career identity of high school students. We adopted the ecological systems theory by Bronfenbrenner. The consumer typology approach was applied based on their negative emotions, and they were categorized into two distinct groups: unstable emotion group(n=903) and stable emotion group(n=1,107). We used the panel data of Korean Children & Youth Panel Survey. Data of a total of 2,010 participants were analyzed. The results of this study are as follows. In the unstable emotion group, parental supervision, parental excessive expectation, peer communication, peer trust, and teacher attachment significantly influenced career identity. In the stable emotion group, parental supervision, parental abuse, peer communication, and teacher attachment significantly influenced career identity.

Identifying latent classes about the changing trajectories of child maltreatment by child developmental period (아동발달시기별 아동학대 변화궤적 유형 비교 연구)

  • Han, Jihyeon;Choi, Okchae
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Child Welfare
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    • no.59
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    • pp.183-208
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to identify groups depending on the change trajectory of child maltreatment in childhood and early adolescence. For this study, the data from waves two through six (2011-2015) of the Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey (KCYPS) were used. Participants included first-grade (n=2,300) and fourth-grade (n=2,325) elementary school students. A latent class growth model (LCGM) using Mplus 7.21 was adopted to classify the types of developmental trajectories of child maltreatment. The main results were as follows: First, in physical abuse, childhood from the second to the sixth grades was classified into four groups: decreased, low maintenance, increased, and no maltreatment type. In addition, early adolescence from the fifth grade of elementary school to the third grade of middle school was also classified into the same types. Second, in emotional abuse, childhood was classified into three groups: decreased, increased, and no maltreatment type. Early adolescence was classified into four groups: decreased, low maintenance, increased, and no maltreatment type. Third, in neglect, childhood was classified into four groups: maintenance, low decreasing, low increasing, and no maltreatment type. Early adolescence was classified into three groups: maintenance, low increasing, and no maltreatment type. According to the change of child maltreatment by developmental period, physical abuse continued from childhood to early adolescence, whereas emotional abuse and neglect increased in early adolescence compared to childhood. This study is meaningful in classifying latent classes depending on maltreatment types. Theoretical and practical implications were suggested based on the study results.