• Title, Summary, Keyword: Pancreatic exocrine secretion

Search Result 48, Processing Time 0.03 seconds

Effects of Intravenous Infusion of Ethanol on Exocrine Pancreatic Secretion of Rats (정맥주입한 알콜이 흰쥐의 췌장 외분비에 미치는 영향)

  • 심상수;김창종
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
    • /
    • v.46 no.3
    • /
    • pp.192-196
    • /
    • 2002
  • To investigate the effect of intravenous ethanol administration on pancreatic exocrine secretion, we measured volume and protein amount in pancreatic juice and assayed amylase activity and phospholipase $A_2$ activity in pancreatic fragments and serum. Acute pancreatitis induced by obstruction of common bile-pancreatic duct (CBPD) and caerulein infusion (5 $\mu\textrm{g}$/kg/hr) showed typical characteristics, such as hyperamylasemia and pancreatic edema and increase of phospholipase $A_2$ activity in pancreatic fragments and serum. Intravenous ethanol infusion (50 mg/kg/hr) significantly stimulated pancreatic exocrine secretion, but such a stimulatory effect of ethanol disappeared at dose of 100 mg/kg/hr without typical symptoms of acute pancreatitis. In microscopic examination, there were no typical changes of edematous pancreatitis in ethanol administrated rats. These results suggest that acute ethanol administration has dual effect on exocrine pancreatic secretion: low dose of ethanol (50 mg/kg/hr) stimulates pancreatic exocrine secretion, whereas high dose of ethanol (100 mg/kg/hr) does not without typical changes of edematous pancreatitis.

Changes of spontaneous pancreatic exocrine secretion during the estrous cycle in rats (흰쥐에서 발정주기에 따른 자발적인 췌장외분비의 변화)

  • Park, Hyung-seo;Lee, Tae-im;Kim, Se-hoon;Park, Hyoung-jin;yang, Il-suk
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
    • /
    • v.40 no.4
    • /
    • pp.677-681
    • /
    • 2000
  • Since the role of female sexual hormones on pancreatic exocrine secretion was not fully understood, this study was investigated to clarify the difference of spontaneous pancreatic exocrine responses during the estrous cycle and the roles of ovarian hormones on pancreatic exocrine secretion in the anesthetized female rats. Pancreatic juice was collected from the sequential 15-min samples, and then fluid and protein secretion were measured from the collected samples. The stages of estrous cycle were defined by staining the vaginal smear. The spontaneous pancreatic fluid and protein secretion were significantly increased during the diestrus stage compare to the corresponding value during the estrus stage. In the ovariectomized rat, spontaneous pancreatic exocrine secretion was significantly decreased compare to the value of female rat during the diestrus stage and was restored by subcutaneous injection of progesterone (50 mg/kg). This results suggest that the spontaneous pancreatic exocrine secretion of female rat is fluctuated according to the estrous cycle and progesterone released from ovary could stimulate the spontaneous pancreatic exocrine secretion of female rat.

  • PDF

A Role of Endogenous Somatostatin in Exocrine Secretion Induced by Intrapancreatic Cholinergic Activation

  • Park, Hyung-Seo;Park, In-Sun;Kwon, Hyeok-Yil;Lee, Yun-Lyul;Park, Hyoung-Jin
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
    • /
    • v.2 no.2
    • /
    • pp.185-192
    • /
    • 1998
  • A role of endogenous somatostatin in pancreatic exocrine secretion induced by intrapancreatic cholinergic activation was studied in the isolated rat pancreas perfused with modified Krebs-Henseleit solution. Intrapancreatic neurons were activated by electrical field stimulation (EFS: 15 V, 2 msec and 8 Hz). Pancreatic exocrine secretion, including volume flow and amylase output, and release of somatostatin from the pancreas were respectively determined. Somatostatin cells in the islet were stained with an immunoperoxidase method. EFS significantly increased pancreatic volume flow and amylase output, which were reduced by atropine by 59% and 78%, respectively. Intraarterial infusion of either pertussis toxin or a somatostatin antagonist resulted in a further increase in the EFS-evoked pancreatic secretion. EFS also further elevated exocrine secretion in the pancreas treated with cysteamine, which was completely restored by intraarterial infusion of somatostatin. EFS significantly increased not only the number of immunoreactive somatostatin cells in the islet but also the concentration of immunoreactive somatostatin in portal effluent. It is concluded from the above results that intrapancreatic cholinergic activation elevates pancreatic exocrine secretion as well as release of endogenous somatostatin. Endogenous somatostatin exerts an inhibitory influence on exocrine secretion induced by intrapancreatic cholinergic activation via the islet-acinar portal system in the isolated pancreas of the rat.

  • PDF

Mechanism of Action of Pancreatic Polypeptide (PP) on Pancreatic Exocrine Secretion in Isolated Rat Pancreas

  • Lee, Yun-Lyul;Kwon, Hyeok-Yil;Park, Hyung-Seo;Park, Hyoung-Jin
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
    • /
    • v.1 no.1
    • /
    • pp.83-90
    • /
    • 1997
  • Aim of this study was to investigate if pancreatic polypeptide (PP) reduced the insulin action via the intra-pancreatic cholinergic nerves in the isolated rat pancreas. The pancreas was isolated from rats and perfused with intra-arterial infusion of modified Krebs-Henseleit solution containing 2.5 mM glucose at a flow rate of 1.2 ml/min. Simultaneous intra-arterial infusion of insulin (100 nM) resulted inpotentiation of the pancreatic flow rate and amylase output which were stimulated by cholecystokinin (CCK, 14 pM). These potentiating actions of insulin on the CCK -stimulated pancreatic exocrine secretion were completely abolished by administration of rat PP. Vesamicol, a potent inhibitor of vesicular acetylcholine storage, and tetrodotoxin (TTX) also significantly reduced the combined actions of insulin and CCK. Administration of carbamylcholine, an acetylcholine agonist, completely restored the vesamicol- or TTX-induced inhibition of the potentiation between insulin and CCK. Also rat PP failed to attenuate the restoring effect of carbamylcholine. Electrical field stimulation (15-30 V, 2 msec and 8 Hz) resulted in a significant increase in the pancreatic flow rate and amylase output in voltage-dependent manner. Effects of electrical field stimulation were augmented by endogenous insulin. Rat PP also suppressed the pancreatic exocrine secretion stimulated by electrical field stimulation. These observations strongly suggest that PP inhibits the potentiating actions of insulin on CCK -stimulated pancreatic exocrine secretion by suppression of the intra-pancreatic cholinergic activity in the isolated rat pancreas.

  • PDF

Exocrine Pancreatic Secretion in Response to Electrical Stimulation of Dorsal Raphe Nucleus in Rats (흰쥐에서 배측 봉선핵의 전기자극이 췌장의 외분비기능에 미치는 영향)

  • Suh, Sang-Won;Park, Hyoung-Jin
    • The Korean journal of physiology & pharmacology
    • /
    • v.24 no.2
    • /
    • pp.403-411
    • /
    • 1990
  • The present investigation was performed to see a possible influence of the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) on pancreatic exocrine secretion in anesthetized rats since the DRN had been known to exert a regulatory mechanism on sympathetic activity which was known to be very important for pancreatic exocrine secretion, particularly in rats. Twenty-nine Sprague-Dawley rats fasted for 24 hours were anesthetized by i.p. injection of 1 g/kg of urethane. The pancreatic duct was cannulated to collect pancreatic juice while bile juice was diverted into the jejunum. The duodenopyloric junction was tightly ligated. After surgery for collection of pancreatic exocrine secretion and recording of carotid blood pressure, a coaxial electrode was stereotaxically inserted in the DRN with a guide of a brain atlas. And then, electrical stimulus of biphasic square wave with 2 v, 2 msec, 40 Hz was applied on the electrode for 10 minutes. Pancreatic volume flow and protein output secreted in 10 min were measured. Either bilateral cervical vagotomy or spinal cord transection at the level of $C4{\sim}C5$ was performed 20 min prior to stimulation of the DRN. 1) Electrical stimulation of the DRN resulted in significant (p<0.05) increase in pancreatic volume flow and protein output. These stimulatory effects were not affected by cervical vagotomy but completely abolished by cervical cord transection. 2) Electrical stimulation of the DRN also resulted in significant (p<0.05) rise of blood pressure of the carotid artery. The hypertensive effect was not affected by cervical vagotomy but completely abolished by cervical cord transection. The results strongly suggest that the DRN, a part of the central serotonergic system, could exert a stimulatory influence on pancreatic exocrine secretion by increasing the sympathetic activity in anesthetized rats.

  • PDF

Roles of Gonadal Steroids on Exocrine Secretion of Isolated Perfused Rat Pancreas

  • Park, Hyung-Seo;Kim, Se-Hoon;Park, Hyoung-Jin;Lee, Mee-Young;Han, Young-Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
    • /
    • v.7 no.4
    • /
    • pp.217-221
    • /
    • 2003
  • To clarify the roles of gonadal steroids on pancreatic exocrine secretion, effects of progesterone and estradiol-$17{\beta}$ on spontaneous and secretagogue-induced exocrine response of isolated perfused rat pancreas were investigated. Intra-arterial infusion of progesterone resulted in significant increase of the spontaneous pancreatic fluid and amylase secretion dose-dependently. However, estradiol-$17{\beta}$ did not exert any influence on spontaneous pancreatic exocrine secretion. Exogenous secretin, cholecystokinin (CCK), and acetylcholine markedly stimulated pancreatic fluid and amylase secretion. Progesterone initially enhanced secretin-induced amylase secretion, but this stimulatory response declined thereafter to basal value. Moreover, secretin-induced fluid secretion was not affected by infusion of progesterone. Therefore, initial increase of secretion-induced amylase secretion by progesterone seems to be a non-specific action by washout effect of secretin. Estradiol-$17{\beta}$ failed to change the secretin-induced fluid and amylase secretion. Both progesterone and estradiol-$17{\beta}$ did not exert any influence on CCK-induced fluid and amylase secretion. Acetylcholine-induced exocrine secretion of isolated perfused pancreas also was not affected by intra-arterial infusion of progesterone or estradiol-$17{\beta}$. It is concluded from the above results that progesterone could enhance the spontaneous pancreatic fluid and amylase secretion of isolated perfused rat pancreas through non-genomic shortterm action, and that these effects could be masked by more potent stimulants such as secretin, CCK, and acetylcholine.

Effects of ${\gamma}-Aminobutyric$ Acid on Pancreatic Amylase Secretion Evoked by Sodium Oleate in Anesthetized Rats

  • Park, Yong-Deuk;Cui, Zheng-Yun;Park, Hyung-Seo;Park, Hyoung-Jin
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
    • /
    • v.6 no.1
    • /
    • pp.27-31
    • /
    • 2002
  • ${\gamma}-Aminobutyric$ Acid (GABA) is contained in pancreatic islet ${\beta}-cells$ although its physiological role in pancreatic exocrine function is completely unknown at the present time. Recently, we have reported that exogenous GABA enhances secretagogue-evoked exocrine secretion in the isolated, perfused rat pancreas. This study was aimed to investigate an effect of exogenous GABA on pancreatic exocrine secretion in vivo evoked by intestinal stimulation. Rats were anesthetized with urethane (1.4 g/kg) after 24-h fast with free access to water. GABA $(10,\;30\;and\;100\;{\mu}mol/kg/h),$ given intravenously, did not change spontaneous pancreatic amylase secretion but dose-dependently elevated the amylase secretion evoked by intraduodenal sodium oleate (0.05 mmol/h). GABA $(30\;{\mu}mol/kg/h)$ also further increased the amylase secretion stimulated by CCK (30 pmol/kg/h) plus secretin (20 pmol/kg/h) but failed to modify the amylase secretion induced by secretin alone. GABA $(10,\;30\;and\;100\;{\mu}mol/kg/h)$ also dose-dependently elevated pancreatic amylase secretion evoked by CCK alone. Bicuculline $(100\;{\mu}mol/kg/h),$ a $GABA_A-receptor$ antagonist, markedly reduced the GABA-enhanced pancreatic responses to sodium oleate, CCK plus secretin or CCK alone. The results indicate that GABA enhances the sodium oleate-evoked pancreatic amylase secretion via $GABA_A-receptor$ in anesthetized rats, which may account for elevating the action of CCK released by sodium oleate.

Cholinergic Role on Insulin Action in Exocrine Secretion of the Isolated Rat Pancreas

  • Lee, Yun-Lyul;Park, Hyung-Seo;Kim, Myoung-Sub;Kwon, Hyeok-Yil;Park, Hyoung-Jin
    • The Korean journal of physiology & pharmacology
    • /
    • v.30 no.2
    • /
    • pp.219-229
    • /
    • 1996
  • In order to investigate intra-pancreatic cholinergic roles on insulin action in exocrine secretion, the pancreas was isolated from rats and continuously perfused with modified Krebs-Henseleit solution. Intra-arterial infusion of insulin (100 nM) or cholecystokinin (CCK, 14 pM) alone resulted in stimulation of the volume flow and amylase output. Also insulin potentiated the action of CCK in the exocrine secretion. Tetrodotoxin and atropine completely abolished the potentiating action of insulin and CCK as well as the action of insulin alone, but did not change the action of CCK alone. In order to see an effect of intra-pancreatic neural activation on the insulin action, electrical field stimulation (EFS) with parameters of 20 V, 2 msec and 8 Hz was applied to the isolated pancreas for 10 min under 2.5 or 18 mM glucose background. The EFS voltage-dependently elevated the flow rate and amylase output, and potentiated exocrine secretion in 18 mM glucose infusion compared with 2.5 mM glucose. The potentiating effects of EFS and 18 mM glucose were not observed in the streptozotocin-treated pancreas although it was perfused with 18 mM glucose. However, it was restored when the diabetic pancreas was perfused with porcine insulin(100 nM). Tetrodotoxin and atropine inhibited the pancreatic secretion induced by EFS with the background of 18 mM glucose. The results of present investigation indicate that the intra-pancreatic cholinergic tone exerts a stimulatory influence on the action of insulin in pancreatic exocrine secretion of rats.

  • PDF

NO/cGMP Pathway is Involved in Exocrine Secretion from Rat Pancreatic Acinar Cells

  • Ahn, Seong-Hoon;Seo, Dong-Wan;Ko, Young-Kwon;Sung, Kae-Suk;Bae, Gyu-Un;Yoon, Jong-Woo;Hong, Sung-Youl;Han, Jeung-Whan;Lee, Hyang-Woo
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
    • /
    • v.21 no.6
    • /
    • pp.657-663
    • /
    • 1998
  • The enzyme responsible for the synthesis of nitric oxide (NO) from L-arginine in mammalian tissues is known as nitric oxide synthase (NOS) (EC.1.14.13.39). In the present study, the role of NO in the regulation of exocrine secretion was investigated in rat pancreatic acinar cells. Treatment of rat pancreatic acinar cells with cholecystokinin-octapeptide (CCK-OP) resulted in an increase in the arginine conversion to citrulline, the amount of $NO_X$, the release of amylase, and the level of CGMP. Especially, CCK-OP-stimulated increase of arginine to citrulline transformation, the amount of $NO_X$, and CGMP level were completely counteracted by the inhibitor of NOS, NG-monomethyl-L-arginine (MMA), by contrast, that of amylase release was partially reduced. Furthermore, MMA-induced decrease of NOS activity and amylase release showed dose-dependent pattern. The data on the time course of CCK-OP-induced citrulline formation and CGMP rise indicate that NOS and guanylate cyclase were activated by treatment of CCK-OP. However, the mechanism of agonist-stimulated guanylate cyclase activation in acinar cells remains unknown. Therefore, activation of NOS is one of the early events in receptor-mediated cascade of reactions in pancreatic acinar cells and NO, not completely, but partially mediate pancreatic enzyme exocrine secretion.

  • PDF

Effects of ${\gamma}-Aminobutyric$ Acid on Intrinsic Cholinergic Action in Exocrine Secretion of Isolated, Perfused Rat Pancreas

  • Park, Yong-Deuk;Park, Hyung-Seo;Cui, Zheng-Yun;Park, Hyoung-Jin
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
    • /
    • v.7 no.3
    • /
    • pp.169-174
    • /
    • 2003
  • ${\gamma}$-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) has been reported to enhance exocrine secretion evoked not only by secretagogues but also by intrinsic neuronal excitation in the pancreas. The pancreas contains cholinergic neurons abundantly that exert a stimulatory role in exocrine secretion. This study was undertaken to examine effects of GABA on an action of cholinergic neurons in exocrine secretion of the pancreas. Intrinsic neurons were excited by electrical field stimulation (EFS; 15 V, 2 msec, 8 Hz, 45 min) in the isolated, perfused rat pancreas. Tetrodotoxin or atropine was used to block neuronal or cholinergic action. Acetylcholine was infused to mimic cholinergic excitation. GABA $(30{\mu}M)$ and muscimol $(10{\mu}M)$, given intra-arterially, did not change spontaneous secretion but enhanced cholecystokinin (CCK; 10 pM)-induced secretions of fluid and amylase. GABA (3, 10, $30{\mu}M$) further elevated EFS-evoked secretions of fluid and amylase dose-dependently. GABA (10, 30, $100{\mu}M$) also further increased acetylcholine $(5{\mu}M)$-induced secretions of fluid and amylase in a dose-dependent manner. Bicuculline $(10{\mu}M)$ effectively blocked the enhancing effects of GABA $(30{\mu}M)$ on the pancreatic secretions evoked by either EFS or CCK. Both atropine $(2{\mu}M)$ and tetrodotoxin $(1{\mu}M)$ markedly reduced the GABA $(10{\mu}M)$-enhanced EFS- or CCK-induced pancreatic secretions. The results indicate that GABA enhances intrinsic cholinergic neuronal action on exocrine secretion via the $GABA_A$ receptors in the rat pancreas.