• Title, Summary, Keyword: Pancreas

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The Studies on Treatment of Spleens Pancreas and Urinary Bladder Disease Using Lasers and Acupuncture in Dogs (개에서 Lasers 및 침술을 이용한 비장, 췌장 및 방광질환 치료에 관한 연구)

  • 김명철;변흥섭;김덕환;전무형;장경수;박명호
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.331-338
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    • 1998
  • This study evaluated the effect of acupuncture in dogs with experimentally induced spleens pancreas and urinary bladder disease. For the spleen studys sixteen dogs were divided into four groups(each of 4 in dogs): laserfonctnreg electroacupunctnre, acupuncture and control group. Spleen disease was brought by experimentally induced spleen traumata and then treatment was done once daisy for 4 days. The acupoints used were Pi-shu and Ge-shu. The effect of acupuncture was evaluated by clinical grmptomi hematological findings and blood chemical values. Acupuncture and Iaserpunctore group revealed rotatively fast recovery compared with other sloops. For the pancreas study, sixteen dogs were divided into four groups(each of 4 in dogs): laserpuncture, electroacupuncture, acupuncture and control group. Pancreas disease was brought by experimentally induced pancreas trauma, and then treatment was done once daily for 4 days The acupoints used were Wei-shu and Pi-shu. The effect of acupuncture was evaluate6 by clinical symptom, hematological findings and blood chemical values. Laserpuncture revealed relatively frost recovery and acupuncture group revealed secondly fast recovery after treatment. For the urinary bladder study, sixteen dogs were divided into four groups(each of 4 in dogs): laserpuncture, electroacupuncture,acupuncture and control group. Spleen disease was brought by experimentally induced urinary stoner and then treatment was done once daily for 4 days. The acupuncture used were Pang Guang-shu and Shen-shu. The effect of acupuncture was evaluated by clinical symptom, hematological findings, and blood chemical values. Laserpuncture and acupuncoure group revealed relatively fast recovery compared with other groups.

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Comparison between SNAP Canine Pancreas-Specific Lipase (cPL) Test Results and Pancreatic Ultrasonographic Findings in Dogs with Pancreatitis

  • Kim, Myung-Jin;Song, Joong-Hyun;Hwang, Tae-Sung;Lee, Hee-Chun;Jung, Dong-In
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.229-233
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    • 2017
  • The object of the present study was to compare abnormal serum canine pancreas-specific lipase results and pancreatic ultrasonographic findings in dogs with pancreatitis. Pancreatitis is a common disease in dogs that is difficult to diagnose. The noninvasive diagnostic procedures, including a serum canine pancreatic-specific lipase (cPL) test and ultrasonographic changes in the pancreas, can be considered for the diagnosis of canine pancreatitis in clinical practice. A retrospective study was performed to assess pancreatitis in dogs. Forty client-owned dogs were suspected to have pancreatitis, which was confirmed by abnormal serum SNAP cPL results. Abdominal ultrasound examinations were also performed. The present study investigated the distribution of clinical signs associated with pancreatitis, and the dogs were divided into two groups: group 1 (clinical signs compatible with pancreatitis; n = 30) and group 2 (no clinical signs; n = 10). Based on this study, an abnormal result on the SNAP cPL assay can still present as a normal pancreas through an ultrasonographic examination, and a normal health status can identify the status of pancreatic ultrasonographic abnormal lesions. Therefore, for dogs with suspected pancreatitis, it is important to repeat an ultrasonographic evaluation. There is no significant difference between clinical symptoms and ultrasonographic changes in the pancreas.

Effect of butanol fraction from Cassia tora L. seeds on glycemic control and insulin secretion in diabetic rats

  • Nam, Jeong-Su;Choi, Hyun-Ju
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.2 no.4
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    • pp.240-246
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    • 2008
  • Cassia tora L. seeds have previously been reported to reduce blood glucose level in human and animals with diabetes. In the present study, the effects of Cassia tora L. seed butanol fraction (CATO) were studied on postprandial glucose control and insulin secretion from the pancreas of the normal and diabetic rats. Diabetes was induced by an i.p. injection of Streptozotocin (55 mg/kg BW) into the male Sprague-Dawley rats. The postprandial glucose control was monitored during a 240 min-period using a maltose loading test. In normal rats, rats fed CATO (20 mg/l00 g BW/d) showed lower postprandial glucose levels in all the levels from 30 min up to 180 min than those in the control rats without CATO (p<0.05). In diabetic rats, those levels in the CATO group seemed to be lower during the $30{\sim}180$ min, but only glucose level at 30 min showed significant difference compared to that in the control group. Moreover, CATO delayed the peak time of the glucose rise in both normal and diabetic rats in the glucose curves. On the other hand, when CATO was administered orally to the diabetic rats for 5 days, 12 hr fasting serum glucose level was decreased in the diabetic rats (p<0.05). Degree of a decrease in 12 hr fasting serum insulin levels was significantly less in the diabetic CATO rats as compared to diabetic control rats. On the last day of feeding, P cells of the pancreas were stimulated by 200 mg/dL glucose through a 40 min-pancreas perfusion. Amounts of the insulin secreted from the pancreas during the first phase ($11{\sim}20$ min) and the second phase ($21{\sim}40$ min) in the CATO fed diabetic rats were significantly greater than those in the diabetic control group (p<0.05). These findings indicated that constituents of Cassia tora L. seeds have beneficial effect on postprandial blood glucose control which may be partially mediated by stimulated insulin secretion from the pancreas of the diabetic rats.

Silymarin, a flavonoid antioxidant, protects streptozotocin-induced lipid peroxidation and β-Cell damage in rat pancreas

  • Sharma, Manju;Anwer, Tarique;Pillai, K K;Haque, Syed Ehtaishamul;Najmi, A K;Sultana, Yasmin
    • Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.146-153
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    • 2008
  • The present study is aimed at finding the influence of silymarin (a flavonoid) (25 mg/kg & 50 mg/kg) in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Type 2 diabetes was induced by single intraperitoneal injection of STZ (100 mg/kg) to 3 days old rat pups. Silymarin was administered for 15 days after the animals were confirmed diabetic (75 days after STZ injection). Blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin ($HbA_{1c}$), lipid peroxides (LPO) levels and reduced glutathione (GSH) contents in pancreas and liver were estimated following the established procedures. Biochemical observations were further substantiated with histological examination of pancreas. Blood glucose and $HbA_{1c}$ levels, which were elevated by STZ, were lowered to physiological levels by the administration of silymarin. The levels of LPO were significantly increased in STZ-induced diabetic rats. Silymarin reduced the LPO levels in both pancreas and liver. GSH contents which were reduced significantly in pancreas and liver of STZ-induced diabetic rats were brought back to near normal levels by silymarin treatment. Multifocal necrotic and degenerative changes of pancreas in STZ-diabetic rats were minimized to near normal morphology by administration of silymarin as evident by histopathological examination. Silymarin showed a dose dependent protective effect on STZ-induced $\beta$-cell damage. It could be attributed to the antioxidative and free radicals scavenging properties of the flavonoid. Thus, it may be considered as a natural antioxidant with potential therapeutic application in the treatment of type 2 diabetes.

Effects of Triton X-100 and Calcium Chloride on the Porcine Pancreas Lipase Treatment of PET Fabrics (폴리에스터 직물의 리파제 처리시 Triton X-100 및 염화칼슘의 영향)

  • Kim, Hye-Rim;Song, Wha-Soon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.911-917
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    • 2008
  • In this study, we reported the effect of porcine pancreas lipase treatment in the presence of a calcium chloride and Triton X-100 on moisture regain and wettability of PET fabrics. The moisture regain of PET fabrics in the presence of 0.5% surfactant showed a 1.5-fold decrease, compared to the absence of it. Triton X-100 acted as an inhibitor to porcine pancreas lipase hydrolytic activity. The moisture regain and wettability of porcine pancreas lipase treated PET fabrics improved when more than 10mM of calcium chloride was added to the treatment solution. Porcine pancreas lipase treatment caused voids and cracks on PET fabrics.

Morphological Studies of the Central Neural Pathways to the Pancreas, Sanyinjiao(Sp6) and Yinlingquan(Sp9) using Pseudorabies Virus (Pseudorabies virus를 이용한 췌장과 삼음교(三陰交)(Sp6), 음릉천(陰陵泉)(Sp9)에서 투사되는 중추 신경로에 관한 형태학적 연구)

  • Kim, Cheol-Han;Lee, Su-Kyung;Yeom, Seung-Ryong;Kwon, Young-Dal;Song, Yung-Sun
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.23-38
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : The purpose of this morphological studies was to investigate the relations between Sanyinjiao(Sp6), Yinlingquan(Sp9) and pancreas of rats using peudorabies virus(PRV). Methods : We observed labeled neurons following the injection of PRV, Bartha strain, into the Sanyinjiao(Sp6), Yinlingquan(Sp9) and pancreas of rats. After survival times of 4 days following the injection of PRV, the rats were perfused, and their spinal ganglia, spinal cord and brain stem were frozen sectioned($35{\mu}m$). These sections were strained by PRV immunohistchemical staining methods and observed with light microscope. Results : The results were as follows. 1. In the spinal ganglia, the overlap areas of PRV labeled neurons projecting to Sanyinjiao(Sp6), Yinlingquan(Sp9) and pancreas were observed in T10-13 dorsal root ganglia. 2. In the spinal cord, the overlap areas of PRV labeled neurons projecting to Sanyinjiao(Sp6), Yinlingquan(Sp9) and pancreas were lamina I, IV, V, VII, IX, X, intermediolateral nucleus(IML), intermediomedial nucleus(IMM) in thoracic segments. In lumbar segments, the overlap areas of PRV labeled neuron were lamina I, IV, V, VI, IX, X and IMM. In sacral segments, the overlap areas of PRV labeled neuron were lamina I, IV, V, VI, VII, IX, X. 3. In the brain, the overlap areas of PRV labeled neurons projecting to Sanyinjiao(Sp6), Yinlingquan(Sp9) and pancreas were area postrema, nucleus tractus solitarius, caudoventrolateral reticular nu., medullary reticular nu., lateral paragigantocellular nu., C3 adrenalin cells, gigantocellular nu., raphe pallidus nu., raphe obscurus nu., ambiguus nu., raphe magnus nu., pontine reticular formation, A5 cell group, subcoeruleus nu., locus coeruleus, Barringnton's nu., $K{\ddot{o}}lliker$-Fuse nu., dorsal raphe nu., Edinger-Westphal nu., central gray matter, perifornical nu., dorsomedial hypothalamic nu., arcuate nu., lateral hypothalamic nu., paraventricular hypothalamic nu., hindlimb area. Conclusions : In conclusion, these results suggest that the interrelationship of meridian(spleen meridian), acupoints(Sp6 and Sp9) and viscera(pancreas) may be related the central autonomic centers.

Pancreatic Compression during Lymph Node Dissection in Laparoscopic Gastrectomy: Possible Cause of Pancreatic Leakage

  • Ida, Satoshi;Hiki, Naoki;Ishizawa, Takeaki;Kuriki, Yugo;Kamiya, Mako;Urano, Yasuteru;Nakamura, Takuro;Tsuda, Yasuo;Kano, Yosuke;Kumagai, Koshi;Nunobe, Souya;Ohashi, Manabu;Sano, Takeshi
    • Journal of Gastric Cancer
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.134-141
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: Postoperative pancreatic fistula is a serious and fatal complication of gastrectomy for gastric cancer. Blunt trauma to the parenchyma of the pancreas can result from an assistant's forceps compressing and retracting the pancreas, which in turn may result in pancreatic juice leakage. However, no published studies have focused on blunt trauma to the pancreas during laparoscopic surgery. Our aim was to investigate the relationship between compression of the pancreas and pancreatic juice leakage in a swine model. Materials and Methods: Three female pigs were used in this study. The pancreas was gently compressed dorsally for 15 minutes laparoscopically with gauze grasped with forceps. Pancreatic juice leakage was visualized by fluorescence imaging after topical administration of chymotrypsin-activatable fluorophore in real time. Amylase concentrations in ascites collected at specified times was measured. In addition, pancreatic tissue was fixed with formalin, and the histology of the compressed sites was evaluated. Results: Fluorescence imaging enabled visualization of pancreatic juice leaking into ascites around the pancreas. Median concentrations of pancreatic amylase in ascites increased from 46 U/L preoperatively to 12,509 U/L 4 hours after compression. Histological examination of tissues obtained 4 hours after compression revealed necrotic pancreatic acinar cells extending from the surface to deep within the pancreas and infiltration of inflammatory cells. Conclusions: Pancreatic compression by the assistant's forceps can contribute to pancreatic juice leakage. These findings will help to improve the procedure for lymph node dissection around the pancreas during laparoscopic gastrectomy.

Analysis of the Relationship between Fatty Pancreas and Cardiovascular Disease in Abdominal Ultrasonography (복부초음파검사에서 지방췌장증과 심혈관계질환과의 연관성 분석)

  • Cho, Jin-young;Ye, Soo-young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.729-737
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    • 2019
  • Fatty pancreas is an abnormal process of lipid deposition in cells, resulting in increased fat tissue and obesity. The result is a risk factor for cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of pancreatic fat as a predictor of cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome in pancreatic ultrasonography. In 407 patients who underwent a comprehensive screening at the W Health Care Center in Busan from September 2. 2018 to December 31, 2018, the degree of fat deposition in the pancreas was evaluated as the degree of mild, moderate. Data on non-obstructive atherosclerosis, BMI, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, and diabetes were collected to assess the association of pancreatic fat deposition with cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome. In addition, we tried to analyze the correlation between liver dysfunction and thyroid dysfunction as the degree of fat pancreas increased. We examined the relationship between six parameters including atherosclerosis, BMI, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, diabetes, liver dysfunction, and thyroid dysfunction among patients with fatty pancreas. We concluded that the carotid intima-media thickness of atherosclerosis, which is a risk factor of cardiovascular disease, is most closely related to fatty pancreas.