• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Pancreas

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$^{75}Se$-Selenomethionine 을 이용(利用)한 췌장주사(膵臟走査)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究) (A Study on Pancreas Scanning with $Selenium^{75}$-Selenomethionine)

  • 신헌찬;도상희;나우연;서철성
    • 대한핵의학회지
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.21-25
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    • 1968
  • Radiographic visualization of the pancreas is a difficult problem, but the direct visualization of the pancreas is possible by the injection of the amino-acid methionine tagged with $selenium^{75}$75 ($Se^{75}$). In order to know the diagnostic value of pancreas scanning, scans were performed on 23 cases using $selenium^{75}$-selenomethionine. These cases were also given egg white, probanthine and morphine. 1. Good visualization of the pancreas scanning was observed on 19 cases, presumably with normal pancreas. 2. A case which showed diffusely decreased uptake on pancreas scanning was proven to have lesions in the bile duct and the gall bladder. 3. Of those two cases which showed localized cold area, one had pancreas cyst and the other one was not explored. 4. A case which showed no visualization of the pancreas was proven to have pancreatic carcinoma. 5. Two cases which showed widened duodenal loop by upper gastro-intestinal series revealed normal pancreas scanning, and no pancreatic disease was found in both cases.

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췌장암에서 $^{18}F-FDG$ PET의 임상 이용 (Clinical Application of $^{18}F-FDG$ PET in Pancreas Cancer)

  • 강원준
    • Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
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    • v.42 no.sup1
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    • pp.71-75
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    • 2008
  • The prevalence of pancreas cancer is increasing. Due to difficulty in detecting early stage disease, the prognosis of pancreas cancer is known to be poor. Clinical use of FDG PET in pancreas has been reported. FDG PET showed good performance in diagnosing pancreas cancer, and is expected to be useful in staging and detecting recurrence.

Immunohistochemistry of the Pancreatic Endocrine Cells of the Red-eared Slider (Trachemys scripta elegans)

  • Ku, Sae-Kwang;Lee, Hyeung-Sik;Lee, Jae-Hyun;Park, Ki-Dae
    • Animal cells and systems
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.187-193
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    • 2000
  • Regional distribution and relative frequency of endocrine cells in the pancreas of the red-eared slider, Trachemys scripta elegans, were investigated by immunohistochemical methods. Chromogranin (Cg) A-, serotonin-, insulin-, glucagon-, somatostatin-, bovine pancreatic polypeptide (BPP)- and human pancreatic polypeptede (HPP)-immunoreactive cells were identified in this study. Most of immunoreactive cells in the exocrine and endocrine pancreas (Langerhans islet) were generally spherical or spindle-shaped (open-typed cell), while occasionally cells round in shape (close-typed cell) were found in the basal portion or interepithelial regions of the pancreatic duct. These immunoreactive cells were located in the exocrine, endocrine pancreas and/or basal or interepithelial portion of the pancreatic duct. Serotonin-immunoreactive cells were found in the basal portion of epithelia of the pancreatic duct at a low frequency and interacinar region of the exocrine at a moderate frequency. Insulin-immunoreactive cells were found in the central portion of the endocrine pancreas, interacinar regions of the exocrine pancreas and basal portion of the epithelia of the pancreatic duct at high, moderate and low frequencies, respectively. Glucagon-immunoreactive cells were detected in the periphery of the endocrine pancreas, interacinar region of the exocrine pancreas and basal portion of the epithelia or interepithelia of the pancreatic duct at high, moderate and moderate frequencies, respectively. Somatostatin-immunoreactive cells were dispersed in the whole area of the endocrine pancreas, interacinar regions of exocrine pancreas and basal portion of the epithelia or interepithelia of the pancreatic duct at a moderate frequency. BPP- and HPP-immunoreactive cells were detected in the iinteracinar region of the exocrine pancreas at moderate and hige frequencies, respectively. However, no Cg A- and motilin-immunoreactive cells were detected in this study.

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Significance of Caveolin-1 Regulators in Pancreatic Cancer

  • Chen, Tao;Liu, Liang;Xu, Hua-Xiang;Wang, Wen-Quan;Wu, Chun-Tao;Yao, Wan-Tong;Yu, Xian-Jun
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.8
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    • pp.4501-4507
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    • 2013
  • Caveolin-1 is a scaffold protein on the cell membrane. As the main component of caveolae, caveolin-1 is involved in many biological processes that include substance uptake and transmembrane signaling. Many of these processes and thus caveolin-1 contribute to cell transformation, tumorigenesis, and metastasis. Of particular interest are the dual rolesof tumor suppressor and oncogene that caveolin-1 appear to play in different malignancies, including pancreatic cancer. Therefore, analyzing caveolin-1 regulators and understanding their mechanisms of actionis key to identifying novel diagnostic and therapeutic tools for pancreatic cancer. This review details the mechanisms of action of caveolin-1 regulators and the potential significance for pancreatic cancer treatment.

Focal change of the pancreatic texture using a direct injection mixture of N-butyl cyanoacrylate and lipiodol in the pig model: a strategy for preventing pancreatic leakage during pancreatic surgery

  • Kim, Eun Young;Hong, Tae Ho
    • Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
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    • v.95 no.4
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    • pp.175-182
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: A soft texture of the pancreas is one of the most important predisposing factors for a pancreatic fistula. Thus, in a porcine model, we investigated a method to harden the pancreas locally by directly injecting an artificial material. Methods: During the laparotomy, 51 samples from 17 pigs, including 13 survival models, were randomly divided into 3 groups and either received a direct injection into the pancreas of MHL (1:4 mixture of histoacryl [n-butyl cyanoacrylate] and lipiodol) (group E) or saline (group C) or only received a pinprick into the pancreas without injecting a substance (sham). We measured the change in the pancreatic hardness after the injection using a durometer and examined the histological change of the pancreas using the fibrosis grade in the survival model. Results: The postinjection hardness of the pancreas was significantly increased in group E compared to group C and the sham group (P < 0.001). Pathologically, all cases in group E showed a severe fibrotic change, whereas the other groups demonstrated mild to no fibrosis (P < 0.001). The fibrosis in group E was localized to the area of the injection, while the surrounding areas were preserved. Conclusion: The direct injection of MHL could induce focal hardening and fibrotic changes in the pancreas of the porcine model.

15세 여아에서 발생한 췌장의 비기능성 신경내분비종양 - 1예 보고 - (Nonfunctioning Neuroendocrine Tumor of the Pancreas in a 15-year-old Girl - a Case Report -)

  • 이경근;박진영
    • Advances in pediatric surgery
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.180-185
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    • 2009
  • We report a case of nonfunctioning neuroendocrine tumor of the pancreas in a 15-year-old girl who presented with back pain. On physical examination, there was mild tenderness in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen. The patient had no pancreatic hormone-associated symptoms. An abdominal ultrasonography showed a well-demarcated hypervascular solid mass with calcification in the tail of the pancreas. An abdominal computed tomography scan showed a $6{\times}5cm$ sized well-encapsulated enhancing solid mass with cystic component in the tail of the pancreas. Distal pancreatectomy was performed. Pathology revealed awelldifferentiated nonfunctioning low grade malignant neuroendocrine tumor of the pancreas. The postoperative course was uneventful.

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Oral contrast media for computed tomography of canine pancreas

  • Choi, Jihye;Chang, Jinhwa;Oh, Sunkyoung;Yoon, Junghee
    • 대한수의학회지
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    • v.51 no.2
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    • pp.165-169
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    • 2011
  • Barium suspension, oral iodine contrast medium and water were applied in eight dogs to evaluate (1) distension of gastrointestinal tract, (2) the effect of the oral contrast media on the identification of the pancreas from surrounding organs, and (3) image quality and the presence of artifacts in canine pancreas computed tomography (CT) images. Oral iodine contrast medium, gastrografin, produced significant artifacts that deteriorated the CT images of the pancreas. The use of water did not provide the fullness of the gastrointestinal lumens. Barium suspension was effective for the identification of the pancreas from the surrounding gastrointestinal tract, without significantly increasing image noise. Barium suspension can be used as an optimal contrast medium that will not cause an adverse effect on the pancreatic density and image quality.

Proteomic analysis of porcine pancreas development

  • Choi, Jong-Soon;Cho, Young-Keun;Yoon, Sung-Ho;Kwon, Sang-Oh;Koo, Deog-Bon;Yu, Kweon
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.42 no.10
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    • pp.661-666
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    • 2009
  • Porcine pancreas development is not well studied at the molecular level despite being a therapeutic resource for diabetic patients. In this study, we investigated expression of lineage markers and performed proteomic analysis. Expression of the early lineage markers Pdx1 and Ptf1a was developmentally conserved between mice and pigs, whereas expression of the islet differentiation marker Pax4 was delayed in porcine compared with murine pancreas development. Proteomic analysis found that expression levels of chymotrypsinogen were down-regulated during porcine pancreas development while those of digestive enzymes like lipases, elastase and serine protease were up-regulated. In addition, specific isoforms of protein folding assistants such as protein disulfide isomerase and prefoldin were expressed at specific stages during the maturation of digestive enzymes. Taken together, these results show that development of the porcine pancreas is regulated by a concerted interplay of pancreas lineage marker proteins and other specified proteins, resulting in a functional endocrine and exocrine organ.

Distribution, Content and Molecular Heterogeneity of Gastrin-Releasing Peptide in Rat Pancreas

  • Park, Hyung-Seo;Park, Hyoung-Jin
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.427-432
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    • 1999
  • Although importance of intrapancreatic neurons containing gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP) in control of exocrine secretion has been raised, the nature of GRP in the pancreas is unclear. Thus, the present study was undertaken to see distribution, content and molecular heterogeneity of immunoreactive GRP in the rat pancreas. Content of immunoreactive GRP in the rat pancreas was $2.99\;{\pm}\;0.66$ ng/g wet tissues determined by radioimmunoassay. Immunoreactive GRP was most abundantly expressed in the duodenal part among 3 parts of the pancreas; duodenal, body and splenic part. Vagotomy failed to change the content of immunoreactive GRP in the pancreas. Three distinct forms of immunoreactive GRP, very identical to GRP-27, bombesin-24 and neuromedin C, were observed in the rat pancreas by using reversed phase $C_{18}$ HPLC and Sephadex G-50 superfine column chromatography. Cell bodies of neurons containing immunoreactive GRP were scattered in pancreatic connective tissues and their nerve fibers innervated pancreatic acini and large ducts as determined by immunohistochemistry. The present results suggest that three distinct forms of GRP exist in intrapancreatic GRPergic neurons, which exert a stimulatory role in pancreatic exocrine secretion in rats.

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취조직 재생능에 관한 실험 (Experimental Study of the Pancreatic Regeneration after Partial Pancreatectomy in Rat)

  • 이명선;이선영
    • 대한약리학회지
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    • v.14 no.1_2
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    • pp.47-54
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    • 1978
  • Recently, a major resection of the pancreas has been carried out not only to treat carcinoma of pancreas but also chronic pancreatitis. But limited and often contradictory reports have been made on the exocrine effects after partial surgical pancreatectomy in mammals. It was suggested that the growth of the residual tissue in pancreatectomized rat is very active, because pancreas has the great power of regeneration after partial pancreatectomy, while others observed that rat pancreas after partial surgical resection revealed a perplexing mixture of atrophy and regeneration of acinar tissue. On the other hand, another results showed that the amount of insulin required to control diabetes after partial resection of pancreas is much greater than that needed after total pancreatectomy. Because the anti-insulin system, such as glucagon secretion and hypophyseoadrenal function, is probably depressed after total pancreatectomy. Furthermore, minimal resection line which will not influence the normal function of pancreas is not agreeable, such 75%, 80% or 95% resection of the total pancreas in rat. So far, studies on the exocrine function other than endocrine function after partial pancreatectomy have been limited. Therefore, the main purpose of this study is to examine the changes of exocrine as well as endocrine function of pancreas at the different time interval after 60% or 80% pancreatectomy in rats. The results summerized as follow: 1) In both 60% and 80% resected groups, a slight decrease of the total body weight was observed at a day after partial pancreatectomy in rats, but the body weight was continued to increase for following 100 days. 2) The weight of residual pancreas was continuously increased during experiment in both 60% and 80% resected groups. But the content of tissue protein in residual pancreas was significantly decreased comparing with those of resected pancreas. 3) The flow rate of pancreatico-biliary juice was significantly decreased immediately after pancreatectomy in both resected groups. But it was recovered to control level after a day in 60% resected group, after 30 days in 80% resected group. 4) The output of amylase and lipase in resected groups were significantly decreased right after pancreatectomy comparing with control group. In the 60% resected group, the output of amylase was recovered during the following 100 days after pancreatectomy, while lipase output in 3 days. However, in the 80% resected group, the output of amylase and lipase were not recovered during 100 days after pancreatectomy. 5) In order to examine the endocrine function, blood sugar level were examined at all experimental periods after partial pancreatectomy. There was no difference between control and 60% resected group in the sugar level. But in the 80% resected group the level was significantly incresed immediately after pancreatectomy, and reached the highest level at 3 days. Then it was decreased to control level during the next 10 days after pancreatectomy. The above results showed that in 60% resected group little changes were observed on pancreatic function, but severe functional impairments were observed in 80% resected group. This results suggested that the endocrine function was recovered within a short period, although the exocrine function was not recovered for a long time after 80% pancreatectomy in rats.

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