• Title, Summary, Keyword: Palatability

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The Relationship between Chemical Compositions, Meat Quality, and Palatability of the 10 Primal Cuts from Hanwoo Steer

  • Jung, Eun-Young;Hwang, Young-Hwa;Joo, Seon-Tea
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.145-151
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    • 2016
  • The relationship between chemical compositions, meat quality traits, and palatability attributes in 10 primal cuts from Hanwoo steer carcasses were assessed. Sensory palatability attributes of Hanwoo beef were more closely related with fat content than to moisture or protein content. Among the chemical compositions, only fat had a significant correlation with juiciness (0.67, p<0.001), tenderness (0.32, p<0.05), and overall palatability (0.56, p<0.001). Oleic acid (%) was not significantly related with overall palatability (p>0.05). Overall palatability was negatively correlated with drip loss (−0.32, p<0.05), cooking loss (−0.36, p<0.05), and shear force (−0.54, p<0.01). The correlation between fat content and overall palatability was increased when higher fat cuts (Ansim, Dungsim, Chaekeut, Yangjee, and Kalbi) were analyzed, compared to lower fat cuts (Moksim, Abdari, Udun, Suldo, and Satae). Also, the correlation between shear force and overall palatability was decreased in lower fat cuts compared to higher fat cuts. Our results suggest that the palatability of Hanwoo beef can be improved by increasing fat content in muscles, as increased fat content leads to an increase in sensory tenderness, flavor, and juiciness.

Relationship between Mixing Ratio by DNA Analysis and Rice Palatability on Commercial Brands of Rice (브랜드쌀의 DNA 판별에 의한 혼용율과 식미와의 연관성 분석)

  • Kim, Chae-Eun;Nam, Yean-Ju;Kang, Mi-Young
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.260-265
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    • 2009
  • The influence of mixing ratio of 25 commercial rice varieties was evaluated by DNA analysis and Toyo value palatability. No relationship was evident between rice palatability and various grain quality properties, or between palatability and mixing ratio. A positive relationship was evident between palatability and texture and between palatability and chalky rice ratio. A negative relationship was evident between mixing ratio and amylose content.

Evaluation of Beef Carcass and Palatability Traits and Prediction of Tenderness in A Cross of Bos Indicus × Bos Taurus Cattle

  • Kim, Jong Joo;Taylor, Jerry
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.14 no.11
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    • pp.1621-1627
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    • 2001
  • Steers and heifers (N=490) were produced between 1991 and 1996 by reciprocal fiillsib backcross and $F_1$ crosses from Angus and Brahman to compare characteristics of carcass and palatability traits between Bos indicus and Bos taurus inheritance. Carcasses of 3/4Angus were heavier, fatter (p<0.05), more tender and higher in other palatability attributes (p<0.01) than those of 3/4Brahman. Reciprocal effects of parental cross breeds were found on some traits. Within 3/4Brahman inheritance group, Brahman sired progeny produced heavier and fatter carcasses with better palatability (p<0.05) than progeny with Brahman as a dam breed. Estimates of heritability were intermediate to high in most carcass and palatability traits. Genetic correlations of tenderness with marbling score (MARB), sarcomere length (SARC), fragmentation index (FRAG) and calpastatin activity (CALP) were moderate to high, suggesting potential use of the tenderness-influencing factors as indirect selection criteria to improve palatability attributes. MARB and SARC that were best predictors of tenderness explained 3.07 to 5.85% and 4.32 to 8.24% of variation in tenderness, respectively. However, there was no tenderness-influencing factor to dominantly explain large portion of variation in tenderness.

Relative Palatability to Sheep of Some Browse Species, their In sacco Degradability and In vitro Gas Production Characteristics

  • Abdulrazak, S.A.;Nyangaga, J.;Fujihara, T.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.14 no.11
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    • pp.1580-1584
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    • 2001
  • A study was conducted to estimate the nutritive value of some selected acacia forages using palatability index, in sacco degradability and in vitro gas production characteristics. Ten wethers (mean wt. $18{\pm}3.5kg$) were offered Acacia tortilis, Acacia nilotica, Acacia mellifera, Acacia brevispica, Acacia Senegal and Leucaena leucocephala (control) using a cafeteria system to determine the species preference by the animals. The acacia species were rich in nitrogen and showed variable palatability pattern. Significant (p<0.05) differences in relative palatability index (RPI) were detected among the species with the following ranking: brevispica > leucaena > mellifera > tortilis > Senegal > nilotica. Acacia nilotica appeared to be of low relative palatability with RPI of 24% and this was attributed to relatively high phenolic concentrations. The DM potential degradability (B) and rate of degradation (c) of the species were significantly (p<0.05) different, ranging from 40.1 to 59.1% and 0.0285 to 0.0794/h respectively. Acacia species had moderate levels of rumen undegradable protein, much higher than that in leucaena. In vitro gas production results indicated the effect of polyphenolic compounds on the fermentation rate, with lower gas production recorded from A. nilotica and tortilis. Based on RPI, A. brevispica and mellifera were superior to the rest and comparable to L. leucocephala. Long-term feeding trials are required with the superior species when used as protein supplements to poor quality diets.

Fatty Acid Profiles, Meat Quality, and Sensory Palatability of Grain-fed and Grass-fed Beef from Hanwoo, American, and Australian Crossbred Cattle

  • Hwang, Young-Hwa;Joo, Seon-Tea
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.153-161
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    • 2017
  • Fatty acid profiles in relation to meat quality traits and sensory palatability of grain-fed and grass-fed beef from Hanwoo, American, and Australian crossbred cattle were examined in this study. There were significant (p<0.001) differences in fat content and fatty acid compositions between grain-fed and grass-fed beef. Grain-fed Hanwoo had significantly (p<0.001) lower saturated fatty acid (SFA) proportion but higher monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA) proportion compared to grass-fed cattle. The proportion of oleic acid in grain-fed Hanwoo was significantly (p<0.001) higher than that in grass-fed Hanwoo, Australian crossbred, or American crossbred cattle. Grain-fed Hanwoo had significantly (p<0.001) lower percentages of drip loss and cooking loss compared to other cattle. Overall palatability panel scores of grain-fed cattle were significantly (p<0.001) higher than those of grass-fed cattle. Consequently, sensory overall palatability was negatively correlated with proportions of SFA and polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA), but positively correlated with the proportion of MUFA. In particular, the proportion of oleic acid was strongly and positively correlated with fat content (r=0.91, p<0.001) and overall palatability (r=0.92, p<0.001). These results implied that high-concentrate grain-fed could increase intramuscular fat (IMF) content and the proportion of oleic acid, thus increasing the sensory palatability of Hanwoo beef.

changes of Palatability Traits of Mold Fermented Sausages during Ripening (곰팡이 발효소시지의 숙성에 따른 기호적 품질 특성의 변화)

  • 고명수
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.57-62
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    • 1998
  • Changes of palatability traits such as color texture free amino acid and nucleotide-related compound of mold fermented sausages during ripening were investigated. The a-value of mold fermented sausages rapidly increased up to 7th days if ripening. The hardness of mold fermented sausages rapidly increased while springiness and cohesiveness slightly decreased during ripening. Total free amino acid of mold fermented sausages gradually increased during ripening. Contents of nucleotide-related compounds such as ATP, ADP, AMP and IMP of mold fermented sausages rapidly decreased during ripening.

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A Whole Genome Association Study on Meat Palatability in Hanwoo

  • Hyeong, K.E.;Lee, Y.M.;Kim, Y.S.;Nam, K.C.;Jo, C.;Lee, K.H.;Lee, J.E.;Kim, J.J.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.27 no.9
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    • pp.1219-1227
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    • 2014
  • A whole genome association (WGA) study was carried out to find quantitative trait loci (QTL) for sensory evaluation traits in Hanwoo. Carcass samples of 250 Hanwoo steers were collected from National Agricultural Cooperative Livestock Research Institute, Ansung, Gyeonggi province, Korea, between 2011 and 2012 and genotyped with the Affymetrix Bovine Axiom Array 640K single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) chip. Among the SNPs in the chip, a total of 322,160 SNPs were chosen after quality control tests. After adjusting for the effects of age, slaughter-year-season, and polygenic effects using genome relationship matrix, the corrected phenotypes for the sensory evaluation measurements were regressed on each SNP using a simple linear regression additive based model. A total of 1,631 SNPs were detected for color, aroma, tenderness, juiciness and palatability at 0.1% comparison-wise level. Among the significant SNPs, the best set of 52 SNP markers were chosen using a forward regression procedure at 0.05 level, among which the sets of 8, 14, 11, 10, and 9 SNPs were determined for the respectively sensory evaluation traits. The sets of significant SNPs explained 18% to 31% of phenotypic variance. Three SNPs were pleiotropic, i.e. AX-26703353 and AX-26742891 that were located at 101 and 110 Mb of BTA6, respectively, influencing tenderness, juiciness and palatability, while AX-18624743 at 3 Mb of BTA10 affected tenderness and palatability. Our results suggest that some QTL for sensory measures are segregating in a Hanwoo steer population. Additional WGA studies on fatty acid and nutritional components as well as the sensory panels are in process to characterize genetic architecture of meat quality and palatability in Hanwoo.

Effects of Freezing Period and Chilling Process after Thawing on Physicochemical Properties and Palatability of Hind Shank Meat from Korean Native Beef (동결 및 해동 후 냉장 중 한우 사태육의 물리화학적, 기호적 특성 변화)

  • Moon, Yoon-Hee
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.923-931
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    • 2010
  • Effects of freezing period and chilling process after thawing on the physicochemical properties and palatability of hind shank meat from Korean native beef were investigated. There were no significant differences in the Hunter's color, volatile basic nitrogen (VBN) or collagen amount of hind shank meat upon freezing with vacuum packing at $-20^{\circ}C$ for 9 months. In addition, while pH, thiobarbituric acid (TBA) value, hardness, drip and boiling loss of hind shank meat increased and palatability decreased, there significant difference were observed only after 9 months. Softness, water holding capacity, L-glutamic acid, oleic acid, and polyunsaturated fatty acid contents increased upon chilling for 4 days after thawing, and there was a significant increase in palatability. The values of VBN and TBA increased markedly upon 6 days of chilling after thawing, and there was a significant decrease in palatability.

Effect of Palatability Traits on Satisfactory Level of Korean Beef Consumers (소비자 만족도에 영향을 미치는 한우고기의 관능 특성)

  • Hwang In-Ho
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.310-318
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    • 2004
  • Eating quality is a reflection of consumer satisfaction, while beef quality grade describes carcass characteristics of chiller assessment which are largely influenced by production systems including breeding and feeding schemes. On the other hand, it should be emphasized that high palatability of beef is a function of production and processing components including breed, nutrition, animal handling, post-slaughter intervention and cookery. Numerous efforts have been made by Korean beef industry and research institutes to deliver high quality beef with which domestic beef consumers are satisfied. However, majority of studies have tended to focus on improvement of intramuscular fat content with little attention on its effect on consumer-based eating quality. Furthermore, there is very limited accessible information(if any) on relative importance of eating characteristics (eg, tenderness, juiciness and flavor intensity) to consumer satisfactory rate and palatability grade. On this regard, our recent results indicated, for example, that when m. longissimus was prepared by a thin-slice style BBQ, relative weightings of tenderness, juiciness and flavor intensity for consumer satisfactory rate were 0.4, 0.35 and 0.25, respectively. When eating quality was graded into 4 groups by a sum of tenderness, juiciness and flavor intensity after multiplying these coefficients, consumers responded that the palatability score for high quality beef should be higher than 79 points. Based on our recent experiments, the current report is intended to highlight relative importance of eating quality characteristics on consumer satisfactory rate, and threshold of eating quality grade. In addition, post-slaughter intervention techniques such as electrical stimulation and tenderstretch are given as examples of critical control points of palatability assurance program of Hanwoo beef.

Relationship between Palatability and Physicochemical Properties of Carbohydrate Components in Rice Endosperm (쌀 배유 조성 탄수화물 특성과 식미와의 연관성)

  • Kim, Chae-Eun;Sohn, Jae-Keun;Kang, Mi-Young
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.52 no.4
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    • pp.421-428
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    • 2007
  • Eight varieties of milled rice showing different palatabilities were studied in order to identify the relationship between physicochemical properties of carbohydrate components and their fine structure. Gopumbyeo showed the highest palatability value among the eight varieties tested. Both peak viscosity and breakdown were hightest in Hitomebore, and lowest in Mihyangbyeo. No relationship was indicated between the palatability and gelatinization properties. The amylose content of starch showed a significant difference among the varieties tested. However, no relationship was found between the structure of amylose and the palatability of milled rice. The degree of branching(B/A value) was highest in Saechucheongbyeo, and lowest in Palgongbyeo in fine structure of amylopectin. But no relationship was indicated between the B/A values and the palatability of milled rice. Difference was indicated in properties of gelatinization of starch by differential scanning calorimetry. The enthalphy for gelatinization showed a significant difference among the varieties. However, no relationship was found between the enthalphy for gelatinization and the palatability of milled rice. Monosaccharide in endosperm was composed of rice were compound of rhamnose, fucose, ribose, arabinose, and xylose. The total content of monosaccharides was highest in Saechucheongbyeo, and lowest in Palgongbyeo. However, 7 varieties of milled rice, expect Palgongbyeo, showed no relationship between the palatability and monosaccharides contents.