• Title, Summary, Keyword: Paddy field

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Yield of Rice, Analysis of Economics and Environmental Impact in Duck-Paddy Rice (오리제초 수도작의 벼 수량, 경제성 및 환경친화성 평가)

  • 손상목;김영호;임경수
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.45-71
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    • 2001
  • The duck-rice forming system is increasingly spread up throughout Korea since 1992. It is discussed the rice field, rice quality, weed and pest management in the duck-rice weeding system compared to conventional farming system. Moreover the optimizing duck population, system management and fertilizer application rate were reported. Energy input and output by duck-rice farming system were carefully compared with those of low input sustainable paddy field and conventional farming paddy field. To find out the environmentally sound function of duck-rice system, the total nitrogen in paddy soil and paddy water, and nitrogen cycle in paddy rice cultivation system were analysed. finally the input and output were calculated, and ecological characteristic were determined in terms of nitrogen balance, labor input, animal input, renewable energy input, turnover of soil organic matter, energy loss, non-renewable indirect and direct energy input. It was concluded duck-rice weeding system could be recommended in terms of net only environmentally sound, but also farmer's income. But there are still some research needs for successful adaption of duck-rice farming to investigate to determine the optimal population of duck in rice paddy field unit, release time of duckling, duck management after release, and strategy for duck marketing and duck processing.

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Prediction of Nutrient Loading from Paddy Fields (II) - Model Application - (논에서의 영양물질 배출량 추정 (II) - 모형의 적용 -)

  • 김현수;정상옥;김진수;오승영
    • Magazine of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.44 no.5
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    • pp.106-115
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    • 2002
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate the GLEAMS-PADDY model by applying it to estimate nutrients loading from paddy-field areas. Field data from Soro region of Chungbuk province during May to September 1999 were used for model application. Field data collected include the amounts of rainfall, irrigation water, drainage water, ET, and Percolation in hydrology Part. T-N and T-P concentrations in the rain water, irrigation water, ponded water, drainage water and percolated water were measured. The comparisons of observed and simulated water balance components and nutrient concentrations showed reasonably good agreements and the GLEAMS-PADDY model may be used to simulate nutrients loading from paddy fields. Futher research was suggested to include the erosion submodel in the GLEAMS-PADDY model to better simulate the nutrient behavior. In addition, the pesticide submodel also recommended to be included in order to simulate the various pesticide applied in paddy fields.

Impact of Climate Change on Paddy Water Storage During Storm Periods (기후변화에 따른 홍수기 논의 저류능 변화 분석)

  • Park, Geun-Ae;Park, Jong-Yoon;Shin, Hyung-Jin;Park, Min-Ji;Kim, Seong-Joon
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.52 no.6
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    • pp.27-37
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    • 2010
  • The effect of potential future climate change on the storage rate of paddy field during storm periods (June - September) was assessed using the daily paddy water balance model. The CCCma CGCM2 data by SRES (special report on emissions scenarios) A2 and B2 scenarios of the IPCC (intergovernmental panel on climate change) was used to assess the future potential climate change. The future weather data for the year 2020s, 2050s and 2080s was downscaled by Change Factor method through bias-correction using 30 years weather data. The future (2020s, 2050s and 2080s) rainfall, storage and irrigation of paddy field, runoff in paddy levee and ponding depth were analyzed for the A2 and B2 climate change scenarios based on a base year (2005). The future irrigation change of paddy field was projected to increase by decrease in rainfall. So, runoff change in paddy levee was decrease slightly, future storage change of paddy was projected to increase.

Characteristics of TN and TP in Runoff from Reclaimed Paddy Field of Fine Sandy Loam

  • Lee, Kyung-Do;Hong, Suk-Young;Kim, Yi-Hyun;Na, Sang-Il;Lee, Kyeong-Bo
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.46 no.6
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    • pp.417-425
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    • 2013
  • This study investigated the runoff from rice paddy located on reclaimed fine sandy loam soil to provide data for the development of policies to protect water quality of estuaries. Total N (TN), Total P (TP) concentrations and runoff loads at outlet were monitored from 2006 to 2008. Soil phosphate adsorptivity was measured and compared with typical paddy soil in watersheds. TP concentration of the paddy water and TP runoff loads were much greater than those of typical paddy field in watershed because phosphate adsoptivity in reclaimed paddy field of fine sandy loam appeared to be a third of those of typical paddy soils by relatively low soil OM and high sand content of the reclaimed soil. Thus, nutrient runoff, particularly phosphate from the reclaimed paddy field needs to be managed more thoroughly to protect estuarine water quality.

The analysis of the cultivation status of the upland crops in the paddy field using unmanned aerial vehicle

  • Park, Jin-Ki;Kwak, Kang-Su;Park, Jong-Hwa
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Crop Science Conference
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    • pp.352-352
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    • 2017
  • Recently, the South Korean government encourages the cultivation of upland crops in the paddy field to maintain an adequate level of rice production and then to balance the demand and supply of rice. This is mainly because the rice consumption per capita per year has continued to decline from 135 kg in 1979 to 61.9 kg in 2016, although the rice production was relatively stable. As a result, the rice overproduction became a big social problem. As a part of that, various upland crops such as soybean, maize, minor cereals and forage crops are planted in the paddy field 10 years ago. The cultivation of these crops may settle the problem of short supply and mass import of the crops to some extent. However, a systematic remote observation of upland crops in the paddy field is very scarce. This study investigated the cultivation status of upland crops and any changes of crop harvesting in the paddy field by using an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV). Also, we analyzed the kind of upland crops and cultivation area in the paddy field by utilizing time series observation images. A fixed wing UAV is used for the investigation. This is because it is easy to use the flight operation and to control flight management software, and it can automatically cope with various emergency states such as a strong wind and battery discharge. The material of UAV is expanded polypropylene, which has an advantage of less equipment damage and risk during takeoff and landing. We acquired observed images in Buljeong-myeon, Goesan-gun, Chungcheongbuk-do, South Korea by using fixed wing UAV in 2015 and 2016. The total investigated area reaches 6,045 ha, and among them the agricultural area was 1,377 ha. For the next step, we created an orthoimage from all images taken using Pix 4D mapper program. According to the results of image analyses in 2015, the paddy field covered total 577 ha (75.9%) with crop plant. The cultivation area of beans, ginseng, maize, tobacco and peach was 256 ha (36.6%), 63 ha (9.2%), 37 ha (5.4%), 31 ha (4.5%) and 27 ha (3.8), respectively. And in 2016, the total covered area was 586 ha (77.1%), and it was comprised of 253 ha (35.5%), 88 ha (12.3%), 29 ha (4.1%), 22 ha (3.1%) and 32 ha (4.5%) in the same order. In this study, we focused on identifying the paddy field which was converted to the cultivation of upland crops by using UAV. And, it has been indicated that the cultivation area of rice decreased from 141 ha in 2015 to 127 ha in 2016, although that of ginseng increased by 25 ha. As a result, it is expected that a lot of paddy field could be replaced by high-income crops such as ginseng and fruit tree (peach) instead of relative low-income rice. More specific and widespread research on the remote sensing in the paddy field needs to be done.

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Insect Pests Occurrence and Control in Organic and Conventional Rice Paddy Field (유기 및 관행벼 재배지 충해 발생 및 방제에 관한 연구)

  • Lee Sang-Guei;Lee Yong-Hoan;Kim Ji-Soo;Lee Byong-Mo;Kim Mi-Ja;Shin Jae-Hoon;Kim Han-Myeng;Choi Doo-Hoi
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.301-314
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    • 2005
  • Insect pests were surveyed in 5 Rice paddy field areas of Organic paddy field and conventional paddy field. At the each rice-growth period, the occurrence rate of 'Small brawn plant hopper was high at the case of duck raising and rice bran farming on middle stage of rice paddy field in Gang-Hwa region. The occurrence rate of Rice water weevil was high at the conventional paddy field on the early stage of rice paddy field in Yeo-Ju region. In the Hong-Seong region, the occurrence rate of 'Rice water weevil' and 'Green rice leafhopper' was high at the 'duck raising compare to the conventional farming on the early stage of rice paddy field. According to each period, the occurrence rate of insect was high at late stage of rice paddy field, and there was no difference between each region. It showed high-occurrence tendency at duck pasture farming rice paddy field. The major natural enemies were spiders and parasites. Theridiidae and Linyphiidae were highly occurred on the conventional farming rice paddy field in Hong-Seong. Web builders containing Theridiidae, Linyphiidae and Tetragnathidae was occurred more than wandering spiders containing Lycosidae, Clubionidae and Pisauridae at various regions, and then occurrence of spiders was different at the various regions but was not different at each farming system.

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Operation Rule Curve for Reservoir with Low Areal Ratio of Watershed to Downstream Paddy Field (유역배율이 작은 저수지의 이수관리방법)

  • Noh, Jae-Kyoung
    • KCID journal
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.68-80
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    • 2011
  • To provide a operation rule curve for reservoir with low ratio of watershed area to paddy field area, Duckyong reservoir with watershed area of $15.8km^2$ and paddy field area of 1,071ha was selected, in which 4 meters are being heightened and full water levels will be increased from EL.26.0m to EL.30.0m, total water storages from 365.6M $m^3$ to 708.0M $m^3$. There was no operation rule curve that satisfied over 90% reliability of water supply in reservoir with watershed area of 1.48 times of paddy field area. The differences between observed and simulated reservoir daily water storages were minimized to determine parameters for simulating reservoir inflow in case of paddy field area of 550ha from 1991 to 2010. A operation rule curve was drawn to have a maximum storage with total water storage, which was in paddy field area of 700ha with ratio of 2.3 between watershed area and paddy field area. This case showed that annual irrigation water supply was 668M $m^3$ and instream flow of 57M $m^3$, water supply reliability of 55.6% in normal operation, and annual irrigation water supply was 605M $m^3$ and instream flow of 38M $m^3$, water supply reliability of 95.6% in withdrawal limited operation. Water supply reliabilities showed 35.6% without flood regulation and 17.8% with flood regulation in existing reservoir before heightening.

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The Comparison of Water Budget and Nutrient Loading from Paddy Field According to the Irrigation Methods (관개방법에 따른 논에서의 수문 및 수질특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeon, Ji-Hong;Choi, Jin-Kyu;Yoon, Kwang-Sik;Yoon, Chun-Gyeong
    • Korean Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.118-127
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    • 2005
  • The comparison of water balance and nutrient loading from paddy field with different irrigation management were carried out during 1999 ${\sim}$ 2002 at two different sites; one is irrigated with groundwater and the other is irrigated with surface water. For the surface water irrigated paddy field, irrigation was performed continuously during growing season. Whereas, initial irrigation with groundwater was applied during initial growing season, and the ponded water depth was maintained by natural precipitation since initial irrigation. The runoff frequency of groundwater irrigated paddy field was less than that of surface water irrigated paddy field. The nutrient concentration of ponded water was high by fertilization at early cultural periods, so reducing surface drainage during fertilization period can reduce nutrient loading from paddy fields. Amount of irrigation water to surface water irrigated paddy field was higher than to groundwater irrigated paddy field and evapotranspiration was similar because it is influenced by climate. Overall input in and output from paddy field irrigated with goundwater were less than that with surface water. This study indicate that efficient water management can reduce surface drainage outflow, save water, and protect water quality. It might be important BMPs for paddy field.

Hydraulic Characteristics of Surface Irrigation in Paddy Field of Direct Seeding Culture -With paddy field of ridge direct dry seeding- (직파재배 논의 지표관개 수리특성 -건답휴립직파 논을 중심으로-)

  • 정하우;최진용;김대식;박기욱;배승종
    • Magazine of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.64-74
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze hydraulic characteristics of surface irrigation in a paddy field of direct seeding culture. Field experiment was performed in the paddy field of ridge direct dry seeding. Simulation by a numerical model was also accomplished with the data obtained from the field experiment. The model was developed by one dimensional zero-inertia equation and finite difference method. From the result of the field observation, the furrows of the experimental field were found to have various geometric characteristics. Advance distance and time were measured both in the field and by the model simulation for various furrow lengths and irrigation discharges. Roughness coefficients of each furrow were also estimated by the model.

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Runoff of Pollutants in a Reclaimed Paddy Field (간척농지에서의 오염물질 유출특성(지역환경 \circled3))

  • 최인욱;박병흔;권순국
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers Conference
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    • pp.637-642
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    • 2000
  • In order to control the water quality of freshwater lake in tidal reclaimed land, it is needed to evaluate accurate amount of pollutant loadings from reclaimed paddy field. This study was carried out to investigate the pollutant loading from a reclaimed paddy field. Site of the study was a paddy field located in Taeho reclaimed land, with an areas of 38.5 hectares. The runoff loadings of Total-Nitrogen, Total-Phosphorus, and Chemical Oxygen Demand were 49.5 kg/㏊/yr, 3.2 kg/㏊/yr and 154.0 kg/㏊/yr, respectively. The runoff loadings in Total-Nitrogen and Total-Phosphorus from this study were much higher values than the pollutant load factor of Total-Nitrogen and Total-Phosphorus from the paddy field published by the Ministry of Environment.

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