• Title, Summary, Keyword: Paddy field

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Comparison of Growth Characteristics and Yield of Silage Corn Hybrids by Different Planting Dates at Paddy and Upland Field (논과 밭에서 파종기에 따른 사일리지용 옥수수의 일반생육 및 수량 비교)

  • Son, Beom-Young;Kim, Jung-Tae;Lee, Jin-Seok;Baek, Seong-Bum;Kim, Wook-Han;Kim, Jong-Duk
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.237-246
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    • 2010
  • This study was conducted to evaluate growth characteristics and yield of silage corn hybrids by different planting dates at paddy and upland field. Days to silking by different planting dates at paddy field were 81 days at planting on April 22, 70 days on May 20 and 62 days on June 10, respectively, and they were getting shorter as planting date delayed. There was no significant difference in days to silking between paddy and upland field. Plant height in paddy field was no significant difference between at planting on April 22 and on May 20, and it was shortened sharply at planting on June 10. There was no significant difference in plant height between paddy and upland field. There was no significant difference in lodging by different planting dates in paddy field. There was significant difference in lodging between paddy and upland field (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in stay-green by different planting dates in paddy field, and no significant difference between paddy and upland field. Ear ratios to total dry matter in paddy field were 43% at planting on April 22, 41% on May 20 and 28% on June 10, respectively, and it was lower as planting date delayed. There was no significant difference in ear ratios to total dry matter between paddy and upland field. Fresh yields in paddy field were lower with 14% at planting on May 20 and 32% on June 10 compared to on April 22 as planting date delayed. There was no significant difference in fresh yield between paddy and upland field. Dry matter yields in paddy field were higher with 9% at planting on May 20 and lower with 24% on June 10 compared to at planting on April 22 as planting date delayed. Dry matter yield in paddy field was lower with 9% compared to 1,931 kg/10a at planting on April 22. TDN (Total digestible nutrients) yields in paddy field were higher with 5% at planting on May 20 and lower with 28% on June 10 compared to at planting on April 22 as planting date delayed. TDN yield in paddy field was lower with 11% compared to 1,340kg/10a at planting on April 22.

Analysis of Nutrient Dynamics and Development of Model for Estimating Nutrient Loading from Paddy Field

  • Jeon, Ji-Hong;Yoon, Chun-G.;Hwang, Ha-Sun;Jung, Kwang-Wook
    • Magazine of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.45 no.7
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    • pp.57-69
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    • 2003
  • To evaluate nutrient dynamics with different fertilization in paddy field and develop water quality model, mass balance analysis was performed during growing season of 2001-2002 in field experimental plots irrigated with groundwater. As a result of water balance analysis, most of outflow was surface drainage as about half of total outflow and about 500mm was lost by evapotranspiration. The water budget was well balanced. The runoff from paddy field was influenced by rainfall and forced drain. Especially runoff during early cultural periods more depends on the forced drain. As a result of mass balance analysis, most of nutrient was input by fertilization and lost by plant uptake. Significant amount of nitrogen were supplied by precipitation and input from upper paddy field, comprising 12%∼28% of total inflow. Nutrient loading by surface drainage was occurred showing about 15%∼29% for T-N and 6%∼13% for T-P. The response of rice yield with different fertilization was not significant in this study. Water quality model for paddy field developed using Dirac delta function and continuous source was calibrated and validated to surface water quality monitoring data. It demonstrates good agreement between observed and simulated. The nutrient concentration of surface water at paddy field was significantly influenced by fertilization. During early cultural periods when significant amount of fertilizer was applied, surface drainage from paddy field can cause serious water quality problem. Therefore, reducing surface drainage during fertilization period can reduce nutrient loading from paddy fields. Shallow irrigation, raising the weir height in diked rice fields, and minimizing forced surface drainage are suggested to reduce surface drainage outflow.

A Study on the Research of Actual Condition and the Analysis for the Weir to Develope the Agricnltural Irrigation Water (around Gangwon-Do) (농업용수 개발을 위한 보의 실태조사와 그 분석 (강원도를 중심으로))

  • Choi, Ye-Hwan;Hwang, Eun
    • Magazine of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.4614-4625
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    • 1978
  • The construction of the equipment of water utilization has been developed since the ancient Korea period, 1906 in order to develope and modernize the agriculture. As the results, 83% of total paddy field area, 1,268,949.8 ha has developed into the irrigated paddy field, and the rest of area, 17% has remained nonirrigated paddy field (due to the data of the statistics of 1975). The ratio of the irrigated paddy field area among the total weir was marked 13.14% (area, 137,926.3 ha) and the third grade of total irrigated paddy field in accordance with the facilities of water utilization. In case of Gangwon-Do, the 44.18 percentage of the total irrigated paddy field, 51,057.2ha has been and pointed out first grade. As the results, we found out the following articles : 1. The total weir, 1,641 that sumed concrete weir 647 and conventional weir 967 has been constructed and has irrigated the 44.l8% of total irrigated paddy field of Gangwon-Do. 2. These weirs have been public possession of those villages to be 96.1 percentage of total weir and was controled by them. 3. Those weirs that were constructed across tributary (first, secondary and third tributary) at vallies (elevation 100∼1,000m) have marked that 45 percentage of total number of catchment area has 100∼1,000 ha, and 70 percentage of total number of basin area has been below 10 ha and has constructed about 5 of step-shape. 4. The construction of most weirs has became generally about 50m length, about 1m height. 5. The 80 percentage of newly constructed concrete weir has aged below 10 years. It seemed that 79 percentage of conventional weir has aged over 20 years and 41% of contructed weir has needed to be improved quickly. 6. If privious weirs, 296 will constructed newly, they can irrigate 3,600.8 ha of paddy field and 45.8% of total irrigated paddy field will have been and will contribute to the production of much rice.

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Geographical Distribution and Physical Structure of Gudle-jang Paddy-field in Cheongsando (청산도 구들장논의 분포와 물리적 구조에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, Young-Jae;You, Hag-Yeol;Yoon, Won-Keun;Choi, Sik-In;Lee, Young-Ok
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.103-110
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    • 2012
  • This study aims to find out the geographical distribution, the physical structure and characteristic of Gudle-jang Paddy-field in Cheongsando. On the basis of this study, the potential value and the assignment for the preservation of Gudle-jang Paddy-field were suggested. Gudle-jang Paddy-field is centrally distributed to Cheongsando and has various features as follows. First, it has the Ondol structure which is used Gudle-jang. Second, it has an irrigation canal which has functions of the tank and the prevention of cold-weather damage as well as the irrigation and drainage canal. The values of Gudle-jang Paddy-field are as follows; 1) It is the peculiar and inherent agricultural structure which is only found in Cheongsando. 2) It is the structure that the agricultural civil engineering and the agricultural water management technique of traditional methode are applied. 3) It has the worths of the traditional culture of Korea. 4) It is the important resource creating superb rural landscape of the region. In spite of these values of Gudle-jang Paddy-field, there were little efforts to preserve it. From now on, it is needed to form of sympathy about the value of Gudle-jang Paddy-field and to make efforts for preservation of it. Also the institutional and political strategy should be provided to preserve and manage Gudle-jang Paddy-field.

Growth Characteristics and Feed Value of Whole Crop Silage Rice on Paddy Field and Reclaimed Tidal Land (일반답과 간척답에서 사료용벼 재배시 생육특성 및 사료가치)

  • Cho, Kwang-Min;Back, Nam-Hyun;Yang, Chang-Hyu;Shin, Pyung;Noh, Tae-Hwan;Lee, Geon-Hwi;Lee, Kyeong-Bo;Park, Ki-Hun
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.59 no.4
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    • pp.526-531
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    • 2014
  • This study was carried out to compare the growth characteristics and feed values of the whole crop silage rice from paddy field and reclaimed paddy field. The heading dates of tested varieties was August 8 to August 30 in the paddy field, 1~2 days later than the reclaimed paddy field's August 6 to August 29. Plant height was in the range of 105~135 cm in paddy field, and 97~126 cm in reclaimed paddy field, respectively. The plant height of Mokyang was tallest in the paddy field, but Suwon 544 was tallest in the reclaimed paddy field. The number of tiller per plant of Nokyang was largest in the paddy field. Dry matter (DM) yield of whole crop rice ranged from 15.26 to $23.24MT\;ha^{-1}$ in the paddy field and 11.94 to $18.89MT\;ha^{-1}$ in the reclaimed paddy field. The highest DM yield in both fields was attained by Mokwoo. Comparing with the paddy field, the reclaimed paddy field achieved 78~84% in the DM yield. The crude protein content of varieties was 8.5 to 11.6% in the reclaimed tidal land and 6.7~8.7% in the paddy field. Neutral detergent fiber (NDF) of varieties in both fields ranged from 31.2 to 55.5%. Suwon 544 recorded the highest NDF contents in both fields. All varieties did not show any significant difference in acidic detergent fiber (ADF) which had values ranging from 22.3 to 33.2%. Total digestion nutrient (TDN) was more than 60% overall in both fields. Regarding TDN yield, Mokwoo recorded $16.54MT\;ha^{-1}$ in reclaimed tidal land and $12.69MT\;ha^{-1}$ in the paddy field, which showed the highest figure among the varieties. These results suggest the feasibility for cultivation of the whole crop silage rice in reclaimed paddy field, which showed 80% of the yield compared to paddy field, and implied that Mokwoo would show the most excellent yield and feed value.

Improved Method of Suitability Classification for Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) Cultivation in Paddy Field Soils

  • Chun, Hyen Chung;Jung, Ki Yuol;Choi, Young Dae;Lee, Sanghun
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.50 no.6
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    • pp.520-529
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    • 2017
  • In Korea, the largest agricultural lands are paddy fields which have poor infiltration and drainage properties. Recently, Korean government pursuits cultivating upland crops in paddy fields to reduce overproduced rice in Korea. In order to succeed this policy, it is critical to set criteria suitability classification for upland crops cultivating in paddy field soils. The objective of this study was developing guideline of suitability classification for sesame cultivation in paddy field soils. Yields of sesame cultivated in paddy field soils and soil properties were investigated at 40 locations at nationwide scale. Soil properties such as topography, soil texture, soil moisture contents, slope, and drainage level were investigated. The guideline of suitability classification for sesame was determined by multi-regression method. As a result, sesame yields had the greatest correlation with topography, soil moisture content, and slope. Since sesame is sensitive to excessive soil moisture content, paddy fields with well drained, slope of 7-15% and mountain foot or hill were best suit for cultivating sesame. Sesame yields were greater with less soil moisture contents. Based on these results, area of best suitable paddy field land for sesame was 161,400 ha, suitable land was 62,600 ha, possible land was 331,600 ha, and low productive land was 1,075,500 ha. Compared to existing suitability classification, the new guideline of classification recommended smaller area of best or suitable areas to cultivate sesame. This result may suggest that sesame cultivation in paddy field can be very susceptible to soil moisture contents.

Development of GLEAMS-PADDY Model for Nutrients Loading Simulation from Paddy-field Areas (논에서의 영양물질 부하량 예측모형 개발)

  • Kim, Hyun-Soo;Jung, Sang-Ok;Kim, Jin-Soo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers Conference
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    • pp.445-450
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    • 2001
  • The objective of this study is to develop the GLEAMS-PADDY model for nutrients loading simulation from paddy-field areas. This model is developed by modifying the GLEAMS model. The model is composed of hydrology, sediment and chemical parts. The model was evaluatd using field data. The model estimates water balance and nutrients concentrations reasonably well. The model can be applied to find BMP's in the paddy areas.

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Extraction of paddy field in Jaeryeong, North Korea by object-oriented classification with RapidEye NDVI imagery (RapidEye 위성영상의 시계열 NDVI 및 객체기반 분류를 이용한 북한 재령군의 논벼 재배지역 추출 기법 연구)

  • Lee, Sang-Hyun;Oh, Yun-Gyeong;Park, Na-Young;Lee, Sung Hack;Choi, Jin-Yong
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.56 no.3
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    • pp.55-64
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    • 2014
  • While utilizing high resolution satellite image for land use classification has been popularized, object-oriented classification has been adapted as an affordable classification method rather than conventional statistical classification. The aim of this study is to extract the paddy field area using object-oriented classification with time series NDVI from high-resolution satellite images, and the RapidEye satellite images of Jaeryung-gun in North Korea were used. For the implementation of object-oriented classification, creating objects by setting of scale and color factors was conducted, then 3 different land use categories including paddy field, forest and water bodies were extracted from the objects applying the variation of time-series NDVI. The unclassified objects which were not involved into the previous extraction classified into 6 categories using unsupervised classification by clustering analysis. Finally, the unsuitable paddy field area were assorted from the topographic factors such as elevation and slope. As the results, about 33.6 % of the total area (32313.1 ha) were classified to the paddy field (10847.9 ha) and 851.0 ha was classified to the unsuitable paddy field based on the topographic factors. The user accuracy of paddy field classification was calculated to 83.3 %, and among those, about 60.0 % of total paddy fields were classified from the time-series NDVI before the unsupervised classification. Other land covers were classified as to upland(5255.2 ha), forest (10961.0 ha), residential area and bare land (3309.6 ha), and lake and river (1784.4 ha) from this object-oriented classification.

Spatial Analyses of Soil Chemical Properties from a Remodeled Paddy Field as Affected by Wet Land Leveling

  • Jung, Ki-Yuol;Choi, Young-Dae;Lee, Sanghun;Chun, Hyen Chung;Kang, Hang-Won
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.49 no.5
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    • pp.555-563
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    • 2016
  • Uniformity and leveled distributions of soil chemicals across paddy fields are critical to manage optimal crop yields, reduce environmental risks and efficiently use water in rice cultivation. In this study, an investigation of spatial distributions on soil chemical properties was conducted to evaluate the effect of land leveling on mitigation of soil chemical property heterogeneity from a remodeled paddy field. The spatial variabilities of chemical properties were analyzed by geostatistical analyses; semivariograms and kriged simulations. The soil samples were taken from a 1 ha paddy field before and after land leveling with sufficient water. The study site was located at Bon-ri site of Dalseong and river sediments were dredged from Nakdong river basins. The sediments were buried into the paddy field after 50 cm of top soils at the paddy field were removed. The top soils were recovered after the sediments were piled up. In order to obtain the most accurate spatial field information, the soil samples were taken at every 5 m by 5 m grid point and total number of samples was 100 before and after land leveling with sufficient water. Soil pH increased from 6.59 to 6.85. Geostatistical analyses showed that chemical distributions had a high spatial dependence within a paddy field. The parameters of semivariogram analysis showed similar trends across the properties except pH comparing results from before and after land leveling. These properties had smaller "sill" values and greater "range" values after land leveling than ones from before land leveling. These results can be interpreted as land leveling induced more homogeneous distributions of soil chemical properties. The homogeneous distributions were confirmed by kriged simulations and distribution maps. As a conclusion, land leveling with sufficient water may induce better managements of fertilizer and water use in rice cultivation at disturbed paddy fields.

Growth and Yield Related Characteristics of Soybeans for the Estimation of Grain Yield in Upland and Drained-Paddy Field (콩 논.밭 재배에서 수랑예측을 위한 생육과 수량 관련 형질의 비교)

  • Cho, Young-Son;Park, Ho-Gi;Kim, Wook-Han;Kim, Sok-Dong;Seo, Jong-Ho;Shin, Jin-Chul
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.51 no.7
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    • pp.599-607
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    • 2006
  • The experiments were carried out to develop simulation model for estimating the yield of soybean in upland and paddy field condition. Field experiments were done at National Institute of Crop Science in 2005. The evaluated soybean cultivars were Taekwangkong, Daewonkong, and Hwangkeumkong. Soybean seeds were planted by hill seeding with 3-4 seeds and row and hill spacing were $60{\times}10cm$ in upland and $60{\times}15cm$ in paddy field. Seeds were sown on row (without making ridge) and on the top of ridge in upland and paddy field, respectively. Field parameters were measured yield components ($plants/m^{2}$, pod no./plant, and 100-seed weight, seed yield and growth characteristics (stem length, leaf area at each stage, and dry weight of shoot) and after measuring they were compared the relationships with seed yield and yield components and seed yield and growth characteristics. Seed yield of soybean was affected by cultivars and planting density. Seed yield was higher in upland than paddy field due to the higher planting density in upland field. The upland soybeans generally had lower 100-seed weight than that of paddy field. Seed yield of soybean in a paddy field was greatest in Taekwangkong and followed by Daewonkong and Hwangkeumkong. The harvest index of taekwangkong and Hwanggumkong was higher in upland than paddy field, however, it was higher in paddy field than upland in Daewonkong. Seed yield was greatest in Daewonkong in both experimental fields. The greatest stem length was observed in taekwangkong and Hwanggumkong (R6) in late growth stage in paddy field. Dry weight of shoot and pod, pod number, stem length, and stem diameter were higher grown in paddy field than grown in upland. Crop growth rate (CGR) of cultivars was higher in paddy field after 8 WAS(weeks after sowing) and it was greatest at 13 WAS in Daewonkong among the cultivars. In upland field, CGR was greatest in Taekwangkong and then followed by Daewonkong and Hwanggumkong during 12 and 15 WAS. There was no significant relationships between 100-seed weight and seed yield in both experimental fields. A significant positive relationship was observed between seed number and seed yield. The correlation coefficients between leaf area and shoot dry weight were about 0.8 during the whole growth stage except 5 WAS and 4-5 WAS in paddy field and upland, respectively. This experiment was done just one year and drained paddy field condition was not satisfied drained condition successfully at 7th leaf age of soybean by the heavy rain, so we suggest that the excessive soil water reduced seed yield in paddy field and the weather condition should be considered for utilizing of these results.