• Title, Summary, Keyword: PLS

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Non-linear PLS based on non-linear principal component analysis and neural network (비선형 주성분해석과 신경망에 기반한 비선형 PLS)

  • 손정현;정신호;송상옥;윤인섭
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.394-394
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    • 2000
  • This Paper proposes a new nonlinear partial least square method that extends the linear PLS. Proposed nonlinear PLS uses self-organizing feature map as PLS outer relation and multilayer neural network as PLS inner regression method.

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A Tutorial on PLS Structural Equating Modeling using R: (Centering on) Exemplified Research Model and Data (R을 이용한 PLS 구조방정식모형 분석 튜토리얼: 예시 연구모형 및 데이터를 중심으로)

  • Yoon, Cheolho;Kim, Sanghoon
    • Information Systems Review
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.89-112
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    • 2014
  • This tutorial presents an approach to perform the PLS structural equation modeling using the R. For this purpose, the practical guide defines the criteria for the PLS structural equation modeling by reviewing previous studies, and shows how to analyze the research model with an example using the "plspm" which is the R package for the performing PLS path analysis against the criteria. This practical guide will be useful for the study of the PLS model analysis for new researchers and will provide the knowledge base for in-depth analysis through the new PLS structural equation modeling technique using R which is the integrated statistical software operating environment for the researchers familiar with the PLS structural equation modeling.

Different expression levels of OsPLS1 control leaf senescence period between indica and japonica-type rice

  • Shin, Dongjin;Kim, Tae-Hun;Lee, Ji-Yun;Cho, Jun-Hyeon;Song, You-Chun;Park, Dong-Soo;Oh, Myeong-Gyu
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Crop Science Conference
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    • pp.98-98
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    • 2017
  • Leaf senescence is the process of aging in plants. Chlorophyll degradation during leaf senescence has the important role translocating nutrients from leaves to storage organs. The functional stay-green with slow leaf yellowing and photosynthesis activity maintenance has been considered one of strategy for increasing crop productivity. Here, we have identified two QTLs on chromosome 9 and 10 for leaf senescence with chlorophyll content of RIL population derived from a cross between Hanareum 2, early leaf senescence Indica-type variety, and Unkwang, delayed leaf senescence Japonica variety. Among these QTLs, we chose qPLS1 QTL on chromosome 9 for further study. qPLS1 was found to explain 14.4% of the total phenotypic variation with 11.2 of LOD score. Through fine-mapping approach, qPLS1 QTL locus was narrowed down to about 25kb in the marker interval between In/del-4-7-9 and In/del-5-9-4. There are 3 genes existed within 25kb of qPLS1 locus: LOC_Os09g36200, LOC_Os09g36210, and LOC_Os09g36220. Among these genes, transcript level of LOC_Os09g36200 was increased during the leaf senescence stage and the expression level of LOC_Os09g36200 in Indica was higher than in Japonica. Finally, we chose LOC_Os09g36200 as candidate gene and renamed it as OsPLS1-In and OsPLS1-Jp from Indica- and Japonica-type rice, respectively. OsPLS1-In and OsPLS1-Jp overexpressing transgenic plants showed both early leaf senescence phenotype. These results indicate that OsPLS1 functions in chlorophyll degradation and the difference of expression level of OsPLS1 cause the difference of leaf senescence between Indica and Japonica in rice.

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Effect of PLS (Posterior Leaf Spring) on Standing Balance in Hemiplegic Patients (PLS (Posterior Leaf Spring) 착용이 편마비 환자의 동적 균형에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jong-Man;Yi, Chung-Hwi;Yang, Hoi-Song
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.15-22
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    • 1999
  • The Posterior Leaf Spring (PLS) has been used for hemiplegic patients in order to help their walking and to increase their balance function. Past studies have mainly focused on the PLS's influence on patients' walking without taking balance function into consideration. The purpose of this study was to identify the immediate effect of PLS on the standing balance in hemiplegic patients. Fifteen hemiplegic patients participated in this study: 10 men and 5 women, with an average age of 53.8 years. Standing balance was measured using a computerized dynamic posturography device under three conditions namely bare-foot standing, standing in shoes without PLS, and standing in shoes with PLS. The results were as follows: 1) The composite equilibrium scores of patients who stood in shoes only and stood in shoes with PLS were higher than those of patients who stood bare-foot. 2) There were no statistical difference in the composite equilibrium scores between the standing condition of patients who stood bare foot and that of patients who stood in shoes with PLS. In conclusion, it is not clear whether or not the PLS affects the standing balance of hemiplegic patients. Further study is required to determine the precise effect of the PLS on standing balance in hemiplegic patients who are not wearing shoes. This is particularly relevant in Korea culture where custom demands the removal of shoes when entering any house or even many restaurants.

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Robust nonlinear PLS based on neural networks (신경회로망에 근거한 강건한 비선형 PLS)

  • Yoo, Jun;Hong, Sun-Joo;Han, Jong-Hun;Jang, Geun-Soo
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.1553-1556
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    • 1997
  • In the paper, we porpose a new mehtod of extending PLS(Partial Least Squares) regressiion method to nonlinear framework and apply it to the estimation of product compositions in high-purity distillation column. There have veen similar efforets to overcome drawbacks of PLS by using nonlinear-mapping ability of meural networks, however, they failed to show great improvement over PLS since they focused only in capturing nonlinear functional relationship between input data, not on nonlinear correlation inthe data set. By incorporating the structure of Robust Auto Associative Networks(RAAN) into that of previous nonlinear PLS, we can handle nonlinear correlation as well as nonlinear functional relationship. The application result shows that the proposed method performs better than previous ones even for nonlinearities caused by changing operating conditions, limited observations, and existence of meas-unrement noises.

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Loss Analysis of Pulse Type Inverter Circuit for PLS (PLS용 펄스형 인버터 회로의 손실분석)

  • Jung, Yong-Chae;Jung, Yun-Chul
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Power Electronics
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.489-493
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    • 2006
  • The aim of the paper is to design the PLS(Plasma Lighting System) driving inverter circuit with optimal efficiency. In general, it is known that the PLS driven by a pulse has a higher light-conversion efficiency. There are the Class-E type resonant inverter and the semi-bridge inverter as a circuit which can make a pulse with low duty ratio. In this paper, we analyze the losses of the above two circuits. To verify the loss analysis, the inverter circuit with 220V 380W input consumption is manufactured and tested. Throughout the experimental results, the high efficiency PLS system has confirmed.

PLS-II 저장링 진공시스템 건설

  • Park, Jong-Do
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.100-100
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    • 2011
  • 포항가속기연구소에서는 제3세대 방사광가속기 성능향상사업(PLS-II)을 수행하고 있다. 2010년 12월 말 PLS (Pohang light Source) 해체를 시작한 후 2011년 6월 말 까지 PLS-II 저장링 건설을 완료 하였으며 현재 시운전을 계속하고 있다. 성능향상은 기존 PLS 건물을 그대로 유지한 채 삽입장치를 20기 까지 설치하도록 변경하도록 하였으며 전자빔의 에너지는 2.5 GeV에서 3 GeV로, 빔전류는 200 mA에서 400 mA로 증가시키는 반면 빔에미턴스는 약 1/3로 줄인다. 저장링 진공시스템은 저장된 전자가 충분한 시간동안 저장되도록 운전시 2${\times}$10-9 Torr 이하의 진공도를 가지도록 건설하였다. 본 발표에서는 지난 2년 동안 진행되어온 PLS-II 저장링 진공시스템에 대한 설계, 제작, 시험, 설치, 시운전 및 건설 일정/인력에 등에 대하여 보고하며 PLS 건설 및 해체에 대한 내용도 보고한다.

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Phospholipid Analysis by Nanoflow Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry

  • Moon, Myeong Hee
    • Mass Spectrometry Letters
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2014
  • Lipids play important roles in biological systems; they store energy, play a structural role in the cell membrane, and are involved in cell growth, signal transduction, and apoptosis. Phospholipids (PLs) in particular have received attention in the medical and lipidomics research fields because of their involvement in human diseases such as diabetes, obesity, atherosclerosis, and many cancers associated with lipid metabolic disorders. Here I review experimental strategies for PL analysis based on nanoflow liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (nLC-ESI-MSn). In particular, discussed are lipid extraction methods, nanoflow LC separation of PLs, effect of ionization modifiers on the ESI of PLs, influence of chain lengths and unsaturation degree of acyl chains of PLs on MS intensity, structural determination of the molecular structure of PLs and their oxidized products, and quantitative profiling of PLs from biological samples such as tissue, urine, and plasma in relation to cancer and coronary artery disease.

Nonlinear PLS Monitoring Applied to An Wastewater Treatment Process

  • Bang, Yoon-Ho;Yoo, Chang-Kyoo;Park, Sang-Wook;Lee, In-Beum
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.102.1-102
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    • 2001
  • In this work, extensions to partial least squares (PLS) for wastewater treatment (WWT) process monitoring are discussed. Conventional data gathered by monitoring WWT systems are usually time varying, high dimensional, correlated and nonlinear, PLS has been shown to be an efficient approach in modeling and monitoring high dimensional and correlated data. To represent dynamic and nonlinear features of the data several kinds of dynamic nonlinear PLS (DNLPLS) models have been proposed. However, the complexity and ambiguity of the models make them unsuitable for WWT monitoring, Recently, dynamic fuzzy PLS (DFPLS) was proposed ...

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The Comparative Study of on Pump CABG during Pulsatile $(T-PLS^{TM})$ and Nonpulsatile $(Bio-pump^{TM})$ Perfusion (관상동맥우회술 시 사용된 박동성펌프$(T-PLS^{TM})$와 비박동성펌프$(Bio-pump^{TM})$의 비교연구)

  • Park Young-Woo;Her Keun;Lim Jae-Ung;Shin Hwa-Kyun;Won Yong-Soon
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.39 no.5
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    • pp.354-358
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    • 2006
  • Background: Pulsatile pumps for extracorporeal circulation have been known to be better for tissue perfusion than non-pulsatile pumps but be detrimental to blood corpuscles. This study is intended to examine the risks and benefits of $T-PLS^{TM}$ through the comparison of clinical effects of $T-PLS^{TM}$ (pulsatile pump) and $Bio-pump^{TM}$ (non-pulsatile pump) used for coronary bypass surgery. Material and Method: The comparison was made on 40 patients who had coronary bypass using $T-PLS^{TM}\;and\;Bio-pump^{TM}$ (20 patients for each) from April 2003 to June 2005. All of the surgeries were operated on pump beating coronary artery bypass graft using cardiopulmonary extra-corporeal circulation. Risk factors before surgery and the condition during surgery and the results were compared. Result: There was no significant difference in age, gender ratio, and risk factors before surgery such as history of diabetes, hypertension, smoking, obstructive pulmonary disease, coronary infarction, and renal failure between the two groups. Surgery duration, hours of heart-lung machine operation, used shunt and grafted coronary branch were little different between the two groups. The two groups had a similar level of systolic arterial pressure, diastolic arterial pressure and mean arterial pressure, but pulse pressure was measured higher in the group with $T-PLS^{TM}\;(46{\pm}15\;mmHg\;in\;T-PLS^{TM}\;vs\;35{\pm}13\;mmHg\;in\;Bio-pump^{TM},\;p<0.05)$. The $T-PLS^{TM}$-operated patients tended to produce more urine volume during surgery, but the difference was not statistically significant $(9.7{\pm}3.9\;cc/min\;in\;T-PLS^{TM}\;vs\;8.9{\pm}3.6\;cc/min\;in\;Bio-pump^{TM},\;p=0.20)$. There was no significant difference in mean duration of respirator usage and 24-hour blood loss after surgery between the two groups. Plasma free Hb was measured lower in the group with $T-PLS^{TM}\;(24.5{\pm}21.7\;mg/dL\;in\;T-PLS^{TM}\;versus\;46.8{\pm}23.0mg/dL\;in\;Bio-pump^{TM},\;p<0.05)$. There was no significant difference in coronary infarction, arrhythmia, renal failure and morbidity rate of cerebrovascular disease. There was a case of death after surgery (death rate of 5%) in the group tested with $T-PLS^{TM}$, but the death rate was not statistically significant. Conclusion: Coronary bypass was operated with $T-PLS^{TM}$ (Pulsatile flow pump) using a heart-lung machine. There was no unexpected event caused by mechanical error during surgery, and the clinical process of the surgery was the same as the surgery for which $Bio-pump^{TM}$ was used. In addition, $T-PLS^{TM}$ used surgery was found to be less detrimental to blood corpuscles than the pulsatile flow has been known to be. Authors of this study could confirm the safety of $T-PLS^{TM}$.