• Title, Summary, Keyword: PEN (polyethylene naphthalate)

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Effects of Package Materials on Quality Change of Pine Bud Beverage Under Ultraviolet Light

  • An, Duek-Jun
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.349-353
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    • 2009
  • The effects of packaging materials on preserving the functional component of pine bud beverage stored under UV (ultraviolet) light exposure conditions were studied. The order of UV light blocking properties of the selected packages was: opaque can> opaque PET (polyethylene terepthalate) with green lamination=transparent PET with 10% PEN (polyethylene naphthalate) blending> transparent PET, and did not depend on film thickness in specified range. At 20${^{\circ}C}$, the order of preserving degree of original color and endobornyl acetate, which is quality index of pine bud beverage, was the same as above. Exposure to UV light can cause of deterioration of functional food components, but green color lamination and blending of PEN materials with transparent PET help to preserve the UV sensitive pine bud beverage components. However, the treated PET bottles have poorer preservation capabilities than the opaque cans. Transparent PET with PEN blending, in particular, will be very useful packaging material for colorful functional beverage preservation by helping to protect the ingredients while attracting consumer attention.

Interfacial Adhesion Properties of Surface Treated Polyarylate Fiber with Polyethylene Naphthalate (폴리아릴레이트 섬유의 표면처리에 의한 폴리에틸렌 나프탈레이트 수지와의 계면접착특성)

  • Yong, Da Kyung;Choi, Han Na;Yang, Ji Woo;Lee, Seung Goo
    • Journal of Adhesion and Interface
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.24-30
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    • 2012
  • Morphological changes of polyarylate (PAR) fiber treated with formic acid and ultraviolet (UV) were observed by using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and an atomic force microscope (AFM). The results were analysed by using root mean square (RMS) roughness. In addition, the chemical changes of surface was investigated using contact angle and the interfacial adhesive strength between PAR fiber and PEN (Polyethylene naphthalate) matrix was calculated using the Pull-out test results. As the acid treatment concentration and UV irradiation time increased, cracks and pores were produced on the PAR fiber surface. Due to the roughness increased, the contact angle was decreased. For this reason, RMS roughness of PAR fiber was increased and the interfacial adhesive strength between the PAR fiber and PEN matrix was improved. The increase of interfacial adhesive strength was responsible for the increase of surface area which have cracks and pores.

Water vapor barrier properties of polymer-like amorphous carbon deposited polyethylene naphthalate film

  • Kim, Jeong-Yong;Park, Gyu-Dae;Song, Ye-Seul;Lee, Hui-Jin;Vu, Minh Canh;Kim, Seong-Ryong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.303.1-303.1
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    • 2016
  • Polymer-like amorphous carbon films were deposited on polyethylene naphthalate (PEN) substrate by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) and their water vapor transmission rates (WVTR) were tested. propane was used as precursors. To make a polymer-like amorphous carbon film the deposition rate, surface roughness, light transmittance, and WVTR of the films were characterized as a function of the precursor feed ratio and plasma power. The water vapor transmission rates of bare PEN film and single layer PAC on PEN substrate were 6.95 g/m2/day and 0.3 g/m2/day, respectively. The superior property the water vapor permeability of thin layers of PAC was attributed to uniform coverage and good adhesion between PAC film and PEN substrate.

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Studies on the Ternary Blends of Liquid Crystalline Polymer and Polyesters

  • Kim, Seong-Hun;Kang, Seong-Wook
    • Fibers and Polymers
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.83-91
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    • 2000
  • Thermotropic liquid crystalline polymer made up of poly(p-hydroxybenzoate) (PHB)-poly(ethylene terephthalate)(PET) 8/2 copolyester, poly(ethylene 2,6-naphthalate) (PEN) and PET were mechanically blended to pursue the liquid crystalline phase of ternary blends. Complex viscosities of blends decreased with increasing temperature and PHB content. DSC thermal analysis indicated that glass transition temperature (Tg) and melting temperature (Tm) of blends increased with increasing PHB content. Both tensile strength and initial modulus increased with raising PHB content and take-up speed of monofilaments. In the WAXS diagram, only PEN crystal reflection at 2Θ=$15.5^{\circ}C$ appeared but PET crystal reflection was not shown in all compositions. The degree of transesterification and randomness of blends increased with blending time but sequential length of both PEN and PET segment decreased.

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Effect of Argon Ion Beam Incident Angle on Self-Organized Nanostructure on the Surface of Polyethylene Naphthalate Film (알곤 이온빔 입사각에 따른 Polyethylene Naphthalate 필름 표면의 자가나노구조화 분석)

  • Joe, Gyeonghwan;Yang, Junyeong;Byeon, Eun-Yeon;Park, Young-Bae;Jung, Sunghoon;Kim, Do-Geun;Lee, Seunghun
    • Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering
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    • v.53 no.3
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    • pp.116-123
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    • 2020
  • Ion beam irradiation induces self-organization of nanostructure on the surface of polymer film. We show that the incident angle of Ar ions on polyethylene naphthalate(PEN) film changes self-organized nanostructure. PEN film was irradiated by argon ion beams with the ion incident angle of 0°, 30°, 45°, 60°, and 80°. Nanostructure was altered from dimple to ripple structure as the angle increases. The ripple structure changed to pillar structure after 60°due to that the shallow incident angle increased the ion energy transfer per depth up to 50 eV/Å, which value could induce excessive surface heating and oligomer formation reacting as a physical mask for anisotropic etching. And quantitative analysis of the nanostructures was adapted by using ABC model and fractal dimension theory.

Application of MMultiple Peak Reference MethodM of FTIR-ATR spectroscopy for 3-dimensional orientation analysis of biaxially deformation PEN film (FTIR-ATR 의 ‘Multiple Peak Reference Method’를 이용한 이축연신 PEN film의 3차원 배향분석)

  • 박기호;양영일;이한섭
    • Proceedings of the Korean Fiber Society Conference
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    • pp.199-200
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    • 2003
  • PEN (Polyethylene 2,6-dicarboxyl naphthalate)은 PET와 화학적 구조가 유사한 polyester 이다. PEN은 PET 의 benzene ring 대신 naphthalene ring이 있는 구조로서 rigid 한 구조를 바탕으로 PET 보다 훨씬 우수한 기계적 물성과 기체 차단성 및 전기 절연성을 가지고 있기 때문에, 현재 PEN에 대해서는 많은 연구가 진행되었고, 상업용으로도 생산되고 있다. 현재까지 진행된 PEN에 대한 연구 중 X-ray를 이용한 배향 거동에 대한 연구보고는 많았으나, 아직까지 FTIR-ATR 을 통해서 시료의 Machine Direction (MD), Transverse Direction (TD), Normal Direction (ND)의 세 방향으로 필름의 3차원적 분자 배향의 거동에 대한 연구보고는 없다. (중략)

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Reflective Thermochromic Display on Polyethylene Naphthalate Film

  • Heo, Kyong Chan;Son, Phil Kook;Sohn, Youngku;Yi, Jonghoon;Kwon, Jin Hyuk;Gwag, Jin Seog
    • Journal of the Optical Society of Korea
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.168-171
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    • 2013
  • A reflective flexible display was fabricated by placing a thermochromic pigment on a polyethylene naphthalate (PEN) substrate coated with an indium tin oxide (ITO) film, and its thermo-optical characteristics were investigated. The reflective thermochromic display showed good image quality with a reflectance of approximately 65%. As a flexible display, the display showed reliability without damage to the image even after the display was bent strongly. The reflective display cell exhibits continuously the gray level according to the temperature controlled by applied voltage. This low cost display is expected be used in outdoor poster applications where information needs to be presented clearly.