• Title, Summary, Keyword: PC-3 cells

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Choline-Lipid Release from Normal and Transformed Cells

  • Hong, Seong-Tshool;Jang, Yong-Suk;Park, Kie-In
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.73-80
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    • 1996
  • The effect of albumin on phosphatidylcholine (PC) metabolism in Hep-G2, 3T3-H.ras, and 3T3 cells pre-labelled with [Me-$^3H$]choline was studied. The [$^3H$]choline was more efficiently taken up and incorporated into cellular phospholipids in 3T3-H.ras cells than in Hep-G2 and 3T3 cells. In each of the three cell lines, most of the [$^3H$]choline metabolized into the phospholipids was incorporated into PC and only minor was incorporated into lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC). Bovine serum albumin stimulated the release of [$^3H$]LPC and [$^3H$]PC from each of the three cell lines pre-labelled with [$^3H$]choline. [$^3H$]PC was also released in the absence of albumin but [$^3H$]LPC was not. The efficiency of LPC secretion represented as the proportion of medium [$^3H$]LPC to cellular [$^3H$]choline lipid during a chase period is approximately 9 to 14 times greater in 3T3 cells compared with the transformed 3T3-H.ras and Hep-G2 cells. A similar comparison of published data for rat hepatocytes with Hep-G2 shows secretion to be 35~75 times greater from the rat hepatocytes than from Hep-G2. Also, PC secretion from 3T3 cells was 1.6 times more effective than from 3T3-H.ras, whereas rat hepatocytes secrete PC 2.8~3.8 times more effectively than does Hep-G2. The measurement of specific radioactivity of cellular PC in pre-labelled 3T3 cells showed it to be similar to that of the secreted PC. However, the specific radioactivity of secreted LPC was markedly lower than that of the cellular PC, which suggests that LPC is being secreted from a PC pool distinct from that used for PC secretion.

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3,3'-Diindolylmethane (DIM) decrease adhesion, migration and invasion in human prostate cancer cells (3,3'-Diindolylmethane (DIM)이 인체 전립선암 세포의 부착, 이동 및 침윤성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Hyeon-A
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.19-26
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    • 2015
  • Indole 3-carbinol (I3C), important component of cruciferous vegetables and its major acid-catalyzed metabolite, 3,3'-diindolylmethane (DIM) have been suggested to have an inhibitory effect on the tumor growth and metastasis. This study investigated the effect of DIM on the adhesion, migration and invasion of highly invasive PC3 and DU145 human prostate cancer cell lines. Cells were grown in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium (DMEM) supplemented with 3.0 g/L glucose, 3.7 g/L sodium bicarbonate and 10% fetal bovine and were incubated in a humidified incubator at $37^{\circ}C$ and 5% $CO_2$. DIM reduced the adhesion of PC3 and DU145 cells in a dose dependent manner. The pretreatment of PC3 cells with DIM reduced the adhesion dose dependantly, but inhibition was less effective than the treatment with DIM during the adhesion assay. The migration and invasion of PC3 and DU145 cells were reduced by DIM dose dependantly, and the inhibition of DIM was less effective in the DU145 cells than in the PC3 cells. The pretreatment of PC3 cells with DIM for 24 hr before the assay reduced invasion of PC3 cells by 37%. These results suggest that DIM inhibits adhesion, migration and invasion of the PC3 and DU145 cells and may be an effective antimetastatic therapy in addition to traditional chemotherapy.

Screening of active substance FS11052 as an inhibitor of neurotransmitter release from PC12 cells (PC12 세포에서 신경전달물질 방출을 저해하는 생리활성물질 FS11052의 탐색)

  • Lee, Yun-Sik;Lee, John Hwa
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.46 no.2
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    • pp.87-96
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    • 2006
  • We established an in vitro experimental system using the following procedure. We first introduced tritium-labeled norepinephrine ([$^3$H]-NE) into PC12 cells, The [$^3$H]-NE incorporated into PC12 cells were then stimulated by a high concentration (60 mM) of $K^+$ buffer during 12 minutes. Then, we collected $100{\mu}l$ supernatant and counted the amount of [$^3$H]-NE release from PC12 cells with a scintillation counter. After screening fungal, Streptomyces spp. or bacterial product using this experimental sytem, we obtained FS11052 from Streptomyces spp. which inhibited [$^3$H]-NE release from PC12 cells. FS11052 also inhibits the release of ATP as a neurotransmitter of PC12 cells and rat cortical neurons, The inhibitory effect was seen even when the PC12 cells were treated with low $K^-$ buffer containing ionomycin ($1{\mu}M$) as an ionopore. This result suggests that the inhibitory action of FS11052 on neurotransmitter release appeared after the influx of $Ca^{2+}$.

Screeing of S9940 as an Inhibitor of Neurotransmitter Release from PC12 Cells (PC12 세포에서 신경전달물질 방출을 저해하는 물질 S9940 물질의 탐색)

  • Lee, Yun-Sik;Park, Kie-In
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.341-348
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    • 1998
  • We established an in vitro experimental system using the following procedure. We first introduced tritium-labelled norepinephrine ([3H]-NE)into PC12 cells. The [3H]-NE incorporated into PC12 cells were then stimulated by a high concentration (60 mM) of $K^+$ during 12 minutes. Then, we counted the amount of [3H]-NE release from PC12 cells with the scintillation counter. After screening fungal, Streptomyces or bacterial product using this experimental system, we obtained S9940 from Streptomyces spp. which inhibited [3H]-NE release from PC12 cells. S9940 also inhibits the release of ATP as a neurotransmitter of PC12 cells and rat cortical neurons. The inhibitory effect was seen even when the PC12 cells were treated with low $K^+$ buffer containing ionomycin $(1\muM)$ as an ionopore. This result suggests that the inhibitory action of S9940 on neurotransmitter release appeared after the influx of $Ca^{2+}$.

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Effect of Indole-3-Carbinol on Inhibition of MMP Activity via MAPK Signaling Pathway in Human Prostate Cancer Cell Line, PC3 Cells (인돌이 인체 전립선암세포 PC3 Cell 전이 관련 Matrix Metalloproteinases (MMPs) 활성과 발현에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Sung-Ok
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.224-231
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    • 2008
  • We examined the effect of indole-3-carbinol (I3C, $C_9H_9NO$), an autolysis product of a glucosinolate and a glucobrassicin in vegetables, on MMP-2, -9 activities and TIMP-l and -2 inductions via microtubule-associated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway in prostate cancer cell line, PC3 cells. Our results indicated that I3C inhibited cell growth of PC3 cells in dose (0,50, 100 ,${\mu}M$) and time (0,24,48 and 72 h) dependent manners. Using gelatin zymography for MMP activity, we demonstrated that I3C significantly decrease MMP-2 and -9 activities in PC3 cells. We also observed that I3C decreased the proteins and mRNA levels of MMP-2 and -9 in PC3 cells as well. Inversely, expressions of TIMP-l and -2 protein and mRNA in PC3 cells were increased by I3C in a dose dependent manner. In another experiment, we showed that I3C inhibited PC3 cells invasiveness by using marigel invasion assay and we also found that I3C suppressed MMP transcriptional activity by MAPK signaling pathways. Taken together, our results suggest that I3C may contribute to the potential beneficial food component to prevent the cancer metastasis in prostate cancer cells. (KoreanJNutr2008; 41(3): 224~23I)

Cobalt Chloride-Induced Downregulation of Puromycin-Sensitive Aminopeptidase Suppresses the Migration and Invasion of PC-3 Cells

  • Lee, Suk-Hee;Kim, Hwan-Gyu
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.530-536
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    • 2009
  • Cobalt chloride ($CoCl_2$) treatment of cells in vitro has been shown to induce cellular changes that are similar to those seen following hypoxia. To identify genes that are differentially expressed in response to treatment with $CoCl_2$, we compared the mRNA expression profiles of PC-3 cells that were treated with $CoCl_2$ with those of untreated PC-3 cells, using specific arbitrary primers and two anchored oligo(dT) primers provided in the ACP-based GeneFishing kits. The results of this study demonstrated that the puromycin-sensitive aminopeptidase (PSA) gene was down regulated in PC-3 cells that were treated with $CoCl_2$. This downregulation of PSA expression, in turn, suppressed the proliferation, migration, and invasion of PC-3 cells, as well as the secretion and expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9).

Cytosine Arabinoside-Induced PC12 Cell Death Pathway (Cytosine Arabinoside 유도된 PC12 세포의 사망 경로)

  • Yang, Bo-Gee;Yang, Byung-Hwan;Chai, Young-Gyu
    • Korean Journal of Biological Psychiatry
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.219-226
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    • 1998
  • Cytosine arabinoside(AraC) inhibits DNA synthesis and ${\beta}$-DNA polymerase, an enzyme involved in DNA repair. This, a potent antimitotic agent, is clinically used as an anticancer drug with side effect of severe neurotoxicity. Earlier reports suggested that inhibition of neuronal survival by AraC in sympathetic neuron may be due to the inhibition of a 2'-deoxycytidine-dependent process that is independent of DNA synthesis or repair and AraC induced a signal that is triggers a cascade of new mRNA and protein synthesis, leading to apoptotic cell death in cultured cerebellar granule cells. The present study would suggest whether caspase family(ICE/CED-3-like protease) involved in AraC-induced apoptosis pathway of PC12 cells. It was observed that treatment of PC12 cells with AraC led to decrease of viability by MTT assay and morphology changes, which did not suggest that AraC induced apoptosis in PC12 cells. The mRNA of caspase-1/caspase-3 were expressed in PC12 cells constitutively, and AraC did not activate caspase family. These results suggest that caspase-1/caspase-3 may not be required for AraC-induced cell death pathway in PC12 cells.

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Protective Effects of Boyanghwanoh-tang on Serum and Glucose Deprivation-induced Apoptosis of PC12 Cells (보양환오탕이 영양혈청결핍에 의한 PC12 세포의 고사에 미치는 영향)

  • 김종길;정승원;임준모;장호현;윤종민;이기상;문병순
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.179-192
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    • 2003
  • Objectives : Boyanghwanoh-tang (Buyanhaiwu-tang) has been used as a prescription for stroke, senile and vascular dementia, ischemic brain and heart damage in Oriental traditional medicine. However, there is little known about the mechanism by which the water extracts of Boyanghwanoh-tang (Buyanhaiwu-tang) rescue cells fromthese damages, and little is known about the protective mechanisms of Boyanghwanoh-tang (Buyanhaiwu-tang) on oxidative stress in neuronal cells. Therefore, we have investigated the role of Boyanghwanoh-tang (Buyanhaiwu-tang) on serum and glucose deprived apoptosis in PC12 cells. Methods : PC12 Cells have been used extensively as a model for studying the cellular and molecular effects of neuronal cells. The viability of cells was measured by MIT assay. We used DNA fragmentation and caspase 1, 2, 3, 6, 9-likeproteases activation assay. Transcriptional activation of NF-kB was assessed by using electrophoretic mobility shift assay. Results : Boyanghwanoh-tang (Buyanhaiwu-tang) rescued PC12 cells from apoptotic death by serum and glucose deprivation in a dose-dependent manner. The nuclear staining of PC12 cells clearly showed that Boyanghwanoh-tang (Buyanhaiwu-tang) attenuated nuclear condensation and fragmentation, which represent typical neuronal apoptotic characteristics. Boyanghwanoh-tang (Buyanhaiwu-tang) also prevents fragmentation of genomic DNA and activation of caspase 3-like protease in serum and glucose deprived PC12 cells. Furthermore, Boyanghwanoh-tang (Buyanhaiwu-tang) reduced the activation of NF-kB by serum and glucose-deprived apoptosis. Conclusions : These findings suggest that serum and glucose deprivation induces reduced glutathione (GSH) depletion, and consequently, apoptosis through endogenously produced reactive oxygen species in PC12 cells. Also, our data indicated that Boyanghwanoh-tang (Buyanhaiwu-tang) has protective effects against the serum and glucose deprived deaths of PC12 cells, which are mediated by the generation of GSH that, in turn, can reduce oxidative stress caused by reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as hydrogen peroxide.

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New Therapeutic Schedule for Prostatic Cancer-3 Cells with ET-1 RNAi and Endostar

  • Zhang, Hao-Jie;Qian, Wei-Qing;Chen, Ran;Sun, Zhong-Quan;Song, Jian-Da;Sheng, Lu
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.23
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    • pp.10079-10083
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    • 2015
  • Background: Endothelin-1 and Endostar are both significant for the progression, proliferation, metastasis and invasion of cancer. In this paper, we studied the effect of ET-1 RNAi and Endostar in PC-3 prostatic cancer cells. Materials and Methods: The lentiviral vector was used in the establishment of ET-1 knockdown PC-3 cells. Progression and apoptosis were assessed by CKK-8 and flow cytometry, respectively. Transwell assay was used to estimate invasion and signaling pathways were studied by Western blotting. Results: ET-1 mRNA and protein in ET-1 knockdown PC-3 cells were reduced to 26.4% and 22.4% compared with control group, respectively. ET-1 RNAi and Endostar both were effective for the suppression of progression and invasion of PC-3 cells. From Western blotting results, the effects of ET-1 regulation and Endostar on PC-3 cells were at least related to some signaling pathways involving PI3K/Akt/Caspase-3, Erk1/2/Bcl-2/Caspase-3 and MMPs (MMP-2 and MMP-9). Furthermore, combined treatment of ET-1RNAi and Endostar was found to be more effective than single treatment. Conclusions: Both ET-1 RNAi and Endostar can inhibit the progression and invasion of PC-3 cells, but combined treatment might be a better therapeutic schedule.

Cobalt Chloride-Induced Down-Regulation of Puromycin-Sensitive Aminopeptidase Involved in Apoptosis of PC-3 Cells (PC-3 세포에서 cobalt chloride에 의해 down-regulation되는 puromycin-sensitive aminopeptidase의 apoptosis에 미치는 효과)

  • Lee, Suk-Hee;Kim, Hwan-Gyu
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.20 no.7
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    • pp.991-998
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    • 2010
  • Hypoxia is an indicative of pro-apoptotic and anti-apoptotic biphasic effects, which appear to be dependent upon the cell type and the condition of the cells. The hypoxia-mimetic agent, cobalt chloride ($CoCl_2$), has been shown to induce apoptosis in a variety of cell types, but the mechanism by which this occurs has yet to be thoroughly elucidated. Puromycin-sensitive aminopeptidase (PSA) gene was decreasingly expressed in response to $CoCl_2$. In this report, puromycin pretreatment applied to PC-3 cells resulted in apoptosis. To determine whether PSA is involved in apoptosis, we examined the apoptotic properties of the PC-3 cells after siRNA knockdown of PSA. PSA siRNA-induced PSA silencing revealed that endogenous PSA may be involved in apoptosis of the PC-3 cells. These results indicated that PSA may perform a vital function in cell survival of the PC-3 cells.