• Title, Summary, Keyword: PBL(Problem-Based Learning)

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Effects of Simulation and Problem-Based Learning Courses on Student Critical Thinking, Problem Solving Abilities and Learning (간호학생의 비판적 사고성향, 문제해결능력과 학습에 대한 PBL과 S-PBL의 효과)

  • Son, Young-Ju;Song, Young-A
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.43-52
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of the study was to discover long-term effects of Problem-based learning (PBL) and Simulation Problem-based learning (S-PBL) on critical thinking, problem solving abilities, learning attitude, motivation, and learning satisfaction among nursing students at Cheju Halla College. These students were taking problem based learning and simulation as a problem based learning method with an integrated curriculum. Methods: This study used a pretest-posttest with repeated measure design. Data was collected using convenience sampling from the beginning of the 1st semester to the end of the 2nd year when the PBL and S-PBL were completed by those who were enrolled in the integrated nursing curriculum. One-hundred eighty-three surveys were collected and analyzed during the repeat data collection. Results: There we restatistically significant differences of critical thinking, problem solving abilities, learning attitude, motivation and satisfaction post PBL and S-PBL. Conclusion: This study contributes to our understanding of outcomes from the PBL and S-PBL approach. The students undertaking PBL and S-PBL demonstrated that they developed a more positive attitude about their educational experience. In addition, students' tendency to think critically and problem solve improved through the use of the PBL and S-PBL approach.

A study of problem based learning (PBL) experience in dental hygiene education - learning attitude, student assessment - (문제중심학습을 적용한 치위생 교육 경험 연구 -학습태도, 학생평가 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Seol-Hee
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.797-805
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : This study was application problem-based learning(PBL) of performance oral health manage in dental hygiene education. and evaluate on learning effect - learning attitude, student assessment(good or bed). Methods : For this study, we sampled 31 dental hygiene students composed of PBL group, Dept of Dental Hygiene, A college. The period of this study was 1 semester(from september, 2008 to December, 2008). To identify the effect of PBL on learning attitudes, student assessment, we used a t-test and compared pre & post effects of PBL using a paired t-test and General Linear Model(GLM), McNemar test. Results : The results of this study that problem based learning(PBL) for dental hygiene students education was more effective in learning process and effect of PBL rather than direct instruction. students assessment results that problem based learning improves their medicine knowledge and communication. Conclusions : This study suggest that PBL contribute to enhancing learning attitudes, learning effect and solve the real problems through self-directed learning.

Effects of Problem-Based Learning (PBL) in Fashion Design Classes

  • Park, HyeSook
    • International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.222-228
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    • 2019
  • In recent years, in order to enhance the problem-solving skills required by the industrial field, universities have introduced the Problem-Based Learning(PBL) method to solve the problems caused by the lack of creativity, problem solving ability and self-directed learning. This study applied PBL class methods such as 'learning based on individual specific problems', 'self-directed learning', and 'small-group learning of small members' to practical design of fashion design. To do this, I conducted a questionnaire after conducting research based on the PBL module for one semester in a practical class of fashion design major at P University. As a result of the survey, the satisfaction and achievement of the class conducted by PBL learning method was improved than the existing teaching method. As such, if PBL class is used as a way of solving problems through close communication between professors and learners, it is expected to be established as a learner-centered education method that can improve creativity and professionalism.

Applying Problem-Based Language Learning in an Online Class: Designing a PBLL Unit

  • Abdullah, Mardziah Hayati;Chong, Larry Dwan
    • English Language & Literature Teaching
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    • v.9 no.spc
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    • pp.1-17
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    • 2003
  • This paper aims to propose that Problem-Based Learning (PBL) is a method that can help meet the conditions in language learning and instruction. PBL was first used in medical education, where learners engaged in problem-solving activities that reflect the demands of real-life professional practice, thus promoting critical thinking in the content domain. The paper proposes that by applying PBL in language learning and creating situations in which learners work collaboratively on problems, the learners benefit in two respects: (i) they have the opportunity to practise the kind of thinking skills and problem-solving strategies needed in real life, and (ii) they engage in purposeful language activity with others through discussion and negotiation. The paper first provides a theoretical rationale far the use of PBL in language learning and suggests attendant changes in the role of a language instructor in a PBL context. The paper then presents an outline of the stages and components needed in designing an online PBL Unit far use in an undergraduate language class.

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The Effects of the Level of Background Knowledge and the Metacognition Supporting TooI(MST) on the Learning Activities and Outcomes in Web Problem-Based Learning(Web PBL) Environment (웹 기반 PBL(Problem-Based Learning)에서 배경지식 수준과 메타인지 지원 도구의 제공여부가 PBL활동에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Kyung;Kim, Dong-Sik
    • The Journal of Korean Association of Computer Education
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.29-37
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of the level of background knowledge and the metacognition supporting tool (MST) on the learning activities and outcomes in a web problem based learning environment from the theoretical perspectives of PBL (problem-based-learning) in the Web and metacognition. Results suggest that the level of learners' background knowledge could play a slight role in problem oriented learning activities. This was because learning tasks were characterized by ill-structured problems in Web-based problem learning and this sort of learning might have been a somewhat newer experience for the selected students. Providing MST for learners' PBL activities, however, was highly beneficial for learners who practice PBL in Web based learning environments. In addition, for PBL outcomes, variables like problem solution reporting documents. the use of MST had a more positive effect on the lower level learners' background knowledge than the higher level learners'.

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Problem Based Learning : New teaching and learning strategy in nursing education (문제중심학습방법 (Problem Based Learning : PBL) : 간호교육에 있어서의 새로운 학습방법)

  • Kim Hee-Soon
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.3
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    • pp.26-33
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    • 1997
  • Problem-Based Learning(PBL) is at the forefront of educational reform. The acceptance of PBL as an educational approach with wide application represents a major change in thinking about educational processes and their relationships to the wider community. In 1969, PBL as a method was introduced at the Medical School of McMaster University in Hamilton, Canada. The most important advantages in PBL are acquiring knowledge that can be retrieved and applied, learning to learn(self-directed learning) and learning to analyze and solve Problems. PBL is widely used within the sector where it had its origin, namely health profession education. A generally accepted starting point in the development of a problem-based curriculum is the set of professional competencies of future graduates, which describe the typical problems professionals have to deal with. Formulating learning objectives highly depends on the format and content of the presented problems. Contrary to that, in a classic course in higher education, it is customary that teachers express objectives in a compulsory subject matter. Curricula which advocate problem-based learning generally use case studies in the form of paper cases, simulations and real patients with the intention of stimulating classroom discussion of clinical and basic science concepts within a problem-solving framework. One goal of using paper cases is to stimulate the learning of basic science within a clinical situation. Through self-directed study the students solve problems and explore the psycho-social dimensions within the cases. The general outcome based on the program evaluation research of PBL is that PBL students respond positively about the learning experience. In summary, PBL is a curriculum design and a teaching/learning strategy which simultaneously develops higher order thinking and disciplinary knowledge bases and skills by placing students in the active role of practitioners(or problem solvers) confronted with a situation(ill-structured problem) which reflects the real world.

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A Study on Problem-based Learning Model of Orthopedic Manual Physical Therapy (정형도수물리치료의 문제중심학습 모형에 관한 고찰)

  • Kim, Ho-Bong;Bang, Sang-Bun
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Orthopedic Manual Physical Therapy
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.31-39
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    • 2012
  • Background: The purpose of this study was to develop a problem-based learning model for orthopedic manual physical therapy. A problem-based learning (PBL) model for orthopedic manual physical therapy developed from PBL module of Jeju C university (Halla-Newcastle PBL Center). A summary of this study is as follows: 1) PBL model is comprised of a class of 30 students, operated small group as of 4~5 students. 2) PBL is suggested a scenario of clinical case, induced variety reaction through group discussion and presentation. 3) PBL is occurred wide variety learning through group work activity and self-directed learning. 4) The tutor as a facilitator is played a guide for group discussion, work activity and team learning. 5) The evaluation for PBL is performed such as student self-evaluation, group activity evaluation, individual presentation, and practice. This model is considered wide variety learning through team learning and self-directed learning by clinical reasoning and problem solving for musculoskeletal clinical case. We suggest problem based learning for the education of orthopedic manual physical therapy in which the learners are very interested in and has the effective outcome.

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Evaluation of Modified Problem-Based Learning Facilitated by One Instructor (One Instructor에 의해 진행된 Modified Problem-Based Learning 교육기법 평가)

  • Kim, Hyunah
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.278-283
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    • 2013
  • Background: Problem-based learning (PBL) has introduced as an important part of pharmacy education in Korea as it is effective method to help students gain and apply knowledge with development of problem-solving, critical-thinking, and decision-making skills. In order to provide the effective PBL, a number of trained facilitators and suitable PBL rooms are required. However, these become a barrier in Korea as most pharmacy schools have one or two faculty members who majored in clinical pharmacy. Objective: This study was performed to implement and evaluate a modified PBL in gastrointestinal (GI) pharmacotherapy class facilitated by one instructor. Methods: A general information of traditional PBL for 6 hours through 3 days is introduced before initiating GI pharmacotherapy class. After 3 hour-GI pharmacotherapy classes for 6 weeks, modified PBL was implemented with one instructor to facilitate PBL for four small groups with 19 pharmacy students simultaneously. Modified PBL was incorporated with weekly mini-case discussion and presentation. Results: Students completed 15-question survey to evaluate modified PBL course, student performance, group performance, and facilitator performance. Eighty-four percent of students answered modified PBL was helpful to understand what they have learned. Mean score in group performance was higher than that of individual performance during modified PBL course. Overall, students reported modified PBL was useful in knowledge building. Conclusion: Modified PBL model without individual group facilitators in one classroom helped students to achieve self-directed, independent learning skills in an interactive and engaging environment.

An Examples Development and Implementation of S-PBL Package in Basic Life Support (기본소생술 S-PBL 패키지 개발 및 적용 후 평가)

  • Lee, Young-Ah
    • The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.207-221
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop and apply a simulation-problem based learning(S-PBL) package in basic life support(BLS). Methods: This study was used to developed BLS' S-PBL package throughout 12 steps of PBL package development model. Then, BLS' S-PBL methodology was implemented in second year student in the undergraduate emergency medical technology, and survey was done. Results: 1. S-PBL package model was presented based on conceptual model II of PBL ; PEL for professional action. 2. Quantitative analysis of survey was to the effectiveness of learning, 3.59 points ; 4.15 of BLS and 3.84 of integration and practical use of knowledge. 3. As to the satisfaction of student, S-PBL package management, tutor and self-satisfaction' score was 3.59, 3.82, 3.39 respectively. Conclusion: This study was suggested that S-PBL education would be necessary with improved tutor skill and achieved advantage of simulation and PBL.

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An Application of Problem Based Learning to an Earth Science Course in Higher Education

  • Kwon, Byung-Doo;Kim, Kyung-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean earth science society
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.108-116
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    • 2003
  • Problem Based Learning (PBL) is one of methods which has been developed to promote student-centered learning and to pursue self-directed learning for life-long learning. The purpose of this study is exploring the possibility of Problem Based Learning (PBL) in college Earth science course. The participants of this study were fourteen students attending an Earth science class at Sookmyung Women's University in Seoul. PBL was implemented in the form of group project with utilizing Web-based course tool. We provided questionnaires and conducted interviews to figure out students' perception about PBL. The findings were as follows: Through a given experiences, (1) students participated more actively than LBL (Lecture Based Learning), (2) more students were engaged with self-directed learning, and (3) students made higher cognitive efforts. LBL seemed to be more efficient way to acquire factual knowledge. In the meanwhile, PBL did not seem to affect the improvement of communication skills. Students could not make use of Web-based course tool effectively in communicating with other team members. In this study, we found that college student participants preferred problems related to everyday life, environmental issues and interesting but unusual incidents. On the other hand, they felt difficult in open-ended problems, especially when they were asked to provide their own evaluation. On the basis of PBL experiment in this paper, we present one method of successful implementation of PBL and suggest topics which should be studied in the future.