• Title, Summary, Keyword: Oxidative stress

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Negative Role of wblA in Response to Oxidative Stress in Streptomyces coelicolor

  • Kim, Jin-Su;Lee, Han-Na;Kim, Pil;Lee, Heung-Shick;Kim, Eung-Soo
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.736-741
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    • 2012
  • In this study, we analyzed the oxidative stress response of wblA ($\underline{w}$hi$\underline{B}$-$\underline{l}$ike gene $\underline{A}$, SCO3579), which was previously shown to be a global antibiotic down-regulator in Streptomyces coelicolor. Ever since a WblA ortholog named WhcA in Corynebacterium glutamicum was found to play a negative role in the oxidative stress response, S. coelicolor wblA has been proposed to have a similar effect. A wblA-deletion mutant exhibited a less sensitive response to oxidative stress induced by diamide present in solid plate culture. Using real-time RT-PCR analysis, we also compared the transcription levels of oxidative stress-related genes, including sodF, sodF2, sodN, trxB, and trxB2, between S. coelicolor wild type and a wblA-deletion mutant in the presence or absence of oxidative stress. Target genes were expressed higher in the wblA-deletion mutant compared with wild type, both in the absence and presence of oxidative stress. Moreover, expression of these target genes in S. coelicolor wild type was stimulated only in the presence of oxidative stress, suggesting that WblA plays a negative role in the oxidative stress response of S. coelicolor, similar to that of C. glutamicum WhcA, through the transcriptional regulation of oxidative stress-related genes.

The Relationship between Stress Response and Oxidative Stress among Healthy Volunteers (정상인에서의 스트레스 반응 정도와 산화스트레스 사이의 상관관계 연구)

  • Byun, Soon-Im;Kim, Ji-Young;Cho, Seung-Hun;Kim, Jong-Woo;Hwang, Wei-Wan
    • Journal of Society of Preventive Korean Medicine
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.27-38
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    • 2009
  • Objective : This study was to examine a relationship among subjective psychological stress, physical stress response and oxidative stress. Methods : The subjects were consisted of 87 healthy volunteers. To assess subjective psychological stress, SRI(stress response inventory) was completed. To assess psychological and physical stress response, HRV(Heart Rate Variability) were tested. To assess oxidative stress, d-roms(Derivatives of reactive oxygen metabolites test) test was conducted. Subjects were divided into 3 groups depending on SRI(Stress Response Inventory) score, low stress response(LSR: lower than 30 percentile), Medium(MSR: 30-70 percentile) and high stress response(HSR: higher than 70 percentile). The Relationship between Stress Response and Oxidative Stress was estimated by correlation and One-way ANOVA analysis. Results : There were no significant differences of demographic data among 3 groups. There was a significant difference of oxidative stress among 3 groups. Conclusion : Our results suggest that there is a weak positive correlation between subjective psychological stress and oxidative stress. There is a significant difference of oxidative stress between HSR group and LSR group.

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Protective Effects of Jihwangeumja on Oxidative Stress-induced Injury of Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells (혈관내피세포의 산화적 손상에 대한 지황음자의 방어기전 연구)

  • 정용준;장재호;이대용;이민구;전인철;정대영;이인;신선호;문병순
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.173-183
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    • 2004
  • Objectives : Oxidative stress can induce negative responses such as growth inhibition or cell death by necrosis or apoptosis due to the intensity of the oxidative stress, as well as positive responses such as cellular proliferation or activation. We examined the effect of Jihwangeumja on this process. Methods and Results : We analyzed the influence of oxidative stress and agents that modify its effect in human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC). Oxidative stress was induced by $B_2O_2$. With induced oxidative stress the results obtained indicate that it has a harmful effect over cell function and viability, and that this effect is dose and time dependent. When oxidative stress increased, Jihwangeumja reduced cell damage and had protective functions. $B_2O_2$, induced the apoptosis of HUVEC through the activation of intrinsic caspases pathway as well as mitochondrial dysfunction. A significant increase in cell survival was observed in culture cells with oxidative stress when they were treated with Jihwangeumja. Conclusions : These results suggest that Jihwangeumja may be potentially useful to treat HUVEC against oxidative damages mediated by modulation of caspase protease and mitochondrial dysfunction.

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The anti-oxidative stress effect of antioxidants in the cell using DCFH-DA (DCFH-DA를 이용한 항산화제의 세포내 oxidative stress 억제 효과에 관한 연구)

  • 유영근;신미희;최종완
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.42-57
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    • 2002
  • 본 연구는 널리 알려져 있는 항산화제들의 세포 수준에서의 anti-oxidative stress 효과 및 그 기작을 알아보기 위한 연구이다. 연구에 사용한 항산화제로는 지용성인 retinol, $\alpha$-tocopherol, propyl gallate(PG) 및 butylated hydroxy toluene(BHT)과 수용성인 ascorbic acid, $\alpha$-glucosyl rutin 및 green tea extract를 사용하였으며 이들 항산화제들의 시간별 세포 생존율을 NR assay 로 측정한 후 적정 농도에서 DCFH-DA(2', 7'-dichlorofluorescin-diacetate) 를 이용하여 항산화제들의 anti-oxidative stress 억제 효과를 시간별로 측정하였다. 또한 이들 항산화제의 항산화 기작을 알아보기 위하여 NBT(Nitro-blue-tetrazolium) 및 DPPH(Diphenyl-picry-hydrazl)도 병행하여 실시하였다. Anti-oxidative stress 실험에서 지용성 항산화제들은 전반적으로 수용성 항산화제에 비하여 세포에 대한 독성이 상대적으로 강하여 retinol 의 경우에는 0.01%에서 oxidative stress 억제 효과를 관할할 수 있었으며 1 시간경과 후 측정시 53.1%의 억제 효과를 보여 주었다. PG 의 경우에는 0.1%에서 2 시간 경과 후 측정시 50%의 oxidative stress 억제 효과를 보여주었다. 수용성 항산화제인 green tea extract 및 $\alpha$-glucosyl rutin의 경우에는 1%에서 1시간 경과 후 측정시 각 각 51.6% 및 69.7%의 oxidative stress 억제 효과를 관찰할 수 있었다. 또한 시료처리 후 자외선 조사시 oxidative stress 억제 효과의 경우 수용성 항산화제인 ascorbic acid, $\alpha$-glucosyl rutin 및 green tea extract 와 지용성 항산화제 중에서는 $\delta$-tocopherol 에서만 oxidative stress 억제 효과가 관찰되었으나 자외선을 조사 하지 않았을 때 보다 약 20%-40%까지 억제 효과가 감소되었다. 그리고 PG 및 retinol 의 경우에는 자외선 조사시 독성이 증가하여 oxidative stress 억제 효과를 측정할 수 없었다. NBT실험에서 $\alpha$-glucosyl rutin, $\alpha$-tocopherol 및 PG 1%에서 70%이상의 superoxide anion 생성 억제 효과를 보였으며 DPPH 실험에서는 ascorbic acid 와 PG 1%에서 98%의 hydroxyl radical 생성 억제 효과를 보여 주었다. 본 실험을 통하여 BHT 를 제외하고 전반적으로 세포 수준에서의 oxidative stress 에 대한 억제 효과를 확인해 볼 수 있었으며 특히 수용성 항산화제들에서 두드러진 효과를 보여 주었다.

Effects of ginkgo Biloba Extracts on Rthanol and Acetaldehyde-induced Oxidative Stress in Rat Brain (에탄올, 아세트알데히드-유도 뇌조직의 산화적 스트레스에 대한 은행잎 추출물의 항산화 효과)

  • Park Seong-Uk;Kim Jong-Bong;Heo Yong;Lee Sun-Dong;Kim Hee-Jung;Lee In-Sun;Han Jung-Ho;Park Yeong-Chul
    • Journal of Society of Preventive Korean Medicine
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.109-114
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    • 2004
  • Oxidative stress is one of the major reasons for brain aging and neurodegeneration. Ethanol and acetaldehyde increase the levle of oxidative stress in brain tissue resulting in aging and neurodegeneration related alcoholic dementia. Ginkgo biloba extracts are used as therapeutic and preventive agent for dementia. Here, it was investigated whether Ginkgo biloba extract show the effectiveness against ethanol- and acetaldehyde-induced oxidative stress in rat brain. Ethanol and acetaldehyde increased the level of oxidative stress by about 35% to 50% in rat brain tissue. However, Ginkgo biloba extracts reduced the level of ethanol- and acetaldehyde-induced oxidative stress. This result might reveal the link between the effectiveness of Ginkgo biloba extracts on oxidative stress and its effectiveness on alcoholic dementia.

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An anti-clastogenic Role of Selenium in Arsenic- and Chromium-induced Oxidative Stress Causing Chromosomal Damages (비소와 크롬에 의한 산화적 스트레스와 염색체 상해에 대한 셀레늄의 방어 효과)

  • 기혜성;손은희;박영철;맹승희;정해원
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.9-15
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    • 1997
  • This experiment was carried out to examine the roles of selenium in arsenic- and chromium-induced oxidative stress, which results in chromosomal damage, such as sister chromatid exchange (SCE) and chromosomal aberration (CA). For this purpose, the frequency of CA and SCE related to the level of 0xidative stress were analyzed. Selenium decreased the frequency of CA induced by As. In order to evaluate the effect of selenium on clastogenic factors, media from As- and Cr-treated cells were ultrafiltered and added again to cells in the presence or absence of selenium. Selenium decreased the frequency of SCE by As and Cr. This observation indicates the possibility of presence of clastogenic factor. In addition, the clastogenic factor would be involed in oxidative stress since selenium decreased the level of oxidative stress. Thus, it is suggested that selenium may play a role as an anti-clastogenic effector by preventing the oxidative stress, thereby decreasing the frequency of Asand Cr-induced chromosomal damage.

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Protective Effect of Acanthopanax senticosus on Oxidative Stress Induced PC12 Cell Death

  • Choi, Soo-Jung;Yoon, Kyung-Young;Choi, Sung-Gil;Kim, Dae-Ok;Oh, Se-Jong;Jun, Woo-Jin;Shin, Dong-Hoon;Cho, Sung-Hwan;Heo, Ho-Jin
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.1035-1040
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    • 2007
  • Epidemiologic studies have shown important relationships between oxidative stress and Alzheimer's disease (AD) brain. In this study, free radical scavenging activity and neuronal cell protection effect of aqueous methanol extracts of Acanthopanax senticosus (A. senticosus) were examined. $H_2O_2$-induced oxidative stress was measured using 2',7'-dichlorofluorescein diacetate (DCF-DA) assay. Pretreatment with the phenolics of A. senticosus prevented oxidative injury against $H_2O_2$ toxicity. Since oxidative stress is known to increase neuronal cell membrane breakdown, leading to cell death, lactic dehydrogenase release, and trypan blue exclusion assays were utilized. We found that phenolics of A. senticosus have neuronal cell protection effects. It suggests that the phenolics of A. senticosus inhibited $H_2O_2$-induced oxidative stress and A. senticosus may be beneficial against the oxidative stress-induced risk in AD.

Oxidative stress on anaerobes

  • Takeuchi, Toru;Shi, Minyi;Kato, Naoki;Watanabe, Kunitomo;Morimoto, Kanehisa
    • Journal of Photoscience
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.142-145
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    • 2002
  • A strict anaerobe, Prevotella melaninogenica is highly sensitive to oxidative stress. Oxidative stress such as exposure to oxygen or addition of hydrogen peroxide, increased 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (80HdG), a typical of oxidative DNA damage, and decreased the bacterial cell survival rate. We could detect the generation of reactive oxygen species in P. melaninogenica after exposure to oxygen. UVA irradiation also increased 80HdG in the bacterium. On the other hand, such oxidative stress did not increase 80HdG in a facultative anaerobe. These findings suggest that P. melaninogenica is a suitable material to study the biological effects of oxidative stress, to evaluate antioxidants, and to study the effects of oxygen or reactive oxygen species on molecular evolution.

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Oxidative Stress in Ovariectomy Menopause and Role of Chondroitin Sulfate

  • Ha, Bae-Jin
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.27 no.8
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    • pp.867-872
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    • 2004
  • Oxidative stress due to reactive oxygen species (ROS) can cause oxidative damage to cells. Cells have a number of defense mechanisms to protect themselves from the toxicity of ROS. Mitochondria are especially important in the oxidative stress as ROS have been found to be constantly generated as an endogen threat. Mitochondrial defense depends mainly on super-oxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx), whereas microsomal defense depends on catalase (CAT), which is an enzyme abundant in microsomes. SOD removes superoxide anions by converting them to $H_2O$$_2$, which can be rapidly converted to water by CAT and GPx. Also, GPx converts hydroperoxide (ROOH) into oxidized-glutathione (GSSG). Ovariectomized (OVX) rats are used as an oxidative stress model. An ovariectomy increased the levels of MDA, one of the end-products in the lipid peroxidative process, and decreased levels of the antioxidative enzymes; SOD, CAT and GPx. However, Chondroitin sulfate (CS) decreased the levels of MDA, but increased the levels of SOD, CAT and GPx in a dose-depen-dent manner. Moreover, inflammation and cirrhosis of liver tissue in CS- treated rats were sig-nificantly decreased. These results suggest that CS might be a potential candidate as an anti oxidative reagent.

An in vivo Study of Lipid Peroxidation in Rats under Conditions of Oxidative Stress and the Antioxidant Effects of Probucol

  • Kim, Songsuk
    • Nutritional Sciences
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.94-99
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate in vivo lipid peroxidation in rats under conditions of streptozotocin-induced oxidative stress and the antioxidant effects of probucol. In vivo lipid peroxidation was observed by measuring low molecular weight aldehydes and related carbonyl compounds in rat urine. Three groups of male Wistar rats weighing 165-190 g were used: normal (N), streptozotocin-induced oxidative stress (OS) and oxidative stress plus probucol treatment (P). following streptozotocin treatment of the rats, a variety of secondary lipid peroxidation products were increased. The levels of butanal, hexanal, hex-2-enal, kept-2-enal, octanal, non-2-enal, deca-2,4-dienal, 4-hydroxyhex-2-enal, 4-hydroxyno n-2-enal, malondi aldehyde(MDA), and unknown carbonyl compounds were significantly increased in the oxidative stress group compared to the control group. Treatment with probucol resulted in significant decreases in buoal, hexanal, hex-2-enal, octanal, deca-2,4-dienal, 4-hydroxyhex-2-enal, MDA and unknown carbonyl compounds. Hept-2-enal, hepta-2,4-dienal and non-2-enal appeared to have a tendency to decrease due to pobucol treatment.