• Title/Summary/Keyword: Oxidant

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Anti-oxidant and Anti-aging Activity on Saxifraga stolonifera MEERBURGH Ethanol Extract (바위취 에탄올 추출물의 항산화 및 항노화 작용)

  • Yoon, Mi-Yun;Lim, Hye-Won;Sim, Sang-Soo;Choe, Tae-Boo
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.51 no.5
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    • pp.343-349
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    • 2007
  • To investigate the effect of ethanol extract of Saxifraga stolonifera MEERBURGH on skin care, we measured anti-oxidant and anti-aging activity. S. stolonifera ethanol extract itself had anti-oxidant activity in a dose-dependent manner in DPPH radical scavenging. Silica dose-dependently increased the intracellular ROS generation in RAW 264.7 cells. S. stolonifera ethanol extract inhibited silica-induced intracellular superoxide anion generation, $H_2O_2$ and hydroperoxide generation in RAW 264.7 cells. S. stolonifera ethanol extract significantly inhibited both hyaluronidase and elastase activity, also significantly inhibited MMP-1(collagenase) activity as well. In NIH 3T3 fibroblast cells, S. stolonifera ethanol extract significantly increased collagen-like polymer synthesis, which suggesting the S. stolonifera ethanol extract might be used as hydration and anti-wrinkle agents. From the above results, it is suggested that the main ingredients of S. stolonifera ethanol extract play an important role in anti-oxidant and anti-aging activity.

Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Tongbi-san(通痺散) Extract on RAW264.7 Macrophages (통비산(通痺散) 열수추출물의 항염증반응 및 항산화활성에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Yong-Min;Kim, Hee-Taek;Kim, Ee-Hwa
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.24-33
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    • 2016
  • Objectives : This study is to investigate the anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects of Tongbi-san extract (TS) on RAW264.7 macrophages using by cell cytotoxicity, Nitric Oxide (NO) and Prostaglandin $E_2$ ($PGE_2$) production and 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl ghdrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging capability. Methods : Cell cytotoxicity was measured by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. The production of NO was measured by Griess assay. The production of $PGE_2$ was measured by immunoassay. And the anti-oxidant activity was measured by the DPPH method. Results : TS did not increased significantly compared to the TS untreated group in the cell cytotoxicity. TS inhibited NO and $PGE_2$ production in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. TS had the DPPH free radical scavenging capability. Conclusion : The anti-inflammtory and anti-oxidant effects of TS may be use for a treatment of anti-inflammatory diseases.

산삼과 산양삼 추출물의 항암 및 항산화 효능

  • Ahn, Young-Min;Park, Hee-Soo;Kwon, Ki-Rok
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.5-16
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    • 2007
  • Objectives : The aim of this study was to verify anti-cancer and anti-oxidant efficacies of Korean wild ginseng and cultivated wild ginseng of Korea and China. Methods : For the measurement of anti-oxidation, SOD-like activity was evaluated using xanthine oxidase reduction method under in vitro environment. Subcutaneous and abdominal cancer were induced using CT-26 human colon cancer cells for the measurement of growth inhibition of cancer cells and differences in survival rate. Results : 1. Measurement of anti-oxidant activity of ginseng, Chinese and Korean cultivated wild ginseng, and natural wild ginseng samples showed concentration dependent anti-oxidant activity in HX/XOD system. Anti-oxidant activity showed drastic increase at 1mg/ml in all samples. 2. For the evaluation of growth inhibition of cancer cells after hypodermic implantation of CT-26 cancer cells in the peritoneal cavity of mice, Chinese and Korean cultivated wild ginseng and natural wild ginseng groups showed significant inhibition of tumor growth from the 12th day compared to the control group. Similar inhibitory effects were also shown on the 15th and 18th days. But there was no significant difference between the experiment groups. 3. For the observation of increase in survival rate of the natural wild ginseng group, CT-26 cancer cells were implanted in the peritoneal cavity of mice.

Antioxidant activity of aqua-acupuncture of Polygoni Radix rubra in rats treated with AAPH (적하수오(赤何首烏) 약침(藥針)의 AAPH처리된 흰쥐에 대한 항산화작용)

  • Lim, Nak-Chul
    • Journal of Haehwa Medicine
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.361-374
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    • 2000
  • This study was done to elucidate the antioxidant activities of Polygoni Radix rubra(赤何首烏) by way of aqua-acupuncture methods. After 10% & 20% concentrations of liquid extract of Polygoni Radix rubra(PRR) were acupunctured on Joksamri(足三里) of rats with acute and chronic experimental oxidation by AAPH(2, 2' -azobis (aminoidinopropane), hydrochloride), various kinds of experiments were performed. The results were obtained as follows: 1. In acute oxidant experiment, the amount of TBARS was significantly increased from 0.5 hr to 1.5 hr after AAPH treatment 2. In acute oxidant experiment by AAPH, uric acid as significantly increased while the others didn't show any difference such as total protein, albumin, bilirubin. 3. In chronic oxidant experiment by AAPH, PRR significantly increased the body weight in comparison with control group, whereas liver and spleen tended to increase, lung and kidneys tended to decrease. 4. In chronic oxidant experiment by AAPH, PRR significantly decreased the GPT, hemolysis of erythrocytes, TBA and BUN, where GOT was significantly reduced in 20% PRR treated group, and TG was significantly in 10% PRR treated group. These results suggest that PRR has potent antioxidant activity and needs more studies on microsomal fraction of liver and kidney.

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Study on Effects of Anti-oxidant and Viscoelastic on Emulsion by the Extract of Astragalus membranaceus (황기(黃芪)추출물의 항산화 효능과 에멀션 점탄성도에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Chan-Ik
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.93-97
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    • 2012
  • Objectives : The Astragalus membranaceus has been used to diuretic, tonic, anti-viral, anti-oxidant activities in oriental herb medicine, and in each experiment, proved in this effects. Root of A. membranaceus includes according to flavonoid, saponin, polysaccharide, thus it has been studied for anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer activities. However, previous researches have been performed with being limited mainly to food industry. The present study was conducted anti-oxidative activity of A. membranaceus extracts. In addition, The objective of the present study was to determine the possibility for the application of emulsions in the development of A. membranaceus for cosmetics. Methods : In this study, aimed SOD like activity of A. membranaceus extract, effects of A. membranaceus extract on viscoelastic properties of emulsion was measured using rheometer. Results : In the results, 1, 3-butylene glycol extract of A. membranaceus efficiently reduce the active oxygen, SOD like activity of more than 40% decrement depend on concentration. And A. membranaceus extract increase the modulus of elasticity of emulsion, therefore A. membranaceus extract have not influence on stability loss. As such, the A. membranaceus extracts will remain stable when applied to emulsions or skin products. Conclusions : In consequence of this study, A. membranaceus extract can be effectively used in cosmetic emulsions when the relation between natural product extracts and formulation of cosmetics is elucidated. It is highly recommended that rheology be applied to determine the optimal extract concentration for cosmetic formulations.

Anti-Oxidant, Pro-Oxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Unpolished Rice Relevant to Colorectal Cancer

  • Suwannalert, Prasit;Payuhakrit, Witchuda;Koomsang, Thidarat
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.12
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    • pp.5047-5056
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    • 2016
  • Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a major worldwide health problem owing to its high prevalence and mortality rates. Carcinogenesis in the colon is a multistage and multifactorial process. An imbalance between free radical exposure and anti-oxidant defense systems may leads to oxidative stress and attack of macromolecules which can alter signal transduction pathways and gene expression. Consequently, oxidative damage can lead to cellular dysfunction and contribute to pathophysiological processes in a variety of diseases including CRC. One factor tightly associated with CRC is chronic inflammation, which can be present from the earliest stage of tumor onset. Unpolished rice is an attractive chemoprevention in CRC due to their anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. The aim of this paper is to review evidence linking oxidative stress and inflammation to CRC and to provide essential background information for understanding future research on oxidative stress and inflammation on CRC. Mechanisms of action of unpolished rice in CRC carcinogenesis are also discussed.

Effect of Phellinus igniarius Quel Extract on the Anti-inflammatory, Anti allergy, Anti-oxidant, Anti-wrinkle (상황버섯 추출물이 항염증 및 항알레르기, 항산화, 주름제거에 미치는 실험적 연구)

  • Yun, Woo-Sik;Jung, Hyun-A;Roh, Seok-Seon
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.75-93
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : This study was carried out to investigate the effects of Phellinus igniarius Quel extract on the Anti-inflammatory, Anti allergy, Anti-oxidant and Anti-wrinkle. Methods : To investigate in vitro anti-oxidant activity assay, ethanol extracts of medicinal plants tested by DPPH method. In the next experiment, to investigate anti-inflammatory test, the RAW 264.7 macrophage cells was cultured using DMEM including the 10% FBS. To study anti-allergic effect, we blended cultured Human Mast Cells(HMC-1), and then observe TNF-$\alpha$, IL-8 by ELISA Results : Phellinus igniarius Quel extract has the effects of anti-inflammation and anti-allergy, which may be due to its inhibitory potential on the macrophage activation. Furthermore, Phellinus igniarius Quel extract has the anti-wrinkle effects through the inhibitory potential on the collagnease, elastase and gelatinase activities. Conclusions : The above results suggest that Phellinus igniarius Quel extract could be applicable for improvement of several skin functions.

Beneficial effect of Orostachys japonicus A. berger herbal acupuncture on oxidant-induced cell injury in renal epithelial cell (와송약침액이 Oxidant에 의한 신장세포손상에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Sang-Won;Kim, Cheol-Hong;Youn, Hyoun-Min;Jang, Kyung-Jeon;Ahn, Chang-Beohm;Song, Choon-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Acupuncture
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.171-187
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    • 2007
  • Objectives : This study was performed to determine if Orostachys japonicus A. Berger herbal acupuncture (OjB) provides the protective effect against the loss of cell viability and DNA damage induced by oxidant in renal proximal tubular cells. Methods : The cell viability was evaluated by a MTT reduction assay and DNA damage was estimated by measuring double stranded DNA breaks in opossum kidney (OK) cells, an established proximal tubular cell line. Lipid peroxidation was determined by measuring malondialdehyde (MDA), a product of lipid peroxidation. Results : H2O2 increased the loss of cell viability in a time-dependent manner, which were prevented by 0.1% OjB. The protective effect of OjB was dose-dependent over concentration range of 0.05-0.5%. H2O2 caused ATP depletion and DNA damage, which were prevented by OjB and the hydrogen peroxide scavenger catalase. The loss of cell viability by H2O2 was not affected by the antioxidant DPPD, but lipid peroxidation by the oxidant was completely inhibited by DPPD. Generation of superoxide and H2O2 in neutrophils activated by phorbol-12,13-dibutyrate was inhibited by OjB in a dose-dependent manner. OjB inhibited generation of H2O2 in OK cells treated with antimycin A and exerted a direct H2O2 scavenging effect. Exposure of OK cells to 1 mM tBHP caused a significant depletion of glutathione which was prevented by OjB. OjB accelerated the recovery in cells cultured for 20 hr in normal medium without oxidant following oxidative stress. Conclusions : These results suggest that OjB exerts the protective effect against oxidant-induced cell injury and its protective effect was resulted from radical scavenging and antioxidant activities.

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Evaluation on Anti-oxidant Activity and Anti-inflammatory Effects for the New Formulation of Gamisoyosan (가미소요산의 새로운 제형에 대한 항산화 활성 및 항염증 효능평가)

  • Choi, Hye-Min;Kim, Se-Jin;Kim, In-Su;Lee, Ji-Beom;Kim, Jong-Beom;Moon, Sung-Ok;Lee, Hwa-Dong
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.31 no.6
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2016
  • Objectives : Gamisoyosan (GMS) is a useful prescription for treating insomnia, dysmenorrhea and infertility induced by a stress. Also, GMS has been used traditionally to improve systemic circulation and biological energy production. The purpose of this study was to assess the anti-oxidant activity and anti-inflammatory effects of Gamisoyosan Formulation (Soft extract, GMS-SE). Methods : The biological activities such as anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effects were measured through cell line-based in vitro assay. We investigated the anti-oxidant properties of GMS-SE on the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryhydrazyl (DPPH) radical, contents of total flavonoid and polyphenol. GMS-SE compared to butyl hydroxy anizole (BHA). Furthermore, based on this result the anti-inflammatory effects of GMS-SE have verified by mechanism from LPS- treated Raw264.7 macrophages. Results : The anti-oxidant activities of GMS-SE increased markedly, in a dose-dependent manner. The GMS-SE showed significant scavenging activity (GMS-SE $500{\mu}g/m{\ell}$ : $32.77{\pm}1.65%$, GMS-SE $1000{\mu}g/m{\ell}$ : $45.06{\pm}1.04%$ and BHA $100{\mu}g/m{\ell}$ : $39.25{\pm}2.41%$ for DPPH assay). and, The total phenolic compound and flavonoids contents of GMS-SE were $73.93{\pm}6.87{\mu}g/mg$ and $698.75{\pm}6.78{\mu}g/mg$. GMS-SE which is LPS has diminished in the LPS-induced release of inflammatory mediators (NO, iNOS, COX2 and PGE2) and pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-${\alpha}$, IL-6 and IL-$1{\beta}$) from the RAW264.7 macrophages. Moreover, GMS-SE inhibited the activation of phosphorylation of p38 and ERK MAPKs by induced LPS. Conclusion : The present results indicate that GMS-SE has an anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, therefore may be beneficial in diseases which related to oxidative stress-mediated inflammatory disorders.

Comparison of Anti-Oxidant Activities of Chaff Vinegar Liquor (왕겨초액의 산화억제 활성 비교)

  • Nam, Dong-Yoon;Lee, Si-Rim;Park, Chul-Hong;Park, Kyu-Sik;Nam, Sang-Heon;Heo, Jin-Chul;Lee, Sang-Han
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.430-434
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    • 2010
  • This study was carried out to compare anti-oxidant activities of chaff vinegar liquors. We examined the effects of several kinds of chaff vinegar liquor (CA; CA1, chaff vinegar liquor; CA2, wood vinegar liquor; CA3, chaff vinegar liquor with red ginseng; and CA4, chaff vinegar liquor with rosemary) by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), ferric reducing activity of plasma (FRAP) assay, and $Cu^{2+}$ reduction. The results showed that CA have potential in reducing DPPH, FRAP and $Cu^{2+}$ activity. CA was increased its anti-oxidant activity by the fermentation of rosemary extract. The present results suggest that the chaff vinegar liquor could be used for anti-oxidant agents and/or be developed for anti-oxidative potentiation of prototypes.