• Title, Summary, Keyword: Outsourcing

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The Effect of Strategic Recognition and Risks of IT Outsourcing on the Degree of Outsourcing (IT 아웃소싱에 대한 전략적 인식과 위험이 아웃소싱의 정도에 미치는 영향)

  • 문용은
    • Journal of the Korean Operations Research and Management Science Society
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.21-40
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    • 2002
  • Recently, IT outsourcing has become a very important management strategy which implements information systems in organizations. This paper investigates the risks and strategic recognition as a key factors affecting on the degree of IT outsourcing. Specifically the risks of IT outsourcing and its four components-risk of control, risk of economical, risk of technical, risk of relational - are examined to be a negative effect on the degree of outsourcing. And strategic recognition about outsourcing is examined how to affect en the risks and the degree of IT outsourcing. To empirically test these relationships, data ere gathered from senior IT managers in 86 corporations. Results of this study show that the degree of outsourcing is strongly influenced by risk of control, risk of economical, risk of relational. But risk of technical does not influence on the degree of outsourcing. And strategic recognition about outsourcing is found that is negative effect on the risks of IT outsourcing and positive effect on the degree of IT outsourcing. The results provide a good framework to minimize the risks for IT outsourcing success.

Offshore Outsourcing Success : An Integrated Framework

  • Kim, Jin Ki
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.153-170
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    • 2017
  • As the digital economy goes global, firms are trying to find suppliers that can address their managerial goals and strategies. The alternatives are not confined to domestic firms. Firms have been trying to connect to foreign partners worldwide. Although offshore outsourcing grants firms various benefits, they present big cultural challenges. However, there is little research on the impact of cultural or country factors on outsourcing. The goal of this paper is to synthesize the outsourcing success literature and develop propositions for outsourcing success in the context of offshore outsourcing. This paper proposes that cultural effects should be included in evaluating the success of offshore outsourcing. Knowledge sharing and the scope of outsourcing are adopted in the base outsourcing success model from previous literature. In the extended model partnership quality is included as a mediator and organizational capability and outsourcing relationship type are also included as moderator. Finally, the integrated framework of offshore outsourcing success includes cultural factors as moderators of the relationships between outsourcing success antecedents and the success of offshore outsourcing. Reasoning for propositions, managerial implications, and future research directions are discussed.

An Empirical Investigation into the Role of Core-Competency Orientation and IT Outsourcing Process Management Capability (핵심역량 지향성과 프로세스 관리역량이 IT 아웃소싱 성과에 미치는 연구)

  • Kim, Yong-Jin;Nam, Ki-Chan;Song, Jae-Ki;Koo, Chul-Mo
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.131-146
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    • 2007
  • Recently, the role of IT service providers has been enlarged from managing a single function or system to reconstructing entire information management processes in new ways to contribute to shareholder value across the enterprise. This movement toward extensive and complex outsourcing agreements has been driven by the assumption that outsourcing information technology functions is a reliable approach to maximizing resource productivity. Hiring external IT service providers to manage part or all of its information-related services helps a firm focus on its core business and provides better services to its clients, thus obtaining sustainable competitive advantage. This practice of focusing on the strategic aspect of outsourcing is referred to as strategic sourcing where the focus is capability sourcing, not procurement. Given the importance of the strategic outsourcing, however, to our knowledge, there is little empirical research on the relationship between the strategic outsourcing orientation and outsourcing performance. Moreover, there is little research on the factor that makes the strategic outsourcing effective. This study is designed to investigate the relationship between strategic IT outsourcing orientation and IT outsourcing performance and the process through which strategic IT outsourcing orientation influences outsourcing performance, Based on the framework of strategic orientation-performance and core competence based management, this study first identifies core competency orientation as a proper strategic orientation pertinent to IT outsourcing and IT outsourcing process management capability as the mediator to affect IT outsourcing performance. The proposed research model is then tested with a sample of 200 firms. The findings of this study may contribute to the literature in two ways. First, it draws on the strategic orientation - performance framework in developing its research model so that it can provide a new perspective to the well studied phenomena. This perspective allows practitioners and researchers to look at outsourcing from an angle that emphasizes the strategic decision making to outsource its IT functions. Second, by separating the concept of strategic orientation and outsourcing process management capability, this study provides practices with insight into how the strategic orientation can work effectively to achieve an expected result. In addition, the current study provides a basis for future studies that examine the factors affecting IT outsourcing performance with more controllable factors such as IT outsourcing process management capability rather than external hard-to-control factors including trust and relationship management. This study investigates the major factors that determine IT outsourcing success. Based on strategic orientation and core competency theories, we develop the proposed research model to investigate the relationship between core competency orientation and IT outsourcing performance and the mediating role of IT outsourcing process management capability on IT outsourcing performance. The model consists of two independent variables (core-competency-orientation and IT outsourcing process management capability), and two dependent variables (outsourced task complexity and IT outsourcing performance). Comprehensive data collection was conducted through an outsourcing association. The survey data were analyzed using a structural analysis method. IT outsourcing process management capability was found to mediate the effect of core competency orientation on both outsourced task complexity and IT outsourcing performance. Further analysis and findings are discussed.

The Effect of Corporate Strategy and IT Role on the Intent for IT Outsourcing Decision (조직의 전략 유형과 IT 역할이 아웃소싱 의도결정에 미치는 영향)

  • Jo, Dong-Hwan
    • Proceedings of the Korean Operations and Management Science Society Conference
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    • pp.256-263
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    • 2007
  • Corporate managers look at IT outsourcing as long-term strategic choices not as short-term tactical ones, and maximizing the effect that IT outsourcing brings about is the main concern to them. Emerging different types of IT outsourcing and their effects on the corporate business decisions necessitate the research on this subject. According to previous researches, the Intent for IT outsourcing is categorized as IS Improvement, Business Impact, and Commercial Exploitation. The decison factors for these IT outsourcing include corporate strategy types, IT role, and interaction between these two. Firm size and IT maturity are selected as moderating factors to add the credibility to the research of the effect of IT outsourcing decision making. Analyzing IT outsourcing data collected from 61 large-size and mid-size domestic firms revealed that corporate strategy rather than IT role is more significant factor affecting the intent for IT outsourcing decision. That means the decision of outsourcing intent is affected by corporate strategy types. Defenders(as in corporate strategy types) tend to use IT outsourcing more as a means to improve information systems, compared to analyzers and reactors. Prospectors tend to use IT outsourcing more as a commercial exploitation, compared to analyzers and reactors. These outcomes prove that corporate strategy characteristics reflect outsourcing intent. There were previous researches that showed outsourcing decision depends on IT role however the hypothesis was rejected that IT role determines outsourcing intent. It was also rejected that the interaction between corporate strategy types and IT role determines outsourcing intent. Corporate decision makers should first analyze corporate strategy, and reflect it on the outsourcing intent when they make IT outsourcing decisions. Only the precise defining of IT outsourcing intent will lower the risk and increase the possibility of success.

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An Exploratory Study on the Information Technology Outsourcing Risk Factors: An IPO Perspective (IPO 관점에서의 정보기술 아웃소싱 위험요인에 관한 탐색적 연구)

  • Yang Kyung sik;Kim Hyun soo
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.35-62
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    • 2004
  • Recently, IT outsouricng has been one of the major concerns of many companies. This paper explores the relationship between information technology outsourcing risk factors and outsourcing performance. It is based upon a three-phase process utilizing IPO (Input-Process-Output) system. The first phase means the outsourcing planning risks t~at arise from overall environment of outsourcing, organizational refuse, and wrong contracts. The second phase implies outsourcing operational risks, which are occurred while out-sourcing perform and consist of organizational acceptances of outsourcing, partnership and hidden costs. The last phase is outsourcing performance based on four perspective of BSC(Blanced Scored Card). The survey was performed on the IT/IS firms, and the data was collected from 53 service receivers. The result of the analysis are as follows. First, Outsourcing planning risks positively affects the operational risks. Second, Outsourcing operational risks negatively affects the Outsourcing Performance.

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The Introduction and Satisfaction in Outsourcing for Family Restaurants (패밀리 레스토랑의 아웃소싱 도입 현황과 만족도 분석)

  • Kim, Ki-Young;Cheon, Hee-Sook
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.17-31
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    • 2006
  • There have not been the best method for improving the management system of an enterprise. Its management system must be changed according to new environment. Therefore, the food service industry had to accept outsourcing strategies to reduce cost and construct the core-capability of enterprise. In this respect, we studied the introduction and the satisfaction in outsourcing strategies for family restaurants, including a post of enterprise, decision on the supply-enterprises, contract preparation, cost of outsourcing, recontract items and outsourcing result estimation. The results of this study were as follows; First, 90.5% of managers for 7 family restaurants felt that outsourcing is needed. Second, the post of the outsourcing for 7 family restaurants was from 1 to 8; supply for raw food material, cleaning and equipment repair. The introduction of outsourcing for 7 family restaurants started in 1995 and it had constantly made progress up to 2003. Thirdly, the advantages of the outsourcing for 7 family restaurants were increase of benefit, improvement of controllable-power for family restaurants and improvement of employees' satisfaction. Fourthly, 42.9% of managers were satisfied and 4.8% of them were not satisfied. 36 to 40 year old vice-managers were very satisfied with the result of the outsourcing. Fifth, 90.5% of family restaurant managers found the outsourcing to be needed and especially managers in their late thirties realized the outsourcing.

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백화점의 인적서비스 아웃소싱(outsourcing) 동기와 성과에 관한 연구

  • 이철우;김창호
    • Journal of Distribution Research
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.31-49
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    • 1999
  • The present paper discusses the current status of outsourcing of service encounter in department stores. We attempt to find if there is any significant relationship between outsourcing motive and business performance. The 30 department stores under analysis show that they vary in the degree to which they appreciate the necessity of outsourcing and also the which they employ outsourcing. It is also found that firm size influences the portion of outsourcing. The two main motives of outsourcing seem to be (i) cost saving and (ⅱ) better customer satisfaction. We find that the latter plays a more important role. However, there seems to be no significant connection between outsourcing and performance and between motives of outsourcing and performance.

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An Exploratory Study on the Relationship between Outsourcing Performance Factors and IT Outsourcing Recontracts (정보기술 아웃소싱 성과요인과 재계약의 관계에 관한 탐색적 연구)

  • Yang, Kyung-Sik;Kim, Hyun-Soo
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.157-172
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    • 2003
  • Despite the continual growth of IT outsourcing market, the outsourcing contracts are mostly short-term contracts. Because these short-term contracts need continual recontracts, the research on the factors that influence the outsourcing recontracts is needed. This research has been done to find out the factors of making the outsourcing recontracts successfully by stating the relationship between outsourcing recontract and the outsourcing performance factors. As a result of this research, customer factors and innovation factors are found to be influential factors on whether you make a recontract or not. And also the research have showed customer factors are major decision criteria on outsourcing recontracts.

The Effect of Risks and Strategic Recognition on the Degree of IT Outsourcing (IS 아웃소싱의 위험과 아웃소싱의 정도에 관한 연구)

  • 문용은;박유진
    • The Journal of Information Systems
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.1-28
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    • 2002
  • Today, IT outsourcing has become a very important management strategy of implementing information systems in organizations. This paper investigates the risks and strategic recognition as a key factors effecting on the degree of outsourcing, Specifically the risks of outsourcing and its four components-control risk, economical risk, technical risk, relational risk-are examined to be a negative effect on the degree of outsourcing. And strategic recognition about outsourcing is examined to be a mediator factor between the risks and the degree of outsourcing. To empirically test these relationships, data are gathered from senior IT managers in 62 corporations. Results of this study show that the degree of outsourcing is strongly influenced by control risk, economical risk, relational risk. But technical risk does not influence on the degree of outsourcing. And strategic recognition about outsourcing is found that is mediator concern with the risks and the degree of outsourcing. The results indicate to provide a good framework to minimize the risks for IT outsourcing success.

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A Study on the Relationship between Outsourcing Risks and Performance for Contractors (수주자 관점에서의 정보기술 아웃소싱 위험요소와 성과와의 관계에 관한 연구)

  • Yang, Kyung-Sik;Kim, Hyun-Soo
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.119-145
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    • 2003
  • Recently, IT outsourcing has been one of the major concerns of many companies. This study proposes a model which composed the outsourcing planning and operational risks affecting the outsourcing performance. Especially, this study focused on the contractors perspective, because the outsourcing risk relative researches are recently performed on the service receivers perspective, contractors perspective researches were relatively lacked. The result of this study, outsourcing planning risks had not affected the outsourcing performance but it had positively affected the operational risks. And also, the outsourcing operational risks had negatively affected the outsourcing performance. For this reason, It is necessary to reduced planning risk induction for the outsourcing performance improvement. Because the planning risks positively affect the operational risks, it is necessary to reduced planning risk induction for the outsourcing performance improvement.