• Title, Summary, Keyword: Out-of-school youth

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A Study of Experiences of Smoking and Smoking Cessation in out-of-school Youth (학교 밖 청소년의 흡연 및 금연 경험 연구)

  • Park, Min Hee;Yim, So Youn
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.388-399
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The aim of this qualitative study was to identify the experiences of smoking and smoking cessation in out-of-school youth. Methods: The participants were 12 out-of-school youths belonging the Youth support Center located in A and B area. The data were collected from January 8 to 15, 2018, using a FGI(Focus Group Interview). The main sub-domains of the experiences of smoking and smoking cessation in out-of-school youth by 7 questions were categorized from the intrapersonal, interpersonal, organizational, and community factors in ecological model. Results: The motivation, continuity, disadvantage of smoking experiences of out-of-school youth were analyzed in 10 sub-domains (curiosity, friend's invitation, mood of adapted group, habit, relieving stress, providing breaks, friendship, physical damage, loss of money, a bad sight of smoker). The reason, difficulty, advantage, reason for restarting smoking cessation experiences of out-of-school youth were analyzed in 15 sub-domains (physical damage, for future hope, invitation of others, influence of family, weight gain, emotional stress, worsening friendship, improvement physical condition, saving money, better relationships, not with bad friends, withdrawal, smoking of friends, drinking, separated a lover). Conclusion: Based on the results, it is expected that a Specialized Smoking Cessation Education Program will be developed for out-of-school youth's health activities in ecological factors.

A Study on Institution Strengthening for International Youth Exchange in Rural Area (농촌 청소년 국제교류 지원체제 강화방안에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jin-Sook;Kim, Myung-Hee;Choe, Pyeong-Ik
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.241-250
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    • 2004
  • This study was carried out to strengthen institution of international youth change in rural area. References, in the field of international cooperation international youth exchange and youth's volunteer service were reviewed. Considering rural situation, poor human resources in terms of foreign languages and globalization are major problems for international youth exchange. Such problems as poor network among relevant organizations for international youth change, low level of rural internationalization and lacking of development plan for exchange program were pointed out. For effective international youth exchange, the following strategies were suggested : 1) networking among youth, local government, industries and community, 2) youth education for global citizenship, 3) globalization of local industries, local government, and rural community, et.c.

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Factors Affecting School Drop-out Intention of North Korean Refugee Youth (북한이탈청소년의 학교중도탈락 의도에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Kim, Yeun-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.61 no.4
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    • pp.191-215
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    • 2009
  • The purposes of this study were to investigate the factors that influence the school drop-out of North Korean refugee youth and to generate recommendations for social work practice and the resettlement policies of the government to ameliorate the high school drop-out rate among North Korean refugee youth. This study examined the effects of the environmental factors such as the quality of parenting practice, peer attachment and the kind of school a youngster attends, and personal characteristics such as self-respect and acculturation stress level, and academic efficacy on the school drop-out intention. Gender, duration of stay in Korea, family economic status were established as control variables. The drop-out intention was used as a proxy for drop-out behavior. The study findings indicate that the personal characteristics such as gender, self-respect and acculturation stress, academic efficacy were the significant influencing factors, whereas environmental factors such as quality of parenting, peer attachment did not exert any statistically significant effect on the drop-out intention. At the conclusion, the implications of the study findings for research, social work practice and the government policies were discussed.

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The Relationship Between Social Stigma and Psychosocial Adjustment in Out-of-School Youth: The Moderating Effects of Self-concept Clarity (학교 밖 청소년의 사회적 낙인과 심리사회적 적응 간의 관계: 자기개념 명확성의 조절효과)

  • Lee, Hwa-Myung;Kim, Yeoung-Mi
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.9
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    • pp.549-562
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of social stigma on psychosocial adjustment in out-of-school youth and the moderating effects of self-concept clarity on the relationship between social stigma and psychosocial adjustment. The subjects in this study were out-of-school youth who resided in the city of Busan, on whom a survey was conducted. The findings of the study were as follows: First, social stigma was found to have exercised a negative influence on self-concept clarity. Second, social stigma was found to have exercised a negative influence on psychosocial adjustment. Third, self-concept clarity was found to have exercised a negative influence on psychosocial adjustment. Fourth, self-concept clarity was found to have had moderating effects on the relationship between social stigma and psychosocial adjustment. This study is of significance in that it attempted to seek ways of improving the psychosocial adjustment of out-of-school youth and urged offering counseling intervention geared toward boosting self-concept clarity by analyzing the moderating effects of self-concept clarity on the relationship between social stigma and psychosocial adjustment.

Factors Related to Quit-Smoking Intention among Out-of-school Youths : Based on the Planned Behavioral Theory (학교 밖 청소년의 금연의도 관련요인: 계획된 행위이론 변수를 중심으로)

  • Yim, So Youn;Park, Min Hee
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.354-363
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This study was undertaken to identify factors related to quit-smoking intention based on the planned behavior theory among out-of-school youths. Methods: This study was a quantitative research, data were collected during Nov. 1. 2018 to Feb. 28, 2019, study subjects were 189 out-of-school youths in Youth support Center located in A, B, C area city. The data were analyzed using independent sample t-test and one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple linear regression. Results: There was a significant differences of quit smoking intention according to age, weekly allowance, participate of antismoking program. There were positive correlations between quit smoking intention and attitude to non-smoking and perceived behavior control. In smoking cessation intention influenced by predictive variable, age, weekly allowance, attitude to non-smoking, and perceived behavior control explain 26.8% smoking cessation intention. Conclusion: We believe that findings from this study will help to develop the specific smoking cessation education program for out-of-school youth's health behaviors.

The Current Status of Life and Happiness of Out of School Youth (학교 밖 청소년의 생활실태와 행복감 관련 변인)

  • Hwang, Yeoun-Kyoung;Hong, Eun-Young
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.57-64
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the current status of life and psychological characteristics of 250 out of school youth in Cheonan city, and to identify the factors affecting the happiness. For statistical analysis, SPSS 21.0 were used, and reliability, mean comparison, correlation and multiple regression analysis were applied. First, adolescents who stopped studying due to family problems was lower in self-esteem than those who did for other reasons. Males was higher in happiness than females, and those who were less than two years of drop-out duration than those with over two years. Second, out of school youth used a day as 7.9 sleeping hours, 3.91 working hours. For the places for daily activities, they stayed at home for 10.73 hours, at working place for 3.66 hours. The future plan was the most for job plan. Third, there was a positive correlation between self-esteem, hope, and happiness of adolescents out of school. Fourth, the relative impact on the happiness of out of school youth ranked in the order of self-esteem, hope, employment plans, and household income level.

A Study on Vocational Decision Making of Rural Youth (농촌청소년의 직업의사결정 분석)

  • Lee, Chae-Shik
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.257-270
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    • 2005
  • The purposes of this study were to explore the differences of decision making in farming settlement and to analyze attributes for vocational decision making of rural youth. The study was carried out by literature review and questionnaire. To analyze vocational decision making of rural youth, the data were collected from 196 rural youth by stratified random sampling. The SPSSWIN/ver10 was used for analyzing data with frequency, percentage, t-test ANOVA and factor analysis. The major findings of this study were as follows; 1) Rural youth decided to become farmers at the middle and high school stage for farming succession and eco-friendly life orientation. 2) Youth parents were the major source of influence on their rural youth to settle in farming. 3) Rural youth with high economic status, upper academic achievement and university graduation showed higher autonomous decision making and lower heteronomous decision making. 4) Rural youth with low economic status and low academic achievement showed unstable vocational decision making. 5) The study suggested that rural youth with unstable decision making should get more educational opportunities and supports.

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A Study on the Space Planning of Youth Centers in Urban (도시지역 청소년수련관 유형별 공간계획에 관한 연구)

  • Chai Ghoul-Gyun
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.115-122
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    • 2004
  • The space planning and interior lay out of youth centers should be determined carefully for youth education and leisure after school which is considered cultural exchange, hobby, physical training in area of the daily life and to prevent unvaried or unwanted situation in the interior space. Recently, the youth center in youth facilities is architectural planning and managing without consideration of conditions of location environment, regional characteristics and prior condition of space. This paper try to provide basic architectural concept of the space planning for youth centers in urban. On the bases of survey and analysis, the basic data for youth centers have been proposed in consideration of the development of youth activity and community environment in korea. The results of the study were firstly, general basic data for the general architectural planning, secondly, guidelines for the space planning of youth centers in urban, thirdly, new alternative youth centers with 3 types.

The Present Conditions of Rural Youth Welfare Facilities and Policy Measures for Development (농어촌 청소년 복지시설의 문제점과 해결 방안)

  • Kim, Kyeong-Joon
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.285-298
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    • 2001
  • Rural youth welfare was defined to provide the preventive services as well as the protective and curative services such as education, job training, youth activity, delinquency prevention, etc. for rural youth who live in rural society, including who go out to metropolitan city for study. Based on this concept, the rural youth related facilities and problems were investigated in the area of education, culture and leisure, career, and problematic behavior. The results were identified that the efforts of government and rural related institutions were in sufficient to establish and improve the facilities for rural youth, and the gap between rural and urban youth facilities was extended increasingly, in spite of seriousness of those rural youth problems. Some of policies and programs were proposed in order to improve rural youth welfare; 1) To establish at least one activity facility in every Eup ; 2) To convert the public culture facilities such as museums, fine art museums, exhibition facilities, etc. into the culture and art facilities for rural youth; 3) To establish rural youth job information center in the agricultural technology and extension center; 4) To convert school to rural youth education and cultural center; 5) To establish the comprehensive welfare facilities for rural youth in metropolitan city.

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The Effect of Smartphone Overdependence among Out-of-school Youths in Korea (학교 밖 청소년의 스마트폰 과의존에 미치는 영향요인)

  • Lee, Shinae;Cho, Myong Sun
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.15-27
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects on smartphone overdependence of out-of-school youths. Methods: This was a cross sectional study design using the out of school youth Panel Survey(2017). We conducted an empirical study consisting of 318 participants with using descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficients, hierarchical multiple regression analysis to identify factors influencing smartphone overdependence. Results: Smartphone overdependence correlated positively with depression and carrier barriers such as lack of career informations, career development anxiety and financial difficulties. The main factors of smartphone overdependence in adolescents out of school were depression (β = .22, p = .002), gender (β = .21, p <.001), future anxiety (β = .15, p = .0.0), subjective health status (β = .13, p = .028), smoking (β = .13, p = .032). Conclusion: Smartphone overdependence management programs for out-of-school youths should be included emotional and informational support to alleviate anxiety, fear of failing in one's career, as well as mental and psychological interventions to reduce level of depression.