• Title, Summary, Keyword: Organic loading rate

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Acid Fermentation Characteristic of Food Wastes According to the Organic Loading Rate (유기물부하에 따른 음식물찌꺼기의 산발효 특성)

  • Park, Jin-Sik;Ahn, Chul-Woo;Jang, Seong-Ho
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.15 no.10
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    • pp.975-982
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    • 2006
  • This study has been conducted to optimum operating conditions for effective acid fermentation according to OLR(organic loading rate) in the mesophilic and thermophilic acid fermentation process. The results are summarized as follows. In order to obtain reasonable acid fermentation efficiency in performing acid fermentation of food wastes in thermophilic condition, organic loading rate was required below 20 gVS/L.d. As $SCOD_{Cr}/TKN,\;SCOD_{Cr}/T-P$ of thermophilic acid fermented food wastes In organic loading rate 20 gVS/L.d were 18.9, 73.4 respectively, it was possible to utilize as external carbon source for denitrification in sewage treatment plant after solid-liquid separation as well as co-digestion of fermented food wastes and sewage sludge.

Effect of Organic Loading Rate on the Performance of Anaerobic Hybrid Reactor (유기물 부하가 Anaerobic Hybrid Reactor 운전효율에 미치는 영향)

  • Shin, Chang-Ha;Oh, Dae-Yang;Kim, Tae-Hoon;Park, Joo-Yang
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.497-502
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    • 2012
  • Anaerobic Digestion Process is evaluated as efficient wastewater treatment process with the removal of high concentrations of organic waste and production of biogas. This study was performed using hybrid anaerobic hybrid reactor (AHR) which consists of anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) and biofilm-coated filter media was applied for Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) for 80 days to know optimum removal efficiency and production of biogas by comparing each part which divided changing Organic Loading Rate (OLR). As a result of this study, the removal efficiency was 90.4 % when the organic loading rate of influent was 15 kg COD/$m^3$/day. Since organic loading rate was up to 20 kg COD/$m^3$/day, the removal rate declined 80.7%. Over loading of influent caused sludge expansion and overproduction of microorganism. Amount of biogas was collected 82.3 L/day and pH was remained 6.9 constantly with balance of alkalinity.

The Effect of Organic Loading and Seeding Rate to Biodegradibility of Food Waste (음식물쓰레기의 유기물 부하 및 식종율 변화가 생분해도에 미치는 영향)

  • 박남배;정용현;양병수
    • Journal of environmental and Sanitary engineering
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.25-31
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    • 1999
  • Energy recovery technology from municipal solid waste has been increasingly established in many countries. Anaerobic treatment of municipal sewage sludge has low digestion efficiency because of low organic loading rate of sewage sludge. The purpose of this study was to evaluate anaerobic biodegradability of food waste which was based on organic loading rate and seeding rate. From the results of anaerbic biodegration, the optimum condition for seeding rate was turn out over 40%, which did not inhibition of methane production.

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P RELEASE AND UPTAKE ACCORDING TO INFLUENT ORGANIC LOADING IN BNR PROCESS

  • Kim, Kwang-Soo;Ahn, Chang-Hoon;Park, Jae-Kwang
    • Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.265-268
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    • 2005
  • A batch-type study was conducted to investigate the phosphorus release and uptake under anaerobic and aerobic conditions according to organic loading changes. As organic loading increased, anaerobic P release increased but aerobic P uptake decreased. Where organic carbon contents remain high in aerobic conditions, PHB consumption within the microbial cells diminished, therefore it was found that in order to enhance P uptake rate, it should reach the endogenous growth stage where the entire organic loading was consumed.

A Study on an Aerobic Fluidized-Bed Biofilm Reactor for Treating Industrial Wastewaters(II) -Effect of Organic Shock Loading Rate on Biomass Characteristics- (산업폐수처리를 위한 호기성 생물막 유동층 반응기의 연구(II) -유기물 충격 부하가 미생물 성장에 미치는 영향-)

  • 안갑환;박영식;최윤찬;김동석;송승구
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.2 no.4
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    • pp.325-330
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    • 1993
  • A number of experiments were conducted in order to investigate the organic removal efficiency and biomass characteristics according to the organic shock loading rate in a fluidized bed biofilm reactor. At the operation conditions of HRT, 8.44 hour, superficial upflow velocity, 0.9 cm/sec and temperature, 22$\pm$$1^{\circ}C$, the removal efficiency of SCOD was founded to be 96.5, 92 and 90 % with the organic shock loading rate of 3.5, 10.8 and 33 kgCOD/m$^3$ㆍday, respectively. Within the F/M ratio ranged 0.4 to 2.0 kgCOD/kgVSSㆍday, the SCOD removal efficiency was shown as 90% at F/M ratio of 2.0 kgCOD/kgVSSㆍday, but the TCOD removal efficiency was 72 % at F/M ratio of 1.8 kgCOD/kgVSSㆍday. The average biomass concentrations were 7800, 14950 and 27532 mg/l on the organic shock loading rate of 3.5, 10.8 and 33 kgCOD/$\textrm{m}^3$ㆍday, respectively. This result was agreed with the fact that more biomass could be produced at high concentration of substrate, but some biomass was detached at the onset of shock and easily acclimated at the shock condition.

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A Study of Attached Biomass Back Washing in Fixed Film System (고정 생물막공법에서 부착미생물의 역세에 관한 연구)

  • 이창근;김정숙
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.219-224
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    • 1997
  • The cloging phenomenon in the fixed film reactor Is shown when biomass growth Is excessive for long operating time. In addition, effluent water Quality gets worse because of detachment of biomass. In this study, we conducted air-backwashing to sustain biomass In reactor to complement these defects. The results of experimental are showed In the following conclusion. The detachment rate was 19.5 - 38.0% when the organic loading rate was 0.40 - 1.32 kg COD/$m^3$/day, the k - backwashing Intensity was 2 L/min(6.7 $m^3$/$m^2$/hrl and the backwashing time was 15 - 19 seconds. And the detachment rate was 32.2 - 58.6 % when the organic loading rate was 1.37 - 2.27 kg COD/$m^2$/day, the backwashing time was 1 - 12 minutes. As orgnic loading rate and backwashing time ale Increased, detachment of fixed biomass Is Increased. The detachment equation with detachment rate(DR, %), backwashing time(BWT, min), fixed biomass concentration(FB. mg/L), and organic leading rate(OLR, kg COD/ms/day) through multiple linear regession was given by the following equation: DR : 17.964 $BWT^{0.1407} FB^{0.0597} OLR^{0.1946}$

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Comparison of Overall Oxygen Transfer Coefficient in the Membrane Coupled High Performance Reactor for a High Organic Loading Wastewater Treatment (고부하 유기성 폐수처리를 위한 분리막 결합형 순산소 고효율 포기장치의 총괄 산소전달효율 평가)

  • Kang, Bum-Hee;Lim, Kyeong-Ho;Lee, Sang-Min
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.81-88
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    • 2010
  • This study was conducted to find the capability of comparison of overall oxygen transfer coefficient in the membrane coupled high performance reactor (MPHCR) in treating high organic loading wastewater. Effluent quality had been analyzed while the influent organic loading rate was changed from 2 to $7kg\;COD/m^3{\cdot}day$. The oxygen transfer coefficients had been investigated using two-phase nozzle for operating variables which were internal circulation flowrate (5~8 L/min), air flow rate (0.0125~0.2 L/min), liquid temperature ($10{\sim}20^{\circ}C$), and pure-oxygen flow rate (0.0125~0.2 L/min). The overall oxygen transfer coefficient was increased with flowrate of internal circulation and air and high temperature. Especially, internal circulation flow rate showed distinct effect on overall oxygen transfer coefficient due to an increase of gas holdup and air-liquid contract area by two-phase nozzle. In the high range of organic loading rate from 4 to $7kg\;COD/m^3{\cdot}day$, the removable efficiency of COD was 91%. Conventional activated sludge process usually treat organic loading from 0.32 to $0.64kg\;COD/m^3{\cdot}day$ however, the MPHCR can treat 10 to 20 times higher if it would be compared to the conventional activated sludge process. Foaming problem often happened and caused biomass wash out of the reactor, therefore, the foaming should be controlled for the enhanced operation.

Organic Matter and Hydraulic Loading Effects on Nitrification Performance in Fixed Film Biofilters with Different Filter Media

  • Peng, Lei;Oh, Sung-Yong;Jo, Jae-Yoon
    • Ocean and Polar Research
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.277-286
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    • 2003
  • Nitrification performance of fixed film biofilters using coarse sand, loess bead, or styrofoam beads in biofilter columns 1 meter high and 30cm in diameter were studied at different hydraulic and organic matter loading rates. Synthetic wastewater was supplied to the culture tank in order to maintain desired TAN concentrations in inlet water to biofilters. All the biofilters were conditioned 5 months before start of sampling. TAN and $NO_2-N$ conversion rates increased with an increase in the hydraulic loading rate (HLR). However, the improvement in biofilter performance was not linearly correlated to HLR in styrofoam bead filters. This is mainly due to the characteristics of the styrofoam beads used. TAN conversion rates of sand filters increased with the increase of HLR up to $200m^3/m^2$. per day. No increase in the TAN conversion rate was observed at the highest HLR since flooding on the media surface took place. HLR had a significant impact on the TAN conversion rates in loess bead filter up to the highest HLR tested (P<0.05). TAN conversion rates were much less at organic matter loading rates of 9 and 18kg $O_2/m^3$ per day than those without the addition of organic matter in styrofoam bead filters. The addition of glucose resulted in a reduction of the TAN conversion rate from 540 to 284g $TAN/m^3$ per day. No significant difference of TAN conversion rates between the two organic matter loading rates was found (p<0.05). This indicates that the impact of organic matter on nitrification becomes less and less sensitive with an increase in the COD/TAN ratio. At an organic matter loading rate of 9kg $O_2/m^3$. per day, a great reduction of TAN conversion rates was observed in sand filters and loess bead filters. Clearly, organic matter can be one of the most Important Impacting factors on nitrification. $NO_2-N$ conversion rates showed a similar trend for TAN. Based on the TAN and nitrite conversion rates, styrofoam beads showed the best performance among the three filter media tested. Also, the low gravity and price of styrofoam beads make the handling easier and more cost-effective for commercial application. The results obtained at the highest organic matter loading rates can be used in the biofilter design in recirculating aquaculture system.

Operation Characteristics of the SBR Process with Electro-Flotation (EF) as Solids-liquid Separation Method (전해부상을 고액분리 방법으로 적용한 SBR 공정의 운전 특성)

  • Park, Minjeong;Choi, Younggyun
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.340-344
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    • 2008
  • Electro-flotation (EF) was applied to a sequencing batch reactor process (SBR) in order to enhance solids-liquid separation. Solids-liquid separation was good enough in the SBR coupled with EF (EF-SBR) and it was possible to maintain the concentration of mixed liquor suspended solids (MLSS) high in the EF-SBR. Under moderate organic loading condition (COD loading rate: 6 g/day), control SBR (C-SBR) showed similar treatment efficiencies with the EF-SBR. Under high organic loading condition (COD loading rate: 9.6 g/day), the solids-liquid separation in the C-SBR was deteriorated due to proliferation of filamentous bulking organisms at high F/M ratio. However, the EF-SBR was operated stably and with the high MLSS concentration (above 4,000 mg/L) regardless of the organic loading conditions during overall operating period leading to the satisfactory effluent quality. Gas production rate of the electrodes was gradually decreased because of anodic corrosion and scale build-up at the surface of cathode. However it could be partially overcome by use of corrosion-proof electrode material (SUS-316 L) and by periodic current switching between the electrodes.

Effect of F/R ratio of ASBR (Anaerobic Sequencing Batch Reactor) Process on Removal of the Organic Matters in Ammonia Stripped Swine Wastewater (ASBR(Anaerobic Sequencing Batch Reactor) 공정의 F/R비가 암모니아가 탈기된 축산폐수의 유기물 제거에 미치는 영향)

  • Whang, Gye-Dae;Cho, Young-Moo
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.687-694
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    • 2005
  • Lab-scale experiments have been carried out to investigate the effect of F/R ratio of ASBR (Anaerobic Sequencing Batch Reactor) process on the removal of the organic matters in ammonia stripped swine wastewater. Three ASBR inoculated with sludge mixed with granular sludge of UASB (Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket) and anaerobic digested sludge of municipal wastewater treatment plant were operated. Ammonia stripped swine wastewater was used as influent. Prior to conducting the experiments with varied conditions, the effect of increasing organic loading rate from 2.34 to $5.79gTCOD_{Cr}/L$-day at a fixed F/R ratio of 0.1 on the organic removal efficiency has been studied during start-up period. As the result of the experiment, under the condition of varied organic loadings, less than $4.14gTCOD_{Cr}/L$-day, the removed efficiency $TCOD_{Cr}$ of the ASBR process is 83% resulted from the mean value of effluent $TCOD_{Cr}$, 9,125 mg/L during the start-up period. Then ASBRs were operated with F/R ratio of 0.024, 0.303 and 0.91 respectively. Organic loading rate was increased from 4.56 to $15.43gTCOD_{Cr}/L$-day to investigate the effects of F/R ratio and organic loading rate on the organic removal efficiency. As the result of the experiment, less than $6.23gTCOD_{Cr}/L$/L-day, F/R ratio haven't an effect on the organic removal efficiency and the mean removal efficiency of TSS, $TCOD_{Cr}$ and $SCOD_{Cr}$ was about 80%, 86% and 78% at the all of F/R ratio. But as organic loading rate was increased from 8.54 to $12.04gTCOD_{Cr}/L$-day at the F/R ratio of 0.024, the removal efficiency of $SCOD_{Cr}$ decreased from 71% to 63%. The range of decreased removal efficiency of $SCOD_{Cr}$ at the F/R ratio of 0.024 was much more higher than at the F/R ratio of 0.303, 0.91. Thus, as organic loading rate was increased, ASBRs were operated with high F/R ratio to obtain high removal efficiency.