• Title, Summary, Keyword: Organic Trace Minerals

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Stuidies on Production of Nucleic acid Derivatives by Microorganisms (IV) -Effect of Culture Media on 5′-IMP Accumulation by Brevibacterium ammoniagenes- (미생물에 의한 핵산관연물질의 생산에 관한 연구(제사보) -Brevibacterium 속 세균 변리주의 5'-inosinic acid 발효 배지성분에 관하여 -)

  • Bae, Moo;Lee, Gye-Jun
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.75-78
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    • 1973
  • Effects of nitrogen sources, supplement of vitamins and minerals on the accumulation of 5'-inosinic acid by an adenineless mutant of Brevibacterium ammoniagenes were examined. Maximal yield of 5'-inosinic acid was attained by the use of yeast extract. as organic nitrogen source Casamino acid supplemented with $Mn^{++}$, $Zn^{++}$ Ca-D-pantothenate and thiamine HCl could be subsitute for it. Subsequent experiment using the defined medium showed that the concentration of these trace element in the medium affected inosinic acid accumulation markedly. And it was found that the simulataneous addition of $Mn^{++}$ (20$\mu\textrm{g}$1). $Zn^{++}$(10$\mu\textrm{g}$1). thiamine Hcl(10mg/1) and Ca-D-pantothenate (5mg/l) to the defined medium stimulated inosinic acid accumulation, from which 7mg/ml of inosinic acid was obtained.

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Vertical Distribution of Heavy Metal Concentrations in Sediment Cores and Sedimentation Rate Using $^{210}Pb$ Dating Technique in the Juam Reservoir (주암댐 호저 퇴적물에서의 수직적 중금속 분산과 $^{210}Pb$를 이용한 퇴적속도산정)

  • Lee Pyeong-Koo;Youm Seung-Jun;Yeon Gyu Hun;Chi Se-Jung;Kim Ji-Wook;Oh Chang-Whan;Kim Sun-Ok
    • Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.43-57
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    • 2005
  • Twelve bottom sediments and three cores were collected in Juam reservoir for a study on transportation, which was controlled by particle grain size (2mm-200{\mu}m,\;200-100{\mu}m,\;100-50{\mu}m,\;50-20{\mu}m,\;<20{\mu}m), and vertical distribution of heavy metals. Sediment cores were sliced into 2 to 5 cm intervals to measure heavy metal concentrations in interstitial water and sediments with depth. Pb isotopic compositions of core samples were determined to calculate sedimentation rate. Regardless of sampling sites, levels of heavy metals and trace elements in bottom sediments are nearly constant with mean values of $14.9\;{\mu}g/g\;for\;As,\;0.81{\mu}g/g\;for\;Cd,\;30.7{\mu}g/g\;for\;Cu,\;34.7{\mu}g/g\;for\;Ni,\;63.3{\mu}g/g\;for\;Pb\;and\;87.9{\mu}g/g\;for\;Zn$. In general, Cu, Pb, Zn, Wi, and Cr in fraction of $<20{\mu}m$ exhibit the highest concentration, but content of As is the highest in grain size of $2\;mm-200\;{\mu}m$ and $200-100\;{\mu}m$. Fe and Mn occur as the dissolved compositions of the highest concentrations in interstitial waters and increase in their concentrations toward lower part of cores. On the contrary, concentrations of Zn and Cu show the highest value in the uppermost part in cores, suggesting these elements are released from reductive dissolution of hydroxides and oxidation of organic matters under different redox conditions. The highest accumulations of Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn contents in the sediment cores are observed at 0-4 cm layers, and concentrations of Cu and Pb are especially high, implying these heavy metals are originated from anthropogenic sources. The apparent sedimentation rate estimated using unsupported $^{210}Pb$ is 0.91 cm $year^{-1}$, corresponding about 10 cm sedimentation in total depth since construction of Juam dam. These results will provide available information for management of bottom sediment in Juam reservoir.

Physicochemical Analysis and Sensory Evaluation of Fermented Soy Sauce from Gorosoe(Acer mono Max.) and Kojesu(Betula costata T.) Saps (고로쇠 및 거제수나무 수액 간장의 이화학적 분석 및 관능 평가)

  • Choi, Sun-Young;Sung, Nak-Ju;Kim, Haeng-Ja
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.318-326
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    • 2006
  • Soy sauce was prepared with the addition of Gorosoe and Kojesu saps instead of tap water to make ordinary soy sauce, respectively. The changes of free sugar, organic acid, mineral, amino acid and nucleotides and other compounds during the fermentation of soy sauce were assessed. The free sugar were found to be fructose, glucose, galactose and sucrose in soy sauce of saps but sucrose was not detected in ordinary soy sauce. Galactose contents were dominant free sugar in all samples. The contents of butyric acid were dominant among 7 kinds of organic acid while fumaric acid was trace amount during the fermentation of soy sauce. The contents of potassium and phosphorus among 13 kinds of minerals were dominant during the fermentation of soy sauce. In the amino acid composition of soy sauce, dominant amino acid was glutamic acid(185.6${\pm}$1.0 mg/100 ml above), but proline and arginine were not detected. AMP detected above 7.5${\pm}$O.2 ${\mu}$mol/100 ml was dominant while inosine was not detected during the fermentation of soy sauce. The results of sensory evaluation in the fermented soy sauce of Gorosoe was 'liked more' than that of soy sauce of Kojesu and control.

Screening of Antimicrobial Activity from Castanea crenata Sieb. et Zucc. Leaves and Flowers. I. Chemical Compositions (밤나무 꽃과 잎의 화학성분 및 항균활성 검색 -제1보. 화학성분 조성-)

  • Jo, Jae-Sun;Cho, Gyu-Seong
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.46 no.3
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    • pp.257-261
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    • 2003
  • Chemical components relevant to the characteristic antimicrobial activities of the Korean chestnut (Castanea crenata S. et Z.) leaves and flowers were analyzed. The composition of free sugar were sucrose, maltose in the chestnut flowers and sucrose, glucose, fructose in the chestnut leaves. The contains of tannin were 0.16% in the chestnut flower and 1.98% in the chestnut leaves. In fatty acids case, the linoleic contents were significantly high in the chestnut leaves and flowers. The organic acids showed high composition to succnic and citric acid in the chestnut leaves. The ammo acid compositions showed high contents to aspatic acid, proline, glutamic acid, glycine and methionine in the chestnut leaves and flowers. The total amino acid showed significantly higher in the chestnut leaves than flowers. The major minerals contained in the chestnut leaves and flowers were K, Ca, Ng, Fe, Mn and Al. Ascorbic acids were detected highly in the chestnut leaves and flowers.

Geochemistry and Mineralogy of Metapelite and Barium-Vanadium Muscovite from the Ogcheon Supergroup of the Deokpyeong Area, Korea (덕평지역(德平地域)의 옥천누층군(沃川累層群)에 분포(分布)하는 변성이질암(變成泥質岩)과 바륨-바나듐 백운모(白雲母)의 지구화학적(地球化學的) 및 광물학적(鑛物學的) 특성(特性))

  • Lee, Chan Hee;Lee, Hyun Koo
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.35-49
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    • 1997
  • The coal formation of the Deokpyeong area are interbedded along metapelites of the Ogcheon Supergroup, which are composed mainly of graphite, quartz, muscovite and associated with small amounts of biotite, chlorite, pyrite and barite. The ratios of $SiO_2/Al_2O_3$, $Al_2O_3/Na_2O$ and $K_2O/Na_2O$ of the coaly metapelite are variable and wide range from 1.80 to 10.21, from 27.8 to 388.8 and from 7.6 to 61.8, respectively. These coal formation were deposited in basin of marine environments, and the REE of these rocks are not influenced with metamorphism and hydrothermal alterations on the basis of $Al_2O_3$ versus La, La against Ce, the ratios of La/Ce (0.19 to 0.99) and Th/U (0.02 to 4.75). These rocks also show much variation in $La_N/Yb_N$ (1.19 to 22.89), Th/Yb (0.14 to 21.43) and La/Th (0.44 to 13.67), and their origin is explained by derivation from a mixture of sedimentary and igneous rocks. The wide range in trace and REE element characteristics as Co/Th (0.12 to 2.78), La/Sc (0.33 to 10.18), Sc/Th (0.57 to 5.73), V/Ni (8 to 2347), Cr/V (0.02 to 0.67) and Ni/Co (1.56 to 32.95) of these coaly metapelites argues for inefficient mixing of the various source lithologies during sedimentation. Deep to pale green barium-vanadium muscovites (vanadium-oellacherite) have been found in this coal formations. Modes of occurrence and grain size of muscovite are heterogeneous, but most of the barium and vanadium-bearing muscovites occur along the boundaries between graphite and quartz grains, ranging from 200 to $350{\mu}m$ in length and from 40 to $60{\mu}m$ in width. Results of X-ray diffraction data of the minerals characterized to be monoclinic system with $a=5.249{\AA}$, $b=8.939{\AA}$, $c=20.924{\AA}$ and ${\beta}=95.894^{\circ}$. Representative chemical formula of the muscovite was $(Na_{0.09}K_{1.44}Ba_{0.46})(Al_{2.75}Ti_{0.07}V_{0.56}Fe_{0.08}Mg_{0.50})(Si_{6.12}Al_{1.88})O_{22}$. The V possibly substitute octahedral Al, and the Ba is coupled substitution of $K^+Si^{4+}=Ba^{2+}Na^+Ca^{2+}$, which compositional ranges of V and Ba are from 0.42 to 0.69 and from 0.34 to 0.56 based on $O_{22}$, respectively. Formation mechanism of the barium-vanadium muscovites in the coaly metapelite is shown that the formed by high pressure and temperature from regional metamorphism origanated during diagenesis at the interface between a basinal brine and organic matter.

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Pedological Characteristics of Asian Dust in Korea (한국에 강하한 황사의 토양학적 특성)

  • Zhang, Yong-Seon;Kim, Yoo-Hak;Sonn, Yeon-Kyu;Lee, Gye-Jun;Kim, Myung-Sook;Kim, Sun-Kwan;Weon, Hang-Yeon;Joa, Jae-Ho;Eom, Ki-Cheol;Kim, Sang-Hyo;Kwak, Han-Kang;Kim, Han-Myeong
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.38 no.6
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    • pp.301-306
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    • 2005
  • Asian dust was collected in Korea and soils in the arid area of northern China were analysed for its physical and chemical properties, and mineral compositions for in order to interpret the origin of Aeolian soils and estimate the effect of dust wind on the soil environment in Korea. Asian dust was collected at Suwon in Korea from 2002 to 2004. Soil samples were collected from the desert and Loess plateaus around Gobi desert in China. As a result of analysis of desert soil distributed on northern region and Loess soils in China, it was observed that soil pH was about 9, organic matter 11 to $23g\;kg^{-1}$, and CEC 7.1 to $18.4cmolc\;kg^{-1}$, showing a high spatial variation among different sampling locations. About 62 to 80% of particles were composed of quartz and feldspars, 2 to 14% calcite ($CaCO_3$) and dolomite [$Ca{\cdot}Mg(CO_3)_2$], and trace other clay minerals. All the dust particles in Korea were below 50 m in diameter, and the mineral compositions were quartz, mica, feldspar and some clay minerals. Major components of clay mineral of Asian dust was mainly illite as compared to the kaolin of soils in Korea. The base saturation of exchangeable Ca, Mg, K and Na in the Asian dust was above 250% due to the high content calcite. Most of upland soil in Suwon was thin and sharp type, but Asian dust in Korea was the spherical shape. Asian dusts in Suwon, Korea, did not show a definite mineralogical variation of the dust during the collection period. Difference between the Asian dust collected in Korea and the soils in arid area of China was observed in the physical and chemical properties, especially for particle size distribution, cations such as Ca, Mg, K and Na. However, some similarities were found on the mineral compositions and chemical properties between Asian dust collected in Korea and the loess of China.