• Title, Summary, Keyword: Organic Trace Minerals

Search Result 26, Processing Time 0.036 seconds

Effects of Trace Mineral Supplementation and Source, 30 Days Post-weaning and 28 Days Post Receiving, on Performance and Health of Feeder Cattle

  • Dorton, K.L.;Engle, T.E.;Enns, R.M.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.19 no.10
    • /
    • pp.1450-1454
    • /
    • 2006
  • Three hundred and seventy-five steers (approximately 7 mo of age and $239.0{\pm}10.4kg$) were utilized to determine the effects of trace mineral (TM) supplementation and source on performance during the on-farm backgrounding and feedlot receiving phases of beef cattle production. At their respective ranches, steers were stratified by body weight into six groups. Groups were then assigned to one of six pens and pens were randomly assigned to treatments. Treatments consisted of: 1) control (no supplemental Cu, Zn, Mn, and Co), 2) inorganic trace mineral ($CuSO_4$, $ZnSO_4$, $MnSO_4$, and $CoCO_3$), and 3) organic trace mineral (iso-amounts of organic Cu, Zn, Mn, and Co). Mineral treatments were fed in alfalfa pellets formulated to supply 360 mg of Zn, 200 mg of Mn, 125 mg of Cu, and 12.5 mg of Co per head per day from either organic or inorganic trace mineral sources. Control steers received alfalfa pellets with no additional Cu, Zn, Mn, or Co. Steers were allowed free access to harvested alfalfa-grass hay throughout the 30-d on-farm backgrounding phase. On day 30 post-weaning, steers were weighed and transported to the feedlot. Steers were blocked by treatment within ranch, stratified by initial body weight, and randomly assigned to one of 36 pens (9-12 head per pen; 12 pens per treatment). Steers remained on the same on-farm backgrounding trace mineral treatments, however, trace mineral treatments were included in the total mixed growing ration. Steers were fed a corn silage-based growing diet throughout the 28 d feedlot receiving period. There was no effect of TM supplementation on performance of steers during the on-farm backgrounding phase. By the end of the 28-d feedlot receiving phase, ADG was similar between control and trace mineral supplemented steers. Steers supplemented with organic TM had greater (p<0.05) ADG than steers supplemented with inorganic TM by the end of the 28-d feedlot receiving phase. Morbidity and mortality rates were similar across treatments.

Evaluation of trace mineral source and preharvest deletion of trace minerals from finishing diets on tissue mineral status in pigs

  • Ma, Y.L.;Lindemann, M.D.;Webb, S.F.;Rentfrow, G.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.31 no.2
    • /
    • pp.252-262
    • /
    • 2018
  • Objective: An experiment was conducted to evaluate dietary supplemental trace mineral source and deletion on mineral content in tissues. Methods: Weanling crossbred pigs (n = 144; 72 barrows and 72 gilts; body weight [BW] = $7.4{\pm}1.05kg$) were used. A basal diet was prepared, and trace mineral premix containing either inorganic (ITM) or organic (OTM) trace minerals (Cu, Fe, Mn, and Zn) was added to the basal diet. Pigs were blocked by sex and BW and randomly allotted to 24 pens for a total of 6 pigs per pen, and fed a diet containing either ITM or OTM supplemented at the 1998 NRC requirement estimates for each of 5 BW phases (Phase I to V) from 7 to 120 kg. The trace mineral supplementation was deleted for 6, 4, 2, and 0 wk of Phase V; regarding nutrient adequacy during this phase, the indigenous dietary Fe and Mn was sufficient, Cu was marginal and Zn was deficient. Results: At the end of Phase IV, Mn content (mg/kg on the dry matter basis) was greater (p<0.05) in heart (0.77 vs 0.68), kidney (6.32 vs 5.87), liver (9.46 vs 8.30), and longissimus dorsi (LD; 0.30 vs 0.23) of pigs fed OTM. The pigs fed OTM were greater (p<0.05) in LD Cu (2.12 vs 1.89) and Fe (21.75 vs 19.40) and metacarpal bone Zn (141.86 vs 130.05). At the end of Phase V, increased length of deletion period (from 0 to 6 wk) resulted in a decrease (linear, p<0.01) in liver Zn (196.5 to 121.8), metacarpal bone Zn (146.6 to 86.2) and an increase (linear, p<0.01) in heart Mn (0.70 to 1.08), liver Mn (7.74 to 12.96), and kidney Mn (5.58 to 7.56). The only mineral source by deletion period interaction (p<0.05) was observed in LD Zn. Conclusion: The results demonstrated differential effects of mineral deletion on tissue mineral content depending on both mineral assessed and source of the mineral.

토양 중 mineral에 의한 염소계 유기화합물 분해 특성 연구

  • Choi Jeong-Yun;Sim Sang-Gyu;Lee U-Jin
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.33-36
    • /
    • 2006
  • The reductive dechlorination of chlorinated organic compounds by soil minerals in soil and groundwater were carried out in this study. FeS, green rust, and magnetite were chosen as the representative soil minerals which were capable of degrading chlorinated compound in soil system. FeS was the most effective reductant in degradation of carbon tetrachloride. The reductive degradation of CT and 1,1,1-TCA by FeS was much faster than that of 1,2-DCB and 2,4-DCP. The reactivity of FeS was effectively improved by the addition of trace metals. The addition of Co to FeS suspension enhanced the reaction rate of 1,2-DCB by a factor of 46 compared to that by FeS without Co.

  • PDF

Taste Compounds of Fresh-water Fishes 4. Organic Acids, Sugars and Minerals in the Muscle of Wild Common Carp and Korean Snakehead (담수어의 정미성분에 관한 연구 4. 천연산 잉어 및 가물치의 유기산, 당류 및 무기질)

  • YANG Syng-Taek;LEE Eung-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
    • /
    • v.15 no.4
    • /
    • pp.298-302
    • /
    • 1982
  • In order to elucidate the taste compounds of wild common carp, Cyprinus carpio, and Korean snakehead, Channa argus, organic acids, sugars ana minerals were analyzed as a part of the study on the taste compounds of fresh-water fishes. Among organic acids, the contents of succinic acid, butyric acid, propionic acid and valeric acid were fairly high, while those of oxalic acid, fumaric acid, maleic acid, tartaric acid and citric acid were trace. As for the sugars, glucose was found to be the most predominant monosaccharide of the species. Extremely small amounts of fructose and arabinose were also detected and inositol and ribose were trace in content. Among minerals, $K^{+},\;Na^{+},\;PO_{4}^{3-}\;and\;Cl^{-}$ were found to be the major ions and small amounts of $Ca^{2+}\;and\;Mg^{2+}$ were detected.

  • PDF

Studies on the Mineral Content of Edible Mushrooms (식용 버섯류의 무기물 함량)

  • 허윤행;김옥경
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
    • /
    • v.17 no.1
    • /
    • pp.129-135
    • /
    • 1991
  • To investigate on the trace element content of twelve edible mushrooms and Aloe arborescens, i. e., Lentinus edodes, Ganoderma lucidum (culturing in wood and soil), Tricholoma matsutake, Agaricus bisporus, Cyrophora esculenta, Auricularia auricula-Jude (produced in Korea and China), Sarcodon asparatus, Pleurotus ostreatus, Coriolus versicolor, Smilax rotundifolia and Aloe arborescerts were analyzed by Atomic absorption spectrometer. The obtained results were summerized as follows: 1. Potassium, sodium, magnesium and iron content for the most part samples were in large quantities, especially phosphorus content of those was highest ammount for the all samples. 2. Sodium content was much ammount in the Lentinus edodes (39mg) and Ganoderma lucidurn (20 mg), Culturing in wood and soil, while potassium was very high ammount in the Aloe arborescens and other samples. Mush ammount of magnesium as compared with others was Lentinus edodes (144mg), Ganoderma lucidurn (128mg), Aloe arborescerts (50mg) and pleurotus ostreatus (60mg). Phosphorus content of Ganoderma lucidurn, Lentinus edodes, Gyrophora esculenta, Auricularia polytricha and Agaricus bisporus was much ammount while iron content of all samples equality higher ammount. Sodium content of Aloe arborescens was not analyzed out for almost all, its potassium (82mg), magnesium (50mg) and iron (18rng) content comparatively higher quentity than others minerals and phosphorus volume (4.9mg) as compared with others, was conspicuously lower detect. 4. Cadimium and lead content of harmful metal element were detected on trace quentity for the most part samples 5. Organic acids of samples i.e., Legtinus edodes, Agaricus bisporus, Pleurotus ostreatus and Ganoderma lucidum were Citrate, Malate, Fumalate, Succinate, Oxalate, Acetate, Lactate, and Tartarate and Citrate, Malate and Fumarate contents were higher amount remarkbly than other organic acids. Tartarate content was trace amount.

  • PDF

Taste Compounds of Fresh-Water Fishes 6. Taste Compounds of Korean Catfish Meat (담수어의 정미성분에 관한 연구 6. 메기의 정미성분)

  • YANG Syng-Taek;LEE Eung-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
    • /
    • v.16 no.3
    • /
    • pp.202-210
    • /
    • 1983
  • In order to elucidate the taste compounds of Korean catfish, Parasilurus asotus, free amino acids, nucleotides and their related compounds, organic bases, sugars, organic acids and minerals in the extracts of Korean catfish were analyzed, and then evaluated by sensory test of synthetic extract prepared on the basis of the analytical data. Taste panel assessments of synthetic extracts prepared with each extractive component omitted were carried out by a triangle difference test, and changes in taste profile were assessed. In free amino acid composition, glycine was dominant occupying $25\%$ of total free amino acids. The other abundant free amino acids were lysine, taurine and alanine. Judging from the result of analysis of nucleotides, IMP was dominant showing about $70\%$ of total nucleotides while ATP, ADP, AMP, inosine and hypoxanthine were low in content. Among organic bases, total creatinine was abundant and its nitrogen content occupied more than $50\%$ of the total extractive nitrogen. The amount of betaine was 18mg/100g and trace amount of trimethylamine and trimethylamine oxide were detected. The main organic acids were succinic, butyric, propionic and valeric acid. On the other hand, oxalic, fumaric, maleic, tartaric and citric acids were analyzed in trace. As for the sugars, glucose was found to be the most abundant monosaccharide. Extremely small amounts of fructoae, inositol were also detected and ribose and arabinose were trace in content. $K^+,\;Na^+,\;PO_{4}^{3-}$ and $Cl^-$ were found to be the major ions and small amount of $Ca^{2+}$ were defected. The synthetic extract, prepared with about 40 pure chemicals based on the analytical data satisfactorily revealed the natural taste of the original extract except slight difference in meaty taste and mildness. From the results of omission test the major components which contribute to produce the taste were serine, IMP, succinic acid and $PO_{4}^{3-}$.

  • PDF

Mineralogical and Geochemical Studies of Uranium Deposits of the Okchon Group in Southwestern District off Taejon, Korea (대전서남지대(大田西南地帶)에 있어서의 옥천대(沃川帶) 우라늄광상(鑛床)에 대(對)한 광물학적(鑛物學的) 및 지화학적(地化學的) 연구(硏究))

  • Yun, Suckew
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
    • /
    • v.17 no.4
    • /
    • pp.289-298
    • /
    • 1984
  • Uraniferous black slates of the Okchon sequence occur in Koesan (northeast) through Miwon-Boun (middle) to the southwest off Taejon (southwest) within the Okchon fold belt. The Uraniferous balck slates in the southwest off Taejon are particularly well developed in Chubu (northeast) and Moksso-ri (middle) areas whereas they are less developed in Jinsan (southwest) area. The uraniferous beds range from less than a meter to 40 meters in thickness and range from less than 0.02% $U_3O_8$ (cut-off-grade) to 0.05% $U_3O_8$ in the southwestern district off Taejon. Electron microprobe analysis of uranium-minerals found in graphitic slate samples enables to estimate their major compositions semi-quantitatively so that uraninite, ferro-uranophane and chlopinite are tentatively identified. Uranium-minerals are closely associated with carbon and metal sulfides. Correlation analysis of trace element concentrations revealed that U and F.C., and U and Mo are lineary correlative respectively and their correlation coefficients are positively high whereas those of U and V, U and Mn, and U and Zr are negatively low, implying that uranium mineralization has been closely related with concentrations of carbon and molybdenum. Stable isotope analyses of pyrite sulfur range widely from +11.5% to -23.3% in ${\delta}^{34}S$ values whereas those of graphite carbon fall within a narrow range between -23.3% and -28.9% in ${\delta}^{13}C$ values. The wide range of ${\delta}^{34}S$ values suggests that the sulfur could be of meteoric origin rather than of igneous source. The narrow range of ${\delta}^{13}C$ values, which are close to those of coal, indicates that the graphite is organic carbon in origin. Therefore, it is concluded that the uranium mineralization in the Okchon sequence took place primarily in sedimentary environment rich in organic matter and sulfide ion, both of which served as the reducing agents to convert soluble uranyl complex to insoluble uranium dioxide.

  • PDF

Taste Compounds of Fresh-Water Fishes 8. Taste Compounds of Crucian Carp Meat (담수어의 정미성분에 관한 연구 8. 붕어의 정미성분)

  • YANG Syng-Taek;LEE Eung-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
    • /
    • v.17 no.3
    • /
    • pp.170-176
    • /
    • 1984
  • This study was directed to define the taste compounds of crucian carp, Carassius caressius, free amino acids, nucleotides and their related compounds, organic bases, sugars, organic acids and minerals in the extracts of crucian carp were analyzed, and then followed by sensory evaluation of synthetic extracts prepared from 44 pure chemicals on the basis of the analytical data. Taste panel assessments of synthetic extracts prepared with each extractive component omitted were carried out by a triangle difference test, and changes in taste profile were assessed. In free amino acid composition, histidine was dominant occupying $46\%$ of the total free amino acids. The other abundant free amino acids were glycine, lysine, alanine and taurine. As for the nucleotides, IMP was dominant showing about $80\%$ of the total of nucleotides. The most abundant organic base was total creatinine. The content of betaine was poor and TMAO were trace in content. The main organic acids were succinic, propionic, butyric and valeric acid. Small amount of glucose, fructose and inositol were detected and ribose and arabinose were trace in content $K^+,\;Na^+,\;PO_4^{3-}\;and\;Cl^-$ were found to be the major ions and small amount of $Ca^{++}\;and\;Mg^{2+}$ were deleted. Judging from the results of omission test, the major components which contribute to produce the taste were serine, glutamic acid, lysine, arginine, tyrosine, phenylalanine, IMP, $Na^+,\;K^+\;and\;PO_4^{3-}$.

  • PDF

Biological Aspects of Selenium in Farm Animals

  • Kim, Y.Y.;Mahan, D.C.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.16 no.3
    • /
    • pp.435-444
    • /
    • 2003
  • In 1957, Schwarz and Foltz discovered that selenium (Se) was an essential trace mineral and nutritionists then started extensive studies to figure out the metabolic function of this element which has been called as toxic mineral. The discovery that glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) contained Se demonstrated a biochemical role for Se as an essential trace element. The major physiological function of Se containing GSH-Px is thought to maintain low levels of $H_2O_2$ and other hydroperoxides in the cell to prevent tissues from peroxidation damages. It is known that the GSH-Px activity is increased when animals were fed high dietary levels of Se. Chemical properties of Se have much in common with sulfur (S) therefore Se would follow the sulfur pathways in its metabolism in animal body. Two sources of Se are available for supplementation of Se in animal feed. Inorganic Se can also exist in selenide (-2), elemental (0), selenite (+4) and selenate (+6) oxidation state with other minerals. When sulfur in S containing amino acids is replaced by Se, organic Se can be made and named "eleno"prior to the name of S containing amino acid, i.e. selenomethionine. Selenium deficiency affects humans as well as animals and dysfunctions such as exudative diathesis, retained placenta, mastitis, liver necrosis, Keshan disease, numerous diseases and cancer. From several centuries ago, Se toxicity was recognized in various animal species and much of the current toxic Se levels has been established largely based upon the controlled toxicity studies used inorganic Se. Toxic effects of Se in animal result in reduced feed intake, growth retardation, ataxia, diarrhea, alopecia and sloughing of hooves. However, several experiments demonstrated that Se deficiencies or toxicities were varied by dietary Se levels and sources. Recent studies demonstrated that the incidence of colorectal and prostate cancer was reduced by approximately 50% when humans consumed 200 ${\mu}g$ of Se daily.

A Study on the Gas Chromatographic Analysis of Alcohols and Organic Acids during Takju Fermentation (가스 크로마토그래피에 의한 재래주 발효중 알코올과 유기산 분석)

  • Choi, Sun-Hee;Kim, Ok-Kyung;Lee, Myung-Whan
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.24 no.3
    • /
    • pp.272-278
    • /
    • 1992
  • Takju, a Korean traditional wine, was prepared by using nuruk and Koji which were inoculated with Aspergillus kawachii and Aspergillus shirousamii. Those chemical composition such as alcohols and organic acids were determined with gas chromatography to investigate the variation of its content by the fermentation. Alcohol such as methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, i-butyl, i-amyl alcohol were detected in the most takju mash samples. Alcohol contents in the groups fermented with KNR and SNR were slightly higher than KKR, SKR groups. Lactic acid were concentrated and organic acids such as pyruvic, oxalic, malonic, succinic, maleic, malic, ${\alpha}-keto$ glutaric acid were also detected in the most samples. The pH was lowest in the KKR group. The total acid content was slightly decreased at the later fermentation and was highest in KKR. The content of minerals were highest in the WNR and BNR groups. Throughout fermentation the content of potassium and magnesium varied greatly with the tested groups.

  • PDF