• Title, Summary, Keyword: Oral health behavior

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The relationship of oral health behavior with oral health literacy and oral health knowledge among elementary school students (일부 초등학생의 구강건강문해력과 구강보건지식에 따른 구강보건행태의 관련성)

  • Jang, Sun-Ju;Yoon, Sung-Uk
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.93-103
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: This study aimed to analyze the oral health behavior in the upper grades of elementary school in relation to oral health literacy and oral health knowledge. Methods: A survey on the general characteristics, oral health literacy, oral health knowledge, and oral health behavior was administered to students in the upper grades of five elementary schools in Daegu and Gyeongbuk, South Korea, from March to June, 2018. Finally, a total of 236 questionnaires were analyzed. Results: Oral health literacy in accordance with oral health behavior was high when oral health behavior was high (p<0.05). The results of multiple regression analysis of the general characteristics, oral health knowledge, oral health literacy, and oral health behavior were analyzed as follows: Y (oral health behavior) = 2.028 + 0.113 (oral health literacy) (p<0.05). Conclusions: To ensure appropriate oral health behavior among elementary school students, it is necessary to develop systematic programs in elementary schools to provide oral health education to increase oral health literacy and oral health knowledge.

A study on factors affecting the oral health care behavior of mothers for young children (유아기 자녀에 대한 모친의 구강건강관리행위에 영향을 미치는 요인 연구)

  • Lee, Sae-Na;Kim, Eun-Sook
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.1071-1081
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    • 2012
  • Objectives : This study were to find out differences in mother's oral health knowledge and oral health care behaviors and to find out factors that affected mothers' oral health care behavior for their young children. Methods : The survey was carried out with questionnaire about personal factor, cognitive factor, psychological factor and behavioral factor to 227 mothers. They had children from 3 to 5 years. The collected data was analyzed by SPSS WIN 12.0. Results : There were statistically significant differences in oral health knowledges as mother's educational background, importance of oral health, experience of oral health education, and oral health locus of control. There were statistically significant differences in mother's oral health care behaviors as mother's job, interest of oral health, importance of oral health, experience of oral health education, and oral health locus of control. And mother' oral health care behavior for herself, interest of oral health, and oral health locus of control were found as important variables in mothers's oral health care behavior for their children. Conclusions : Mother's oral health care behavior for herself was the powerful factor that affected mother's oral health care behavior for her children.

The Factors to Affect the Oral Health Promotion Behavior of Elementary School Students (초등학생의 구강건강증진행위에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Kim, Soo-Kyung
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.55-64
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    • 2008
  • This study set out to identify the factors to affect the oral health promotion behavior of elementary school students and to provide a framework to develop educational programs to promote their oral health promotion behavior. A survey was conducted to 729 fifth and sixth graders attending four elementary schools in Seoul. The variables were measured with a five-point Likert scale and include previous oral health related behaviors, perceived oral health status, perceived benefit, perceived barriers, self-esteem, self-efficacy, and oral health promotion behavior. First, the subjects scored relatively high 3.51 points out of 5 in oral health promotion behavior. They also scored 3.88 points in perceived benefit, 3.51 in selfesteem, 3.43 in self-efficacy, 3.28 in perceived oral health status, 2.77 in previous oral health related behaviors, and 1.79 in perceived barriers. Second, a significant difference was observed according to gender in previous oral health related behaviors and oral health promotion behavior. And a significant difference was also found according to grade in previous oral health related behaviors, perceived benefit, perceived barriers, selfesteem, self-efficacy, and oral health promotion behavior. Third, when they had an experience of visiting a dental clinic for preventive purposes, a significant difference was found according to the purposes of going to a dentist in previous oral health related behaviors, perceived benefit, and oral health promotion behavior. And fourth, multiple regression analysis was carried out with oral health promotion behavior as a dependent variable. As a result, all the research variables, which include previous oral health related behaviors, perceived oral health status, perceived benefit, perceived barriers, self-esteem, and self-efficacy, turned out to have significant influences on oral health promotion behavior. And their explanatory power was 49%. Conclusion: Those factors that were identified to affect the oral health promotion behavior of programs to promote their oral health.

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Relationship between oral health locus of control and oral health behavior promotion in the adolescents (청소년의 구강건강 통제의 소재와 구강건강증진행위와의 관계)

  • Kim, Im-Young
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.575-582
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship between oral health locus of control and oral health behavior promotion in the adolescents. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 493 high school students in Jeonju by convenience sampling from March to June, 2014. The questionnaire consisted of fourteen questions of oral health locus of control, fifteen questions of oral health behavior promotion, and seven questions of the general characteristics of the subjects. Data analysis was done by frequency analysis, t-test, ANOVA, and Duncan's multiple range test. Results: Oral health behavior promotion and oral health behavior index of internal locus of control showed a positive correlation, Higher internal locus of control showed a positive oral health behavior promotion. The higher propensity of oral health on the external locus of control showed the negative effects. Conclusions: The oral health internal locus of control was closely related to better oral health behavior in the adolescents.

A study of oral health knowledge, attitude, and behavior of elementary school students (초등학생의 구강보건지식, 태도 및 행동에 관한 조사연구)

  • Song, Kwui-Sook;Ryu, Da-Young
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.39-47
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    • 2011
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to obtain data that can be utilized in the planning of oral health education, by surveying the correlation between oral health knowledge, attitudes, and behavior among elementary school students. Methods : A questionnaire was administered to 227 students in the 5th and 6th grades in Hongseong-gun. The obtained data were analyzed with the SPSS 14.0 program. Results : Knowledge of oral health was very high. Correct attitudes and positive behavior were indicated. There was a significant difference in oral health behavior according to school year(p<0.05). Positive correlation was significantly observed among oral health knowledge, attitudes, and behavior(p<0.01). Especially, attitudes and behavior were highly correlated(r=0.583). Conclusions : Children's knowledge, attitudes, and behavior toward oral health were mutually influenced. Thus, oral health education should be carried out with the goal of causing changes in the attitudes and behavior of students, as opposed to delivering simple knowledge. Through continuous oral health education, correct oral health knowledge and behavior can be developed. Thus oral health education was expected to promote healthy habit for oral health.

Impact of chronic disease on oral health behavior (만성질환이 구강건강 행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang, Yu-Min;Lee, In-Sook;Kim, Na-Yeon
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.1093-1104
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of chronic disease on oral health behavior. Methods: The subjects were 317 adults over 30-years old living in urban and rural areas. They were selected by convenience sampling method and filled out the self-reported questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics, dental treatment, chronic disease, and oral health behavior including oral health self-care behavior and professional oral health care. Results: The self-care oral health behavior and the professional oral health care had a negative correlation with the chronic diseases. Especially, the self-care oral health behavior and the professional oral health care had a statistically significant negative correlation with hypertension and osteoporosis. Multiple regression analysis was performed after including general characteristics, dental treatment, chronic disease. Meanwhile the presence of chronic disease had a significant influence on the self-care oral health behavior and the professional oral health care. Hypertension and Osteoporosis were the most influential factors of chronic diseases and had a significant influence on the oral health behavior. In conclusion, the chronic diseases aggravated the oral health behavior practice. Conclusions: presence of chronic disease affects oral health behavior. Therefore, the effective intervention and education programs related to oral health care are necessary to enhance adult's oral health behavior and total health. The continuous follow-up study will determine the causal relationship between oral health behavior and the presence of chronic disease.

Impact of Oral Health Education on the Oral Health Knowledge, Attitude, and Behavior of College Students (구강보건교육 경험이 대학생의 구강보건 지식, 태도, 행위에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Hye-Sook;Hwang, Sun-Hee
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.7-15
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    • 2010
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of the oral health education experiences of college students on their oral health knowledge and oral health behavior. Method: The instrument used in this study was questionnaires. The subjects in this study were 335 students who were selected by stratified sampling according to oral health education experiences. Out of them, 123 students received oral health education, and 212 students didn't. Results: There were differences between the two groups in oral health knowledge and oral health behavior according to oral health education. As for the necessity of oral health education, 98.4 percent felt the need for that. Conclusions: Oral health education exerts an influence on oral health knowledge and behavior, and appropriate educational methods and media should be developed to motivate patients to receive oral health education.

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The Effect of Subjective Oral Health Knowledge and Oral Health Behavior on Personal Oral Hygiene Management Ability (주관적 구강보건지식과 구강건강행태가 개인구강위생관리능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Jung-Mi;Lee, Eun-Ju;Kwon, Su-Jin
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.221-232
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    • 2014
  • This research aims to improve oral health knowledge through oral health education by investigating and analyzing the effect of subjective oral health knowledge and oral health behavior on personal oral hygiene management ability targeted for adults who visited a dental hygiene laboratory at B University in Busan for comprehensive dental hygiene management and procedure from September 23, 2013 to December 12, 2013, and provide basic data to improve adults' personal oral hygiene management ability by inducing behavior on oral health. Results derived from the research are as follows. Oral health education is a prerequisite to improve personal oral hygiene management ability through improvement in oral health knowledge and oral health behavior, which leads to improved personal oral health and furthermore promotion of national oral health through not just simply transmitting oral health knowledge, but desirable change in oral health behavior based on oral health knowledge.

A study on oral health knowledge, behavior and practice among elderly people in some regions (일부 노인의 구강보건지식·행태 및 실천에 관한 조사연구)

  • Park, In-Suk;Kim, Jeong-Suk;Choi, Mi-Hye
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.413-423
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine the general characteristics, oral health knowledge and oral health behavior of elderly people and the relationship of their oral health knowledge to practice of the knowledge in an attempt to provide information on the development of the senior oral health care system. Methods : The subjects in this study were 324 elderly people who used five different social welfare centers in the regions of Sooncheon and Yeosoo. Results : 1. The oral health knowledge of the elderly people investigated was at a low level. Among different sorts of oral health knowledge, they had the best knowledge on the cause of dental caries, and they were most ignorant about the right time for regular dental checkup. 2. Regarding connections between general characteristics and oral health knowledge, the elderly people who never went to a dentist had a better knowledge on oral health, and those who cared about oral health had a better knowledge than the others who didn't. 3. As to practice of oral health knowledge, the best oral health behavior they did was to clean the tongue during toothbrushing, and oral health behavior was not to have an unbalanced diet. The second best one was to be well-nourished, and the third best one was to refrain from drinking, smoking and eating sugar-containing food. The fourth best one was to get a regular dental check-up and teeth cleaned. 4. There was a positive correlation between oral health knowledge and oral health behavior. A better oral health knowledge led to a better oral health behavior. Conclusions : The better oral health knowledge of the elderly people was followed by a better oral health behavior, and the development and implementation of customized oral health education programs geared toward the elderly are urgently required. Oral health professionals should direct their energy into providing sustainable and systematic oral health education, and institutional measures should be taken to make it happen.

Oral health promotion behavior according to awareness-perception factors of dental hygiene and nonhealth-related students (치위생과와 비보건학과 학생의 인지-지각 요인에 따른 구강건강증진행위)

  • Jung, Eun-Ju;Youn, Hye-Jeong
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.777-788
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine the awareness-perception factors and oral health promotion behavior of dental hygiene and nonhealth-related students in an effort to find out factors affecting their oral health promotion behavior. Methods : The subjects in this study were students in the three-year-course dental hygiene and students in the two-year-course nonhealth-related department in G college located in the city of Gwangju. After a survey was conducted, the collected data were analyzed and compared. Results : 1. The dental hygiene students were statistically significantly ahead of the nonhealth-related students in perceived oral health knowledge(p<0.001), awareness of the importance of oral health(p<0.001), perceived oral health status(p<0.001) and oral health interest(p<0.001). 2. Concerning the characteristics of oral health promotion behavior, the dental hygiene students were statistically significantly better at toothbrushing(p<0.001) and the use of dental floss(p<0.001) than the nonhealth-related students. 3. Regarding factors affecting oral health promotion behavior, oral health knowledge and oral health interest were identified as the factors that impacted on oral health promotion behavior. Out of the two, oral health interest exercised a greater influence on that. Conclusions : It seems that oral health education could motivate students to be concerned about their oral health, to acquire knowledge on that and eventually to change their oral health behavior and attitude. As for college students, oral health education provides a final chance for them to check their oral health knowledge, attitude and oral health promotion behavior before they start to work as full-fledged adults, and institutional measures should be taken to offer more intensive official oral health education.