• Title, Summary, Keyword: Opuntia ficus-indica var

Search Result 67, Processing Time 0.047 seconds

Antioxidative Capacity and Quality Characteristics of Yanggaeng added with Beaknyuncho (Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten) Powder (백년초 분말을 첨가 제조한 양갱의 항산화활성과 품질 특성)

  • Lee, Jeong-Ae
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
    • /
    • v.23 no.4
    • /
    • pp.33-42
    • /
    • 2017
  • This study investigated the physicochemical and sensory characteristics of yanggaeng prepared with various amounts of Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten powder (as ratios of 1%, 3%, 5%, 7% to the total materials). According to the results, the pH of yanggaeng decreased significantly with the addition of Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten powder (p<0.001). Increasing the amount of Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten powder in the yanggaeng tended to increased $^{\circ}Brix$ value (p<0.01). For color values, lightness (L) values were reduced by increasing the amount of Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten powder, redness (a) and yellowness (b) while values were increased significantly (p<0.001). Texture measurement scores in terms of hardness, springness, and Adhesiveness for yanggaeng showed that sample groups were lower than those of the control group. Cohesivene and chewiness were higher in the additive group than in the control group. Antioxidant activities, evaluated by DPPH radical scavenging capacity, Nitrites cavenging activity, and total phenolic substances content increased when increased the amount of Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten powder (p<0.001). Results of descriptive analysis showed that by increasing the amount of Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten powder, some attributes such as the intensity of the color, sweet, hardness and chewiness increased (p<0.01). It concluded that yanggaeng containing Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten can be prepared with good sensory properties and antioxidant activities, and the addition of 3% Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten powder was found to be ideal. Sensory evaluation scores in terms of color, odor, taste, texture, and overall preference of groups with 3% of Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten powder did not show any significant differences when compared to the control group. Based on the above results, this study suggests that the addition of 3% Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten powder may be the best substitution ratio for yanggaeng.

Quality of Noodle Added Powder of Opuntia ficus-indica var. Saboten (백년초 분말 첨가에 따른 국수의 품질특성)

  • 정현숙;박찬성
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
    • /
    • v.10 no.2
    • /
    • pp.200-205
    • /
    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of Opuntia ficus-indica var. Saboten powder on the quality of noodles. Noodles containing 04.5% of Opuntia ficus-indica var. Saboten powder were prepared for test the quality of mechanical and sensory characteristics. Moisture content of noodles with or without Opuntia ficus-indica var. Saboten powder was 32∼33%. In Hunter's color values of noodles of control, the lightness(L) was 74.21, redness(a) was -2.40 and yellowness(b) was 5.52. The lightness(L) of noodles was decreased by the increasing concentration of Opuntia ficus-indica var. Saboten powder. The redness(a) and yellowness(b) were increased by the increasing concentration of Opuntia ficus-indica var. Saboten powder. In mechanical characteristics of noodles, strength, hardness and brittleness were increased with increasing concentration of Opuntia ficus-indica var. Saboten powder. In sensory evaluation, color of noodles in C group(0.3%) and D group(0.5%) addded Opuntia ficus-indica var. Saboten powder were significantly higher score than control group(p<0.05). Overall, Noodle added 0.3% of Opuntia ficus-indica var. Saboten powder showed the highest preference in sensory evaluation.

Antidiabetic Activity of Opuntia ficus-indica var. sabotan on db/db Mice (db/db 당뇨모델 생쥐에서 손바닥 선인장의 항당뇨 효과)

  • Shin, Ji-Eun;Han, Myung-Joo;Lee, Young-Churl;Moon, Young-In;Kim, Dong-Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
    • /
    • v.33 no.4
    • /
    • pp.332-336
    • /
    • 2002
  • Opuntia ficus-indica var. sabotan was administered with diet for 5 weeks on db/db diabetic mice and its antidiabetic activity was investigated. Leaves of Opuntia ficus-indica var. sabotan inhibited the increase of body weight, glucose elevation in blood and urine, and protein excretion in urine, and protein excretion in urine. Opuntia ficus-indica var. sabotan also inhibited the intestinal maltase and sucrase activity on db/db Mice loaded with maltose and sucrose. However, it did not significantly lower HbAlc in blood of db/db mice. These results suggest that leaves of Opuntia ficus-indica var. sabotan could be effective on insulin-independent diabetic mellitus type 2.

Hypoglycemic Activity of Opuntia ficus-indica var.sabotan on Alloxan- or Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Mice (Alloxan 및 Streptozotocin 유도 당뇨모델 동물에서 손바닥 선인장의 혈당강하 효과)

  • Shin, Ji-Eun;Han, Myung-Joo;Lee, In-Kyung;Moon, Young-In;Kim, Dong-Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
    • /
    • v.34 no.1
    • /
    • pp.75-79
    • /
    • 2003
  • Hypoglycemic activity of Opuntia ficus-indica var. sabotan on alloxan or streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice was investigated. Fructus and folium of Opuntia ficus-indica vars. sabotan inhibited intestinal ${\alpha}-glucosidase$ of rats as well as glucose elevation in blood of normal mice, Opuntia ficus-indica var. sabotan exhibited inhibitory activities on streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice rather than on alloxan-induced diabetic mice loaded with maltose and sucrose. Its folium was more effective than its fructus. These results suggest that Opuntia ficus-indica var. sabotan might be effective on diabetic mellitus.

Flavonoids from the Fruits of Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten (손바닥선인장 열매의 Flavonoid 성분)

  • Jeong, Sei-Joon;Jun, Ki-Yong;Kang, Tai-Hyun;Ko, Eung-Bae;Kim, Youn-Chul
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
    • /
    • v.30 no.1
    • /
    • pp.84-86
    • /
    • 1999
  • From the ethyl acetate fraction of the methanol extract of the fruits of Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten, two dihydroflavonois were isolated and identified as (+)-trans-dihydrokaempferol (1) and (+)-trans-dihydroquercetin (2) by spectroscopic methods.

  • PDF

Quality Characteristics of Sponge Cake Containing Beaknyuncho (Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten) Powder (백년초 분말을 첨가한 스펀지케이크의 품질 특성)

  • Cho, A-Ra;Kim, Na-Young
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
    • /
    • v.23 no.1
    • /
    • pp.107-118
    • /
    • 2013
  • This study investigated the effects of Beaknyuncho (Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten) powder on the quality of sponge cakes. Sponge cakes containing 0, 1, 3, and 5% of powder were prepared and stored for three days at $20^{\circ}C$. The volume of sponge cake increased up to 1% according to the amount of added powder, while the pH level decreased as the amount of powder increased. The edible period of the products could also be extended by the addition of Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten powder; however, the lightness of crust and crumb was weaker as the amount of powder increased. Redness, hardness, gumminess, and chewiness increased whereas springiness and cohesiveness decreased with the addition of powder. In a sensory evaluation of the overall acceptance, the highest scores were for treatment with 1% Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten powder during storage periods.

Food Functionality of Opuntia ficus-indica var. Cultivated in Jeju Island

  • Lee, Young-Chul;Pyo, Young-Hee;Ahn, Chae-Kyung;Kim, Soo-Hyun
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
    • /
    • v.10 no.1
    • /
    • pp.103-110
    • /
    • 2005
  • Opuntia ficus-indica, commonly known as prickly pear cactus, is commercially grown as a food and medicinal plant in Jeju Island, Korea. The crushed pads and fruits of Opuntia ficus-indica were dried in a freeze-dryer and ground into flour to be used for food materials. The major components of proximate compositions were part of a nitrogen free extract. The major minerals were Ca (4391.2-2086.9㎎%), K (1932.1-2608.7㎎%), and Mg (800.6-1984.8㎎%). The major amino acid was glutamic acid, comprising 16.3% of total amino acids in fruit and 25.2% in pad. Dihydroflavonols were identified as (+)-trans-dihydrokaempferol and (+)-trans-dihydroquercetin. Citric acid methyl esters extracted from fruits showed inhibitory activities against monoamine oxidase-B. The presence of trimethyl citrate has been reported in other plants, but 1,3-dimethyl citrate and 1-monomethyl citrate have not been previously reported. The results of pharmacological efficacy tests, including serum biochemical and hematological parameters, autonomic nervous system, anti-inflammatory, analgestic activity, anti-diabetic activity, antithrombotic, anticoagulant, dopamine beta-hydroxylase, monoamine oxidase activity, hyperlipidemia, the respiratory system, antigastic, and anti-ulcerative actions indicate that the fruit and pad of the Opuntia ficus-indica are rich sources of food and medicinal materials.

Compositions of Opuntia ficus-indica (손바닥 선인장의 성분 특성)

  • Lee, Young-Chul;Hwang, Keum-Hee;Han, Dong-Hyu;Kim, Sung-Dae
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.29 no.5
    • /
    • pp.847-853
    • /
    • 1997
  • Attempts were made to determine the compositions of Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten for the utilization as food materials. The major components of Opuntia ficus-indica and aloe in proximate compositions were nitrogen free extract. Total mineral contents of stem, fruit and seed of Opuntia ficus-indica were 9400.8, 6151.2 and 1096.8 mg%, respectively, and their major minerals were Ca, P and Mg. The major free amino acids of fruit were tyrosine, proline and arginine, those of stem were glycine and arginine and that of seed was glutamic acid. The major amino acid of fruit was glutamic acid, those of stem were glycine and arginine and those of seed were glutmic acid and arginine. Vitamin C contents of fruit and stem were 163.8 and 71.2 mg% but not presented in seed. Vitamin A was also not presented in fruit, stem and seed. Contents of total polyphenols and flavonoids were changed by extraction solvent and temperature. Total polyphenols of fruit were higher than those of stem and seed. Total flavonoids of fruit were similar to those of stem.

  • PDF

Constituents of the Stems and Fruits of Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten

  • Lee, Eun-Ha;Kim, Hyoung-Ja;Song, Yun-Seon;Jin, Chang-Bae;Lee, Kyung-Tae;Cho, Jung-Sook;Lee, Yong-Sup
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
    • /
    • v.26 no.12
    • /
    • pp.1018-1023
    • /
    • 2003
  • From the stems and fruits of Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten, eight flavonoids, kaempferol (1), quercetin (2), kaempferol 3-methyl ether (3), quercetin 3-methyl ether (4), narcissin (5), (+)-dihydrokaempferol (aromadendrin, 6), (+)-dihydroquercetin (taxifolin, 7), eriodictyol (8), and two terpenoids, (6S,9S)-3-oxo-$\alpha-ionol-\beta$-D-glucopyranoside (9) and corchoionoside C (10) were isolated and identified by means of chemical and spectroscopic. Among these isolates, compounds 3∼5 and 8∼10 were reported for the first time from the stems and fruits of O. ficusindica var. saboten.

Neuroprotective and Antioxidant Effects of the Butanol Fraction Prepared from Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten

  • Cho, Jung-Sook;Han, Chang-Kyun;Lee, Yong-Sup;Jin, Chang-Bae
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
    • /
    • v.15 no.4
    • /
    • pp.205-211
    • /
    • 2007
  • The fruits and stems of Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten have been reported to exhibit a variety of pharmacological actions, including antioxidant, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-ulcer effects. In the present study, we evaluated effects of the butanol fraction (SK OFB901) prepared from the 50% ethanol extract of the stems on various types of neuronal injuries induced by oxidative stress, excitotoxins, and amyloid ${\beta}\;(A_{\beta})$ in primary cultured rat cortical cells. Its antioxidant and radical scavenging activities were also evaluated by cell-free bioassays. We found that SK OFB901 strongly inhibited the oxidative neuronal damage induced by $H_2O_2$ or xanthine/xanthine oxidase. In addition, it exhibited marked inhibition of the excitotoxic neuronal damage induced by glutamate, N-methyl-D-aspartic acid, or kainate. Furthermore, the $A_{\beta(25-35)}$-induced neurotoxicity was also significantly attenuated by SK OFB901. It was found to inhibit lipid peroxidation initiated by $Fe^{2+}$ and L-ascorbic acid in rat brain homogenates and scavenge 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl free radicals. These results indicate that the butanol fraction prepared from the stems of Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten exerts potent antioxidant and neuroprotective effects through multiple mechanisms, implying its potential applications for the prevention or management of neurodegenerative disorders associated with oxidative stress, excitotoxicity, and $A{\beta}$.