• Title, Summary, Keyword: Operation Audit

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A Study on the Security Architecture of CALS System (CALS체계의 정보보호 구조 연구)

  • 남길현
    • The Journal of Society for e-Business Studies
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.197-208
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    • 1999
  • With developing computer and communication technologies, the concept of CALS system has been popular not only to military but also to commercial industries. The security problem is one of the most critical issues to construct CALS infrastructure. The CALS system needs some security functions such that data confidentiality, integrity, authenticity, availability, and non-repudiation. This paper proposes a security architecture model in CALS. The security architecture model is composed of 5 submodels such that network security model, authentication and key management model, operation and audit model, integrated database security model, and risk analysis model.

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The study on Introducing Scoping System in Maritime Safety Audit (해상교통안전진단제도상의 스코핑제도 도입방안 연구)

  • Kim, Bu-Young;Cho, Ik-Soon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • pp.364-365
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    • 2012
  • A scoping system is ultimately aimed at accomplishing the efficient Maritime Safety Audit by enhancing the MSA and thus now it's necessary to consider introducing the scoping system to MSA in more positive way. However, system design which will be optimized to MSA needs to be developed in such a way of analyzing the domestic environmental impact assessment system as well as comparing with the current operation of scoping system in foreign countries.

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The Line Operation Safety Audit (LOSA) as an integral part of SMS in an Airline (SMS체제 내의 항공사 운항안전 감사 (LOSA) 기능)

  • Choi, Jin-Kook;Kim, Chil-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.7-17
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    • 2008
  • LOSA는 Line Operations Safety Audit(항공사 운항안전 감사)의 약자이며 기존의 적발 위주의 기존 Line Audit제도와 달리 조종사의 자발적 참여와 철저한 비밀을 유지하며, 처벌 금지 약속을 통하여 참여자가 평소 습관대로 비행할 수 있게 한다. 훈련된 감사관이 이를 소정의 절차서에 의거 조종석에서 관찰하여 실제의 안전취약 및 위협요소, Error를 포착해서 수집하고 텍사스대학 인적요인 연구소에서 분석하여 최종보고서를 작성하여 제도를 개선하는 안전프로그램이다. 제도와 방안을 개선하는 신개념의 선진 운항감사제도로서 안전관리시스템의 대표적인 비행안전 프로그램으로 통상 3${\sim}$4년을 주기로 실시한다. ICAO, IATA, FAA 및 IFALPA 실행 권고사항으로 현재 약30여개의 항공사가 실시하였다. LOSA는 2009년1월부터 ICAO부속서 6에 의거하여 항공사에서 실행해야 되는 SMS(안전관리 시스템)의 가장 효율적인 Hazard 식별 및 위험 관리도구 중의 하나이다. 본 논문에서는 안전관리시스템의 효과적 도구인 LOSA를 설명하고 항공사내 실행방법을 소개하는데 있다.

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A Design and Implementation of Information Security Management and Audit System for Government Agencies (공공기관의 정보보호관리체계 감사시스템의 설계 및 구현)

  • Jun, Yong-Joon;Cho, Gi-Hwan;Kim, Won-Kyu
    • Journal of Internet Computing and Services
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    • v.7 no.5
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    • pp.81-93
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    • 2006
  • Recently, information technology is considered as a basement of management for industries as well as administrations. Especially, government agencies deal with more high sensitive and Important data than other businesses, so, their security managements should be fair and efficient. At present, most government agencies possess and operate their own information security systems, but apply them for the sake of formality only, even do not adapt an audit system for management polices. This paper presents a design and implementation of an automated audit system which is suitable for the operation environment in government agencies, using the audit system based on the BS7799. The. proposed system aims to objectively, numerically and daily control the ISMS (Information Security Management System) for different level of government agencies. In addition, it permits to design and implement an adaptive audit tool, in order to meet a given condition of audit organization and guard the personal relationship between the auditor and its counterpart.

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A Study on Adequacy of Audit Techniques and Advancement of Ship-Handling Simulation for Maritime Safety Audit (해상교통안전 진단 기술의 적정성 및 선박조종시뮬레이션 고도화)

  • Lee, Yun-Sok
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.391-398
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    • 2011
  • SHS(Ship-Handling Simulator) is virtual generation of vessel traffic situation under various environmental conditions. Recent, with the introduction of MSA(Maritime Safety Audit), SHS is being used as a key facility to determine the safety of navigation. However, the current audit techniques specified in the implementation guidance of MSA have been prepared by generalizing common procedures and evaluation methods used by institutions operating simulator systems. Therefore, they need to be reviewed and supplemented. This study analyzed the adequacy of current audit techniques based on the limitations and problems, then suggested the advanced scheme of SHS such as standardization of ship models, standard manoeuvring and evaluation method. The results of this research will contribute to improving the quantification and reliability of audit techniques used in the MSA as well as upgrading of the simulator system.

A Study on the Characteristics of Human Error on Airline Pilots Regarding the Air Traffic Control Communication (민간항공조종사의 항공교통관제 관련 인적 에러에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Jinkook
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.403-410
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    • 2018
  • Objective: The purpose of this paper is to understand the flight crew error related with the ATC (air traffic control) communication. Background: The flying skill of the pilots are regarded as core part human performance in an Airline, however international society such as ICAO recommend airlines to implement competency based training which deals communication as core competency including ATC communication in English. Method: This study deals with the human errors of the airline pilots on ATC communications through LOSA (Line Operation Safety Audit) implemented by airlines A. Results: The most frequent communication errors on ATC by pilots are the wrong readback to ATC There are more error on larger fleet that operated mainly in international flights. Conclusion: The mismanagement of ATC errors by pilots are wrong readback or misinterpretation of ATC instructions. The mismanagement rate has been improved by 46% that first LOSA. Application: This study may help other airlines to enhance their managements on ATC errors. The airlines may train their pilots to manage ATC communication error and improve the system by providing situation awareness contents available for pilots including the training. The airline also may publish the information material explaining the ATC on the airports about special characteristics so the flight crew may have increased situation awareness.

A Study on the Efficient Operation of Self-audit in Large-scale PSM Workplace (대규모 PSM 사업장의 자체감사에 대한 효율적 운영 연구)

  • Min, Se-Hong;Kim, Seok-Won
    • Fire Science and Engineering
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.115-121
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    • 2013
  • Industrial facilities are becoming bigger and more up to date, And a kind of the hazardous material used in the industrial filed is diversified. Therefore, serious accidents such as leakage of toxic materials, fire and explosion, is continuously occurred. There is Process Safety Management (PSM) system of the several preventive systems, but it is supposed to be a limitation to ensure safety or huge PSM industrial sites where have potential to catastrophically invisible and unexpected risks because it is still being managed by instruction and inspection of authority having jurisdiction other than self-regulating management differing from the primarily aim of PSM system. To verify safety management system of work-place, supplementation of existing system is urgently required. In this study, it suggests that PSM self-audit be emphasized significantly analyzing problems of the current systems for enhancing self-audit be emphasized significantly analyzing problems of the current systems for enhancing self-control safety through efficient self-audit management and improving the existing system and improving the existing as verifying the system there of, as well as studying methods which can support institutionally.

A Study on the Improvement Strategy of Specialized Institution for Efficient Operations of Maritime Traffic Safety Audit Scheme (해상교통안전진단제도의 효율적 운영을 위한 전문기관의 발전방향에 대한 고찰)

  • Kim, Young-Du
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.18-24
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    • 2015
  • To improve and modify the problems in Maritime Traffic Safety Audit(MTSA) Scheme, "Maritime Safety Research Center(MSRC)" in Korea Ship Safety and Technology Authority(KST) was designated as specialized institute for MTSA through general revision of "Enforcement of MTSA"(March 2012). However, the roles of the MSRC such as preliminary review of safety audit report, comments on target project and etc. had not been defined clearly on the related maritime safety laws compared with other specialized institutes in other similar audit scheme. In this research, the improvement strategies were proposed for development of specialized institute through SWOT analysis, gathering the opinion from related professions and also comparison with the roles and current status of operation in other similar specialized institutes. In conclusion, the 'Screen & scoping system', 'Consultant system' were proposed for efficient operation of the MTSA Scheme, and the systematic and operational improvements such as a revision of maritime safety lan and etc. were also suggested for integrated management about costal development works, development of specialized institute.