• Title, Summary, Keyword: OpenSees

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An Analytical Study for Unbonded Precast Column under Seismic Loading (비부착텐던 프리캐스트 교각의 내진거동에 대한 해석적 연구)

  • Choi, Seung-Won;Kim, Ik-Hyun;Cho, Jae-Yoel;Lee, Do-Keun
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • pp.109-112
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    • 2008
  • It has better seismic performance and construction performance in precast column than in conventional RC column. In this research, seismic performances of precast column are analyzed by OpenSEES. Main variables of analysis are concrete strength, jacking ratio of tendon, amount of tendon and size of segment. As the amount of tendon and jacking ratio are increased, the flexural strength is also increased. And there is very little effect as it varies concrete strength and size of segment. But high initial jacking ratio leads to early yielding of tendon. And it is considered that a size of segment is related on construction problem. And also, strain in core concrete is less than ultimate strain. Consequently, it is considered that the amount of transverse steel will be reduced.

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A Study on the Panoramic Perception for Restoring of Urban Environment and Architecture (도시환경과 건물 재생을 위한 파노라마 이미지 공간구성 방법)

  • Chun, Soo-Kyung;Nam, Kyung-Sook
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.78-87
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this paper is to analyze the relationship between panoramic perception and space organization for restoration of urban environment and architecture. Panorama is a collective visual catalogue composed by series of perspective images. It is a product from continuous movements of viewer by defamilarizing real image and structuring order between city and building. Through understanding the panoramic image, the viewer is able to achieve the total image of the city. For example, achieving visual perception of the city by employing the panoramic view from different historical backgrounds and cultures, Berlin developed its urban characteristic by rebuilding panoramic view as an aesthetic device. First, this paper mention theory of panorama as an aesthetic device for shaping the city from the building. Second, this paper analyze the relationships between characteristics of panorama and historical contexts for why those panoramic views are valuable by mentioning the Altes Museum, the Berlin National Gallery, Museum of Modern Literature, and Folkwang Museum of panoramic view. In conclusion, this paper argues that visual perception such as panoramic view is the valuable device for organizing the image of the city's own identity. Constructing vision of each city influences not only shaping the city but also mapping the mental views of the building. Also, historical conditions and open spaces are one of the inherent elements combined with panoramic view for establishing urban identity. In search for good place making, it is important to understand the role of the historical context and fabric plan in shaping how a resident sees - literally, sees- their city with buildings. Berlin serve as excellent counter example in how the valuable place making panoramic mental views of urbanities take shape.

Implementation of semi-infinite boundary condition for dynamic finite element analysis (동적 유한요소해석에서의 반무한 경계조건의 실행)

  • Choi, Chang-Ho;Chung, Ha-Ik
    • Proceedings of the Korean Geotechical Society Conference
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    • pp.600-606
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    • 2006
  • 실제 지반은 경계가 없는 무한상태로 존재하기 때문에 지반구조물의 동적거동을 유한요소법을 이용하여 해석할 시 모델의 영역을 성립하는 것은 특별한 고려가 필요하다. 유한요소법에서의 동적해석은 파동의 전달을 포함하기 때문에 모델의 경계에서 인공적인 경계조건이 필요하다. 인공적인 경계 조건은 유한요소내의 지반상태를 무한상태로 변형시킬 수 있어야 하며, 경계에 도달하는 응력 파동을 모델내로 반사시키지 않고 흡수 할 수 있어야 한다. 본 논문에서는 간단한 점 탄성 반무한 불연속 요소를 이용하여 지반구조물의 동적해석을 수행하는 방법을 보여준다. 반무한 요소의 실행은 OpenSees라는 유한요소 해석프로그램을 이용하여 수행되었으며, 예를 통하여 불연속 요소가 경계에 도달하는 응력 파동을 충분히 흡수하여 유한요소 모델을 반무한 상태로 전환 시킬 수 있다는 것을 보여준다.

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Build-in Wiretap Channel I with Feedback and LDPC Codes

  • Wen, Hong;Gong, Guang;Ho, Pin-Han
    • Journal of Communications and Networks
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.538-543
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    • 2009
  • A wiretap channel I is one of the channel models that was proved to achieve unconditional security. However, it has been an open problem in realizing such a channel model in a practical network environment. The paper is committed to solve the open problem by introducing a novel approach for building wiretap channel I in which the eavesdropper sees a binary symmetric channel (BSC) with error probability p while themain channel is error free. By taking advantage of the feedback and low density parity check (LDPC) codes, our scheme adds randomness to the feedback signals from the destination for keeping an eavesdropper ignorant; on the other hand, redundancy is added and encoded by the LDPC codes such that a legitimate receiver can correctly receive and decode the signals. With the proposed approach, unconditionallysecure communication can be achieved through interactive communications, in which the legitimate partner can realize the secret information transmission without a pre-shared secret key even if the eavesdropper has better channel from the beginning.

Experiment Based Dynamic Analysis for High Accuracy Control of Feed System (이송계 고정도 제어를 위한 동특성 실험분석)

  • Kim, Shung-Hyun;Jeong, Jae-Hyun;Kim, Jae-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering
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    • v.33 no.5
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    • pp.729-737
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    • 2009
  • This paper introduces the machine tools feed system, which can be optimized the control's performance through simulation and the adjustment of the mechanical components. One method simulates the frequency response of the speed-loop with the design value using the MATLAB application, so that all of the interpolation axis can be equal to the response bandwidth, resulting in a high accuracy rate. The other method sees the mechanical component being adjusted by analyzing the results of various experiments. Lastly, this client's program is able to change the parameters that are related to the FFD, as well as the parameters in the friction compensation of the OPEN-CNC.

Non-linear Time History Analyses of a Piloti-type Building Structure (필로티형 건물의 비선형 시간이력해석)

  • Lee, Han-Seon;Ko, Dong-Woo
    • Proceedings of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.169-176
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    • 2005
  • Many RC building structures of multiple uses constructed in Korea have the irregularities of torsion and soft story at bottom stories. A typical irregular building was selected as prototype and shaking table tests were performed to investigate the seismic performance of this building. The objective of this study is to evaluate the correlation between the experimental and analytical responses of this irregular building structure subjected to the earthquake excitation by using OpenSees(Open System for Earthquake Engineering Simulation). The results of analyses simulate well the effect of axial forces on the shear force of column and axial deformation. However, some discrepancy between analytical and experimental results in the distribution of shear forces and overturning deformation were observed.

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Seismic Fragility Analysis of Rahmen-type Continuous Bridge Supported by High Piers (고교각으로 지지된 라멘형 연속교의 지진취약도 분석)

  • Kang, Pan-Seung;Hong, Ki-Nam;Yeon, Yeong-Mo
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.84-95
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    • 2019
  • This paper reports the process of seismic fragility analysis for the rahman-type continuous bridge system. The target structure was the five span highway bridge with maximum pier hight of 72m. OpenSees software was used for the nonlinear time history analysis. In this study, 50 ground motions are considered for nonlinear time history analysis. For each ground motion, PGA was scaled from 0.1g to 2.0g with intervals of 0.1g in order to consider a wide range of the seismic intensity measure. In addition, yield displacement and ultimate displacement of each pier were calculated through section analysis. Based on the result of non linear time history analysis and section analysis, damage condition of target bridge was classified according to the definition of damage condition proposed by Barbat et al. As a result, it was predicted that Extensive Damage occurred at P1 when 0.731 g earthquake occurred in the longitudinal direction. Based on the seismic fragility analysis results, it is found that the probability of occurrence of Extensive Damage in the 4,800 - year period earthquake was about 4.2%. Therefore the target bridge has enough safety for earthquake.

Implementation of Semi-infinite Boundary Condition for Dynamic Finite Element Analysis (동적 유한요소해석에서의 반무한 경계조건의 실행)

  • Choi, Chang-Ho;Chung, Ha-Ik
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.22 no.9
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    • pp.37-43
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    • 2006
  • Dynamic numerical analysis of geotechnical problems requires a way to simulate the decrease of energy as the domain of interest gets larger. This phenomenon is usually referred to as radiation damping or geometric attenuation and it is distinguished from material damping in which elastic energy is actually dissipated by viscous, hysteretic, or other mechanism. The fact that the domain of analysis in numerical modeling must be chosen, however, causes a need for special attention at the boundary. This observation leads directly to the idea of determining the dynamic response of the interior region from a finite model consisting of the interior region subjected to a boundary condition which ensures that all energy arriving at the boundary is absorbed. This paper presents a simple methodology to simulate transmitting boundaries condition using viscoelastic infinite elements within the recently developed "OpenSees" finite element code. The methodology used here provides that the level of absorption for traveling waves is efficient enough for practical purposes, but unsatisfactory for the case of sharp incident angles. The effectiveness of the infinite elements for the absorption of incident waves at boundaries is evaluated via example analysis.

Correlation of Experimental ana Analytical Inelastic Responses of 1:12 Scale Irregular High-Rise RC Buildings (1:12축소 비정형 고층 RC 건물의 비선형거동에 대한 실험과 해석의 상관성)

  • Ko, Dong-Woo;Lee, Han-Seon
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.95-104
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    • 2007
  • Three types of high-rise RC building structures having irregularity in the lower two stories were selected as prototypes and were performed nonlinear static analysis by using OpenSees to verify the analysis technique and to investigate the seismic capacity of those buildings. The first one has a symmetrical moment resisting frame (Model 1), the second has an infilled shear wall in the central frame (Model 2), and the third has an infilled shear wall only in one of exterior frames (Model 3). Fiber model, which consists of concrete and reinforcing bar represented from stress-strain relationship, is adapted used for simulate the nonlinearity of members, and MVLEM(Multi vertical linear element model) is used for simulate the behavior of wall. The analytical results are simulate the behavior of piloti stories well, for example, the stiffness and yield farce of piloti stories, the up-lift of wall and the variation of lateral stiffness of column due to the variation of axial forces. Overstrength of Model 2 and Model 3 are about 2 times larger than that of Model 1. The reason of the high oversttrength and ductility of Model 2 and Model 3 is that the conservative design of Model 2 and Model 3, whose beam and column sections are the same as those of Model 1. The ductilities of Model 1 and Model 3 are slightly larger than that of Model 1 and Model 3. Model 1 and Model 3 reached mechanism condition, whereas Model 2 failed to the shear failure of shear wall and the large axial forces in columns due to large overturning moment.

Non-linear Time History Analysis of Piloti-Type High-rise RC Buildings (필로티형 고층 RC건물의 비선형시간이력해석)

  • Ko, Dong-Woo;Lee, Han-Seon
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.35-43
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    • 2009
  • Two types of piloti-type high-rise RC building structures having irregularity in the lower two stories were selected as prototypes, and nonlinear time history analysis was performed using OpenSees to verify the analysis technique and to investigate the seismic capacity of those buildings. One of the buildings studied had a symmetrical moment-resisting frame (BF), while the other had an infilled shear wall in only one of the exterior frames (ESW). A fiber model, consisting of concrete and reinforcing bar represented from the stress-strain relationship, was adapted and used to simulate the nonlinearity of members, and MVLEM (Multi Vertical Linear Element Model) was used to simulate the behavior of the wall. The analytical results simulate the behavior of piloti-type high-rise RC building structures well, including the stiffness and yield force of piloti stories, the rocking behavior of the upper structure and the variation of the axial stiffness of the column due to variation in loading condition. However, MVLEM has a limitation in simulating the abrupt increasing lateral stiffness of a wall, due to the torsional mode behavior of the building. The design force obtained from a nonlinear time history analysis was shown to be about $20{\sim}30%$ smaller than that obtained in the experiment. For this reason, further research is required to match the analytical results with real structures, in order to use nonlinear time history analysis in designing a piloti-type high-rise RC building.