• Title, Summary, Keyword: OpenSees

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Integrating OpenSees with other software - with application to coupling problems in civil engineering

  • Gu, Quan;Ozcelik, Ozgur
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.85-103
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    • 2011
  • Integration of finite element analysis (FEA) software into various software platforms is commonly used in coupling systems such as systems involving structural control, fluid-structure, wind-structure, soil-structure interactions and substructure method in which FEA is used for simulating the structural responses. Integrating an FEA program into various other software platforms in an efficient and simple way is crucial for the development and performance of the entire coupling system. The lack of simplicity of the existing integration methods makes this integration difficult and therefore entails the motivation of this study. In this paper, a novel practical technique, namely CS technique, is presented for integrating a general FEA software framework OpenSees into other software platforms, e.g., Matlab-$Simulink^{(R)}$ and a soil-structure interaction (SSI) system. The advantage of this integration technique is that it is efficient and relatively easy to implement. Instead of OpenSees, a cheap client handling TCL is integrated into the other software. The integration is achieved by extending the concept of internet based client-server concept, taking advantage of the parameterization framework of OpenSees, and using a command-driven scripting language called tool command language (TCL) on which the OpenSees' interface is based. There is no need for any programming inside OpenSees. The presented CS technique proves as an excellent solution for the coupling problems mentioned above (for both linear and nonlinear problems). Application examples are provided to validate the integration method and illustrate the various uses of the method in the civil engineering.

Simulation of Prestressed Steel Fiber Concrete Beams Subjected to Shear

  • Lu, Liang;Tadepalli, P.R.;Mo, Y.L.;Hsu, T.T.C.
    • International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.297-306
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    • 2016
  • This paper developed an analytical software, called Simulation of Concrete Structures (SCS), which is used for numerical analysis of shear-critical prestressed steel fiber concrete structures. Based on the previous research at the University of Houston (UH), SCS has been derived from an object-oriented software framework called Open System for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (OpenSees). OpenSees was originally developed at the University of California, Berkeley. New module has been created for steel fiber concrete under prestress based on the constitutive relationships of this material developed at UH. This new material module has been integrated with the existing material modules in OpenSees. SCS thus developed has been used for predicting the behavior of the prestressed steel fiber concrete I-beams and Box-beams tested earlier in this research. The analysis could well predict the entire behavior of the beams including the elastic stiffness, yield point, post-yield stiffness, and maximum load for both web shear and flexure shear failure modes.

Numerical analysis and horizontal bearing capacity of steel reinforced recycled concrete columns

  • Ma, Hui;Xue, Jianyang;Liu, Yunhe;Dong, Jing
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.797-820
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    • 2016
  • This paper simulates the hysteretic behavior of steel reinforced recycled concrete (SRRC) columns under cyclic loads using OpenSees software. The effective fiber model and displacement-based beam-column element in OpenSees is applied to each SRRC columns. The Concrete01 material model for recycled aggregate concrete (RAC) and Steel02 material model is proposed to perform the numerical simulation of columns. The constitutive models of RAC, profile steel and rebars in columns were assigned to each fiber element. Based on the modelling method, the analytical models of SRRC columns are established. It shows that the calculated hysteresis loops of most SRRC columns agree well with the test curves. In addition, the parameter studies (i.e., strength grade of RAC, stirrups strength, steel strength and steel ratio) on seismic performance of SRRC columns were also investigated in detail by OpenSees. The calculation results of parameter analysis show that SRRC columns suffered from flexural failure has good seismic performance through the reasonable design. The ductility and bearing capacity of columns increases as the increasing magnitude of steel strength, steel ratio and stirrups strength. Although the bearing capacity of columns increases as the strength grade of RAC increases, the ductility and energy dissipation capacity decreases gradually. Based on the test and numerical results, the flexural failure mechanism of SRRC columns were analysed in detail. The computing theories of the normal section of bearing capacity for the eccentrically loaded columns were adopted to calculate the nominal bending strength of SRRC columns subjected to vertical axial force under lateral cyclic loads. The calculation formulas of horizontal bearing capacity for SRRC columns were proposed based on their nominal bending strength.

Shear strength analyses of internal diaphragm connections to CFT columns

  • Kang, Liping;Leon, Roberto T.;Lu, Xilin
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.1083-1101
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    • 2015
  • Previous theoretical equations for the shear capacity of steel beam to concrete filled steel tube (CFT) column connections vary in the assumptions for the shear deformation mechanisms and adopt different equations for calculating shear strength of each component (steel tube webs, steel tube flanges, diaphragms, and concrete etc.); thus result in different equations for calculating shear strength of the joint. Besides, shear force-deformation relations of the joint, needed for estimating building drift, are not well developed at the present. This paper compares previously proposed equations for joint shear capacity, discusses the shear deformation mechanism of the joint, and suggests recommendations for obtaining more accurate predictions. Finite element analyses of internal diaphragm connections to CFT columns were carried out in ABAQUS. ABAQUS results and theoretical estimations of the shear capacities were then used to calibrate rotational springs in joint elements in OpenSEES simulating the shear deformation behavior of the joint. The ABAQUS and OpenSEES results were validated with experimental results available. Results show that: (1) shear deformation of the steel tube dominates the deformation of the joint; while the thickness of the diaphragms has a negligible effect; (2) in OpenSEES simulation, the joint behavior is highly dependent on the yielding strength given to the rotational spring; and (3) axial force ratio has a significant effect on the joint deformation of the specimen analyzed. Finally, modified joint shear force-deformation relations are proposed based on previous theory.

Control Method to Single Degree or Three Degrees of Freedom for Hybrid Testing (하이브리드 실험을 위한 1 또는 3자유도에 대한 제어 기법)

  • Lee, Jae-Jin;Kang, Dae-Hung;Kim, Sung-Il
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.2409-2421
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    • 2011
  • This paper will present hybrid tests to a one bay-one story steel frame structure under ground excitation. A structure used in this paper for hybrid test, to evaluate performance and behavior, is divided into two models; one is numerical model with one column element, and a truss or a beam element, the other is physical substructural model with one beam-column element. All tests considered one or three degrees of freedom to implement real-time hybrid test, and two control algorithms to control hardware are used; one using MATLAB/Simulink, the other using OpenSees, OpenFresco and xPCTarget. In addition, for real-time data communication between numerical and physical substructural models SCRAMNet was used. The results of hybrid tests were compared with one of numerical analysis of numerical model with fiber force-based beam-column elements using OpenSees. Real-time hybrid tests were implemented for the validation of control system with simple structure, and then it will be extended to hybrid test for higher nonlinear or complex structure later on.

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Spatial substructure hybrid simulation tests of high-strength steel composite Y-eccentrically braced frames

  • Li, Tengfei;Su, Mingzhou;Sui, Yan
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.715-732
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    • 2020
  • High-strength steel composite Y-eccentrically braced frame (Y-HSS-EBF) is a novel structural system. In this study, the spatial substructure hybrid simulation test (SHST) method is used to further study the seismic performance of Y-HSS-EBF. Firstly, based on the cyclic loading tests of two single-story single-span Y-HSS-EBF planar specimens, a finite element model in OpenSees was verified to provide a reference for the numerical substructure analysis model for the later SHST. Then, the SHST was carried out on the OpenFresco test platform. A three-story spatial Y-HSS-EBF model was taken as the prototype, the top story was taken as the experimental substructure, and the remaining two stories were taken as the numerical substructure to be simulated in OpenSees. According to the test results, the validity of the SHST was verified, and the main seismic performance indexes of the SHST model were analyzed. The results show that, the SHST based on the OpenFresco platform has good stability and accuracy, and the results of the SHST agree well with the global numerical model of the structure. Under strong seismic action, the plastic deformation of Y-HSS-EBF mainly occurs in the shear link, and the beam, beam-columns and braces can basically remain in the elastic state, which is conducive to post-earthquake repair.

Axial Load Capacity Prediction of Single Piles in Clay and Sand Layers Using Nonlinear Load Transfer Curves (비선형 하중전이법에 의한 점토 및 모래층에서 파일의 지지력 예측)

  • Kim, Hyeongjoo;Mission, Joseleo;Song, Youngsun;Ban, Jaehong;Baeg, Pilsoon
    • Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.45-52
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    • 2008
  • The present study has extended OpenSees, which is an open-source software framework DOS program for developing applications to idealize geotechnical and structural problems, for the static analysis of axial load capacity and settlement of single piles in MS Windows environment. The Windows version of OpenSees as improved by this study has enhanced the DOS version from a general purpose software program to a special purpose program for driven and bored pile analysis with additional features of pre-processing and post-processing and a user friendly graphical interface. The method used in the load capacity analysis is the numerical methods based on load transfer functions combined with finite elements. The use of empirical nonlinear T-z and Q-z load transfer curves to model soil-pile interaction in skin friction and end bearing, respectively, has been shown to capture the nonlinear soil-pile response under settlement due to load. Validation studies have shown the static load capacity and settlement predictions implemented in this study are in fair agreement with reference data from the static loading tests.

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Elastoplastic nonlinear behavior of planar steel gabled frame

  • Moghaddam, Sina Heyrani;Masoodi, Amir R.
    • Advances in Computational Design
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.397-413
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    • 2019
  • In this paper, static nonlinear analysis of gable frame is performed using OpenSees software. Both geometric and material nonlinearities are considered in analyses. To consider large displacements, co-rotational coordinate transformation is used in software. The effects of symmetric and asymmetric support conditions including clamped and simple supports are studied. On the other hand, the material nonlinearity is reflected on analyses using Giuffre-Menegotto-Pinto steel material. Note that strain hardening characteristics are also considered in this model. Moreover, I-shaped cross-section is assumed for all members. The results are provided for different geometry properties of gable frame including shallow and deep inclined roof. It should be added that buckling and post-buckling behaviors of gable frame are investigated using related equilibrium paths. A comparison study is also implemented on the responses of buckling loads obtained for different support and geometry conditions. To trace snap-through paths completely, a displacement control method entitled arc-length is utilized. Findings show the capability of proposed model in nonlinear analysis of gable frames.