• Title, Summary, Keyword: Oncology nurse specialist

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The perception of Hospice Health Professionals on the Hospice Clinical Nurse Specialist System (호스피스 전문간호사 제도에 관한 인식)

  • Oh, Pok-Ja;Lee, Hee-Jung;Kim, Bog-Ja
    • Asian Oncology Nursing
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.15-23
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    • 2003
  • Purpose: This study was to find out hospice nurses and other health professionals' perception on the system of hospice and palliative nurse specialist. Methods: Using questionnaire, 63 nurses and 22 other health professionals answered about the benefit required qualification, workforce standard, and the extent of autonomy needed for hospice and palliative nurse specialist. Data was collected from August, 2002 to November, 2002. and analyzed by using SPSS 10 program. Results: 1) 96.4% of the subjects perceived that hospice nurse specialist will improve the quality of care and patient satisfaction. 2) The most frequent response for the type of education required for hospice nurse specialist was one year post RN program. 3) The most frequent response for the required clinical experience of hospice nurse specialists was minimum of four to five years. 4) The most important qualification for the hospice nurse specialists was an "good relationship with others", and "clinical experience". 5) One to two hospice nurse specialist per hospice facility was viewed as a sufficient number. 6. Autonomy was viewed as the most important characteristic which should be granted to hospice nurse specialist. Conclusion: The results of this study can be used as a basic information in establishing hospice nurse specialist program.

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The Role Behaviors of Oncology Nurse Specialist (종양전문간호사의 역할규명을 위한 연구)

  • Kim, Min-Young;Park, Sung-Ae
    • Asian Oncology Nursing
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.24-44
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    • 2003
  • The purposes of this study was to identify and propose the expected role of the oncology nurse specialist by embodying role theory to oncology nurse specialist. The subjects of this study were 149 persons in 14 hospitals, who were classified to 4 groups, oncology nurse specialists(ONS) group, head nurses and charge nurses(HN & CN) group in hemato-oncology ward, registered nurses(RN) group in hemato-oncology ward, and hematologists & oncologists(H&O) group. The questionnaire which was consisted of 89 items for role of oncology nurse specialist, was made by researcher with a field study and literature review about role of oncology nurse specialist and verified by matrix delphi technique about content validity and construct validity. The data were collected from October 22, 2002 to November 5, 2002. All 4 groups proposed that ONS should perform an expert practitioner role first of all. But ONS group, RN group and H&O group proposed orderly expert practitioner, educator, researcher, consultant, and administrator & change agent, but HN & CN group did expert practitioner, educator, consultant, researcher, administrator & change agent. Expert practitioner had the most highest necessary degree in all groups and most highest performance degree in ONS group. That was consistent with results that all groups proposed role of expert practitioner at first. 4 items out of 20 items showed the meaningful differences between groups. For role of educator, oncology nurse specialist group proposed necessary degrees over 4.0 point out of 5.0 in all items. 4 items out of 18 items showed the meaningful differences between groups. For role of researcher, 3 nurses groups proposed a high necessary degree, but performance of ONS group was most lowest among 5 roles. 6 items out of 14 items showed the meaningful differences between groups. The role of consultant had high necessary degree in some items related to hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. 2 items out of 17 items showed the meaningful differences between groups. In nursing behaviors of administrator & change agent, those items about enacting principle, cost development and participation of professional academy had a high necessary degree. 4 items out of 18 items showed the meaningful differences between groups. Oncology nurse specialists group performed 5 roles orderly, expert practitioner, consultant, educator, administrator & change agent, researcher. This result was different from expected role of themselves as well as the other groups. There was a different necessary degree between role and embodied nursing behaviors of role. ONS group and RN group proposed orderly educator, researcher, administrator & change agent, expert practitioner, consultant, but the other groups did educator, expert practitioner, researcher, consultant, administrator & change agent. The expected standards of oncology nurse specialist in this study were usually master's degree, total career of 5-7 years, oncology career of 3-5 years and certification. But for the post, qualification and qualification institution, various opinions were suggested. In the conclusion, there was a different necessary degree between role and embodied nursing behaviors of role. All groups proposed expert practitioner at first in abstract role, but educator at first in embodied nursing behaviors of role. So we have to consider this difference carefully in the future research. ONS acted the role of expert practitioner first of all, but we should develope and expand the roles of researcher, and administrator & change agent. We should enact roles by role behaviors induced from mutual agreements in necessary degree and performance degree, and bargain the role behaviors that showed the meaningful differences between groups But, we should consider carefully which group's opinion we have to select. I suggested 36 items out of 89 items, in which ONS proposed necessary degree over 4.0 out of 5.0 and half of them performed as the nursing behaviors of oncology nurse specialist that did not induce role stress. For the future, We should role bargain the role with other groups based on these items.

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Oncology Nurses’ Experiences of Counseling with Cancer Patients (종양간호사의 암 환자 상담경험)

  • Park, Eun-Young
    • Asian Oncology Nursing
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.128-137
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: To explore and describe the essence of oncology nurses' experiences of counseling with cancer patients. Methods: Qualitative research with a phenomenological study. Participants were 6 oncology nurses who had worked as a clinical nurse specialist or an education-counseling nurse. Data were collected through individual semi-constructed interviews and analyzed with a thematic approach according to Colaizzi's method. Results: Seven themes emerged from the data: harmony of education and counseling, burdening, useless self-blaming, getting more matured, experiencing rewards and meanings, internalized strategies for counseling, and needs for self growth. Conclusion: The study highlights the significant impact of counseling with cancer patients by oncology nurses. Oncology nurses experienced both positive and negative aspects of being involved in cancer care. They stated that they were personally growing and getting maturated with the counseling experience. Sometimes they felt sad when the patient's status was progressed. They learned and internalized counseling skill during the communication with cancer patients. They wanted to learn about the practical course of counseling and communication method and the psychology of cancer patients.

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The Perception of Medical Doctors and Nurses on the Clinical Nurse Specialist System (임상전문간호사 제도에 관한 의사와 간호사의 인식)

  • Lee, Soon-Ok;Lee, Won-Chul
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.372-387
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    • 1995
  • One-hundred eighty four medical doctors and 349 nurses out of 6 university hospitals and 1 general hospital were surveyed from Mar. 3, to Mar. 31, 1995, in order to appreciate the extent of their understandings on the clinical nurse specialist system. The difference was analyzed by the subjects' age, their position and department, the expected benefits of the system. the assigned department, the position and qualification, the required special educational organization and program, and the extent of autonomy of the function of clinical nurse specialists and the special nursing field. The results were as follows ; 1. The perception about the expected benefits of the introduction of clinical nurse specialist system was significantly different among the age groups of medical doctors, and the age group of 40s among them showed the most positive perception. 2. The extent of acquaintance with clinical nurse specialist was the higher in the older age groups of respondent nurses. Meanwhile, the experience of participation with clinical nurse specialists was the more in the older age group of medical doctors. 3. The opinion about the required position of clinical nurse specialists was significantly different by the age and position of the respondent nurses. The rank of head nurse was suggested by the respondent nurses of older age and higher positon, while the level of in-charge nurse was suggested by the staff nurses. Also, the duration of clinical experience required of clinical nurse specialists was the most frequently responded as 6 to 10 years by nurses, as 2 to 5 years by medical doctors. 4. The degree of educational background required of clinical nurse specialists was differently responded by the various position of medical doctors and nurses. Of the medical doctors, professors frequently responded bachelor degree and medical residents frequently responded master degree as the required educational background. Of the nurses, nursing administrators more frequently responded that master degree was required of clinical nurse specialists than staff nurses and clinical nurse specialists did. 5. The extent of acquaintance with clinical nurse specialist system was different among the various department of medical doctors, which was the highest in the doctors of psychiatry, internal medicine and pediatrics, respectively. The doctors of surgery were the least acquainted of clinical nurse specialist. 6. The nurses of special parts, of surgery and of obstetrics & pediatrics responded more frequently that clinical nurse specialists should belong to the nursing department than the nurses of internal medicine and of others did. 7. The Special parts that necessitate clinical nurse specialists were responded to be the more important by nurses than by medical doctors. Clinical nurse specialists were responded to be the more necessary in the parts of diabetics, oncology, pyschiatry, dialysis, organ transplantation, intensive care, and in cardiovascular part. They were responded to be the less important in the parts of intravenous therapy, computer informatics, nursing administration, the improvement of nursing quality.

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Validation of a Palliative Prognostic Index to Predict Life Expectancy for Terminally Ill Cancer Patients in a Hospice Consultation Setting in Taiwan

  • Cheng, Wei-Hong;Kao, Chen-Yi;Hung, Yu-Shin;Su, Po-Jung;Hsieh, Chia-Hsun;Chen, Jen-Shi;Wang, Hung-Ming;Chou, Wen-Chi
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.2861-2866
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    • 2012
  • Background: The aim of our study was to assess the practical utility of the palliative prognostic index (PPI) as a prognostic tool used by nurse specialists in a hospice consultation setting in Taiwan. Methods: In total, 623 terminal cancer patients under hospice consultation care from one medical center in northern Taiwan were enrolled between January 1 and June 30, 2011. PPI was assessed by a nurse specialist at first hospice consultation and patients categorized into groups by prognosis (good, intermediate, poor). Patient survival was analyzed retrospectively to determine significance of between-group differences. Results: By PPI sum score, 37.2% of patients were in the good prognosis group, 18% in the intermediate prognosis group and 44.8% in the poor prognosis group. The death rates were 56%, 81.2% and 89.6% and median survivals were 76, 18 and 7 days, respectively. The hazard ratio was 0.19 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.10-0.24, p<0.001) for the poor versus good prognosis group and 0.54 (95% CI 0.43-0.69, p<0.001) for the poor versus intermediate prognosis group. The sensitivity and specificity for the poor prognosis group was 66% and 71%; the positive predictive value and negative predictive value were 81% and 52%, respectively, to predict patient death within 21 days (area under the curve of the receiver operating characteristic was 0.68). Conclusions: Assessment by PPI can accurately predict survival of terminal cancer patients receiving hospice consultation care. PPI is a simple tool and can be administered by nurse members of hospice consultation teams.

A Study on the Activities of IV Team In the Children's Hospital (소아병원의 정맥주사팀 활동에 대한 조사연구)

  • Hwang, Jeong Hae;Hwang, Jee In;Kim, Mi Ran;Shin, Hee Young;Ahn, Hyo Seop
    • Quality Improvement in Health Care
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    • v.6 no.1_2
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    • pp.92-106
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    • 1999
  • Background : In many university hospitals, intravenous(IV) therapies and samplings had been one of the most important works of doctors who are in training. However, recently as patient oriented care is becoming more weighted for qualified health service IV therapies should be the works of specialized personnels. This study was conducted to investigate the medical staff's perception on IV team, to survey patient or parent's expectation on IV team, and to assess the frequency of IV therapy related complications and the characteristics of phlebitis among the hospitalized children. Methods : We collected data prospectively before the start of IV team from February 22 to February 29. 1999 and from September 27 to October 3, 1999, 6 months after beginning of IV team at Seoul National University Children's Hospital. IV team started their activities from March 1, 1999. General pediatric wards were not included for the IV and sampling team and oncology ward and surgical units were all included for the IV and sampling team's work. IV specialist was the well trained nurse who had been working in the field of pediatrics especially for the oncology patients. The subjects of this study were medical staffs who were working in children's hospital as doctors in training and patients who were treated with IV therapies in children's hospital during the same period. Results : Doctors responded that IV team need to be organized for IV care and expected IV team could reduce their work load. Parents of patients also responded IV team was very improtant to perform high quality IV care. They had willingness to pay extra charge for IV team care. In the wards where IV team did not work, they used various kinds and sizes of catheters, but in the wards where IV team worked, they needed just one or two types of catheters. As the exact role of IV team is not still established, job description is needed between the IV team and medical doctors. In the aspects of medical costs. it could save the materials for the IV also. Conclusion : This study showed that IV team could increase patient's satisfaction with decrease of medical doctors work load and concomitantly could save the costs of IV materials. And for the expansion of the IV team, job description is needed and for the total care of the children IV specialist and sampling team should expand their roles.

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The Preliminary Study for Revision of Graduate Nursing Curriculum of one College of Nursing in Korea (일개 대학원 간호학과 교과과정개편을 위한 기초연구)

  • Suh, Moon-Ja;Hong, Yeo-Shin;Lee, Eun-Ok;Park, Jung-Ho;Lee, So-Woo;Hong, Kyung-Ja;Park, Young-Sook;Park, Sung-Ae;Choe, Myung-Ae;Yun, Soon-Nyung;Yu, Su-Jeoung
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.285-297
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    • 2001
  • The rapid changes in graduate nursing curriculum have resulted in many challenges to the contents in masters and doctoral program of nursing. In order to meet the changing consumer demand, to respond the specialization in clinical practice and to reflect the evolving trend in the discipline and science of nursing, this study focussed on analyzing the present graduate nursing curriculum of one college of nursing in Seoul, Korea. In order to analyze the present curriculum, data were collected by survey from the enrolled graduate students, And curriculum contents of 10 graduate nursing curricula in Korea and 6 in United States were analyzed through internet information. Based on the data from the enrolled students' responses on educational goal and objectives and divisions of nursing and the data from the graduate curriculums of other universities both in Korea and United States suggested the future direction of graduate nursing curriculum of S university as follows; It is required that theoretical development, as well as education of enhancing clinical competences and preparation of specialization, innovative work for the change and global nursing should be included in the curriculum. Majority of respondents were agreed with 6 division of nursing(Adult nursing ,Maternity nursing ,Pediatric nursing, Community nursing, Nursing administration) and the integration of nurse clinical specialist course(such as oncology nursing specialist) into the regular courses in Master and Doctorate program was required.

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Effects of a Tailored Education and Coaching Program to Enhance Care of Cancer-related Pain (맞춤형 암성통증관리 개별교육 및 코칭의 효과)

  • Kim, Hye Jin;Kim, Young Mee;Kim, Hee Jin
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.12-21
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: The study was to develop a tailored education and coaching program (TECP) for cancer patients, and to identify the effects of TECP on pain severity, daily living impairment, barriers on pain management, self-efficacy, and pain management satisfaction. Methods: A randomized controlled trial was used. Patients referred to an oncology nurse specialist from oncologists for pain management were randomly assigned to TECP (25) or usual education program (UEP, 22). The intervention was offered by educating the method of taking opioid medication, managing opioid-induced side effects, reducing pain misconceptions and enhancing self-efficacy for communicating with a medical team on cancer pain severity, and pain-related impairment. Patients completed questionnaires before the education program and on the next visit 3~4 weeks later. Data were analyzed by SPSS 19.0 program using percentage, frequency, mean, standard deviation, x2 test and independent t-test. Results: At all levels, pain severity improved significantly in the experimental group-worst pain (8.16 to 3.80, p<.001), average pain (6.16 to 2.52 p=.008), and least pain (3.32 to 0.96, p=.038)-but not in the control group. Pain management satisfaction also showed significant differences (t=2.93, p=.005) between experimental (4.70±0.49) and control (4.17±0.73) groups. Interference with daily living, barriers to managing cancer pain, and self-efficacy for managing pain improved in both groups but there were no significant differences. Conclusion: The findings suggest that TECP should be considered for outpatients who need cancer pain management.