• Title, Summary, Keyword: Oligofructose

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Experimental Equine Laminitis Induced by Treatment with Oligofructose (올리고당 투여를 통한 급성 제엽염의 실험적 유발)

  • Kwon, Mi-Young;Ryu, Doug-Young;Jeon, Hyung-Seon;Kim, Joon-Gyu;Cui, FengJi;Lee, Seung-Woo;Kim, Yongbaek
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.75-79
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    • 2013
  • Laminitis is a common horse disease that causes pain and disability. One of the major causes of laminitis is carbohydrate overload, which leads to the overgrowth of gram-positive bacteria and subsequent toxemia. This study was performed to establish an experimental model of acute phase laminitis. A horse was fed with a bolus dose of oligofructose, examined for clinical signs and blood parameters, and euthanized for necropsy and histopathology. After administration, the horse exhibited clinical signs including watery feces, inappetence, severe lameness, pyrexia and tachycardia. Complete blood count showed increased hematocrit, lymphocytosis and neutropenia. Serum chemistry revealed hyperglycemia, hyperproteinemia, high level of glutamic oxalate transaminase, creatinine, uric acid and mild hyponatremia. Histologically, the lamina tissue was edematous with mild infiltration of inflammatory cells. These findings indicate that oligofructose-induced laminitis in horse is an appropriate model for studying pathogenesis of acute phase laminitis.

Differences in Microbial Activities of Faeces from Weaned and Unweaned Pigs in Relation to In vitro Fermentation of Different Sources of Inulin-type Oligofructose and Pig Feed Ingredients

  • Shim, S.B.;Verdonk, J.M.A.J.;Pellikaan, W.F.;Verstegen, W.A.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.20 no.9
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    • pp.1444-1452
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    • 2007
  • An in vitro experiment was conducted to evaluate the differences in microbial activity of five faecal inocula from weaned pigs and one faecal inoculum from unweaned pigs in combination with 6 substrates. The substrates tested were negative control diet, corn, soybean meal, oligofructose (OF), ground chicory roots and a mixture (60% chicory pulp and 40% OF). The inocula used were derived from pigs fed either a corn-soy based diet without antibiotics (NCON), the NCON diet supplemented with oligofructose (OF), a mixture of chicory pulp (40%) and OF (60%) (MIX), ground chicory roots (CHR) or the NCON diet supplemented with antibiotics (PCON). The cumulative gas production measured fermentation kinetics and end products, such as total gas production, ammonia and volatile fatty acids, were also determined. Both the substrate and the inoculum significantly affected the fermentation characteristics. The cumulative gas production curve showed that different substrates caused more differences in traits of fermentation kinetics than the different inocula. Inocula of weaned pigs gave a significantly higher VFA production compared to the inoculum from unweaned animals, whilst the rate of fermentation and the total gas produced did not differ. OF showed the highest fermentation kinetics and the lowest $NH_3$, pH and OM loss compared to other substrates. It was concluded that the microbial activity was significantly affected by substrate and inoculum. Inoculum from weaned pigs had more potential for microbial fermentation of the carbohydrate ingredients and oligofructose than that of unweaned pigs. A combination of high and low polymer inulin may be more beneficial to the gut ecosystem than using high- or low-polymer inulin alone.

Prebiotics: A Review (프리바이오틱스의 기능에 관한 연구 고찰)

  • Yoon, Jin A;Shin, Kyung-Ok
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.191-202
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    • 2017
  • This study was conducted to investigate the characteristics of major prebiotics and the related studies, and to provide basic data for future research. Prebiotics are defined as 'nondigestible food ingredients that beneficially affect the host by selectively stimulating the growth and/or activity of one or a limited number of bacteria in the colon, and thus improve host health'. Well-known prebiotics are inulin, oligofructose, and galacto-oligosaccharide. Prebiotics assist in the health activity of lactic acid bacteria by acting as a substrate for lactic acid bacteria, with their unique physical and chemical properties. Bifidobacteria are known to be beneficial bacteria that prevent intestinal inflammation, maintain intestinal microflora balance, inhibit carcinogenesis, reduce cholesterol, and enhance immunity. However, Bifidobacteria, Lactobacillus, Bacillus, and Weissella are also found in animal-based fermented foods such as milk, cheese, yogurt, and salted fish. Prebiotics can act as a substrate for lactic acid bacteria, helping the activity of lactic acid bacteria and improving health. Therefore, the authors suggest that investigation into the category and effectiveness of prebiotics should be extended in the future through research.

A Specific Biomarker for The Diagnosis of Equine Laminitis (말의 제엽염 진단을 위한 특이적 생물지표)

  • Lee, Seungwoo;Lee, Seung Heon;Kim, Myung-Chul;Kim, Yong-Baek;Ryu, Doug-Young
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.62-68
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    • 2015
  • There is no reliable indicator available for the diagnosis of horse laminitis, although the disease is common and costly. This study was performed to develop a specific diagnostic biomarker for laminitis. We have identified 33 differentially expressed proteins in plasma of a horse suffering laminitis that is experimentally induced by an overdose of oligofructose, in comparison with normal horse plasma. Among the proteins, myosin-9 mRNA was found in RNA sequencing analysis to be expressed specifically in laminitis tissues compared to other horse tissues. It is thus suggested that expression of plasma myosin-9 may be used for the diagnosis of equine laminitis.

DFA IV를 생산하는 levan fructotransferase의 포괄고정화

  • Im, Seung;Lee, Gi-Yeong
    • 한국생물공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.567-570
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    • 2000
  • The condition of immobilization of the partially purified levan fructotransferase and the properties of the immobilized enzyme was investigated. Levan fructotransferase was immobilized on ${\kappa}\;-carrageenan$ beads by entrapment method. The optimal ${\kappa}\;-carrageenan$ concentration was obtained 2%(w/v) (or the matrix. At that time, immobilized enzymes(0.81 units) have relative low activity compare with soluble enzyme(7.7 units). To immobilized and soluble enzyme, optimal activity temperature and pH were measured $55^{\circ}C$, 6.0 in sodium phosphate buffer 20mM solution. If crosslinking agent was added, proper concentration was 0.5%(v/v). At $37^{\circ}C$, immobilized and soluble enzyme converted levan to oligofructose and DFA IV, and the conversion ratio was 32% and 61% at 60 hr.

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Characterization of Formation of Fructose during Acid Hydrolysis and Enzyme Treatment of Fructose Saccharides (과당 탄수화물의 산가수 및 효소적 분해 특성연구)

  • Kang, Soon-Ah;Lee, Eun-Young;Jung, Sung-Je;Kim, Sang-Moo;Lee, Jae-Cheol;Jang, Ki-Hyo
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.140-143
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    • 2006
  • Acid- and enzymatic hydrolysis properties of two fructans(inulin and levan) and their oligofructoses has been investigated. At pH 1, the initial fructose release rate differs and is rapidly hydrolyzed in the order of levan oligosaccharide and inulin oligosaccharide, levan, inulin. At pH 4.5, 7 and 14, no or little amount of fructose are found from four samples. At the presence of inulinase in the reaction mixture, the fructose is rapidly produced from all samples, whilst invertase treatments show low activities. The results allow the estimation of the fructose release rate in many foodstuff processing conditions.