• Title, Summary, Keyword: Older Adults

Search Result 1,224, Processing Time 0.053 seconds

Issues and Directions in Developing Nutrition Education for Older Adults in Korea

  • Kim, Kyung-Won
    • Journal of Community Nutrition
    • /
    • v.2 no.1
    • /
    • pp.71-84
    • /
    • 2000
  • This paper presents the status of nutrition education for older adults in Korea, and examines considerations in developing effective nutrition education programs for the elderly based on literature reviews. Finally, strategies of nutrition education for older adults in Korea are examined. Status of nutrition education were examined by surveying 90 senior centers, and 46 public health centers providing nutrition services. Most senior centers(96%) provided health education programs, however, nutrition was only a part of health programs. Among the 41 public health centers which responded to the survey, 73.1% provided nutrition education for older adults. The frequently covered topics were prevention & management of hypertension/stroke, diabetes, nutritional management during later adulthood, and osteoporosis. Common barriers in planning and implementing elderly education were; lack of educational materials for older adults, reliance on lectures, difficulty in following-up. To develop effective nutrition education, four stages consisting of needs assessment, planning and implementation of programs, and evaluation should be carefully done. Needs assessment might be done using quantitative or qualitative assessment. Factors influencing nutrition behavior of older adults can be systematically examined using a theoretical approach such as the PRECEDE-PROCEED framework. Qualitative methods, such as focus group interviews, also provide insightful information regarding the needs of older adults. In planning nutrition education programs, physical and pshychological changes associated with aging should be considered. Literature regarding elderly education suggest that active participation or participatory learning is also effective for older adults. Educational materials are developed following the principle of KISS and pre-tested. Program evaluation has been rarely done in practice, although it provides valuable feedback to the program. Strategies for developing nutrition education for Korean elderly include; performing needs assessment, developing a standard program by topics in a logical and systematic way, developing programs for subgroups of elderly, applying diverse education methods developing educational materials for the elderly, evaluating programs using simple tools, and delivering a nutrition program as a part of health promotion program. Finally, the interaction and communication between researchers and practitioners is strongly recommended to ensure better nutrition education and services to the elderly.

  • PDF

Comparison of Healthy Life Style and Chronic Disease Management between Urban and Rural Older Adults (도시와 농촌노인의 건강생활습관과 만성질환관리 실태비교)

  • Lee, Jia;Lee, Yena
    • The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing
    • /
    • v.15 no.2
    • /
    • pp.100-108
    • /
    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare healthy life style and chronic disease management between urban and rural older adults. Methods: The study employed a comparative and descriptive survey design. Data were collected from 154 older adults living independently in communities (79 from urban and 75 from rural areas) using structured questionaries from 24 July, 2010 to 14 August, 2011. Results: Perceived health status was significantly lower in urban older adults than those in rural areas ($x^2$=13.27, p = .001). Frequency of regular health examination was better in the urban group than the rural group ($x^2$=4.71, p = .030). Among older adults with hypertension, medication noncompliance was higher, and participation rate in disease management education was lower in the rural group than the urban group ($x^2$=6.43, p = .040; $x^2$=23.51, p<.001, respectively) and the same as arthritis. Conclusion: Rural older adults had more problems with health and disease management in this study, might be, due to difficulties in access to health care services than urban residents. More tailored programs of disease management as well as health service programs and staffing should be developed in rural areas. For urban older adults, meal preparation program and more opportunities producing income may be needed.

New Directions in Communicating Better Nutrition to Older Adults

  • Guldan, Georgia-Sue;Wendy Wai-Hing Hui
    • Journal of Community Nutrition
    • /
    • v.2 no.1
    • /
    • pp.62-70
    • /
    • 2000
  • Nutrition education should be an important component of ongoing health promotion for older adults and their caregivers. This is because prevention through sound nutrition and food hygiene practices and regular excercise is the most cost-effective way to reduce risks for and deal with their major health problems. nutritions education services should effectively promote optimum intake and successful self-care. Unfortunately, however relative to other vulnerable groups, nutrition education for older adults has not been systematically developed or evaluated. Usually oder adults care a lot about their health, so this should be a relatively easy group to teach - but their increasing numbers, longevity and great diversity with respect to health, physical, and economic status and educational level present challenges. Some older adults may not perceive they would benefit from nutrition education, so interesting and motivating them is a challenge. The food and nutrition knowledge of older people has been acquired through a lifetime of experience. For most older adults in the Asian region, their sources are restricted by their restricted education, so that their major sources of information have been informal sources, such as television, radio, friends, family, and perhaps newspapers and magazines if they are literature. Nonetheless, dietary advice for older people should build on their existing knowledge and ingrained values. It should provide information useful in daily food selection, and focus on food, not nutrients - the same foods and groups considered appropriate for younger people, with consistent messages as given throughout the population. Attention must also be paid to discovering learning styles in older people. When we teach in schools, the young students are a captive audience resigned to their learning role. Learning by an older adult, however, reflects an effort to meet his or her perceived needs. Therefore, nutrition education should be a positive experience in a non-threatening environment, relaxed and non-competitive, and perhaps even social environment. The messages also need to be practical and achievable. A needs assessment is essential, because our ability to provide the most effective nutrition education will depend on our success in matching the needs, both perceived and unperceived. of this vulnerable group. Therefore, go to the potential older learners to assess their interest and preferences. Nutrition education activities for older adults are widespread, but few have been evaluated. Evaluation is therefore also recommended, particularly when new methods are used. Tips from other countries for giving successful nutrition education will be given, including some examples of applications as attempted in Hong Kong. Research needs will also be described. In conclusion, successful nutrition education for older adults depends on positive needs-based messages. This is may be hard to do, as few good examples are available to illustrate these principles.

  • PDF

The effect of a physical activity on blood cholesterol in older adults (노인의 신체활동이 혈중지질에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Hyun-Sook;Um, Ki-Mai;Lim, In-Hyuk
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
    • /
    • v.13 no.3
    • /
    • pp.7-14
    • /
    • 2006
  • Despite well-known benefits of physical activity for older adults, most older adults remain significantly underactive. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a physical activity on blood cholesterol in older adults with an inclusive, choice-based physical activity promotion program to increase lifetime physical activity levels of seniors. A six-month comparison-group trial was conducted with 14 older adults(experimental group = 8, control group = 6) in community senior center. Changes in self-reported physical activity and blood cholesterol were evaluated using paired t-test. The intervention group increased estimated caloric expenditure by 858 calories/week in physical activities of any intensity (p=.050), total cholesterol(p=0.049), high density lipoprotein cholesterol(p=0.045). Control group changes were also negligible. The program led to meaningful physical activity increase. Individually tailored programs to encourage lifestyle changes in seniors may be effective and applicable to health care and community settings.

  • PDF

The Predictors of Subjective Well-Being among Older Adults (노인의 주관적 안녕감 예측요인)

  • Gong, Su-Ja;Kim, Hyun-Sook;Ha, Mi-OK
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
    • /
    • v.17 no.3
    • /
    • pp.368-378
    • /
    • 2005
  • Purpose: This study was to explore the predictors of subjective well-being of Korean older adults. Method: Data were collected through the structured interview using questionnaire with 199 older adults over 60 years. To identify the most effective predictor of the SWB, a stepwise regression analysis was conducted on each subscale of SWB measure. Results: The results showed that receiving support from family was the effective factor of life satisfaction. Receiving support from family, health, optimism, economy, positive reappraisal, and giving support to family were the effective factors of emotional well-being. Conclusion: This study found that family support was the most important predictor on SWB among Korean older adults.

  • PDF

The Relationship among Subjective Health Status, Wisdom, and Self-care Agency in Korean Older Adults

  • Yu, Mijin;Kim, Hee Jung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.26 no.4
    • /
    • pp.355-363
    • /
    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study identified the relationships among subjective health status, wisdom, and self-care agency of Korean older adults. Methods: The participants were 274 older adults from Daegu, aged over 65 years. Data were collected by visiting two social welfare centers, two senior welfare centers, and nine senior centers in Daegu from January 18 to February 5, 2013. Data were analyzed through one-way ANOVA, independent t-test, Pearson's correlation, and stepwise multiple linear regression using the IBM SPSS/WIN 19.0 statistical program. Results: A significant positive correlation was found among older adults' subjective health status, wisdom, and self-care agency. Self-care agency was affected by wisdom (47%, ${\beta}=.55$), the physical component summary (18%, ${\beta}=.31$) and mental component summary (1%, ${\beta}=.12$) of subjective health status, and the absence of disease (2%, ${\beta}=.13$). Conclusion: This study suggests that nursing interventions to promote self-care agency in older adults should be developed based on the characteristics of their subjective health status and wisdom.

A suggestion of the research direction for older adults' ICT use behaviors: SILC (노인 정보통신기술 사용 행태에 대한 연구방향 제시: SILC)

  • Lee, Woong-Kyu
    • The Journal of Information Systems
    • /
    • v.22 no.3
    • /
    • pp.59-75
    • /
    • 2013
  • Although information communication technology (ICT) has been one of the most important infrastructures for our societies, it is still considered as a kind of black box having a barrier to be accepted and being not easily understood. Nevertheless, there are no proper research models or theories for explaining older adults' ICT uses. The objective of this study is to suggest a direction for studying older adults' ICT using behaviors. For this purpose, based on the review and analysis of current studies, main research issues are discussed and a new research framework for the research of older adults' ICT use, Silver ICT users Life Cycle(SILC), is suggested.

Depression and suicidal ideation in community-dwelling older adults in Korea

  • Kwon, So-Hi;Sohn, Myungji
    • Journal of the Korean Data and Information Science Society
    • /
    • v.25 no.3
    • /
    • pp.655-663
    • /
    • 2014
  • This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of depression and suicidal ideation in community-dwelling older adults in Korea, as well as identify factors associated with their occurrence, including cognitive impairment. A cross-sectional study of 484 residents was conducted at a senior centre utilising the PHQ-9K and K-MMSE. Demographic data were also collected for analysis. Of the respondents, 38.1% had symptoms of mild to severe depression. Further, 16.7% reported having suicidal ideation, with 5% of respondents having thoughts of suicide every day. The majority of participants had 'normal' scores on the K-MMSE (88.0%), though significant differences were observed in PHQ-9K scores between cognitive-acceptable and cognitive-impaired groups. Depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation were very prevalent in community-dwelling older adults in Korea. This study indicates the need for the development of community-based mental health programs tailored to older adults, and demonstrates the viability of promoting early detection of depressive symptoms through senior centres.

Operation and Process Evaluation of a Community Meal Program for the Elderly in Rural Areas during Agricultural Off-Season Perceived by Cooking Volunteers (농촌 고령자 대상 농한기 마을 공동식사 프로그램 참여 조리자원봉사자의 프로그램 운영에 대한 인식과 과정 평가)

  • Bae, Jeong-Sook;Seong, Sol-Bee;Jang, So-Mang;Yoo, Chang-Hee;Lim, Young-Suk;Lee, Young-Mi;Park, Hae-Ryun;Lee, Kyung-Eun
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
    • /
    • v.24 no.4
    • /
    • pp.277-289
    • /
    • 2019
  • Objectives: This study examined the practices of a community meal program for older adults in rural areas during the agricultural off-season. Methods: A survey was conducted from December 12 to December 22, 2016. Self-administered questionnaires were distributed to 150 cooking volunteers, who had participated in the community meal program in 50 villages. A total of 114 responses were returned from 44 villages and used for data analysis. In addition, in-depth interviews were conducted with the volunteers of eight villages. Results: Most of the cooking volunteers were 50 years old or older and they participated in serving older adults meals for good will. The cooking volunteers perceived that the older adults in their community did not eat various foods, had difficulties in grocery shopping, and frequently consumed salty foods. During the agricultural off-season, 40.9% of villages served the older adults meals 6-7 days a week and 95.5% provided meals for lunch. An average of 21 to 40 older adults were served meals in each village. The cooking volunteers reported that the food preparation and meal service times were sufficient, recipes provided were useful, and menus met the preference of the older adults. At the end of the program, they felt proud of serving meals for older adults in the community. An increased awareness of healthy eating, interest in health, and consumption of nutritious meals, a decrease in loneliness among older adults, and the promotion of fellowship in the community were rated highly. The cooking volunteers expected additional support for cooking personnel and insisted that the program should be provided for the entire agricultural off-seasons. Conclusions: The community meal program during the agricultural off-season for the elderly in rural areas was effective in improving the dietary life of older adults, relieving their feelings of isolation, and promoting fellowship of the community. The volunteers felt workload due to a shortage of volunteers but answered that they were rewarded by helping older adults in their community.

The Effect of the Intergenerational Exchange Program for Older Adults and Young Children in the Community Using the Traditional Play (전래놀이를 활용한 지역사회 노인과 아동을 위한 세대교류 프로그램의 효과)

  • Choi, Min-Jung;Sohng, Kyeong-Yae
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
    • /
    • v.48 no.6
    • /
    • pp.743-753
    • /
    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study aimed to explore the effects of a community-based first and third Intergenerational Exchange Program (IGEP) on older adults' health-related quality of life (HRQoL), loneliness, depression, and walking speed, and on 4~5-year-old preschool children's learning-related social skills. Methods: This study employed a non-equivalent control group pre-post-test design. The experimental group included 42 older adults and 42 children who participated in the IGEP for 8 weeks, and the control group included 39 older adults. The experimental group participated in the IGEP once a week for 8 weeks. It comprised a traditional play program based on the intergroup contact theory. Results: Compared to the control group, there was a significant increase in scores on the HRQoL-Visual analogue scale (VAS) and a decrease in loneliness and depression in older adults in the experimental group (p<.05). Children who participated in the IGEP showed an improvement in their learning-related social skills (p<.001). Conclusion: These results confirm that the IGEP is an effective intervention to improve HRQoL-VAS, loneliness, and depression among older adults and learning-related social skills among preschool children in the community.