• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Older Adults

검색결과 1,224건 처리시간 0.041초

청년 중년 노년세대별 노인에 대한 태도 (A Study on Attitudes toward Older Adults : Comparative Analysis of Young, Midlife, and Older Adults)

  • 김윤정;강인;이창식
    • 한국가정관리학회지
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.65-75
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    • 2004
  • This study examined attitudes toward older adults among a sample of young (496 Participants), midlife (200 participants), and older adults (115 participants). The results indicate that attitudes of the three generations toward older adults were modest in score, being neither positive nor negative. The older adults' attitudes were the most positive regarding elderly people. In other words, each generation of people showed different attitudes toward older adults. There was also a significant interaction effect between generation and gender. Middle aged women were the most negative toward the elderly, yet older women were the most positive. In addition, there were differences among generations in the variables that are related with the attitudes toward older adults. The attitudes were positively correlated with relationship with their grandparents for young adults, whereas care giving stress was significantly related for midlife adults, and the level of preparedness for old age (physical, emotional and economic) was a strong predictor for older adults.

장기요양시설 요양보호사의 치매노인과의 감정표현을 중점으로 한 의사소통 경험 (Experience of Long-term Care Workers' Communication with Older Adults with Dementia Focused on Emotional Expression)

  • 이수미;이경희
    • 정신간호학회지
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.264-273
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The purposes of this study were to understand (1) emotional expression of older adults with dementia and (2) communication between long-term care workers and older adults with dementia. Methods: Ten long-term care workers who provided care services for older adults with dementia in long-term care were interviewed. Qualitative content analysis was conducted to reveal themes and subthemes. Results: Participants stated that they tried to learn emotional expressions in older adults with dementia, but it was difficult due to emotional fluctuation in older adults with dementia. Care workers attempted to interact with older adults with dementia using verbal and non-verbal communication skills. They stated difficulties in verbal communication with older adults with dementia. In addition, care workers improved their tailored communication skills with the accumulation of care experience and noticed their care service value. Conclusion: It is meaningful to understand long-term care workers' perceptions of emotional expression and communication among older adults with dementia in long-term care. Well-organized communication protocols should be provided for long-term care workers to enhance emotion-oriented and person-centered care services based on the needs and preferences of older adults with dementia.

시설 노인과 재가 노인의 다면적 건강상태와 건강관련 삶의 질 비교 (Comparison of Comprehensive Health Status and Health-related Quality of Life between Institutionalized Older Adults and Community Dwelling Older Adults)

  • 현혜진;장애경;유수정;박연환
    • 지역사회간호학회지
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.40-50
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the factors of health-related quality of life in older adults according to the type of residency. Methods: A cross-sectional comparative study was conducted. The subjects were 114 institutionalized older adults and 99 community dwelling older adults. Data were collected through face-to-face interviews by nurses using structured questionnaires composed of SF-36 (ver.2) and CGA-SF. Results: The institutionalized older adults had more health problems and experienced lower quality of life compared to community dwelling older adults. Factors influencing health-related quality of life for institutionalized older adults were social support, educational level, and ADL, which explained about 25.7% of the total variance, while thoseof community dwelling older adults were IADL, experiencing fall, and weight loss, which had explanatory power of 31.8%. Conclusion: These results indicate that differentiated nursing strategies according to the type of residency are required to promote health-related quality of life for older adults.

공공도서관 노인 서비스를 위한 제언 (Recommendations on the Public Library Services for Older Adults)

  • 김은지;이성신
    • 한국비블리아학회지
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.59-76
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    • 2014
  • 본 연구의 목적은 공공도서관 노인 서비스 현황을 노인 이용자들과 사서들의 인식 조사를 통해 파악하고 이를 토대로 보다 나은 공공도서관 노인 서비스를 위한 실질적 제언을 하고자함에 있다. 노인 이용자와 사서들의 노인서비스에 대한 인식 조사를 위해 ALA 서비스 가이드라인을 활용한 인터뷰를 진행하였으며 인터뷰자료는 질적 분석방법으로 분석하였다. 분석결과 노인 이용자들은 다음과 같은 열 가지 사항이 노인 서비스 발전을 위해 필요하다고 생각하는 것으로 나타났다: 첫째, 노인 이용자를 위한 다양한 맞춤형 평생교육 프로그램, 둘째, 평생교육 프로그램 강사진의 우수한 자질과 이의 유지를 위한 정기적인 평가, 셋째, 다양하고 새로운 정보자원의 제공, 넷째, 도서관 서비스 및 프로그램에 대한 적극적 홍보, 다섯째, 도서관 직원의 친절한 태도 및 전문성 유지, 여섯째, 정기적인 도서관 직원 교육, 일곱째, 노인 이용자의 도서관 이용 편의와 활성화를 위한 이용자 교육, 여덟째, 노인 이용자를 위한 맞춤형 자료, 시설 및 설비, 아홉째, 여가 시간 활용을 위한 공간으로서의 도서관의 역할, 열 번째, 노인 이용자를 위한 편리한 맞춤형 도서관 서비스. 이에 덧붙여 도서관 사서들은 다음의 네 가지 사항이 노인 서비스 발전을 위해 필요하다고 생각하는 것으로 나타났다: 첫째, 노인 이용자를 위한 맞춤식 서비스와 프로그램, 둘째, 노인 이용자를 위한 장서, 시설 및 설비, 셋째, 노인 서비스를 위한 예산 확보, 넷째, 노인 서비스를 전담할 수 있는 전문 인력. 두 집단 모두 노인이용자를 위한 맞춤 서비스, 프로그램, 장서, 시설, 설비가 필요하며 노인 서비스 전문 사서와 이들을 위한 정기적인 교육이 노인 서비스 발전을 위해 필수적이라고 생각하는 것으로 나타났다.

Comparison of Functional Independence among Community-dwelling Older Adults in Rural Areas in South Korea and the United States

  • Lee, Jia
    • 성인간호학회지
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.540-545
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of the study was to compare level of functional independence and its correlates among community-dwelling older adults in rural areas between South Korea and the United Sates. Methods: The study employed a comparative and correlational design. Data were collected from 198 community-dwelling older adults in rural areas (South Korea=100, & US = 98). Functional independence, cognitive function, obesity and general characteristics were measured. Results: From both countries, approximately fifteen percent of older adults living independently had cognitive problems without any treatments. Among Korean older adults functional independence was associated with a number of chronic diseases and aging while in the United States the participants had a negative correlation with obesity and aging. Conclusion: For Korean older adults in rural areas, nurses should focus on monitoring older adults' abilities to manage chronic illness and designing self-management programs while in the United States the focus should be on healthy lifestyle programs about exercise and diet to increase functional independence.

치매환자 돌봄 전략에 관한 일 고찰 (Caring for older adults with dementia -focused on therapeutic environment-)

  • 김정순
    • 보건교육건강증진학회지
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.165-181
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    • 2000
  • Even though enormous governmental expenses and scientists' efforts to find out definite causes and treatment methods of senile dementia have been investigated, little has been known in this area. Along with knowledge development of the etiology and treatment of the dementia, researchers have started to focus on improving the quality of life of the older adults with dementia through psychosocial intervention. This study was designed to propose a theoretical framework for establishing therapeutic environment for the older adults with dementia and for developing principles and strategies of caring. The results of this study were expected to help family members of the older adults with dementia to understand behavioral problems of the demented persons. The results can be utilized for health professionals to provide nursing interventions to reduce family caregivers' burden and to improve the quality of life of the older adults with dementia and their family. Caring principles developed from this study were as follows: 1. To minimize the stressors that can stimulate older adults with dementia. 2. To assess demented person's needs for safety and provide intervention based on the assessment. 3. To provide therapeutic environment for older adults with dementia to reduce confusion and to improve orientation. 4. To organize simple regular daily activities that older adults can anticipate. 5. To enhance demented person's self-esteem and self-confidence by providing supportive care. 6. To promote social interaction of the older adults with dementia by utilizing adequate activity programs.

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음정제시 유무에 따른 노인과 성인의 음역대 비교 (Vocal Range of Older Adults in Comparison with Young Adults Depending on the Presence of Pitch Cues)

  • 홍혜진;김수지
    • 한국콘텐츠학회논문지
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.377-386
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    • 2016
  • 본 연구는 음정제시 유무에 따른 노인과 성인의 음역대를 비교하고자 실시되었다. 연구 대상은 서울 및 광주시 소재의 노인복지회관과 경로당을 이용하는 만 60세 이상 85세 이하 노인 44명과 만 19세 이상 25세 이하 대학생 59명으로 총 103명이었다. 대상자는 먼저 음정을 듣지 않고 기본 발성 음도에서 점차 높은 음과 낮은 음을 발성하였고 이후 음정을 들으면서 동일하게 발성하도록 유도되었다. 연구결과, 음정제시 없이 발성 시 남성의 경우 노인이 성인에 비해 최저음의 음도가 상대적으로 높았으며 여성의 경우 노인이 최고음과 최저음도가 모두 낮은 것으로 나타났다. 음정을 제시하는 조건에서 성인은 음정을 들을 때 최저음과 최고음이 더 확장되어 발성하였으나, 노인의 경우 의미 있는 차이가 발견되지 않았다. 본 연구 결과 제시된 음역대는 추후 노인 대상 노래부르기 활동 시 음역대 선택에 있어 적용 가능한 기초자료가 될 수 있으리라 사료된다.

노인의 교육참여가 인지기능에 미치는 영향: 자녀관계 만족도의 매개효과를 중심으로 (Effects of Participation in Adult Education on Cognitive Function: The Mediating Effect of Relationship with Children among Older Adults)

  • 이성은
    • 한국지역사회생활과학회지
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.221-231
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    • 2016
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effects of participation in adult education on cognitive function, and the mediating effects of relationships with children among older adults. This study employed data from the 2011 Elderly Survey, and a total of 8,668 older adults over 65-years old were used for analysis. Multiple linear regression analyses were used to examine the mediating effect of relationship with children based on the approach proposed by Baron & Kenny (1986). The results showed that participation in adult education increased cognitive function of older adults. Adult education participation also increased satisfaction with relationship with children, and relationship with children was found to have a mediating effect. These findings suggest that there is a need to recognize the importance of the relationship between older adults and children when developing education programs for older adults.

노년층의 말소리 지각 능력 및 관련 인지적 변인 (Speech perception difficulties and their associated cognitive functions in older adults)

  • 이수정;김향희
    • 말소리와 음성과학
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.63-69
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    • 2016
  • The aims of the present study are two-fold: 1) to explore differences on speech perception between younger and older adults according to noise conditions; and 2) to investigate which cognitive domains are correlated with speech perception. Data were acquired from 15 younger adults and 15 older adults. Sentence recognition test was conducted in four noise conditions(i.e., in-quiet, +5 dB SNR, 0 dB SNR, -5 dB SNR). All participants completed auditory and cognitive assessment. Upon controlling for hearing thresholds, the older group revealed significantly poorer performance compared to the younger adults only under the high noise condition at -5 dB SNR. For older group, performance on Seoul Verbal Learning Test(immediate recall) was significantly correlated with speech perception performance, upon controlling for hearing thresholds. In older adults, working memory and verbal short-term memory are the best predictors of speech-in-noise perception. The current study suggests that consideration of cognitive function for older adults in speech perception assessment is necessary due to its adverse effect on speech perception under background noise.

Introducing an Online Measurement System Using Item Response Theory and Computer Adaptive Testing Methods for Measuring the Physical Activity of Community-Dwelling Frail Older Adults

  • Choi, Bong-sam
    • 한국전문물리치료학회지
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.106-114
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    • 2019
  • Background: It is difficult to assess whether community-dwelling frail older adults may remain pre-frail status or improve into a robust state without being directly checked by health care professionals. The health information perceived by older adults is considered to be one of best sources of potential concerns in older adult population. An online measurement system combined with item response theory (IRT) and computer adaptive testing (CAT) methods is likely to become a realistic approach to remotely monitor physical activity status of frail older adults. Objects: This article suggests an approach to provide a precise and efficient means of measuring physical activity levels of community-dwelling frail older adults. Methods: Article reviews were reviewed and summarized. Results: In comparison to the classical test theory (CTT), the IRT method is empirically aimed to focus on the psychometric properties of individual test items in lieu of the test as a whole. These properties allow creating a large item pool that can capture the broad range of physical activity levels. The CAT method administers test items by an algorithm that select items matched to the physical activity levels of the older adults. Conclusion: An online measurement system combined with these two methods would allow adequate physical activity measurement that may be useful to remotely monitor the activity level of community-dwelling frail older adults.