• Title, Summary, Keyword: Oenanthe javanica D.C

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Antibacterial Activities in Watercress(Oenanthe javanica D.C.) Cultivated with Different Culture Methods (재배방법이 다른 미나리의 항세균 활성)

  • Lee, Hong-Yeol;Yoo, Maeng-Ja;Chung, Hee-Jong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.243-249
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    • 2001
  • Antibacterial activities in each part of watercress(Oenanthe javanica D.C.) grown under different culture conditions were measured to determine the possibility to use watercress as a resource to develop the antibacterial substance. The leaves of watercress were extracted with methanol and the methanol extract was further fractionated with various organic solvents. Antibacterial activities against Shigella dysenteriae ATCC 9361 in all fractions were determined according to the agar diffusion method using paper disc. Methanol extract of watercress leaves was more effectively inhibited the growth of the tested bacteria than the extracts of roots or stems at the concentration of 0.5 g eq./disc, and the extract of watercress from Hwasoon was the most effective one as compared to others. Phenolic and neutral fractions fractionated from methanol extract of watercress had a considerable inhibiting activity on the growth of the bacteria, but acidic and basic fractions did not show any inhibitory effect. Minimum inhibitory concentrations of phenolic and neutral fractions against Shigella dysenteriae ATCC 9361 were $400\;{\mu}g/disc$ and $550\;{\mu}g/disc$, respectively.

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Chemical properties of Watercress(Oenanthe javanica D.C.) Depend upon Cultivating Methods (재배방법이 다른 미나리의 성분 특성)

  • Lee, Hong-Yeol;Yoo, Maeng-Ja;Chung, Hee-Jong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.235-242
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    • 2001
  • Chemical properties of the different parts of watercress(Oenanthe javanica D.C.) grown and harvested from the culture fields under different cultivating methods were studied. In proximate analyses of watercress in parts, moisture contained more in stem than in root or in leaf, but crude protein and crude lipid contents were lower in stem than in root or in leaf. Crude ash in root contained up to about double amount in leaf or stem. Major mineral elements detected in watercress were Fe, Mg, Ca, and K, and their contents in root was higher than those in stem or leaf. Especially, Fe in root was significantly higher than that in stem or in leaf. Total free sugar composed mainly with fructose and glucose, was the highest in watercress from Hwasoon and followed the watercress from Jeonju and Donggok in order. Free sugar content was highest in leaf and the lowest in root. Major water-soluble vitamins were vitamin C, thiamin and biotin and the content of vitamin C was higher than others. These vitamins contained more in leaf than in stem or root. Niacin contained 6.09 mg/100 g in leaf of watercress from Hwasoon, which was much higher than others, but it was not detected in stem of watercress from Jeonju. Organic acids detected were oxalic acid, citric acid and malic acid and other 12 organic acids were not detected. In fatty acid composition, there were significant differences among watercresses from different parts and different culture fields. Linoleic acid, linolenic acid and palmitic acid were major fatty acids contained in watercress and it took about 80% of the total content. Amino acid content in leaf was higher than that in root and in stem. Glutamic acid and proline were major amino acids in stem of watercress from Jeonju and in stem of watercresses from Hwasoon and Donggok, respectively. In leaves of all three watercresses glutamic acid content was the highest.

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In vitro Effects of Plant Extracts, and Phytohormones on Mycelial Growth of Anthracnose Fungi

  • Alam, Shahidul;Han, Kee-Don;Lee, Jae-Min;Hur, Hyeon;Shim, Jae-Ouk;Chang, Kwang-Choon;Lee, Tae-Soo;Lee, Min-Woong
    • Mycobiology
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.134-138
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    • 2004
  • Water extracts of six plants, such as Allium sativum, A. cepa, Zingiber officinale, Platycodon grandiflorum, Oenanthe javanica, and Capsella brusapastoris, were tested in vitro for inhibitory activity against mycelial growth of anthracnose fungi, Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, C. dematium, and C. coccodes. Among the plant extracts, an Allium sativum extract has good inhibitory effects in all the fungi. Four phytohormones namely, IAA(indole-3-acetic acid), NAA(a-Naphthyl acetic acid), 2,4-D(2,4-Dichloro phenoxy acetic acid) and BAP(Benzyl adenine purine) were used to find out the role over mycelial growth of these fungi. All the concentrations of BAP have good inhibitory effect against mycelial growth of these fungi than that of other tested plant hormones.

Fermentation and Quality Characteristics of Cheonggukjang with Addition of Dropwort (Oenanthe javanica D.C.) Powder (미나리 분말을 첨가한 청국장의 발효 및 품질특성)

  • Lee, Shin-Ho;Kim, Jin-Hak
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.42 no.7
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    • pp.1133-1138
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    • 2013
  • Characteristics of Cheonggukjang with addition of different dropwort (Oenanthe javanica D.C.) powders were investigated. The selected strain, with proteolytic, amylolytic, and antimicrobial activity, was identified as B. subtilis RS-9, using 16S rRNA analysis. The Cheonggukjang was prepared with cooked soybean without dropwort (Control), 0.5% raw dropwort powder (DW0.5), and 1% raw dropwort powder (DW1), 0.5% steamed dropwort powder (SDW0.5), and 1% steamed dropwort powder (SDW1) were added, respectively. The changes in pH of Cheonggukjangs with addition of dropwort powder were lower than those of control during fermentation for 72 hr at $40^{\circ}C$. The total aerobes of the various Cheonggukjangs reached 8.88 (control), 8.82 (DW0.5), 8.70 (DW1), 8.85 (SDW0.5), and 8.75 (SDW1) log CFU/mL after fermentation for 72 hr at $40^{\circ}C$, respectively. The amino nitrogen and viscous substance contents of different dropwort powders added to Cheonggukangs were lower than those of control. The total polyphenol contents and ABTS radical scavenging ability of various Cheonggukjangs were increased by addition of dropwort powder and fermentation. The polyphenol contents and ABTS radical scavenging ability of SDW1 were $590.24{\mu}g/mL$ and 82.16% and showed the highest value among tested Cheonggukangs. The sensory quality of DW0.5 was higher in taste and overall acceptability, compared with other groups.

A Study on the Volatile Constituents of the Water Dropwort (Oenanthe javanica DC) - according to extraction methods, parts and heating methods - (미나리의 향기성분에 관한 연구 -추출방법, 부위별 및 열처리방법에 따라-)

  • 이행재;고무석;최옥자
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.386-395
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    • 1995
  • This study was carried out to investigate the volatile constituents change according to extraction methods, parts and heating methods. The research results are as follows: 23 kinds of components were extracted by steam distillation method; 8 by head space method; 16 by ether extraction method; 9 by Tenax-GC. This fact indicated that volatile constituents differ depending upon the extracting method. When the volatile constituents were extracted by steam distillation method and analyzed by GC-MSD, the content of the volatile constituents was 41.71 mg% in the stem and 85.37 mg% in the leaf. A total of 23 components - 14 kinds of hydrocarbon, 5 of aldehyde, 4 of alcohol- were detected in the stem. A total of 31 components - 21 kinds of hydrocarbon, 5 of aldehyde, 4 of alcohol and 1 of ester were detected in the leaf. The leaf had comparatively more varied volatile constituents than the stem. In the stem, the octanal content was highest and the contents of limonene, sabinene, -terpinene and -myrcene were higher; in the leaf, the content of octanal was highest and the contents of isobicyclogermacrene, limonene, -farnesene, undecaethiol, -terpinene, sabinene, elemene, -myrcen were higher. These were the major volatile constituents of the water d.opwort. The volatile constituent formation changed as the water dropwort was heated. The volatile constituents of the water dropwort heated in 1000 $m\ell$ were the most similiar to those of the raw water dropwort, and volatile constituent content was highest.

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Investigation of Microbial Contamination in Oenanthe javanica at Postharvest Environments (미나리(Oenanthe javanica) 수확 후 처리 환경에서의 위생지표세균 및 병원성 미생물 오염도 조사)

  • Kim, Yeon Rok;Lee, Kyoung Ah;Choi, In-Wook;Lee, Young-Ha;Kim, Se-Ri;Kim, Won-Il;Ryu, Song Hee;Lee, Hyo Sub;Ryu, Jae-Gee;Kim, Hwang-Yong
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.268-277
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    • 2014
  • This study assessed microbiological hazards at postharvest stage of dropwort farms (A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I) located in 4 different areas in Korea. The samples were assessed for sanitary indication bacteria (total aerobic bacteria, coliform, and Escherichia coli) and pathogenic bacteria (Escherichia coli O157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes, Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus cereus). Total aerobic bacteria and coliform in 9 dropwort farms were detected at the levels of 0~7.00 and 0~4.25 log CFU/g, mL, of $100cm^2$. In particular, microbial contamination in worker's hand showed higher than cultivation environment factors. Escherichia coli was detected in several farms of soil, irrigation water, washing water and worker's hand and also, dropwort in these farms was contaminated with E. coli (positive reaction). In case of pathogenic bacteria, B. cereus was detected at the highest levels in soil. S. aureus was detected qualitatively from only one sample of dropwort washed by water. E. coli O157:H7 and L. monocytogenes were not detected. Although dropwort pass through 2 process (trimming and washing), the microbial contamination was not differ significantly before and after which indicates that current washing system was not effect on reduction of microorganism. From these results, the postharvest environment and workers have been considered as cross-contamination factors. Thus, processing equipments and personal hygiene should be managed to reduce the microbial contamination of dropwort. Accordingly management system such as good agricultural practices (GAP) criteria is needed for the safety of dropwort

A Study of the Quality Characteristics of Sulgidduk Added with Dropwort Oenanthe javanica D.C. Powder (미나리 분말을 첨가한 설기떡의 품질 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Sung, Ki-Hyub;Hong, Jin-Sook;Seo, Bong-Hee;Choi, Jin-Joo
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.589-595
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the practical application and optimum conditions for adding functional dropwort, which is rich in physiological activity to Sulgidduk, toward developing dropwort-added dduk as a healthy food. To this end, samples of Sulgidduk with 0, 1, 3, 5 and 7% added dropwort powder were prepared, stored for 2 days at $20^{\circ}C$, after which the water content, chromaticity, and mechanical and sensory quality characteristics were measured. The results were as follows. The water content of nonglutinous rice powder and dropwort powder used for dropwort-added Sulgidduk was 41.73% and 3.5%, respectively. The water content decreased with increasing amounts of dropwort powder the group with 7% added dropwort powder was 33.88%, the lowest. For chromaticity, the L value decreased with increasing amount of dropwort powder with significant differences between groups with different added amounts (p<0.001). The a and b values increased with increasing amount of dropwort powder while they were 7.21 and 29.22, respectively, in the 7% dropwort powder-added group with significant differences between samples (p<0.001). For mechanical quality characteristics hardness decreased with increasing of amount of dropwort powder with significant differences between samples (p<0.001). There was no difference between samples in cohesiveness and springiness. Gumminess increased with increasing amount of dropwort powder with significant differences between samples (p<0.05). Chewiness and adhesiveness had a tendency to decrease with increasing amounts of dropwort powder. Overall acceptability was in the order of 3%, 5%, 1%, 7%, and 0% dropwort powder-added groups. Overall, for dropwort powder added Sulgidduk, the quality of flavor, color and taste was acceptable, compared to other powder-added groups. The 3% dropwort powder-added group was highly rated in general preference making it most desirable for making dropwort powder-added Sulgidduk.

Effects of Phytol and Small Water Dropwort Extract on the T Subset in the Sarcoma 180-Transplanted Mice (Phytol과 들미나리추출물이 Sarcoma 180마우스의 T Subset에 미치는 효과)

  • 김광혁;장명웅;박건영;이숙희;류태형;선우양일
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.405-411
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    • 1993
  • Several studies have shown that phytol isolated from perilla leaf and small water dropwort (Oenanthe javanica (BL) D.C., wild type) extract reveal antirumor activities. In the present study we investigated the effect of phytol and the small water dropwort extract on the T subset in the sarcoma 180-transplanted mice in order to elucidate the immunological mechanism of antiturmor activity of these substances. The results obtained from the experiment were as follows : When phytol was injected into the sarcoma-180 transplanted mice (control), the levels of T cell and T subset by inoculation of the tumor cells were enhanced, but that of T cells in case of small water dropwort extract was similar to the control. Asialo GM1$^{+}$ cells were increased when phytol or small water dropwort extract with injected into tumor-transplanted mice. In normal mice the number of asialo GM1$^{+}$ cells increased with phytol injection and decreased with small water dropwort extract injection. L3T4$^{+}$/Lyt-2$^{+}$cell ratios were decreased when phytol was injected into tumor-transplanted mire, but increased in case of small water dropwort extract injection. In normal mice the ratios showed large decreases with phytol or small water dropwort extract injection. These results indicate that phytol or small water dropwort extract ran activate the proliferation of natural killer cells that are effector cells in tumor-bearing mice.

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