• Title, Summary, Keyword: Nutritive Value

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POSSIBILITY AND POSSIBLE METHODS OF IMPROVING THE NUTRITIVE VALUE OF CEREAL STRAW WITHOUT PRETREATMENT (A REVIEW)

  • Xing, Tingxian
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.115-134
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    • 1988
  • In view of the wide range that occurs in the nutritive value of cereal straw, the factors that may contribute are discussed under the heading of : (a) genetic factors; (b) environment factors affecting the pattern of plant growth; and (c) management factors associated with grain harvest and threshing and straw storage. The possible ways of improving the nutritive value of cereal straw without pretreatment may be achieved by selecting and breeding better cereal straw, by controlling environmental factors, by controlling management practices and by appropriate supplementation strategies to alleviate deficiencies of essential nutrients. Thus improvement in the nutritive value of cereal straw would be attained without pretreatment.

A Study of Nutritive Value of Korean Foods (한국(韓國) 식품(食品) 영양가(營養價) 조사연구(調査硏究))

  • Park, W.O.;Tchai, K.S.;Sung, N.E.
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.25-29
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    • 1974
  • A complete study of the nutritive value of foods in Korea is required as essential basic data in the planning of food supply and demand, the implementation of national nutritive survey and the development of dietary improvement, nutritional education and various nutritional administration projects. The kinds, numbers and nutritive value of foods we consume in our everyday life vary markedly according to the weather, soils, and the economic system of the region. A study of the current status of Korea in terms of the nutritional value of foods consumed is urgently required. For this reason, a study was conducted of 29 kinds of foods including 5 kinds of mushrooms, 19 kinds of vegetables and 5 kinds of seafoods. The foods examined were randomly collected from major markets in Seoul. The results are summarized in the accompanying tables.

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Bale Location Effects on Nutritive Value and Fermentation Characteristics of Annual Ryegrass Bale Stored in In-line Wrapping Silage

  • Han, K.J.;McCormick, M.E.;Derouen, S.M.;Blouin, D.C.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.27 no.9
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    • pp.1276-1284
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    • 2014
  • In southeastern regions of the US, herbage systems are primarily based on grazing or hay feeding with low nutritive value warm-season perennial grasses. Nutritious herbage such as annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) may be more suitable for preserving as baleage for winter feeding even with more intensive production inputs. Emerging in-line wrapped baleage storage systems featuring rapid wrapping and low polyethylene film requirements need to be tested for consistency of storing nutritive value of a range of annual ryegrass herbage. A ryegrass storage trial was conducted with 24-h wilted 'Marshall' annual ryegrass harvested at booting, heading and anthesis stages using three replicated in-line wrapped tubes containing ten round bales per tube. After a six-month storage period, nutritive value changes and fermentation end products differed significantly by harvest stage but not by bale location. Although wilted annual ryegrass exhibited a restricted fermentation across harvest stages characterized by high pH and low fermentation end product concentrations, butyric acid concentrations were less than 1 g/kg dry matter, and lactic acid was the major organic acid in the bales. Mold coverage and bale aroma did not differ substantially with harvest stage or bale location. Booting and heading stage-harvested ryegrass baleage were superior in nutritive value to anthesis stage-harvested herbage. Based on the investigated nutritive value and fermentation characteristics, individual bale location within in-line tubes did not significantly affect preservation quality of ryegrass round bale silages.

New Food Code Numbering for Calculation of Nutritive Value (영양가 계산을 위한 새로운 식품코드화)

  • 김상애
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.774-783
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    • 1994
  • New food item numbers for each food included in Food Composition Table in Korea (4th ed) and other Food Composition Table. New Food item numbers classified to base 5-basic food groups and its classification was as follows. 1 As for the 1569 food items , they were classified as 20 food sub-groups(82 food sorts) for 5-basic food groups. 2. As for the 82 food sorts, they were individually classified with raw prepared , fat sugar content and arranged in order, ㄱ , ㄴ and ㄷ and made the item number. 3. The data set of nutritive value of food with new item numbers was accessed on computer files. 4. The Food & Description Table was drafted as 1572 food items were arranged in order, ㄱ, ㄴand ㄷ. 5. The Food Table arranged in the order or each nutrient content (energy, carbohydrate, protein , etc....) was drafted. Clipper program for computing nutritive values and tabulation of nutrients of daily diet were coded by applying new food item numbers. It is expected that should utilized as a basic data of computer program for calculating the nutritive value of diet, evaluating the nutrition and counseling the nutrition.

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Studies on the Nutritive Value of Korean Foods (Report 5) (한국(韓國) 상용식품(常用食品) 영양가(營養價) 조사보고(調査報告) (제 5 보)(第 5 報))

  • Yu, J.Y.;Yun, S.R.;Kim, K.K.;Kwon, H.H.;Kim, I.P.;Ahn, K.O.
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.11-13
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    • 1973
  • The nutritive value of foods is the most essential and fundamental data in food administration, nutrition surveys, dietary clinic, and in the conduct of nutritional education. The nutritive values of 283 different kinds of selected Korean foods were investigated and reported in our previous reports already. In this report, another 21 kinds of Korean foods are studied for their proximate components, minerals and vitamins. The foods were sampled at random from the markets or from cultivating fields. The methods of sampling and of chemical analysis were same as employed in the previous reports. The results are shown in the table. The nutritive value of the rest of Korean foods will be studied continuously.

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Seasonal Changes in Nutritive Value of Some Grass Species in West Sumatra, Indonesia

  • Evitayani, Evitayani;Warly, L.;Fariani, A.;Ichinohe, T.;Fujihara, T.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.17 no.12
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    • pp.1663-1668
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    • 2004
  • This study was carried out to evaluate the potential nutritive value of commonly found grasses collected at native pasture in West Sumatra, Indonesia during dry and rainy seasons. Variables measured included chemical composition, in vitro digestibility, concentration of Ca, P and Mg, gas production and metabolizable energy (ME) content of the grasses. The results showed that species and season had significant effect on chemical composition and mineral concentration. Crude protein content in the dry season ranged from 6.5% (B. decumbens) to 14.4% (P. maximum) and increased slightly from 7.8% (B. decumbens) to 14. 8% (A. compressus) in the rainy season. Data on fiber fraction showed that grass contained more NDF, ADF and ADL in dry season than in rainy season. Data on mineral concentration showed that C. plectostachyus and P. maximum in dry season had higher Ca than those of other species, while in rainy season P. maximum had highest Ca concentration. In dry season, the DMD varied from 50. 4% (P.purpuphoides) to 59.1% (P. purpureum), while in rainy season ranged from 50.3% (A. gayanus) to 61.8% (P. purpureum). The potential and rate of gas production were significantly (p<0.05) affected by species and season. During dry season, potential of gas production ranged from 21.8 ml/200 mg (A. compressus) to 45.1 ml/200 mg (C. plectostachyus), while in rainy season it varied from 35.6 ml/200 mg (A. gayanus) to 47.5 ml/200 mg (P. purpureum). ME content of grasses varied from 6.0 to 8.3 MJ/kg in dry season and increased slightly from 6.4 to 8.6 MJ/kg in rainy season. Both in dry and rainy seasons, the highest ME content was occurred in P. purpureum and C. plectostachyus. In conclusion, nutritive value of the observed grasses in West Sumatra, Indonesia was relatively higher during rainy season compared with dry season. Pennisetum purpureum and Cynodon plectostachyus had the best nutritive value in both dry and rainy seasons.

The nutritive value analysis of the mulberry cultured in Korea (한국에서 재배되는 상품종별 영양가치 분석)

  • 최병희;남중희
    • Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
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    • v.2
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    • pp.73-81
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    • 1962
  • This treatise is to analyze the chemical components in the mulberry varieties which are cultured in Korea and to estimate the nutritive values for them. Some of these varieties were developed lately in this country just by the general breeding aspect of mulberry leaf producing and silkworm raising experimentation without analysing the nutritive values of them which may be differed by various culturing condition. This work will be helpful for the improvement of mulberry varieties and the correct judgement of them. The varieties used for the analysis are as followings; A. Morus bombycis Koridz species. 1.Ichi-Hei. 2. Shimano-Uchi B. Morus alba L. species. 3. Kairyo-Nezumigaeshi. 4. Suwon-Daeyop. 5. Suwon No. 3. 6. Suwon No. 4. 7. Yongchon-Chuwoo. C. Morus Ihou (Ser.) Koidz species. 8. Ro-Soh. The specimens were eventually taken under the air and soil dry season because of the rain shortage during the sampling period and the results are found as a rather different from the normal specimen under the normal climate. Therefore, this treatise will be an important report on a special culturing condition and the nutritive values by the mulberry varieties, and still comparable because they were grown under the same condition. The individual conclusions are; 1. Yongchon-Chuwoo which was originated in this country, was found as an important variety for this country from the aspect of mulberry nutritive value and leaf producing amount, and it is believed that this is the best suitable variety for the soil of Korea. 2. Ichi-Hei occupies the better situation as well as Yongchon-Chuwoo from the nutritive criticizing even though it was originated in Japan. 3. The lately developed Suwon No.3 and No.4 are best from the leaf producing point of view, but they are not found such a good varieties from the nutritive aspect. The result may be happened as poor because they were cut before spring sprout started. 4. Ro-Soh which was normally recognized as a poor variety, was also found as a poor nutritive and leaf producing variety. 5. The crude protein and crude fat components in the mulberry leaves decreased as the leaf maturity was progressed, but the crude fiber and crude ash components increased reversively in general view. It was also found that there were some specific changing nature by the mulberry varieties and could not rule them by just one conclusion. 6. During the air and soil dry season, the ash component increases but the hydrocarbon and moisture contents decrease considerably, and which resulted to the increase of mulberry hardness ratio and the decrease of sugar-protein ratio, eventually it causes the decrease of the nutritive value. It was also found that Ichi-Hei, Ro-Soh, and Suwon No. 3 had a strong recovering nature to their normal nutritive condition after raining. 7. Mulberry is of course a rich calorie diet, and is calculated as 50 to 60 Cal. per gram.

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Nutritive Values of Major Feed Ingredient in Tropics - Review -

  • Winugroho, M.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.493-502
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    • 1999
  • Majority of livestocks are kept in the tropics. Demand for animal products (meat and milk) is continuously increasing and is related to human population growth. Consequently, potential feeds should be continuously identified particularly on their nutritive values. Crop residues and agricultural by-products are the main feed sources for feeding livestock in the tropics. Their nutritive values ranging from low to medium quality level although Some agricultural by-products such as cotton seed meal and coconut meal are rich in nitrogaen contents. From literatures, nutritive values in these ingredients are mainly based on their chemical composition and to some extent based on limited number of in vivo studies. However, optimum of inclusion in the diet is suggested. Development of tree legumes should be thoroughly considered since they grow well in most tropical regions. In order to improve nutritive value of tropical feeds, biological treatments should be considered. Effect of secondary compounds decreasing efficiency of nutrient utilization in the rumen, to some extent could be reduced by introducing probiotics.

Effects of Cutting Frequency and Level of Nitrogen Fertilization on Growth Characteristics, Dry Matter Yield and Nutritive Value of Reed Canarygrass (예취횟수 및 질소시비수준이 Reed Canarygrass의 생육특성, 건물수량 및 사료가치에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Weon-Ho;Kim, Dong-Am;Seo, Sung;Shin, Dong-Eun;Choi, Ki-Jun;Kim, Ki-Yong
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.55-60
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    • 2000
  • This experiment was carried out to determine the effect of cutting frequency(3rd and 5th cut) and level of nitrogen fertilization(l50 + liquid manure, 300 and 450kgha) on growth characteristics, dry matter yield and nutritive vaule of reed canarygrass(Pha1aris arundinacea L.), at the forage experimental field, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, SNU, Suweon. Plant height of 3rd cutting(79.2cm) was significantly higher than that of 5th cutting(58.0cm). And dry mattter yield of cutting frequency was observed in 3rd cutting(16,902kgPna) and 5th cutting(l7,833kg/ha) As the nitrogen fertilization was increased, DM yield was significantly increased(p<0.05). When the nitrogen fertilization was applied at the level 150 + liquid manure, 300 and 450kg, dry matter yields were 16,5 12, 17,123 and 18,368kg/ha, respectively. The contents of neutral detergent fiber(NDF), acid detergent fiber(ADF) and in vitro dry matter digestibility(1VDMD) were similar among cutting frequency. However, slightly higher NDF, ADF and IVDMD contents were found in 5th cutting, but there was not affected by nitrigen fertilization. Based on the results of this experiment, it were indicated that to 5th cutting and 450kg nitrogen fertilization could be obtained from the increase of dry matter yield and nutritive value (Key words : Cutting frequency, Nitrogen fertilization, Dry matter yield, Nutritive Value, Reed canarygrass)

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Changes of the Nutritive Value and in vitro Digestibility as the Cutting Stages of Korean Lawn, Zoysia Japonica Steud. (한국잔디(Zoysia japonica Steud.)의 예취시기별 영양가와 in vitro 소화율의 변동)

  • 김형기;맹원재;장남기
    • Asian Journal of Turfgrass Science
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.34-38
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    • 1989
  • This research was carried out to elucidate on standing crops , dry matter yields , the nutritive value and in vitro digestihility according to mowing frequency and period during the growing season in the 3cm moving plot in Korean Lawn , Zoysia japonica Sheud . The increasing tendency in the standing crops was showed yield from May to Septemher . In the dry matter yield , there was a tendency of rapid increase from May to August ( maximum level ). Afterwards there appeared a tendency of decrease slight ( Table 3). The nutritive value and in vitro digestihility ; The crude protein and crude fat in the 3cm moving plot showed a tendency of slight decrease as a moving period and frequency . On the other hand , Neutral detergeat fiber , Acid detergent fiber and cellulose showed a tendency of slight increase as mowing period and frequency . in vitro digestibility appeared a rapid decreasing rate as a mowing period and frequency was delayed (table 2.4).

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