• Title, Summary, Keyword: Nutrients uptake

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Estimation of Nutrients Transport in Kamak Bay using the Eco-hydrodynamic Model (생태계모델을 이용한 가막만의 영양염 거동 특성 평가)

  • 김동명
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.12 no.7
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    • pp.745-751
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    • 2003
  • The three-dimensional eco-hydrodynamic model was applied to estimate the physical process in terms of nutrients and net uptake(or regeneration) rate of nutrients in Kamak Bay for scenario analysis to find proper management plan. The estimation results of the physical process in terms of nutrients shelved that transportation of nutrients is dominant in surface level while accumulation of nutrients is dominant in bottom level. In the case of dissolved inorganic nitrogen, the results showed that the net uptake rate was 0∼60 mg/㎡/day in surface level(0∼3m), and the net regeneration rate was 0.0∼10.0 mg/㎡/day in middle level(3∼6m) and above 10mg/㎡/day in bottom level(6m∼below). In the case of dissolved inorganic phosphorus, the net uptake rate was 0.0∼3.0 mg/㎡/day in surface level, and the net regeneration rate was 0.5∼1.5 mg/㎡/day in middle level and 1.0∼3.0 mg/㎡/day in bottom level. These results indicates that net uptake and transport of nutrients are occurred predominantly at the surface level and the net generation and accumulation are dominant at bottom level. Therefore, it is important to consider the re-supplement of nutrients due to regeneration of bottom water.

Variations in Nutrients and CO2 Uptake with Growth of Undaria pinnatifida from the South Coast of Korea (미역 (Undaria pinnatifida)의 생장에 따른 영양염과 CO2 흡수율 변화)

  • Shim, Jeong-Hee;Hwang, Jae-Ran;Lee, Jae-Seong;Kim, Jong-Hyun;Kim, Sung-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.43 no.6
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    • pp.679-686
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    • 2010
  • To investigate the contribution of macroalgae to biogeochemical nutrients and carbon cycles, we measured the uptake rates of nutrients and $CO_2$ by Undaria pinnatifida using an incubation method in an acrylic chamber. From January to March 2010, U. pinnatifida was sampled at Ilkwang, a well-known area of macroalgae culture in Korea. The initial and final concentrations of nutrients, dissolved oxygen, total alkalinity, and pH of the chamber water were measured, and production/uptake rates were calculated using concentration changes, chamber volume, and incubation time. The production rate of dissolved oxygen by U. pinnatifida (n = 32) was about $5.4{\pm}4.0\;{\mu}mol\;g_{fw}^{-1\;}h^{-1}$. The uptake rate of total dissolved inorganic carbon (TDIC), calculated by total alkalinity and pH, was $7.9{\pm}6.5\;{\mu}mol\;g_{fw}^{-1}\;h^{-1}$. Nutrients uptake averaged $141.7{\pm}119.2$ nmol N $g_{fw}^{-1}\;h^{-1}$ and $15.0{\pm}9.1$ nmol P $g_{fw}^{-1}\;h^{-1}$. A positive linear correlation ($r^2$ = 9.6) existed between the production rate of dissolved oxygen and the uptake rate of total dissolved inorganic carbon, suggesting that these two factors serve as good indicators of U. pinnatifida photosynthesis. The relationships between fresh weight and uptake rates of nutrients and $CO_2$ suggested that younger specimens (<~50 g fresh weight) are much more efficient at nutrients and $CO_2$ uptake than are specimens >50 g. The amount of carbon uptake by the total biomass of U. pinnatifida in Korea during the year of 2008 was about 0.001-0.002% of global ocean carbon uptake. Thus, more research should be focused on macroalgae-based biogeochemical cycles to evaluate the roles and contributions of macroalgae to the global carbon cycle.

A study on Utilization for Agriculture Using converter slag (제강전로슬래그의 농자원화 방안에 관한 연구)

  • 박정희;윤춘경;함종화
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers Conference
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    • pp.541-546
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    • 1998
  • To study the possibility of agricultural utilization of the sewage sludge and the converter slag, the chemical properties of soil, the growth response of corn plant and uptake of inorganic nutrients in plant tissues were investigated by application of the composts made of the sewage sludge and converter slag. Uptake of inorganic nutrients in stem and leaf of corn plant were decreased by applications of the composts. The content of heavy metals in soil and corn plant were investigated, but the results of show that the concentrations of heavy metals are much low.

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Variations in Nutrients & CO2 Uptake Rates and Photosynthetic Characteristics of Saccharina japonica from the South Coast of Korea (다시마(Saccharina japonica)의 생장에 따른 영양염 및 CO2 흡수율과 광합성 특성 변화)

  • Hwang, Jae-Ran;Shim, Jeong-Hee;Kim, Jeong-Bae;Kim, Sook-Yang;Lee, Yong-Hwa
    • The Sea
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.196-205
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    • 2011
  • To investigate the contribution of macroalgae to biogeochemical nutrients and carbon cycles, we measured the uptake rates of nutrients and $CO_2$ and characteristics of fluorescence of Saccharina japonica (Laminaria japonica Areschoug) using an incubation method in an acrylic chamber. From January to May 2011, S.japonica was sampled at Ilkwang, one of well-known macroalgae culture sites around Korea and ranged 46~288 cm long and 4.8~22.0 cm wide of whole thallus. The production rate of dissolved oxygen by S. japonica (n=25) was about $6.9{\pm}5.8{\mu}mol\;g^{-1}$ fresh weight(FW) $h^{-1}$. The uptake rate of total dissolved inorganic carbon ($TCO_2$), calculated by total alkalinity and pH, was $8.9{\pm}7.9{\mu}mol\;g^{-1}\;FW\;h^{-1}$. Mean nutrients uptake were $175.6{\pm}161.1\;nmol\;N\;g^{-1}\;FW\;h^{-1}$ and $12.7{\pm}10.1\;nmol\;P\;g^{-1}\;FW\;h^{-1}$. There were logarithmic relationships between thallus length and uptake rates of nutrients and $CO_2$, which suggested that younger specimens (<100-150 cm) were much more efficient at nutrients and $CO_2$ uptake than old specimens > 150 cm. There was a positive linear correlation ($r^2$=9.4) existed between the dissolved oxygen production rate and the $TCO_2$ uptake rate, suggesting that these two factors may serve as good indicators of S. japonica photosynthesis. There was also positive linear relationship between maximal quantum yield ($F_v/F_m$) and production/uptake rates of dissolved oxygen, $TCO_2$ and phosphate, suggested that $F_v/F_m$ could be used as a good indicator of photosynthetic ability and $TCO_2$ consumption of macroalgae. Maximum relative electron transport rate ($rETR_{max}$) of S. japonica increased as thallus grew and was high in distal part of thallus which may be resulted from the increase of photosynthetic cell density per area. The annual $TCO_2$ uptake by S. japonica in Gijang area was estimated about $1.0\sim1.7{\times}10^3C$ ton, which was about 0.02-0.03% of carbon dioxide emission in Busan City. Thus, more research should be focused on macroalgae-based biogeochemical cycles to evaluate the roles and contributions of macroalgae to the global carbon cycle.

Comparative Analysis on Concentration and Uptake Amount of Mineral Nutrients in Different Growth Stages and Temperatures of Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer Grown with Hydroponic Culture (수경재배 인삼의 온도와 생육시기별 무기영양성분 함량과 흡수량 변이 양상 비교)

  • Lee, Gyeong-A;Chang, Yoon-Kee;Park, Seong-Yong;Kim, Gyeong-Ae;Kim, Sun-Ho;Park, Kee-Choon;Kim, Young-Bum;Cha, Seon-Woo;Song, Beom-Heon
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.251-258
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    • 2012
  • The management and control of mineral nutrients is one of most important techniques to increase the productivity and the quality of Korean ginseng. The mineral nutrients are measured with different plant tissues and different growth stages of 2-year-old ginseng grown under hydroponic culture with two different temperatures. The content of N, P, Ca, and Mg were higher at low temperature in both leaves and roots than those at high temperature. However, the content of K was high in leaves at low temperature compared to that of high temperature, while it was not significantly different in roots. The uptake amounts of N and K was higher throughout the experimental period at low temperature in both leaves and roots than those at high temperature. However, the uptake amount of P was not clearly different between two different temperatures and among six different growth stages. The uptake amount of N, P, K was generally decreased in leaves from June to August, while it was increased in roots. The relationship between dry weight and mineral nutrients in leaves was appeared positive with N, K, Ca, and Mg, but negative P. In roots, N, K, Ca, and Mg were negative, showing that was positive with only P. Comparing the correlation coefficients among mineral nutrients in leaves, N and K were significantly positive correlation each other. P was significantly positive correlation with Na and Zn. In case of roots, N was highly significant positive correlation with K, Mg, and Mn, but P was negatively correlated with Ca, Cu, Na, Fe, and Zn.

Analysis of Floating Island Operation in the Paldang Lake (팔당호 수초재배섬의 운영 사례 분석)

  • Jung, Yong-Jun
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.1038-1044
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    • 2006
  • The floating island was investigated in order to make a purification of lake water quality with the uptake of nutrients, the prevention of algae growth and the supply of habitat for aquatic plants. Although the concentrations of organics and nutrients inside facility were shown higher than outside, the quantitative analysis was not attainable. Nitrogen uptakes by Cattail, Phragmites japonica, Reed and Wild rice were shown 48.2, 98.0, 111.1 and $72.0g/m^2{\cdot}year$, respectively, and in the case of phosphorus they were 3.2, 8.3, 6.1 and $4.6g/m^2{\cdot}year$, respectively. Considering total floating areas of $2,560m^2$, the nitrogen uptake is totally estimated to $210.7kg/m^2{\cdot}year$ and $14.2kg/m^2{\cdot}year$ for the phosphorus uptake. In order to promote the spread of floating island, the selection of aquatic plants, the control of growth rate properly and the method of quantitative analysis for the purification of water quality and the application to the stream water should be thoroughly surveyed from all angles prior to the application.

Advanced Wastewater Treatment-Natural Septic Method of Rural Housing sewage Using an Aquatic Plants (수생식물을 이용한 농촌주택 하수의 고도처리 자연정화법)

  • Shin, Banwoong;Bang, Seongtaek;Shin, Minchul;Lee, Sangeul
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.89-100
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    • 2000
  • Recently, according to the increase of population and rapid growth of industry, the amount of effluent pollutant has been rising in natural water. In these pollutant, nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphor are told that these evolve the odor, color and eutrophication in rural housing sewage and lake regulary. Many researches have been carried out to remove these nutrients from effluents and will have to be studied more deeply. Especially, because of the sewage of rural housing and livestock, environmental pollution raises serious problem in a rural community. This method is developed to solve the problem environmentally friendly. Using the natural energy(wasteheat, earthheat, solar engery) and the growth properties of aquatic plants are most efficient method to absorb the nutrients and denitrification and phosphor uptake.

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Variations in Nutrients & $CO_2$ Uptake Rates of Porphyra yezoensis Ueda and a Simple Evaluation of in situ N & C Demand Rates at Aquaculture Farms in South Korea (방사무늬김(Porphyra yezoensis Ueda)의 영양염과 이산화탄소 흡수율 정밀 평가를 통한 양식해역의 질소와 탄소 요구량 산정)

  • Shim, JeongHee;Hwang, Jae Ran;Lee, Sang Yong;Kwon, Jung-No
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Biology
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.297-305
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    • 2014
  • In order to understand the contribution of seaweed aquaculture to nutrients and carbon cycles in coastal environments, we measured the nutrients & carbon uptake rates of Porphyra yezoensis Ueda sampled at Nakdong-River Estuary using a chamber incubation method from November 2011 to April 2012. It was observed that the production rate of dissolved oxygen by P. yezoensis (n=30~40) was about $68.8{\pm}46.0{\mu}mol\;{g_{FW}}^{-1}h^{-1}$ and uptake rate of nitrate, phosphate and dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) was found to be $2.5{\pm}1.8{\mu}mol\;{g_{FW}}^{-1}h^{-1}$, $0.18{\pm}0.11{\mu}mol\;{g_{FW}}^{-1}h^{-1}$ and $87.1{\pm}57.3{\mu}mol\;{g_{FW}}^{-1}h^{-1}$, respectively. There was a positive linear correlation existed between the production rate of dissolved oxygen and the consumption rates of nitrate, phosphate and DIC, respectively, suggesting that these factors may serve as good indicators of P. yezoensis photosynthesis. Further, there was a negative logarithmic relationship between fresh weight of thallus and uptake rates of nutrients and $CO_2$, which suggested that younger specimens (0.1~0.3 g) were much more efficient at nutrients and $CO_2$ uptake than old specimens. It means that the early culturing stage than harvesting season might have more possibilities to be developed chlorosis by high rates of nitrogen uptake. However, N & C demanding rates of Busan and Jeollabuk-do, calculated by monthly mass production and culturing area, were much higher than those of Jeollanam-do, the highest harvesting area in Korea. Chlorosis events at Jeollabuk-do recently might have developed by the reason that heavily culture in narrow area and insufficient nutrients in maximum yield season (Dec.~Jan.) due mostly to shortage of land discharge and weak water circulation. The annual DIC uptake by P. yezoensis in Nakdong-River Estuary was estimated about $5.6{\times}10^3\;CO_2$ ton, which was about 0.03% of annual carbon dioxide emission of Busan City. Taken together, we suggest more research would be helpful to gain deep insight to evaluate the roles of seaweed aquaculture to the coastal nutrients cycles and global carbon cycle.

The Importance of Dissolved Organic Nutrients on the Interspecific Competition between the Harmful Dinoflagellate Cochlodinium polykrikoides and the Diatom Skeletonema sp. (유해 와편모조류 Cochlodinium polykrikoides와 규조류 Skeletonema sp.의 종간경쟁에서 용존 유기 영양염의 중요성)

  • Kwon, Hyeong Kyu;Kim, Hyun Jung;Yang, Han-Soeb;Oh, Seok Jin
    • The Sea
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.232-242
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    • 2014
  • We investigated the interspecific competition between the harmful dinoflagellate Cochlodinium polykrikoides and diatom Skeletonema sp. based on the utilization and uptake of dissolved organic nutrients. C. polykrikoides and S. costatum were able to grow using dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) and dissolved organic phosphorus (DOP) as well as dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) and dissolved inorganic phosphorus (DIP). This result indicates that the utilization of dissolved organic nutrients may play a role in surviving strategy in the DIN or DIP-limited environments. The half-saturation constants (Ks) of urea and glycerophosphate (glycero-P) calculated from uptake kinetics experiment of C. polykrikoides was lower than those of Skeletonema sp. This result indicates that Skeletonema sp. have higher affinity for dissolved organic nutrients, such as urea and glycero-P, than C. polykrikoides. Although Skeletonema sp. have higher affinity of dissolved organic nutrients, C. polykrikoides could effectively uptake for urea and glycero-P at sub-saturating nutrient concentrations (${\alpha}$ (${\rho}_{max}/Ks$) of C. polykrikoides was higher than Skeletonema sp.. Therefore, C. polykrikoides by utilization and effectively uptake of dissolved organic nutrients under monoculture may have an advantageous position in the interspecific competition with Skeletonema sp. in the low nutrient environments.

Arbuscular-Mycorrhizae Colonization and Mineral Nutrient Uptake of Poncirus trifoliata Seedling in Volcanic Ash Soil (화산회토양에서 인산 시용수준별 탱자 유묘의 공생균근 형성과 무기양분 흡수)

  • Kang, Suk-Bum;Moon, Doo-Khil;Chung, Jong-Bae
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.283-291
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    • 2000
  • The beneficial effects of mycorrhizal fungi on plant growth has largely been attributed to higher uptake of P and other mineral nutrients. However, the effects of mycorrhizal colonization on uptake of mineral nutrients are conflicting in various past investigations. This study was carried out to investigate the effect of P application rate on mycorrhizal colonization and nutrient uptake of Poncirus trifoliata (trifoliate orange) seedlings grown in non-cultivated volcanic ash soil of Cheju island. Five levels of P (40, 573, 1,106, 1,373. $1,640mg\;P\;kg^{-1}$) were applied with double superphosphate. Seedlings inoculated with mycorrhizal fungi were grown for 5 month in a greenhouse. As the level of P application increased, mycorrhizal colonization in the seedlings decreased, and the colonization was significantly reduced when available P was higher than $150mg\;P\;kg^{-1}$ levels. There was a significant correlation between mycorrhizal colonization and P uptake by trifoliate orange seedlings at lower P applications. The effectiveness of mycorrhiaze on P uptake was more significant at lower P applications. Uptake of N, K, Ca, Mg an Zn by trifoliate orange seedlings also increased as mycorrhizal colonization increased, but mycorrhizae could not enhance the uptake of Cu by trifoliate orange seedlings in volcanic ash soil of Cheju island.

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