• Title, Summary, Keyword: Nursing homes

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Assessment of Cervical Cancer Risk in Women between 15 and 49 Years of Age: Case of Izmir

  • Sogukpınar, Neriman;Saydam, Birsen Karaca;Can, Hafize Ozturk;Hadımli, Aytul;Bozkurt, Ozlem Demirel;Yucel, Ummahan;Kocak, Yeliz Cakir;Akmese, Zehra Baykal;Demir, Dogan;Ceber, Esin;Ozenturk, Gulsun
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.2119-2125
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    • 2013
  • Background: The aim of the study was to determine risk factors for cervical cancer for women in Izmir. Methods: This cross-sectional, descriptive field covered a population of 4319 women of reproductive age (15-49) (household registration in the Mukhtar's office-2007). A total of 1,637 women were included in the sample given a four-part questionnaire through face-to-face interview by visiting the women in their homes in order to determine socio-demographic factors, obstetric history, genital hygiene and the use of family planning methods. In addition, during the data collection process, the women were given group training in order to raise awareness of cervical cancer. The number and percentage distributions of the data were calculated. Results: While the average age of the women was $31.9{\pm}9.77$ (Min: 15.00-Max: 49.00), education level of 43.4% of them was elementary school only. It was determined that 70.3% of the women experienced at least one pregnancy, 71.0% had vaginal delivery and 75.9% used a contraceptive method. In the study it was determined that among the cervical cancer related risks vaginal delivery, vaginal lavage and having three or more pregnancies had the highest rates, while having sexual intercourse before 16 years of age and having more than one sexual partner constituted lower rates. The rate of the women who stated not having a smear in the last three years was 82.4%. Conclusions: Considering the case in terms of having Pap smear test, women's awareness on the risk factors and early diagnosis of cervical cancer was found to be low. Due to this reason, awareness of women has to be raised through education.

Treatment of Patients with Cancer in a Secondary Hospital in Korea (국내 일개 2차 병원의 암환자 치료 실태)

  • Son, Myoung Kyun
    • Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.84-91
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study aims to investigate treatment of cancer patients at a secondary hospital. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed with electronic medical records of cancer patients admitted to a secondary hospital from January 1, 2009 through September 31, 2017. Results: A total of 223 patients were studied. Sixty-nine patients were hospitalized for supportive care after receiving a surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy at a tertiary hospital, 58 patients for other supportive care, 53 patients for symptom control, 16 patients with a decision not to take active cancer treatment, and 27 patients for treatment of cancer that was diagnosed during their hospital stay. Among 75 patients who were discharged to other institutions, 50 were transferred to tertiary hospitals, 10 to long-term care hospitals, eight to hospice hospitals, four to nursing homes and two to secondary hospitals. Comorbidities were found in 120 patients (53.8%). For patients who consulted with more than one department, more consultations were for non-cancer diseases than cancer. Seventy-three patients had a do-not-resuscitate order. Conclusion: For treatment of cancer patients, it is needed to establish a cooperation system among medical institutions and provide comprehensive management including treatment of comorbidities.

Analysis on the Use of Welfare Services of Elderly Long-term Care Grade Accredited and Unidentified (노인장기요양 등급인정자와 등급 외자의 지역사회복지서비스 이용 실태분석)

  • Lee, Yong-Jae;Kim, Hyo-Sim
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.11
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    • pp.29-37
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    • 2019
  • Elderly people want to live in the community even if they are in poor health. However, there is no integrated care support system suitable for the health and functional status of the elderly. So the elderly are choosing living facilities. The purpose of this study is to explore exploring whether the elderly are applying for a long-term care certification. First, mild geriatric patients were mainly using home care services such as visitation care. However, some of the milder elderly were enrolled in nursing homes. And the service that does not fit the functional status of the elderly is used. Second, it is concentrated on the use of visiting care services. Third, elderly people outside the class did not receive sufficient help for daily life, and the use of community welfare services such as the elderly welfare center was low. As a result, long-term care admitters are not able to continue to live in the community even though their health and functioning status is mild, and elderly people out of grade are unable to properly use the necessary community care services. The condition is likely to deteriorate.

The Effect of the Possibility of Job-related Risk, Emotional Labor, and Emotional Leadership on Turnover Intention of Caregivers in Long-term Care Facilities (장기요양기관 내 위험발생가능성, 감정노동, 감성리더십이 요양보호사의 이직의도에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Hyun Jung;Um, Myung Yong
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.69 no.2
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    • pp.191-218
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of the possibility of job-related risk, emotional labor, and emotional leadership on the job turnover intention of caregivers working at the long-term care facilities in Korea. For the study, survey data of 434 caregivers at senior nursing homes were collected and analyzed using hierarchical multiple regression method. The results showed that high level of caregivers'perception of both the possibility of management risk and employee risk led to increased turnover intention. On the other hand, perception of the possibility of social-disaster risk did not give significant impact on turnover intention. Although the perception of the possibility of service user risk gave statistically significant effect on the turnover intention, the direction was the opposite to the one set at the research hypothesis. Frequent camouflage behavior("surface acting") of caregivers, which is the kind of emotional labor led to increased turnover intention. However, caregivers'behavior consistent with their inner warm heart("deep acting") did not lead to a statistically significant result. Lastly, the more caregivers perceive their superiors'emotionally supportive leadership, the lower possibility of turnover intention. Based on the above result, the researchers suggested several intervention methods in order to prevent turnover of caregivers and improve service quality of long-term care institutions.

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The Effect of Sling complex Exercise on Depressive disorder, Function and Quality of life in the Elderly (현수 복합 운동 프로그램이 고령 노인의 우울, 일상생활기능과 삶의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • Suh, Yong-Wan;Park, Kyong-Ho
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.21 no.8
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    • pp.52-59
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    • 2020
  • This study examined the effects of sling-complex exercise on depression, function, and quality of life in the elderly. As a study method, 40 elderly people aged 65 years or older among nursing homes in M Hospital located in D city were compared randomly with the Suspended Combined Exercise Program group (n=20) and control group (n=20). This was measured using the GDS for depression before and after the intervention for 60 minutes, two days a week for 12 weeks for the combined exercise program with a sling and the same program without a sling. In addition, the quality of life was measured using self-efficacy. For comparison within the group, a paired t-test was applied, and a two-sample t-test was used for the comparison. After the intervention, the experimental group showed a significantly greater change in all evaluations (GDS, FIM, and self-efficacy) compared to the control group (p<0.05). Moreover, there was no significant change in the general self-efficacy of the control group (p>0.05). Overall, the sling complex exercise program is effective in improving the quality of life of the elderly.

Comparison of Health Status and Activities for the Pain and No-pain Groups in the Elderly (노인의 만성동통 유무에 따른 건강상태 및 일상활동장애 비교)

  • Kim, Hyo-Jung;Kim, Myung-Ae;Park, Kyung-Min
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.79-89
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study is to compare health status and activities for the pain and no-pain groups in the elderly. The study subjects included 189 elderly people(65 years and older) living in an urban area. They were surveyed at their homes through interview using a closed-ended questionnaire from Nov. 6th. to Nov. 16th. 1997. The instrument used in the study was selected after carefully reviewing pain-related articles and records well described the characteristics of the elderly. The data were analysed by using descriptive statistics and chi-square tests. The findings were as follows : Of the 189 subjects, 83.6% reported experiencing the pain for the last year. By the age, there were significant differences between the pain and no-pain group(${\chi}^2$=9.572, p=.023). The percentage of the pain complainers was the highest in 80 years and older(100.0%), followed by 70~74(89.1%), 75~79(81.3%), 65~69(76.8%) which presented crude increase according to age. By sex, men had lower pain prevalence(69.5%) than that of women(90.0%). The number of pain complainers was higher in women than men(${\chi}^2$=12.448, p=.023). There were significant differences between the pain and no-pain groups by spouse distribution(${\chi}^2$=10.736, p=.001), educational state(${\chi}^2$=13.020, p=.000), occupation(${\chi}^2$=18.807, p=.000). Pain prevalence in the subjects having no spouse(59.3%) was higher than those having spouse(40.7%), Illiteracy rate was higher in pain group(49.0%) than no-pain group(13.3%). The number of the subjects having occupation(full time or part time) was fewer in pain group than no-pain group. By health status, there were significant differences between two groups(${\chi}^2$=40.055, p=.000). : the pain group showed poor(61.4%), followed by moderate(22.1%), good(16.5%) while no-pain group showed good(64.5%), moderate(29.0%), poor(6.5%). By activities, there were significant differences between the pain and no-pain groups. The pain group was disturbed more severely than the no-pain group in movement(${\chi}^2$=57.829, p=.000), sleep(${\chi}^2$=12.785, p=.000), usual activities(${\chi}^2$=39.196, p=.000), receiving guests(${\chi}^2$=13.163, p=.000), and hobbies and recreation(${\chi}^2$=28.177, p=.000).

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Factors Affecting to the Instrumental Ability of Daily Living(IADL) in the Urban Elderly (도시지역 노인들의 도구적 일상생활 수행능력(IADL)에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Lee in hak;Moon Seng ki;Kim kun joo;Park Jae-Young
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.238-272
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    • 2002
  • This study was intended to find out the factors affecting to the IADL, allowing objective assessment of physical function status of increasing elderly populations. The subjects of 635 elderly persons aged over 65 years old who live in Taejon metropolitan city were interviewed during the two-month period from June to July of 2000. The IADL of Older American Resources and Services(OARS), developed in Duke medical college of USA, was interpreted for use. The study results were statistically processed using SPSSWIN(ver 10.0) and conferred the following results: 1. Among the seven items of IADL, the women showed higher rates of 'yes' in items about using the telephone, getting to the places out of walking distance, going shopping for groceries, taking their own medicine while outnumbered by the men only in the item about managing their own money, without significant differences between them in items about preparing their own meals and doing their own housework. 2. In terms of IADL scores, $82.0\%$ of subjects showed the normal range of scores and $18.0\%$ were under the normal range, meaning dysfunction IADL. Specifications of general characteristics revealed that more dysfunctional were the male subjects, the higher age groups who are more than 75 years old, the higher educated groups, the groups who live in nursing homes, the groups without a spouse. 3. Based on daily activities, lower scores of IADL were found in the subjects who don't go out, who don't have recreational activities, who don't attend elderly gatherings in their neighborhood, who don't hold social meetings. Specifications of psychological traits revealed that more dysfunctional were IADL in the subjects who don't feel satisfied with their lives of the past or the present, who have a deep feeling of isolation, and who don't have the will to live. 4. Among 7 items of health habits, only the subjects who don't regular exercise had lower scores of IADL than those who do. According to HPI, the lower HPI, the more dysfunctional. 5. Based on the factors associated with IADL, the odds ratio of the subjects who don't live together with their families were 1.53 times that of the ones who do, who are educated 3.22 times that of the ones who are not, who don't have spouses 2.09 times that of the ones who do, who don't go out 4.35 times that of the ones who frequently go out, who don't recreational activities for an interest 2.64 times that of the ones who do, who don't attend elderly gatherings in their neighborhood 1.47 times that of the ones who do, who don't hold social meetings 2.23 times that of the ones who do, who don't feel satisfied with their present living 1.43 times that of the ones who do, who have a feeling of isolation 1.53times that of the ones who don'1, who have the weak will to live 3.21 times that of the ones who have the strong one, and who don't regular exercise 2.45 times that of the ones who do. 6. Logistic regression analysis of the study results found that such factors are significantly related as the degree of education, with/without spouse, social meetings, the will to live, and regular exercise, and that higher rates of dysfunctional subjects were in the more educated group, in the group without spouse, in the group who don't frequently go out, who don't have social meetings, who have the weak will to live, and who don't exercise.

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Oral health care status and educational needs of care workers (요양보호사의 구강건강관리실태 및 구강건강관리교육 요구도 조사)

  • Kim, Hee-Kyoung;Kim, Kyung-Mi;Kim, Sun-Il;Kim, Eun-Ju;Namkoong, Eun-Jung;Bae, Soo-Myoung;Son, Jung-Hui;Shin, Bo-Mi;Shin, Sun-Jung;Eom, Mi-Ran;Lee, Min-Sun;Lee, Hye-Rin;Choi, Yong-Keum;Choi, Jin-Sun;Ryu, Da-Young
    • Journal of Korean Dental Hygiene Science
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.41-51
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    • 2019
  • Introduction: This study intended to identify the current oral health care status and demand of care workers for oral health education. Methods: A survey was distributed to care workers working in 11 nursing homes for older people located in the Chungcheongdo Province. Of those distributed, 217 questionnaires were collected and analyzed. To analyze the collected data, a frequency analysis, t-test, and one-way analysis of variance(ANOVA) were performed using SPSS version 18.0. Results: The demand for an educational course on the 'Management of Oral Health Care for the Aged People' had a score of 4.22 points(full marks were 5.0 points), whereas the score for the necessity for control of oral health was 4.29 points. The control of oral health for the aged people suffering dysphagia scored 4.27 points, whereas the control of oral health for older people who have dementia was 4.27 points. The score for a course on the nutritional control for aged people having difficulties in masticating foods was 4.27. Conclusion: It is clear that the development of educational courses and standardized manuals for care workers on aspects of oral health care is necessary. Therefore, it would be desirable to develop institutional infrastructure for dental hygienists to educate care workers on oral health.